Search found 2217 matches

by Shemtov
Mon 22 Jan 2018, 05:28
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

Binyan XV: The Verbal Noun. This is unusual, because though I borrow the Hebrew term "Binyan" Shàt Binyan XV is not a "Binyan" in the Hebrew sense, as it can be formed from any Binyan, and in most cases involves changes to the last radical. These are the general rules: Take any Verb in any Finite Bi...
by Shemtov
Mon 22 Jan 2018, 00:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

Binyan XIV: The Infinitive Pattern: CawëC This has three uses: 1. To show the reason for the Finite Verb. This is sometimes labeled by native grammarians as "the reverse converb": Maźik kawëlh yṑtū li Nakī́zhi kawṓzhē "I went to Nakī́zh's house to eat pickled vegetables 2. As an Infinitive. With two...
by Shemtov
Sun 21 Jan 2018, 07:45
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Slowarian
Replies: 6
Views: 241

Re: Slowarian

History of the Phonology and the Orthography: To understand the history of the Slowarian language, one must know that before it became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, it was part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. This means that there are a lot of Polish doublets in Slowarian. Aside from t...
by Shemtov
Fri 19 Jan 2018, 04:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Slowarian
Replies: 6
Views: 241

Re: Slowarian

Slowarian has a very active copula. Infinitive: Być Present Tense: 1P sing: Esiḿ 1P PlR Esemy 2P Sing: Eś 2P Plr: Este 3P Sing: Eć 3P Plr: Sǫć Oni sǫć Slowesa! "The are the Two Words!" Esiḿ Slowarysk; eś Polysk "I am Slowarian; You are Polish" The past tense is formed by -l in most singular cases; -...
by Shemtov
Thu 18 Jan 2018, 03:53
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Slowarian
Replies: 6
Views: 241

Re: Slowarian

Conjugation of the Present tense verb: Most verbs have an infinitive ending in -eć, which is lopped of for the conjugations. The dual is treated as a plural. Verb "Wideć" "To see" 1P sing: Widǫ 1P PlR Wideḿ 2P Sing: Wideś 2P Plr: Widete 3P Sing: Wideć 3P Plr: Widǫć Widǫ jeho rǫcse wi zirkaleseḿ "I s...
by Shemtov
Thu 18 Jan 2018, 03:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

Binyan XIII: The Conditional Converb
Pattern: CīCīź
Use: Protasis of a conditional clause:
Źīkīź macuc pańakënhū]
"If I would have came, I would have seen the buildings"

Kīlhīź wusha yṑtënhū, kazusham
"If he eats pickled vegetables, I will scream"
by Shemtov
Mon 15 Jan 2018, 01:42
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

Introduction to Converbs: Converbs in Shàt always have to be bound to a finite verb which take the person/tense/voice (though the later category, ussaully doesn't affect the converb's mean. It is semantics-sensitive). This means if the two verbs have different person/tense/voices, the converb has to...
by Shemtov
Sun 14 Jan 2018, 20:10
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Linguistic pet peeves
Replies: 329
Views: 27034

Re: Linguistic pet peeves

The French "language", if it can be called that. It's just a string of uvular trills and nasalized front round vowels: Average French sentence in IPA: [ʀỹʀø̃ʀỹʀœ̃ỹʀʏ̃ʀœ̃] Er, I'm not a huge fan of the way French sounds myself, but... standard French doesn't actually have any of those sounds. :wat: ...
by Shemtov
Sun 14 Jan 2018, 03:40
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Linguistic pet peeves
Replies: 329
Views: 27034

Re: Linguistic pet peeves

The French "language", if it can be called that. It's just a string of uvular trills and nasalized front round vowels: Average French sentence in IPA: [ʀỹʀø̃ʀỹʀœ̃ỹʀʏ̃ʀœ̃] Er, I'm not a huge fan of the way French sounds myself, but... standard French doesn't actually have any of those sounds. :wat: ...
by Shemtov
Sun 14 Jan 2018, 02:10
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Linguistic pet peeves
Replies: 329
Views: 27034

Re: Linguistic pet peeves

The French "language", if it can be called that. It's just a string of uvular trills and nasalized front round vowels:
Average French sentence in IPA: [ʀỹʀø̃ʀỹʀœ̃ỹʀʏ̃ʀœ̃]
by Shemtov
Sun 14 Jan 2018, 02:03
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 444
Views: 32713

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Speaking of Chinese, I'm still not very far with learning, but what already confused me 买 mǎi [maɪ̯˨˩˦] - to buy vs. 卖 mài [maɪ̯˥˩] - to sell Not only are the characters similar (which is not so unusual for phono-semantic compounds, but still very confusing for me here), is the meaning so similar t...
by Shemtov
Fri 12 Jan 2018, 22:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Utha: My Latest Conlang
Replies: 11
Views: 282

Re: Utha: My Latest Conlang

It strikes me as a bit odd to have pre-aspirated and aspirated voiceless plosives without plain voiceless plosives. Also, as was pointed out to me in my Shàt scratchpad, having retroflexes without a palatal(ized) series is barely attested.
by Shemtov
Fri 12 Jan 2018, 18:52
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 444
Views: 32713

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:hkg: 功夫 [koŋ˥fu˥]"Kong fu" 功課 [koŋ˥fɔ˧] "Homework" Note that the auslaut (Pinyin) -ong is actually more closely pronounced as [-ʊŋ]. Um.....This is Cantonese, not Mandarin, thus the Hong Kong flag. There is no Pinyin. The Mandarin reflex of 課 is kè /kə˧˩/ not [fɔ˧]. If it was Mandarin,I would have...
by Shemtov
Fri 12 Jan 2018, 02:46
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 444
Views: 32713

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:hkg: 功夫 [koŋ˥fu˥]"Kong fu" 功課 [koŋ˥fɔ˧] "Homework"
by Shemtov
Fri 12 Jan 2018, 02:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

The Non-Finite Binyans do not inflect for person or tense. Binyan X: The Adjectival Binyan This Binyan is placed here, before the Converbial Binyans, instead of with the Verbal Noun and Infinitive at the end, as Shàt grammarians (wrongly) associated it with being an extension of Binyan II, some (als...
by Shemtov
Thu 11 Jan 2018, 02:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13359
Views: 647220

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I thought it was often called the South-Asian Sprachbund, but upon googling I found only Indosphere. You might be confusing it with the SE Asian Sprachbund, which consists of Sinitic, Austroasiatic, Tai-Kadai, Hmong-Mien, Karen, Chamic, Lolo-Burmese and maybe some other Tibeto-Burman branches that ...
by Shemtov
Wed 10 Jan 2018, 20:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13359
Views: 647220

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questi@ons go here

@Shemtov : Personally, I like Option 2 more, but both systems look likely. Yeah, I'm leaning toward Option 2 myself, since Shàt has a lot of influence from both the Dravidian and Indo-Aryan langs (especially the former) and I know they use a similar system for their non-infinites, though the Indo-A...
by Shemtov
Wed 10 Jan 2018, 05:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13359
Views: 647220

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

My language, Shàt, has biliteral roots and converbs. I want a way for a converb that connects to a verb with a different subject to take the mood-voice-person from a verb that is not the existensial verb. I've come up with two ways of doing this: 1. Empty root. A "Light" or "Vector" verb. A root wit...
by Shemtov
Wed 10 Jan 2018, 02:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Shàt scratchpad
Replies: 26
Views: 838

Re: Shàt scratchpad

Negation of nouns: Nouns can be negated by putting the particle Lō before them. They do not take oblique case. Lō Nakī́zh hatinne nipùhu el Śotaykatahìhe li wilhale Lō Nakī́zh ha-tinne nipù-hu el Śotaykatahì-he li wilhal-e NEG Nakī́zh PST.3P-INT\give agave-ACC DAT Śotaykatahì-OBL INSTR finger-OBL "I...
by Shemtov
Wed 10 Jan 2018, 01:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Slowarian
Replies: 6
Views: 241

Re: Slowarian

Personal pronouns: 1P sing: Nominative: Jaź Accusative: Mę Genitive: Mene Dative: Myń Oblique: Minieję 1P Plural: Nominative: My Accusative: Ny Genitive: Naś Dative: Naḿ Oblique: Nami 2P sing: Nominative: Ty Accusative: Tę Genitive: Tebe Dative: Ti/Ći Oblique: Toboję 2P Plr: Nominative: Vy Accusativ...