Search found 33 matches

by Zekoslav
Thu 02 Aug 2018, 08:07
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 2850
Views: 203804

Re: Yay or Nay?

judging from other Romance and Germanic languages, the tendency seems to be the generalization of the verb "to have". Just to add to this: this is a recognised ongoing trend throughout the Romance/Germanic sprachbund. "Be" was 'originally' used with all intransitives in both families, but almost al...
by Zekoslav
Mon 30 Jul 2018, 18:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 2850
Views: 203804

Re: Yay or Nay?

Yay or nay: Pelsodian my romlang builds the pluperfect like Slovene or Croatian, taking the past form of the word "to be," and adding the participle of a verb. This seems to be an areal feature . This differs from French, which builds it with "to have," and Romanian/Portuguese, which still build it...
by Zekoslav
Mon 30 Jul 2018, 10:17
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 2850
Views: 203804

Re: Yay or Nay?

Yay or nay: Pelsodian my romlang builds the pluperfect like Slovene or Croatian, taking the past form of the word "to be," and adding the participle of a verb. This seems to be an areal feature . This differs from French, which builds it with "to have," and Romanian/Portuguese, which still build it...
by Zekoslav
Thu 26 Jul 2018, 09:46
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Non-English Orthography Reform
Replies: 288
Views: 41409

Re: Non-English Orthography Reform

Here's a respelling of my local Kajkavian dialect based on pre-19th century orthographic traditions (basically, a modification of the orthography found in Belostenec's dictionary). Let's make a language's orthography less phonemic for once! [:D] Graphemes: /m n ɲ/ <m n ny> /p b t d k g/ <p b t d k,c...
by Zekoslav
Fri 20 Jul 2018, 09:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

One of my professors thinks it's a cognate of Proto-Slavic *bedro, of the same meaning. Both would originate from PIE. *bʰedʰr̥ , an r/n-stem neuter noun, as latin femur still is. The problem is that this derivation requires two semi-irregular assimilations: first (*dʰ >) *ð > *β, either because of ...
by Zekoslav
Tue 17 Jul 2018, 11:00
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13853
Views: 847528

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

You're right - the lack of an a-like vowel can't be the reason for the monophthongization of /ai/ into /aː / in modern English - that "problem" is solved by the different mergers and splits of monophthongs (eg. the father-bother merger, the trap-bath split, loss of rhoticity). Frankly, I got that Id...
by Zekoslav
Mon 16 Jul 2018, 18:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13853
Views: 847528

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The Southern vowel shift also has ai > a:, while in Pittsburgh one hears au > a: this is just a very common sound change in English. I am guessing something internal motivates it. I have hunch that it's because of the rareness of a-like sounds in English, with the old /a/ having fronted except in f...
by Zekoslav
Mon 16 Jul 2018, 10:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing /θ/ and /ð/ to languages with neither
Replies: 9
Views: 424

Re: Introducing /θ/ and /ð/ to languages with neither

Oceanic is an interesting counter-example, which proves that prenasalized stops are the most resistant to fricativization: Proto-Oceanic had a contrast between plain and prenasalized stops, with plain stops being voiceless. In most Oceanic languages, plain stops become fricatives, variously voicele...
by Zekoslav
Fri 13 Jul 2018, 10:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing /θ/ and /ð/ to languages with neither
Replies: 9
Views: 424

Re: Introducing /θ/ and /ð/ to languages with neither

I agree with everything that's been said so far, and I've got some more interesting natlang examples: 1. Stops can also fricativize when only preceded by a vowel, (Hebrew, Aramaic, maybe Old French), even though intervocalic fricativization is more common. 2. They can also fricativize spontaneously,...
by Zekoslav
Sun 10 Jun 2018, 09:44
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Also, what umlaut are we speaking of here? I know that /m/ might have preserved the height for a while longer, as Old Spanish evidence suggests. Vulgar Latin appears to have had umlaut, seen in the mid-low vowels, both front and back. These were raised (or diphthongised) in umlauting environments. ...
by Zekoslav
Sun 15 Apr 2018, 14:45
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1598
Views: 173716

Re: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you for your comment. I apologize for the bad quality of the map - here is a better one. [:D] Assuming an Earth-sized planet, the continent should stretch from a bit below the equator to a bit above the northern polar circle, and about the same distance from west to east at it's widest point -...
by Zekoslav
Sun 15 Apr 2018, 13:10
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1598
Views: 173716

Re: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I am planning to draw a map of my con-continent, and I am struggling to determine the climate of it's northeastern region. Here is a quick sketch: It is basically a slightly larger, Rockies-less North America, with a large but narrow island to the east. I wonder, though, what effect that subcontinen...
by Zekoslav
Mon 09 Apr 2018, 19:06
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you for your thorough explanation. It makes sense that, protasis being logically prior to apodosis, and the present tense already being used for deductive sentences, (especially in languages such as Greek or Latin, where even the subjunctive and optative moods are already used there), one woul...
by Zekoslav
Mon 09 Apr 2018, 12:02
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

While thinking about the uses of moods in my IE. conlang I tried to look at how different moods and tenses are used in different IE. natlangs. Since my native language (Croatian) is comparatively poor in that regard, I've never completely understood some of the ways different moods and tenses are us...
by Zekoslav
Fri 30 Mar 2018, 14:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 4978
Views: 435210

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

This is a phonology I came up with this week: consonants: /p t s k b d z g m n ŋ/ <p t s k b d z g m n ng> vowels: /i u ə a əi̯ əu̯ ai̯ au̯/ <i u ä a äi äu ai au> syllable structure: (C)V(C) Morpheme-internally, only the following clusters are allowed: /mp nt ŋk mb nd ŋg tk sk dg zg/ <mp nt ngk mb n...
by Zekoslav
Thu 22 Feb 2018, 13:59
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Is there any chance that the Slavic patronymics in -ov, etc are a direct loan of Greek masculine genitive -ou, which is also a patronymic? I couldnt find info on the etymology of the Russian sufx paradigm. I know rhat the gk is from pie. A cognate, more like. I am not entirely sure and couldn't fin...
by Zekoslav
Wed 21 Feb 2018, 17:50
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6618
Views: 514580

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

So, my question is this: How did the phonemic distinction between two rhotic consonants found in many Iberian Romance languages arise? Well it kind of exists in Italian as well as [r] is more often than not pronounced as /ɾ/ while [rː] remains pronounced as /rː/. Iberian languages originally contra...
by Zekoslav
Sun 18 Feb 2018, 12:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 13853
Views: 847528

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Suppose my proto-language has agent markers -a and -an and patient markers -eo and -igu: How easy would it be for just -a and -an to replace -eo and -igu and as such now mark both agent and patient, without undergoing phonological change? What is the morphosyntactic alignment of your language? I ca...
by Zekoslav
Wed 14 Feb 2018, 13:16
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 2850
Views: 203804

Re: Yay or Nay?

I say b/c; keep it on as a habitual , with the later possibility of having it become the unmarked present, maybe even losing the IE present altogether (and if you think this is far-fetched, trust me it's nothing compared to what's gone on in Algonquian). Now that's an interesting suggestion! I have...
by Zekoslav
Tue 13 Feb 2018, 16:21
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 2850
Views: 203804

Re: Yay or Nay?

I say b/c; keep it on as a habitual , with the later possibility of having it become the unmarked present, maybe even losing the IE present altogether (and if you think this is far-fetched, trust me it's nothing compared to what's gone on in Algonquian). Now that's an interesting suggestion! I have...