Some resources of Historical High and Low German

A forum for guides, lessons and sharing of useful information.
Post Reply
User avatar
k1234567890y
runic
runic
Posts: 2959
Joined: Sat 04 Jan 2014, 04:47
Contact:

Some resources of Historical High and Low German

Post by k1234567890y » Sat 17 Sep 2016, 17:18

I have tried to create at least two West Germanic conlangs, to do this, I gathered some resources online and from others(like sewandere of DeviantART, thanks him for providing the Old Saxon dictionary of http://www.koeblergerhard.de/wikiling/? ... d=0&page=1 ), and now I am going to post them here, anyone who wants to create a valid continental West Germanic conlang can use them as references.

Below are links about some resources about Historical High and Low German dialects, it is almost certainly not a complete list:

Wright's Old High German Primer: http://www.alexmidd.co.uk/Marmaria/ohg/ ... ntents.htm

Wright's Middle High German Primer: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/22636/22 ... 2636-h.htm

A word list of Old Saxon(aka Old Low German): http://www.koeblergerhard.de/wikiling/? ... d=0&page=1

A site for Middle Low German, with a brief introduction about the grammar of Middle Low German: http://www.chlg.ac.uk/

Wiktionary category about Old High German: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category: ... n_language

Wiktionary category about Old Saxon(aka Old Low German): http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category: ... n_language

Wikipedia page about High German Consonant shift: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Germa ... nant_shift

Wikipedia page about Open syllable lengthening: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_syllable_lengthening

Wikipedia page about Old High German: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_High_German

Wikipedia page about Middle High German: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_High_German

Wikipedia page about Old Saxon(aka Old Low German): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Saxon

----------------------------------------------------------------
Below are some sound changes from Proto-Germanic to Old Saxon and Old High German respectively, the "ð > d" change is not listed below, besides this, the lists might still be incomplete, and there might be some errors.

From the sound changes listed below, it seems that Old Saxon was somewhat more conservative compared to Old High German.

----------------------------------------------------------------

Sound Changes from Proto-Germanic to Old Saxon:
Spoiler:
consonants:

VnhV' > V:hV'

VnsV',VmfV',VnþV' > V:sV',V:fV',V:þV'(Ingvaeonic Spirant Law)(then the ā generated by this process becomes ō)

vowels:

Germanic a-mutation

changes of final vowels(there are some irregularities):
ą > Ø / _#
jō,jǭ,ijō,ijǭ > a~ia / C_#
ō,ǭ > a / _#
ô > o / _#
jô,ijô > io / C_#
az,z,uz,iz > Ø /_#
į̄,ijaz,jaz,iją,ją > i /C_#

V:[-stress] > V(not in infinitive forms of weak verbs?)

ai > ē
au > ō
eu > io
ijō > iu
ē > ā

i-umlaut: a > e / the following syllable contains an /i/ or /j/(probably also affected other back vowels but it does not shown in the orthography)
----------------------------------------------------------------

Sound Changes from Proto-Germanic to Old High German, many parts of the contents are taken from Wikipedia:
Spoiler:
consonants:

- VnhV' > V:hV'

High German Consonant Shift

Strengthening of Proto Germanic voiced fricatives:

β > b
ð > d
ɣ > g

s > ʃ / #_C and r_

w h > Ø / #_C

vowels:

Germanic a-mutation

changes of final vowels:
- ą > Ø / _#
- jō,jǭ,ijō,ijǭ, ō,ǭ > a / _#
- ô, jô,ijô > o / C_#
- az,z,uz,iz > Ø /_#
- į̄,ijaz,jaz,iją,ją > i /C_#

V:[-stress] > V(not in infinitive forms of weak verbs?)

ja, ija > e / C_n(at least in class 1 weak verbs)

- ai > ē / _# or _{r, h,w}(happened before the High German Consonant Shift)
- ai > ei
- au > ō / _h or dental consonants(happened before the High German Consonant Shift)
- au > ou
- eu > iu / when the following syllable contains /i/ or /j/, happened before the change of final vowels.
- eu > io
- ijō > iu
- ē > ā(happened after ai > ē)
- ē² > ie

- ē > ei(happened after ē > ā)
- ō > uo(happened before au > ou and au > ō)

i-umlaut: a > e / the following syllable contains an /i/ or /j/(probably also affected other back vowels but it does not shown in the orthography)
私のアツい人工言語活動!言カツ!始まります!!
Wario Toad 32
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 179
Joined: Sun 19 Jun 2016, 20:42
Location: Frankthorf, Falochland

Re: Some resources of Historical High and Low German

Post by Wario Toad 32 » Sat 19 Nov 2016, 05:16

This would be helpful for Posterioris
User avatar
Creyeditor
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4414
Joined: Tue 14 Aug 2012, 18:32

Re: Some resources of Historical High and Low German

Post by Creyeditor » Sat 19 Nov 2016, 17:26

This should be added to the resources thread.
Creyeditor
"Thoughts are free."
Produce, Analyze, Manipulate
1 :deu: 2 :eng: 3 :idn: 4 :fra: 4 :esp:
:con: Ook & Omlűt & Nautli languages & Sperenjas
[<3] Papuan languages, Morphophonology, Lexical Semantics [<3]
Post Reply