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by Omzinesý
Sun 20 May 2018, 14:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 4
Views: 105

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Adjective and genitive modifiers and N+N compounds Modifiers of nouns usually appear in the unmarked case, Nominative. If the possessor is definite, it also has a definite article. لمها سايارها lum-ha seeyyeere-he 'the car of the man' If the possessor does not have an article, the NP is usually und...
by Omzinesý
Sun 20 May 2018, 14:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 4
Views: 105

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Nouns Nominal inflection is suffixal. Nouns have definite and indefinite forms. The indefinite forms do not differentiate number (though pronouns like 'some' can be used). They have two cases: Nominative(-Accusative) and Ablative. The definite forms differentiate two numbers: singular and plural, an...
by Omzinesý
Sun 20 May 2018, 12:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 4
Views: 105

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Phonology and orthography Consonants p t k b d g ɢ m n ŋ ɹ ɻ j (f) s ʃ h* z ʒ l r < ک ت پ ق ج د ب غ ن م ي ظ ذ (ف loanwords only) ه~ح ش س* ژ ز ر ل > * /h/ is a voiceless glottal fricative syllable initially and a laryngeal voiceless fricative syllable-finally. That is also reflected in orthography so...
by Omzinesý
Sun 20 May 2018, 12:53
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 4
Views: 105

Mishero مِسْهَرو

Mishero is my newest project. It's an a-priori conlang positioned somewhere in present Iraq.
It's an isolate and a minority language.
It's written with Arabic/Farsi letters.
by Omzinesý
Fri 18 May 2018, 10:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6542
Views: 452126

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'll repeat this question here.

From which forms construct states / possessed cases usually develop?

In Arabic, I think, it's just old cases suffixes, gender suffixes, and such, that have been left when NP-final affixes have been dropped off.
by Omzinesý
Fri 18 May 2018, 10:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13617
Views: 747476

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

How can voice work in a split-S system? Voices make many other things too than make the roles of information structure and semantic roles mach. Passive is basically just demoting the agent. You can of course demote it though it were not very topical in the beginning. A syntactically ERG-ACC constru...
by Omzinesý
Wed 16 May 2018, 20:05
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Modern Hittite lang: realistic?
Replies: 13
Views: 726

Re: Modern Hittite lang: realistic?

From which forms construct states / possessed cases usually develop?

In Arabic, I think, it's just old cases suffixes, gender suffixes, and such, that have been left when NP-final affixes have been dropped off.
by Omzinesý
Wed 16 May 2018, 19:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13617
Views: 747476

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Can a nominative-accusative language derive from an absolutive-ergative proto-language? Theoretically by making the passive tense into a regular present one, by some other eldritch means? yes, it is said that some Aleut-Eskimo languages are evolving into nominative languages. maybe you can do this:...
by Omzinesý
Wed 09 May 2018, 12:08
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Modern Hittite lang: realistic?
Replies: 13
Views: 726

Re: Modern Hittite lang: realistic?

To make things a bit clearer, I've considered creating a sort of status constructus where a word shifts into the dative case when it is possessed, but is that realistic in any way, shape or form? You can always analyse that there are two different cases that are just homonymic. Historically, I don'...
by Omzinesý
Sat 28 Apr 2018, 15:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 22
Views: 1274

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

- ni mood I'm not yet sure what its meaning will be. Maybe it's something to do with indirect evidentiality. Its marker is thus -ni (same as Finnish Potential or Hungarian Conditional). It's usually added to the vowel stem. The inflection is similar to Indicative. tege-nk 'to do' tege-ni tege-ni-d t...
by Omzinesý
Fri 27 Apr 2018, 21:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 22
Views: 1274

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Copula There are two kinds of copula verbs: lexical and clitic. The lexical copula verb is: le 'I am' led 'you are' les 'is' lemi 'we are' ledi 'you are' lessi 'one is' Its past form is: li 'I was' lid 'you were' liš 'was' limi 'we were' lidi 'you were' lišši 'one was' The past forms etymology is co...
by Omzinesý
Fri 27 Apr 2018, 11:20
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Gender-based family lines
Replies: 11
Views: 520

Re: Gender-based family lines

If the culture has serial monogamy as a norm (it seems to be quite natural for human species), the m n sons would be part of their father's new family while daughters would be part of their mother's new family. This is just conwolding, trying to imagine where the system would be seen. When a couple...
by Omzinesý
Tue 24 Apr 2018, 12:46
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Gender-based family lines
Replies: 11
Views: 520

Re: Gender-based family lines

If the culture has serial monogamy as a norm (it seems to be quite natural for human species), them sons would be part of their father's new family while daughters would be part of their mother's new family.
by Omzinesý
Tue 24 Apr 2018, 12:09
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 282
Views: 34187

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

Anyway, I agree that Karelian in Cyrillic looks nice, even with that kind of weird orthography; I don't understand a single word of it (except that "кирья" is probably "book", since in Finnish it's "kirja"), though. That seems to be family lineages from Bible, so most words aren't even Karelian. Bu...
by Omzinesý
Mon 23 Apr 2018, 17:16
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Gender-based family lines
Replies: 11
Views: 520

Gender-based family lines

The idea is that daughters are considered part of their mother's family and sons are considered part of their father's family. So marriages are bound between "male families" and "female families". Property, titles etc. are inherited from the same-sex parent. That doesn't have to mean there aren't op...
by Omzinesý
Mon 23 Apr 2018, 10:55
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang
Replies: 22
Views: 1274

Re: An unnamed Uralic a-posteriari lang

Habeo-construction This language has a West-European-style transitive verb 'to have'. It derives from Uralic stem kanta- 'to bear''. The same stem still also means 'to bear' but their third person forms differ, so that the sense 'to have' is formed from the consonant stem. /d/ is however also reduce...
by Omzinesý
Sun 22 Apr 2018, 08:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: semantics
Replies: 8
Views: 606

Re: Random ideas: semantics

Since in English the 3rd person singular verb form is the only differently formed one in the present tense, in a conlang based on English it could come to mean other, different from speaker and listener, distal and appear in the plural as well. The 1st and 2nd person forms could come to mean proxim...
by Omzinesý
Sun 22 Apr 2018, 07:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Lingue Romance
Replies: 11
Views: 673

Re: Lingue Romance

I remember struggling with the stress of the infinitive when trying to romlang.
How did you get it off from -er so that it can reduce?
by Omzinesý
Thu 19 Apr 2018, 13:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 282
Views: 34187

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

Where is Finnish written with Cyrillic? I've never seen such. Even Karelian is written which Romance.
by Omzinesý
Mon 16 Apr 2018, 13:51
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 282
Views: 34187

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

I find the distinction between <ш> and <щ> quite redundant in Russian and minor languages based on its orthography. The distinction could be just marked in the vowel like that of all other consonants. Word-final <щ> could just be <шь>.

Velar, palatal
ша, шя
шэ, ше
шы, ши
шу, шю
шо, шё