Search found 2714 matches

by Shemtov
Tue 13 Nov 2018, 22:41
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Re: Zhaai

Allophony: Palatalized /t d/ become postalveolar affricates before /i i:/, while the plain alveolar stops become palatalized. Similarly, the alveopalatal fricatives become palatals, and the alveolar fricatives become alveopalatal. The same thing happens to said stops syllable finally, and <l'> becom...
by Shemtov
Mon 12 Nov 2018, 23:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Re: Zhaai

Adjectives take the plural of the noun class they modify: T'araw naal'aw "Narrow Straits" They take case marking even if the noun is indefinite, except for locative and prepositional cases: Nominative: T'aral Accusative: T'arash Dative: T'aru Genitive: T'arizh T'arish naal' "Narrow strait [ACC]" The...
by Shemtov
Mon 12 Nov 2018, 00:16
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Irish Romlang Collablang
Replies: 73
Views: 4681

Re: Irish Romlang Collablang

Results! 27. How will the cluster /kt/ develop? C. Palatal off-glide followed by /t/, as in French and Portuegeuse. - - 28. Will geninates be retained? B. No, but block lenition - 29. Will Vulgar Latin /β/ become /b/? A. Yes 30. How will the Singular Nominative of a word like <mūrus> "Wall" be reali...
by Shemtov
Fri 09 Nov 2018, 21:53
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Re: Zhaai

Verbs are negated by the preposition Nhaail: uussras nhaail wiwinakanhuhuu "I have not drunk the water" The copula/existensial has the present stem Zhash, and the past stem Taaunak. It is unusual, as the present stem takes the alternate past endings (as does the past stem), and the past stem doesn't...
by Shemtov
Fri 09 Nov 2018, 19:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Irish Romlang Collablang
Replies: 73
Views: 4681

Re: Irish Romlang Collablang

Delayed until Sunday
by Shemtov
Mon 05 Nov 2018, 20:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Re: Zhaai

Verbs are templatic. Following the stem, is the aspect-mood marker. For now, we will introduce only the Perfect marker, the only aspect; the others are moods. It is -hu-. For now, until we indroduce the future, it is only used for the past. Then comes the person markings: 1p sing:uu 1P plr: ainh 2P ...
by Shemtov
Mon 05 Nov 2018, 04:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Re: Zhaai

Verbs have two tenses: Non-Past and Past. These are formed by diferent roots. There are five classes of Verbs: 1. Those that have the vowels /i i: u u:/ in one of the syllables. /a/ is inserted in this syllable to make the past stem, to make a diphthong or triphthong. If the present stem has multipl...
by Shemtov
Mon 05 Nov 2018, 03:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zhaai
Replies: 5
Views: 271

Zhaai

Zhaai [ʑa:i] is a language spoken in the Zha Islands, an archipelago of the southwest coast of Fuhe. It belongs to the Zha Family, which is distantly related to Momčalsumai. Phonology: /p b t d tʲ dʲ k/ <p b t d t' d' k> /m n ɲ/ <m n nh> /β s z ɬ ɬʲ ɕ ʑ h/ <w s z l l' sh zh h> /r/ <r> /ʋ/ <v> /a i u...
by Shemtov
Mon 05 Nov 2018, 02:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tübbih
Replies: 11
Views: 847

Re: Tübbih

The non-core "cases": Tübbih has a rich set of prepositions relating to motion and state. Locative: Y̌a' Lative: Dheh Ablative: Mili Perlative: Béna Mukili y̌a'Ꞑasalu "The woman is in Ꞑasalu" Mukili chő̃ niya dheh Ꞑasalu "The woman is starting to sail to Ꞑasalu" Mukili chő̃ niya mili Ꞑasalu "The wom...
by Shemtov
Fri 02 Nov 2018, 20:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Irish Romlang Collablang
Replies: 73
Views: 4681

Re: Irish Romlang Collablang

Delayed a week.
by Shemtov
Fri 02 Nov 2018, 01:12
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6751
Views: 584502

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does anybody know of a good, free online source for Farsi (including Tajik and Dari) grammar, especially the morphology? You probably already know this site . Here 's a pdf about Persian grammar, but it's apparently just a sketch and is missing a lot of stuff. Another pdf , specifically for Dari. T...
by Shemtov
Wed 31 Oct 2018, 02:23
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6751
Views: 584502

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does anybody know of a good, free online source for Farsi (including Tajik and Dari) grammar, especially the morphology?
by Shemtov
Fri 26 Oct 2018, 21:22
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: What have you been reading lately? (linguistic ed.)
Replies: 37
Views: 15086

Re: What have you been reading lately? (linguistic ed.)

I'm reading a lot about Farsi, as I am doing a research paper on its morphology.
by Shemtov
Fri 26 Oct 2018, 20:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Irish Romlang Collablang
Replies: 73
Views: 4681

Re: Irish Romlang Collablang

Results In! 23. How will Latin <qu gu> develop? /k g/ 24. Will /n: l:/be palatalized? Yes 25. How will lenition of voiceless stops be realized? As Voiceless Fricatives, as in Irish 26. How will eclipsis of Voicless stops be- realized? As voiceless nasals Round 8: 27. How will the cluster /kt/ develo...
by Shemtov
Sun 21 Oct 2018, 02:02
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Surprising cognates
Replies: 83
Views: 12564

Re: Surprising cognates

Per the False Cognate thread:
:eng: <what> and <quote>.
by Shemtov
Sun 21 Oct 2018, 01:37
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 658
Views: 93506

Re: False cognates

Honestly, I've always encountered "Quoth" in the 3P.SING, so I figured it was an irregular verb without a past tense, *Quoe, and "Quote" was *Quoe with some obscure Old/Middle English deverbalizer, that when *Quoe fell out of normal speech, was reverbalized, and "Quotation" was a misapplication of t...
by Shemtov
Sun 21 Oct 2018, 01:18
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tübbih
Replies: 11
Views: 847

Re: Tübbih

Another use of the the moods: The tertiary AM marker <sitta>, which takes the main aspect, is used with the subjunctive for "should" sentences, and the optative for "must". That is, with the subjunctive mood it has the meaning of "X is a recommended course of action" and with the optative, "X must o...
by Shemtov
Fri 19 Oct 2018, 17:26
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Arabic Dialects Thread
Replies: 12
Views: 2739

Re: Arabic Dialects Thread

Question: Is the vowel epenthesis mentioned by Davush universally applied, or is it applied at the phrase level, e.g. if /wlkbi:r/ were preceded by a word ending in, say, /a/, would /wlkb/ necessarily be broken up? Their are times where a cluster is broken up by a proceeding vowel-final word (notat...
by Shemtov
Fri 19 Oct 2018, 16:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Irish Romlang Collablang
Replies: 73
Views: 4681

Re: Irish Romlang Collablang

I now regret not creating an option C for 26- prenasalized voiceless stops. If people like that idea, or if someone wants to change to that, I'll add it.
by Shemtov
Fri 19 Oct 2018, 16:03
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish
Replies: 15
Views: 1047

Re: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish

Yes Irish is quite transparent overall, although there are a few ambiguous cases like <oi> which Salmoneus mentioned. I would be willing to IPA-ise an Irish text, although I am only familiar with Munster Irish. The three main dialect groups (Ulster, Connemara, Munster) do have quite a few differenc...