Okay, I think I've gotten far enough on Ȧbhannı that it's time to start over. :D
But to be serious, this is a problem of mine. If I work too long on a conlang, particularly if I'm going for naturalism, it starts to feel "topheavy" and frustrating and unmotivating. So I want to start over (not entirely from scratch of course), this time with Ȧbhannı's structure in mind and try to give it a more solid linguistic base. I may go through this process multiple times, but I think eventually I'll get it in a state that I like.
This time though I want to focus a lot more on the worldbuilding aspect of it, since Ȧbhannı is set in a conworld. So, for reference, here's a map of the region
, with the Ȧbhannı region roughly in the blurry red part. The bottom of this image is the equator and the top is roughly the 75º; that puts the Ȧbhannı region at approximately the latitude of Georgia/the Carolinas, the northernmost land around mid-south Scandinavia, and the whole continent (what can be seen) maybe a bit smaller than South America. This map is fairly tentative, but should be a decent idea of the geography of the region.
Now, Ȧbhannı is actually not itself a language isolate as I previously stated, but a member of the Abhannic language family along with another, smaller language spoken a bit north (and some dialects of the two). These split off maybe 1000 or so years before modern Ȧbhannı as described above. The first major stage of the Abhannic languages comes probably a few centuries before, with the emergence of a complex society by speakers of "Old Ȧbhannı," or Hȧṕuxańńı, an isolate. A harsher climate lead to the shrinking of this civilization and the split of the northern group. The northern language remains fairly conservative, while Ȧbhannı underwent some major phonological developments during this time. Around 500 years BP, Ȧbhannı was in its middle stage and pretty close to its modern stage, and Ȧbhannı society had begun to recover and spread again.
The following is a tentative sketch of Old Ȧbhannı phonology. It's tricky working backwards, especially because Ȧbhannı phonology is so wierd and I wanted to explain both the palatal series and the vowel harmony which were hard to do together.
/mʲ mˠ nʲ nˠ/ ⟨ḿ m ń n⟩
/pʲ pˠ tʲ tˠ kʲ k ʔ/ ⟨ṕ p t́ t ḱ k ʔ⟩
/sʲ sˠ xʲ x h/ ⟨ś s x́ x h⟩
/rʲ rˠ j ɰ/ ⟨ŕ r ȷ w⟩
/i ɯ ǝ a/ ⟨ı u ǝ a⟩
/əi əɯ ai/ ⟨ǝı ǝu aı⟩
Syllables are CV(R), where R is a nasal, rhotic or approximant. Stress is exclusively root-initial, where there may be a pitch accent (high tone, marked as overdot). /h/ and /ʔ/ are found only (almost only?) word-initially.
Old Ȧbhannı had a topic marker wǝ/jǝ, which was always unstressed and preceded the noun; which one was used was based on noun class, which was either animate or inanimate (roughly).
More soon, hopefully...