Search found 2266 matches

by Omzinesý
Wed 21 Feb 2018, 17:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi
Replies: 2
Views: 37

Re: Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi

Prefixes A characteristic of the family is derivational prefixes. They were/are of the pattern CV- where V was one of the three unstressed vowels (a, ə, ɨ) and the vowel either the initial vowel reduplicated or one of the consonants (*s, *v, *l, *r, *n). Their original semantics of the consonants is...
by Omzinesý
Wed 21 Feb 2018, 16:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi
Replies: 2
Views: 37

Re: Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi

Some words

PVMh | Vtayn | Mhilva | Barqi

*trɔnti | ʈɽont | dɨ:nd | ʃɒ̃ŋt 'boy'
*tɛnə | (v)ten | tʰa:n | tɒunɜ 'old'
*greli | griel | gil | ɢeili 'to feat, to have fun'
*kusa | ku(t)s | gos | kyisɛ 'fire'
by Omzinesý
Wed 21 Feb 2018, 16:11
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi
Replies: 2
Views: 37

Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva-Barqi

I'm again reconstructing a proto-lang for Vtayn and Mhilva and am now adding Barqi(an), my newest project, to it. The proto-lang is abbreviated PVMh Vowels of the stressed syllable i(:), u(:) e, o ɛ, ɔ (the real realization of those is unclear. They may well have been rising diphthongs, as well.) a ...
by Omzinesý
Wed 21 Feb 2018, 14:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Barqian
Replies: 0
Views: 44

Barqian

Barqian is my newest project. Its phonology is borrowed from my older project though. A very messy phonology section p t k <p t k> b d g ɢ <b d g q> s ʃ <s ş> z ʒ <z ʐ> m n ŋ <m n ň> (pnoetically /ŋ/ is rather nasalization of the preceding vowel, but segmentally it's easier to analyse it as a phonem...
by Omzinesý
Mon 19 Feb 2018, 18:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13440
Views: 675081

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm making a new lang. Its declensions are below. They are a bit too similar and agglutinative. How to make them more different? Ideas? Geminate stem with /i/ NOM sap ACC sappi GEN sapping INSTR sappil Geminate stem with /a/ NOM tor ACC torra GEN torrang INSTR torral Non-geminated stem with /i/ NOM ...
by Omzinesý
Fri 16 Feb 2018, 13:48
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you both.

I have a deja vu that I have actually asked that before.
An interesting feature. Must utilize.
by Omzinesý
Wed 14 Feb 2018, 17:13
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I read about Dothraki. In it, the nominal predicat(iv)e in the present is in Nominative but in the past it is in Ablative. This is quite interesting an idea to code tense with case. Russian and Standard Arabic also have different cases (Instrumental and Accusative respectively) as complements of the...
by Omzinesý
Sun 11 Feb 2018, 14:48
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Syntactic alignment and pivot constraints
Replies: 1
Views: 217

Re: Syntactic alignment and pivot constraints

Nice!
There aren't too many thorough posts here.
by Omzinesý
Fri 09 Feb 2018, 10:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Vålkakil
Replies: 65
Views: 5648

Re: Vålkakil

Pronominal possession The possessor suffixes of nouns have been described above. Singular personal pronouns have two sets of genitive-dative forms: short and long ones. men - mena - mah 'I - my - my' cen - cena - cah 'you - your - your' töm - töma - tah 'he/she/it - his/her/its - his/her/its' The lo...
by Omzinesý
Fri 09 Feb 2018, 10:15
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Vålkakil
Replies: 65
Views: 5648

Re: Vålkakil

I save this old post of mine: In my Uralic lang Vålkakil, there is Uralic root pån- 'to put' which is back-vocalic påno 'puts' pånë 'I put' pånohk 'to put' and a borrowed root from Slavonic pån- 'understand' which is front-vocalic pånö 'understands' påne 'I understand' pånöhk 'to understand' That is...
by Omzinesý
Tue 06 Feb 2018, 17:44
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

So there’s syntactic based marking like good old nom/acc and erg/abs and the likes, where some NPs are cast to S/A/P which then receive case marking as appropriate. There’s semantic based marking, where this intermediate step is skipped and nouns are marked based on their semantic roles (agent, pat...
by Omzinesý
Tue 06 Feb 2018, 17:11
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

So there’s syntactic based marking like good old nom/acc and erg/abs and the likes, where some NPs are cast to S/A/P which then receive case marking as appropriate. There’s semantic based marking, where this intermediate step is skipped and nouns are marked based on their semantic roles (agent, pat...
by Omzinesý
Sat 03 Feb 2018, 22:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13440
Views: 675081

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

B. If I went k > x > h conditionally (or something similar), what else could I do feeding into this or branching off? I don't really understand the question since if it's unconditional, it's... well... unconditional. It wouldn't be unconditional, I just don't know what the conditions would be just ...
by Omzinesý
Tue 30 Jan 2018, 22:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13440
Views: 675081

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does it happen somewhere that if a language does not allow word-initial consonant clusters, s+t clusters undergo metathesis and become geminate ts ?
by Omzinesý
Sat 06 Jan 2018, 20:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 53
Views: 6639

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

Ideas fpr Proto-Vtayn-Mhilva Phonotactic patterns are: 1. (s/f)CVC(C) 2. (s/f)CVCVC(C) (stress on the second syllable) Unstressed syllables have 5V system (i, e, a, u, o). Stressed syllables also have two diphthongs (ai, au). Vtayn also has partial reduplication, like PIE perfect. The first consonan...
by Omzinesý
Sat 06 Jan 2018, 14:11
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 490
Views: 36247

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Finnish word "rauha" 'peace' "raaha" in Savo dialect.
Arabic راحة /ra:Ha/ 'rest, stillness etc.'
by Omzinesý
Fri 05 Jan 2018, 13:49
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Is Japanese wa-marked topic always fixed in the position of the first constituent in a clause?
by Omzinesý
Fri 05 Jan 2018, 13:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you all!
Now I know I haven't done things wrong at least.
by Omzinesý
Thu 04 Jan 2018, 16:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 4815
Views: 339325

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k b d g m n ŋ s ʃ z ʒ l ʟ r Semivowels ʋ j and prestopped resonants: bm dn gŋ dl gʟ dr vowels i u ɛ ɑ vowels can be short or long. There are three phonations: normal, creaky, and breathy voice. Syllable: (C)(semivowel)V(liquid or /n/ or /ŋ/) Coda nasals nasalize the preceding vowel like in Manda...
by Omzinesý
Thu 04 Jan 2018, 12:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6386
Views: 403891

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

How are these " " and ' ' used?

I've learnt the standard: "word" and 'its meaning', like "al-kaatib" means 'the scribe'.
But sometimes I see them used vice versa.