Search found 2426 matches

by Omzinesý
Mon 15 Oct 2018, 17:38
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

But PG *b (what ever its realization at the time was) usually produces /b/ in English and Swedish, am I right? (Danish does regularly have a fricative I think.) /v/ intervocalically. OK, then there is no problem, thanks! In the beginning I though it must be something that simple, them it got compli...
by Omzinesý
Mon 15 Oct 2018, 13:49
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

But PG *b (what ever its realization at the time was) usually produces /b/ in English and Swedish, am I right? (Danish does regularly have a fricative I think.) So my original wondering was how there are words like: live, love, have, wife, etc. that have /v/. They could be exceptions, if there aren'...
by Omzinesý
Sun 14 Oct 2018, 17:31
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

But they are not reconstructed *hafa- and *lifa with fricatives that directly yeald /v/ in English at least.
by Omzinesý
Sun 14 Oct 2018, 16:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

English and Swedish often have v while German has b. Have, ha (va), haben; live, leva, leben etc. What sound change explains them? Might this be what you're looking for? How do we know that it shifted from [β] to [ b]? How do we know Old High German didn't retain a [ b] that lenited to [β] in the o...
by Omzinesý
Sat 13 Oct 2018, 20:05
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

English and Swedish often have v while German has b.
Have, ha (va), haben; live, leva, leben etc. What sound change explains them?
by Omzinesý
Sat 13 Oct 2018, 13:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: No verbs?
Replies: 5
Views: 174

Re: No verbs?

Yes and no. Cognitive linguistics, which is a theory not a fact, sais that the distinction between things and actions is fundamental for human cognition and it's expressed someway. We can define the prototypical coding of actions and things as verbs and nouns, respectively. Then there is an ever-las...
by Omzinesý
Thu 11 Oct 2018, 20:49
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Words to mean Friend
Replies: 18
Views: 462

Re: Words to mean Friend

I checked Finnish word ystävä. Its etymology seems to be unclear. One explanation was: yskä mean cough (n) it could have something to do with 'breast' yskätä could mean 'to hug' and yskättäva => ystävä could mean 'a hugged one' in the beginning That's a cute etymology but I doesn't seem too plausible.
by Omzinesý
Thu 11 Oct 2018, 17:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 20
Views: 2790

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Non-finite forms with prefix a- Historically a- must have been an independent nominalizing particle, like English that . In modern Mishero it is a part of many non-finite verb forms. Causal converb ka- (1) kakteb 'because X writes' Simultaneous temporal converb an-/ana- (2) anakteb 'When X is writin...
by Omzinesý
Wed 10 Oct 2018, 15:53
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I read an Wikipedia article on Old High German declension. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_High_German_declension#The_-a_declension Does anybody know what the alternate forms (?) tages (-as), tage (-a) etc. are? orthographic differences, dialectal differences, a real sub-declension? The latter en...
by Omzinesý
Wed 10 Oct 2018, 15:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 5036
Views: 475111

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t̯ t k
β ð ɹ ɣ
t͡s̯ t͡s s̯ s
t͡ɬ̯t͡ɬ ɬ̯ ɬ
l̯ l r̯ r
m n̯ n ŋ
j w
by Omzinesý
Mon 08 Oct 2018, 22:08
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I read an Wikipedia article on Old High German declension. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_High_ ... declension
Does anybody know what the alternate forms (?) tages (-as), tage (-a) etc. are? orthographic differences, dialectal differences, a real sub-declension?
by Omzinesý
Sun 07 Oct 2018, 14:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14126
Views: 928106

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Old High German used <z> to represent the laminal /s/ derived from PG. *t, while using <s> to represent the apical /s̺/ derived from PG. *s, which later becomes /ʃ/ in word-initial consonant clusters. That could be used as a precedent for writing /s/, /ʃ/ as <z>, <s>, if your orthography was establ...
by Omzinesý
Sun 07 Oct 2018, 09:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14126
Views: 928106

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Old High German used <z> to represent the laminal /s/ derived from PG. *t, while using <s> to represent the apical /s̺/ derived from PG. *s, which later becomes /ʃ/ in word-initial consonant clusters. That could be used as a precedent for writing /s/, /ʃ/ as <z>, <s>, if your orthography was establ...
by Omzinesý
Sat 06 Oct 2018, 21:45
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14126
Views: 928106

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Also, it depends on when the sound change happened - before or after the orthography was established. If the orthography was established before the sound change, it would likely just keep using the same symbols as before, but with the shifted sound values. So we might see: þ = [θ] s = s θ > ʃ s þ =...
by Omzinesý
Sat 06 Oct 2018, 18:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 20
Views: 2790

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Nominal stems Most nominal stems are either CVC or CVCVC. Derived stems may have suffixes. Verbs stems Typical verb stems are either -CC or -CCVC. There are CVC-stems too. They can be either native or older Arabic loans from the imperfective forms. (1) š-e-kteb 'I write' Newer Arabic loans are parti...
by Omzinesý
Fri 05 Oct 2018, 17:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14126
Views: 928106

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm making a Germanic lang.

It has sound changes
/s/ -> /ʃ/
/θ/ -> /s/

I'd like to preserve <s> as the letter for /ʃ/. How could /s/ be written? I don't like <þ>.
by Omzinesý
Thu 27 Sep 2018, 09:56
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does anyone know anything about phenomena similar to consonant gradation in non-Uralic languages? Google Werner's law in Germanic. Turkish has t/k -> ğ in some case forms. These came to my mind quickly. There must be more. In Uralic consont gradation is quite limited to Finnic and Saami. Nganasan h...
by Omzinesý
Wed 26 Sep 2018, 02:43
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6714
Views: 562049

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Hungarian SG1 pronoun is NOM én, ACC eng-em. What's its etymology?
by Omzinesý
Wed 19 Sep 2018, 08:43
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Equivalent of Proto-Indo-European language - speedlang contest
Replies: 3
Views: 313

Re: Equivalent of Proto-Indo-European language - speedlang contest

So are you asking us re-reconstruct PIE?
Or do you mean an alternate universe 4000 years ago where there was another language instead of PIE which conquered the world?

How does this differ from making a normal a-priori conlang and saying this could have been there instead of PIE?
by Omzinesý
Tue 18 Sep 2018, 09:57
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Script preference
Replies: 15
Views: 602

Re: Script preference

I think somebody used logographs for their consonant-radical conlang. I dont know how far it went. I also tried to copy the idea but my consonant-radical conlang had very few inflection. I used just phonetic vowel singns as inflections, marking all sandhi etc. But in principle, Semitic languages hav...