Search found 2342 matches

by clawgrip
Thu 18 Jan 2018, 14:29
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Noun apposition compounds in other languages
Replies: 10
Views: 302

Re: Noun apposition compounds in other languages

We learned in Japanese class that "American CD" becomes Amerika no CD . Confusingly, Amerika no CD can also mean "America CD", i.e. A CD by the band that does the song "Horse with No Name". That's funny, I didn't really think about that. But it makes sense if you just consider no to be equivalent t...
by clawgrip
Thu 18 Jan 2018, 00:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13354
Views: 645178

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I use ļ for that sound in one of my languages. The Romanization I use has only four letters with diacritics: ç ļ ĝ š, so it kind of matches up. <lh> would fit in with <sh> and <zh>, although that option does then leave <ń> feeling a little out of place (<nh> would be more consistent there, and <nj> ...
by clawgrip
Tue 16 Jan 2018, 15:18
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Noun apposition compounds in other languages
Replies: 10
Views: 302

Re: Noun apposition compounds in other languages

Now, the question. In natlangs that use a preposition or postposition with noun compounds like these (such as the de in Spanish fin de semana ), how common is it to use an adposition other than "of"? Would "arson arrest" ever be translated as "arrest for arson"? Is "arrest of arson" ever used? How ...
by clawgrip
Mon 15 Jan 2018, 15:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Con-Script Development Centre
Replies: 1053
Views: 74648

Re: Con-Script Development Centre

No, it has nothing to do with what's being said. The question was how to describe a script; putative and indicative kinships which are a kind of self-celebration have nothing to do with the question. Unless, of course, this is a reply to some other post, in which case I am mistaken. Anyway, to answe...
by clawgrip
Sun 14 Jan 2018, 01:31
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 444
Views: 32471

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

In Japanese, the loans are homophonous: 売買 baibai "buying and selling" though at least the normal words for buy and sell are completely different, and simplification had made the characters quite different as well, since only 売 was simplified.
by clawgrip
Sun 07 Jan 2018, 03:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

On the one hand, it can be a way to add information to clarify a sentence that was ended prematurely, but it can also shift focus to the comment, in a way.
by clawgrip
Sat 06 Jan 2018, 01:01
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

It has to appear first, before any elements of the comment. Colloquially, it can also appear at the end of the sentence, as can any argument.
by clawgrip
Sat 06 Jan 2018, 00:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13354
Views: 645178

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Words of different etymology written with different characters does not really suggest a phonetic basis for hanzi. But Japanese doesn't really follow Chinese rules. The existence of on-yomi and kun-yomi shows that words of different etymology can be written with the same character, as well as things...
by clawgrip
Fri 05 Jan 2018, 13:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13354
Views: 645178

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

If it were English, it would be like, Rockford + Greensburg = Petraviridis, which is pretty weird. Too many place names in English can't be matched to Latin or Greek though.
by clawgrip
Fri 05 Jan 2018, 08:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13354
Views: 645178

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Japanese sometimes abbreviates place names, sometimes even swapping out morphemes (which use the same kanji). The two main ones I can think of in Tokyo are Futako-Tamagawa → Nikotama (二子玉川 → 二子玉) and Sangenjaya → Sancha (三軒茶屋 → 三茶) . They don't typically abbreviate single morphemes, though. This als...
by clawgrip
Tue 02 Jan 2018, 13:42
Forum: Translations
Topic: Do you want to go home?
Replies: 38
Views: 2585

Re: Do you want to go home?

:jpn: Japanese In Japanese, you could probably just say: 帰りたい? Kaeritai? [kaeɾitái ↗] kaer-ita-i return-want-NPST.AFF.ADJ Lit. Do you want to return? The English question is ambiguous, and the Japanese translation depends on what exactly is meant by the English question. If you are actually asking ...
by clawgrip
Thu 28 Dec 2017, 06:01
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Now that you mention it, I have a conlang where the main clause is SOV and subordinate clauses are VSO (Ďomün if you are interested).
by clawgrip
Wed 27 Dec 2017, 05:09
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

English....other than that, I don't know.
by clawgrip
Fri 22 Dec 2017, 14:55
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Help with Topic & Focus
Replies: 12
Views: 408

Re: Help with Topic & Focus

Mandarin Chinese is an example of a language that has a focus marker, namely 是 shi4 (placed before the focused constituent), accompanied by the particle 的 de later in the sentence. Japanese has no explicit focus marker, but when something is not marked as a topic, it is frequently understood as foc...
by clawgrip
Fri 22 Dec 2017, 02:57
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Help with Topic & Focus
Replies: 12
Views: 408

Re: Help with Topic & Focus

If your language explicitly recognizes topics as a grammatical element, I.e. it is a topic-prominent language, then VSO would only work if you allow the topic to come before the verb in order to ensure the topic and comment are sequential rather than nested, since having the topic nested within the ...
by clawgrip
Fri 22 Dec 2017, 00:02
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Basically, it's less conversational than -nagara, and the last construction with aru is not possible with -nagara.

I feel like there are situations where one or the other fits better, but I can't think of exactly what it is that makes me feel that way.
by clawgrip
Thu 21 Dec 2017, 15:55
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Very similar to "while" in English, showing concurrent actions or to show an action occurring while another one was in the process of occurring, or to show contradictory information, i.e. thinking one thing while doing another, so in a sense they are concurrent (sometimes these can be difficult to d...
by clawgrip
Thu 21 Dec 2017, 05:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

つ tsu is an auxiliary verb that shows that something is completed or will be completed (irreversibly, as far as I can tell based on how it is usually translated into modern Japanese). It seems like it's meant to be used with verbs of intent or agency or transitive verbs or something along those line...
by clawgrip
Wed 20 Dec 2017, 13:06
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Deriving an agglutinating language
Replies: 27
Views: 2922

Re: Deriving an agglutinating language

It's been quite a while since I wrote that, so I had to look back a bit on what I did. First, I need to point out that this was not some deeply thought-out conlang or anything; it was just an example I came up with for that post. Aside from the innovations regarding person marking and tenses, it is ...
by clawgrip
Wed 20 Dec 2017, 10:24
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6314
Views: 386394

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Will fix...standby.

Fixed. You can look now. I also added a fourth example because I thought it was neat.