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by Omzinesý
Tue 24 Apr 2018, 12:46
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Gender-based family lines
Replies: 4
Views: 86

Re: Gender-based family lines

If the culture has serial monogamy as a norm (it seems to be quite natural for human species), them sons would be part of their father's new family while daughters would be part of their mother's new family.
by Omzinesý
Tue 24 Apr 2018, 12:09
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 279
Views: 31822

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

Anyway, I agree that Karelian in Cyrillic looks nice, even with that kind of weird orthography; I don't understand a single word of it (except that "кирья" is probably "book", since in Finnish it's "kirja"), though. That seems to be family lineages from Bible, so most words aren't even Karelian. Bu...
by Omzinesý
Mon 23 Apr 2018, 17:16
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Gender-based family lines
Replies: 4
Views: 86

Gender-based family lines

The idea is that daughters are considered part of their mother's family and sons are considered part of their father's family. So marriages are bound between "male families" and "female families". Property, titles etc. are inherited from the same-sex parent. That doesn't have to mean there aren't op...
by Omzinesý
Mon 23 Apr 2018, 10:55
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Habeo-construction This language has a West-European-style transitive verb 'to have'. It derives from Uralic stem kanta- 'to bear''. The same stem still also means 'to bear' but their third person forms differ, so that the sense 'to have' is formed from the consonant stem. /d/ is however also reduce...
by Omzinesý
Sun 22 Apr 2018, 08:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: semantics
Replies: 6
Views: 216

Re: Random ideas: semantics

Since in English the 3rd person singular verb form is the only differently formed one in the present tense, in a conlang based on English it could come to mean other, different from speaker and listener, distal and appear in the plural as well. The 1st and 2nd person forms could come to mean proxim...
by Omzinesý
Sun 22 Apr 2018, 07:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Lingue Romance
Replies: 10
Views: 278

Re: Lingue Romance

I remember struggling with the stress of the infinitive when trying to romlang.
How did you get it off from -er so that it can reduce?
by Omzinesý
Thu 19 Apr 2018, 13:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 279
Views: 31822

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

Where is Finnish written with Cyrillic? I've never seen such. Even Karelian is written which Romance.
by Omzinesý
Mon 16 Apr 2018, 13:51
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 279
Views: 31822

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

I find the distinction between <ш> and <щ> quite redundant in Russian and minor languages based on its orthography. The distinction could be just marked in the vowel like that of all other consonants. Word-final <щ> could just be <шь>.

Velar, palatal
ша, шя
шэ, ше
шы, ши
шу, шю
шо, шё
by Omzinesý
Sat 14 Apr 2018, 11:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 4873
Views: 361153

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

i ɨ u e ə o æ ɑ /ə/ is a bit more back and /ɑ/ a bit more front, so that /ɨ ə ɑ/ form some kind of a line of non-front illabial vowels. Written in Cyrillic: <и ы у е ъ о я а> Front vowels always cause palatalization of the preceding consonant. Dorsals vac also be palatalized before other vowels. The...
by Omzinesý
Sat 14 Apr 2018, 10:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Plural NOM kádlet ACC-GEN kádlene ~ kádledne ABL kádleh INSTR kádluh Plural nominative is also used for indefinite objects. -t is the old PU plural suffix Plural Accusative-Genitive derives from demonstrative *nä- 'these' . It usually has a definite meaning. It may have the old plural suffix before ...
by Omzinesý
Sat 14 Apr 2018, 10:49
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Participles and Action nominal There are three participles that differ by relative tense. Thus they are Simultaneous (or present) -že, anterior (or perfect) -t, and posterior (or future ~ prospective) -k. Their etymologies shouldn't be surprising. -že derives from PU participle *-ja, and -t and -k a...
by Omzinesý
Sat 14 Apr 2018, 10:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Kumraikangkajarujin
Replies: 6
Views: 231

Re: Kumraikangkajarujin

How does the topical differ from SAE nominative? It introduces a noun into the sentence, acting as a topic-construction clause. Mariwa "As for a horse/the horse/horses". It can be be the object, direct or indirect, as long as the subject is in the nominative. Syntax clarifies. But how is the agent ...
by Omzinesý
Sat 14 Apr 2018, 10:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: Morphosyntax
Replies: 672
Views: 62641

Re: Random ideas: Morphosyntax

I've been thinking about a Slavonic conlang that marks tense in the perfective aspect by shifting the stress to the prefix.


dél-ju 'I do'

s-del-ju 'I did'
só-del-ju 'I will do'


ćitáju 'I read'

pro-ćitá-ju 'I read'
pró-ćita-ju 'I will read'
by Omzinesý
Wed 11 Apr 2018, 12:55
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: How would you romanize Kazakh?
Replies: 19
Views: 1352

Re: How would you romanize Kazakh?

I don't quite understand the phonology.
Which vowels correspond in the harmony?
by Omzinesý
Wed 11 Apr 2018, 12:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Kumraikangkajarujin
Replies: 6
Views: 231

Re: Kumraikangkajarujin

An interesting context! I really think nobody has found it before. How is the lang stressed? How does the topical differ from SAE nominative? The phonology looks a bit boring, to be honest, but doing interesting things in other parts of grammar is often easier when you keeps the phoneme inventory si...
by Omzinesý
Mon 09 Apr 2018, 10:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

On Vowels I hereby presuppose Proto-Uralic (PU) had the following (stressed/ first syllable) consonants. *y, *u, *ɨ, *u *e, *o *æ, *ɒ/ɑ There long vowels *i: and *u: are supposed to be combinations of *i or *u and a glide. The long high vowels, however, behave like long vowels, so maybe PU should r...
by Omzinesý
Sun 08 Apr 2018, 17:49
Forum: Translations
Topic: A man walks into a bar
Replies: 28
Views: 1475

Re: A man walks into a bar

'A man went to the bar.' Kóže menti baru. [ku:ʒɜ ment-i bɒ:rɜ] kóže men-t-i bare man.NOM go-PERFVE.PST-3 bar.ACC 'A man walked to the bar.' Kóže žaîti bare. [ku:ʒɜ ʒäʟtɨ bɒ:rɜ] kóže žaî-ti bare man.NOM walk-PERFVE.PST-3 bar.ACC 'A man and a gorilla walked to the bar.' Kóže ja gorille žaîti bare. [ku...
by Omzinesý
Sun 08 Apr 2018, 15:00
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Ditransitive clauses PU Accusative *-m and PU Genitive-Dative *-n are merged. This language hasn't developed a new dative. So there is a zero-marked Genitive-Accusative-Dative (in the example just ACC) case. Indefinite objects are however expressed by the Instrumental. The distransitive construction...
by Omzinesý
Sun 08 Apr 2018, 13:49
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

The anti-passive This is a NOM-ACC language but it still has an anti-passive voice. There are transitive verbs that presuppose a definite object. So if there is no explicit object, an anaphoric object "it/him/her/them" is understood, (1). So, if you want to kill the object, you have to use the anti-...
by Omzinesý
Sun 08 Apr 2018, 13:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 20
Views: 582

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

On Vowels I hereby presuppose Proto-Uralic (PU) had the following (stressed/ first syllable) consonants. *y, *u, *ɨ, *u *e, *o *æ, *ɒ/ɑ There long vowels *i: and *u: are supposed to be combinations of *i or *u and a glide. The long high vowels, however, behave like long vowels, so maybe PU should r...