The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

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The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Wed 06 Sep 2017, 10:34

Lortho ['loɾ.tʰo]

Setting

Dhamashi, a circumbinary planet with two natural satellites, is a world with three major continents: Mashonu, Lamona, and Kashti. The people, or Kalanune, who speak Lortho are a simple people who live on Lamona. Lortho's script represents roots which always gives a sense of being grounded. The people are very close to nature and in nature is where they see nadina (life force, universal conscience).
Spoiler:
Image
Etymology of Lortho

Lortho is from the combination of Lor, the deity which the Kalanune believe created life and the universe, and -tho, the archaic inalienable form for the genitive case. Over time this has become a noun and can take suffixes.
  • e.g.
    konphar-imu kalanu-ne lortho-me
    speak-3FPL.PRS person.F-PL lortho-ACC
    The people speak Lortho.
Great Mountain

Malhi Dharakhi (Great Mountain) is the place where Lor is said to reside. It is the tallest mountain on Lamona and is located in the coastal mountain range on the west side of the continent.

DISCLAIMER: This is a work in progress. There is much to be discovered and I will post progress here in this topic. Thank you for reading and showing interest! A special thank you to @elemtilas
and @Lambuzhao for your words of encouragement.
Last edited by bbbourq on Sun 24 Dec 2017, 20:14, edited 1 time in total.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by Itlani Jim » Tue 12 Sep 2017, 15:26

Loving Lortho! Keep up the good work. Can't wait to see more.

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Tue 12 Sep 2017, 22:53

Itlani Jim wrote:Loving Lortho! Keep up the good work. Can't wait to see more.

Tsiasuk
Thanks, Jim! 'Tis good to see you on here. Your work in Itlani is astonishing!
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by Itlani Jim » Wed 13 Sep 2017, 00:16

bbbourq wrote:
Itlani Jim wrote:Loving Lortho! Keep up the good work. Can't wait to see more.

Tsiasuk
Thanks, Jim! 'Tis good to see you on here. Your work in Itlani is astonishing!
As the Itlani say:

"Tendayisú pevlushunú korunifyaren!" (Small waves make big oceans!)

In other words, little by little, a day at a time, so goes the work.

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Wed 13 Sep 2017, 03:45

Fauna on Lamona
The fauna of Lamona is quite diverse; however little is known at this time other than a few animals. Two of the known apex predators are described below.

Toshani
_____________________

Introduction

The toshani is one of the most well-known and most feared of the large predatory animals. It lives within the rocks and boulders at the base of the mountains at the edge of the Great Desert, Molhadhi Pashinalo (lit: Ocean of Sand). Sightings of the toshani are rare and few who have had the unfortunate encounter of this animal have lived to tell about it.

Description

The toshani is a six-legged, diurnal reptile which resembles something you would expect to see if a Spinosaurus and a Mosasaurus had offspring, just a little smaller. The largest animal described was approximately 30 to 40 feet in length (a system of measurement has yet to be created). The head is nearly a quarter of its body length. Its teeth are knife-shaped to tear through flesh and bone with ease and has the crushing power equal or greater than that of a Tyrannosaurus Rex. With its six legs, it is very agile and can climb up, down, and around rocks at astonishing speed. Its legs are sprawled, much like that of a crocodile giving it the ability to stay low to the terrain. Its outer skin is scaly and armored and has a pattern of red, orange, and tan pastel colors giving it the perfect camouflage for the rocky terrain.

Badu
_____________________

Introduction

The badu is another predatory creature which lives within the deep forest of the central part of Lamona. The badu is a pack animal and has similar behavior we see in wolves.

Description

The badu is a hoofed, diurnal, predatory animal that resembles something you would expect to see if a warthog and a wolf had offspring. The badu is about the same size as a bull moose and its legs are similar in length. It has short fur and the colors are very dark which makes it easy to mistake it for wet stone in the dense forest. The legs are black and the body is a charcoal grey. The badu has a black mane, similar to what you see on a mustang stallion. Since it has hooves, the badu must rely on its pack to help hunt and kill their prey. In other words, if you see one badu, chances are there are about five to ten more in the area, depending on the needs of the pack. Its teeth and jaws have developed a similar structure to a wolf; however, the mandibular fangs are long, protruding from the top lip making its snarl quite ferocious. Its tail is short in comparison to its body length; however still long enough to provide balance when needed.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Thu 28 Sep 2017, 03:52

Flora on Lamona
Kansapune (Trees)

Introduction

The trees are as diverse as Earth. As I discover more, this post will be updated with that new information.

Neilanu
plural nailanune

The neilanu is a large evergreen tree which grows to approximately 65 to 100 ft (20 - 30 m) tall and has a circumference of about 40 ft (12.7 ft in diameter). The tree is dioecious, meaning that there are male and female trees. The leaves are long needles that reach lengths of up to 12 in which gives the tree a likeness to a weeping willow. The bark is medium rough and is a dark brown and grey color. The trees are very old, the oldest reaching the age of approximately 3,000 Earth years.

The trunks of the neilanu exhibit extensive deformations due to weather, animals, and growth. Many trees have multiple burls giving the illusion of faces in the moonlit night. These "faces" are believed to be those of the ancestors and therefore the trees have deep cultural significance to the kalanune.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

"Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't." - Mark Twain
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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Fri 13 Oct 2017, 03:01

Kansapune (Trees)
Neilanu (Continued)

For the kalanune, it is extremely important that these trees are protected and respected. Since they embody the physical representations of their ancestors, any malicious act against these revered organisms is taboo and punishable by banishment to the toshani territory at the base of the mountains. There is no record of anyone surviving this punishment, therefore the kalanune view this punishment as certain death.

Any member of the kalanune can visit these trees (read: their ancestors); however, before they are able to do so they must endure a vetting process that convinces the Guardians1 that the visit is genuine and in good faith.

1 This still remains to be explained further.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by Avis Noctis » Fri 13 Oct 2017, 04:21

Any linguistic variation or is this just a lingua franca of sorts?

Cool world!
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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Fri 13 Oct 2017, 22:50

Avis Noctis wrote:Any linguistic variation or is this just a lingua franca of sorts?
Right now it is the only language that I have for this world at the moment and that is because this specific part of the world is coming to me from Lortho as it develops. I want to create other languages as well, but for now it is the lingua franca for this continent until I get some more creative juices flowing to either make sister languages or start completely unrelated languages on the other continents.
Cool world!
Thank you very much!
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Mon 30 Oct 2017, 04:21

So, as Dhamashi develops, I have been thinking about other cultures that might coexist on this world and one came to me. The language is called Dhakhsh [ðæxʃ] and the people who speak it call themselves Lœsheq [ˈlø.ʃəq]. They live on the continent Shardhelikh [ˈʃær.ðə.ˌlɯx] which is the continent Kashti in Lortho. Here is the phonology:

Consonants:

Code: Select all

Plosive             /p b t d k g q ɢ ʔ/
Nasal               /m n ɲ ŋ/
Trill               /r/
Fricative           /f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x ʁ h/
Approximant         /j/
Lateral Approximant /l/
Affricate           /t͡ʃ d͡ʒ/
Vowels:

Code: Select all

Close     /i ɯ u/
Close-Mid /e ø o/
Mid       /ə/
Near-Open /æ/
Open      /ɒ/
I have started a page in Linguifex to document the progress as I discover more about the language and the culture of its people.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Wed 13 Dec 2017, 05:18

For Lexember the 12th, I decided to publish a short story in my conlang Lortho. I came up with this story which is in the beginning stages of some sort of folklore. Here is the story (cross-posted from ZBB Lexember thread):

The Unlucky Fox

Image
Romanization:
shadar lharane dasat dharakhinat harlikhi nuphi.
khabalikhi nuphi dalhotamekhon dhaharlikha halhadar a.
kilikhikhi ikhi molha kansapume.
harlikha dirdhalama lidalhota mokansapoina.
khar khesikhi nuphi kansapume denalikhu kansapu lukhothume hana tushadikhu khashume nuphinalo.
tharikhu bonhan monu saurammu thasame nuphinalo.


IPA:
ˈʃɑ.dɑɾ lhɑ.ˈɾɑ.nɛ ˈdɑ.sɑt dʰɑ.ˈɾɑ.kʰi.nɑt ˈhɑɾ.li.kʰi ˈnu.pʰi
kʰɑ.ˈbɑl.ikʰ.i ˈnu.pʰi dɑl.ˈho.tɑ.mɛ.kʰon dʰɑ.ˈhɑɾ.li.kʰɑ ˈhɑl.hɑ.dɑɾ ɑ
ki.ˈli.kʰi.kʰi ˈi.kʰi ˈmol.hɑ kɑn.ˈsɑ.pu.mɛ
ˈhɑɾ.li.kʰɑ diɾ.dʰɑ.ˈlɑ.mɑ li.dɑl.ˈho.tɑ mo.kɑn.ˈsɑ.pɔɪ.nɑ. kʰɑɾ ˈkʰɛ.si.kʰi ˈnu.pʰi kɑn.ˈsɑ.pu.mɛ dɛ
ˈnɑ.li.kʰu kɑn.ˈsɑ.pu lu.ˈkʰo.tʰu.mɛ ˈhɑ.nɑ tu.ˈʃɑ.di.kʰu ˈkʰɑ.ʃu.mɛ ˈnu.pʰi.nɑlo
ˈtʰɑ.ɾi.kʰu ˈbon.hɑn ˈmo.nu saʊ.ˈɾɑm.mu ˈtʰɑ.sɑ.mɛ ˈnu.pʰi.nɑ.lo

Gloss and Translation:

Code: Select all

shadar  lhara-ne dasat      dharakhi  -nat harl-ikh-i    nuphi
ago.ADV year -PL beyond.ADV mountain.M-ABL be  -PST-3MSG fox.M
Once upon a time, there was the fox

Code: Select all

khabal-ikh-i    nuphi dalhota-me -khon dha-harl-ikh-a    halhadar a
search-PST-3MSG fox.M food.N -ACC-but  NEG-be  -PST-3NSG much.ADJ PN.3NSG
The fox searched for food, but there was not much of it

Code: Select all

kilikh-ikh-i    ikhi molha  kansapu-me
see   -PST-3MSG one  huge-N tree.N -ACC
It saw a huge tree

Code: Select all

harl-ikh-a    dir     -dhalam-a li          -dalhota mo   -kansapo-ina
be  -PST-3NSG SUPERL  -good  -N PN.POSS.3MSG-food.N  that -tree.F -SUBL
Its favorite food was in that tree

Code: Select all

khar khes   -ikh-i    nuphi kansapu-me  denal-ikh-u    kansapu lu          -khothu-me  hana tushad-ikh-u    khashu-me  nuphi-nalo
when scratch-PST-3MSG fox.M tree.F -ACC close-PST-3FSG tree.F  PN.POSS.3FSG-wall.F-ACC and  bury  -PST-3FSG head.F-ACC fox.M-GEN
When the fox scratched the tree, the tree closed its wall (here it means bark) and buried (trapped) the fox's head

Code: Select all

thar-ikh-u    bonhan mon  -u saurammu thasa -me  nuphi-nalo
eat -PST-3FSG twenty other-F animal.F head.N-ACC fox.M-GEN
Twenty other animals ate the fox's body

I know this story is quite morbid and has the unexpected twist; however, this explains why calling someone a "fox" is a derogatory term. Besides, I only have just under 400 words, so this is quite the accomplishment for me.

The term "fox" is loosely applied here since it is the closest animal we on Earth have that looks remotely like the nuphi
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Tue 19 Dec 2017, 04:16

Fauna on Lamona
(Continuation)

Nuphi

Introduction

The nuphi (IPA: [ˈnu.pʰi]) is a carnivorous animal that lives in the forest (kansaptha). It primarily hunts and feasts on mole-like creatures that live underground near the roots of trees. It is a solitary animal and is often quite skittish, leaving the existence of the creature to the imagination.

Description

The nuphi is a mammal that most closely resembles the now extinct gymnure, Deinogalerix. It is a carnivore and it primarily digs at the roots of trees to get at its meal. The nuphi can grow to the approximate size of a full-grown German Shepherd. The nuphi is a formidable animal and can be quite dangerous to the kalanune if it feels threatened; however, due to its solitary life the kalanune rarely see this animal in person. There is an amusing set-back: because of its voracious appetite to these mole-like creatures, there have been nuphi carcasses found at the base of the neilanu trees. This is due to the immense focus and complete disregard to their surroundings once it finds its most wanted food at the base of these trees. One of the defense mechanisms of the neilanu is to quickly close its bark and roots on the intruder, many times trapping only its head, leaving the rest of the body exposed to the elements and other animals. Often the nuphi starves to death and attracts scavengers and insects to devour the remnants; however, it has been known to be eaten alive by other opportunistic carnivores, especially during times of food scarcity due to times of drought or other weather phenomena. Because of this occurrence, to call someone a "nuphi" is considered derogatory as it points out a person's misfortune.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

"Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't." - Mark Twain
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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by Reyzadren » Thu 21 Dec 2017, 00:04

Did you know? Lortho is so far my favourite conlang from another conlanger, amongst many others that I have seen over the years.

In fact, it is even featured on my Frathwiki userpage. Cheers~ [:D]
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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Thu 21 Dec 2017, 01:42

Reyzadren wrote:
Thu 21 Dec 2017, 00:04
Did you know? Lortho is so far my favourite conlang from another conlanger, amongst many others that I have seen over the years.

In fact, it is even featured on my Frathwiki userpage. Cheers~ [:D]
Wow! I have no idea how much visibility Lortho has been getting, but this is quite humbling! I am currently going through your Griuskant Language Examination (GLE) text book. Pretty awesome idea to do something like that and it gives me some ideas of how to present Lortho in other mediums outside of a wiki environment. Thank you for sharing and thanks for the kind words.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Thu 21 Dec 2017, 04:39

A Glimpse into the Discovery of Lortho

I look at the development of Lortho and the culture surrounding it as a discovery. My view is that each word created is another step to cracking the code and the ultimate full translation of Lortho's lexicon and cultural significance.

Case and point: I discovered the neilanu trees and described that they tend to have many burls. At the time, I did not understand whence these burls developed; however, after discovering the nuphi, I inadvertently also discovered a defense mechanism of this old tree. The tree closes its bark on an intruder which, in this case, was the nuphi. Then it dawned on me: the burls are caused by whichever animal had the misfortune of succumbing to this rather abrupt demise. Therefore, the burls have some sort of resemblance to faces of animals or, as the kalanune see it: their ancestors.

ETA: Now this leads to another investigation: how many kalanune have been trapped in these trees and why?
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: The Language of Lortho and the World of Dhamashi

Post by bbbourq » Sun 14 Jan 2018, 14:29

Lamona
  • Fauna (continued)
    1. Makashi
      1. Introduction

        The makashi [mɑ.ˈkɑ.ʃi] is a nocturnal serpent which lives in the deserts of Lamona. It hides in the sand and is an opportunistic hunter, much like a spider.
      2. Description

        The makashi most closely resembles the look and locomotion of a sidewinder rattlesnake. It grows no longer than about 5 ft long and has a long, slender snout. It hides in the sand during the day to avoid the heat. At night, the makashi positions its snout to the edge of the sand from which a long tongue with tiny tentacles darts out and ensnares unsuspecting prey and then darts back down into its mouth to devour the animal. Its main food source is insects.

        The makashi has two different defense mechanisms which work in tandem with each other:
        • Escape. When threatened or too close for comfort, the makashi violently shakes its body out of its sandy camouflage and moves just like a sidewinder until it feels far enough and buries itself in the sand again.
        • Sting. The tail has a ring of quills, which look similar to the quills of a porcupine. It whips its tail out towards the danger as it shakes itself out of the sand, ejecting a few quills at a time often striking the face of the predator. The quills are coated with a venom that causes intense pain immediately upon impact and gives the makashi enough time to escape while the predator stops dead in its tracks. The venom is not deadly, but due to the immense pain it causes the makashi has few natural enemies.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

"Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't." - Mark Twain
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