Lextreme2018

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Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Thu 04 Jan 2018, 00:38

As masako had mentioned in the Lexember thread, myself and the creator of Kardak have started the #Lextreme2018 challenge on Twitter. There is but one rule:
  • Create one word each day in 2018 without derivations nor compounds.
Of course, one does not have to stop there. You can move on to create derivations based on the word created if you have the time and the ambition.

There are other challenges for certain months (e.g. Grammuary, Verbruary, et al), so you can decide if you want to create a word for both Lextreme2018 and whichever challenge exists for the month.
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Thu 04 Jan 2018, 11:37

And I was the one who suggested to start a thread for it here because I don't use twitter for conlanging. I'm going to try and participate - a few hundred new words for Nakarian can't hurt. It would be nice if somebody joined me here.

So, without further ado:

Lextreme2018 Jan 1-4 - Nakarian

I'll start with the words from the Dolgopolsky list that I still don't have:

ô - two, pair
ba - who/what (this root combines with noun class affixes)
θạ̀ạ /θəː˩˨/ - tongue (from proto-Nakarian * ɖeʂ)
tôbbô - hearth (from proto-Nakarian ideophone *tuk-puk)
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Fri 05 Jan 2018, 00:17

Since I had already begun on Twitter, I will list the words here:

Lortho:

Day 1:

lahet (lahed-) [ˈlɑ.hɛt]
v.t.
  1. to carry, bring
  2. to deliver

Day 2:

dhashit (dhashid-) [ˈdʰɑ.ʃit]
v.t.
  1. to play (an instrument)

Day 3:

moilaro (moilar-) [mɔɪ.ˈlɑ.ɾo]
v.
  1. to sing, chant
  2. (of a bird) to warble, chirp
    Spoiler:

    Code: Select all

    moilar-u    lhasha   akhannu
    sing  -3FSG soft.ADV bird.F
    The bird sings softly.
gestaltist wrote:
Tue 02 Jan 2018, 23:05
Maybe you could start a separate thread for that? I find threads to post in very motivating.
And thank you for recommending the Topic!
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Fri 05 Jan 2018, 04:06

Day 4:

Lortho
  • kashet (kashed-) [ˈkɑ.ʃɛt]
    v.
    1. (intransitive) to play a beat, drum
    2. (transitive) to beat (something or someone)
  • kashada [kɑˈ.ʃɑ.dɑ] (from kashet)
    n. neut (pl. ~ne)
    1. beat, rhythm
    2. (linguistics) syllable
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Fri 05 Jan 2018, 10:07

Nakarian - Jan 5th

tsẹ (*ậ-t͜sẹ) - singular "you" - male
tsẹ (*ệ-t͜sẹ) - singular "you" - female

This means that there is a difference in gender only when "you" is compounded with something else, and the elided vowel resurfaces, e.g.:

â+tsẹ = âậtsẹ if male but âệtsẹ if female. (The role of â is still not 100% decided. It will be a complementizer, a topical marker or something of the sort.)
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Sat 06 Jan 2018, 09:52

Day 5:

Lortho

larani [lɑ.ˈɾɑ.ni]
n. masc (pl. laranemi)
  1. (botany) root, the part of a plant that attaches to the ground conveying water and nutrients
  2. the basic cause, origin, or source of something
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Sat 06 Jan 2018, 16:03

Nakarian - Jan 6

mo- prefix of noun class 1

tàn / moran = “man” (the second form is with the class prefix which is optional in this case)
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Mon 08 Jan 2018, 00:01

Nakarian - Jan 7

kena - woman
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Mon 08 Jan 2018, 11:35

Nakarian - Jan 8

hîmmaʕ - to love
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Mon 08 Jan 2018, 14:46

Day 8

Lortho:

harlet (harled-) [ˈhɑɾ.lɛt]
v.
  1. to exist*, be located
  2. to have, wear (something irremovable or permanent e.g. a wound or birthmark)
*not to be confused with harlan (to be)
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Tue 09 Jan 2018, 10:49

Nakarian - Jan 9

hin - to worry (related to the word for "love" from yesterday - it historically meant "to care")
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by Pabappa » Wed 10 Jan 2018, 03:30

Im interested in posting when I can, but Im not sure I understand ... when you say that there should be no derivation and no compounding, by that you mean, not from existing words in the lexicon? I find the task of combining existing words to make new ones to be the most challenging form of word building, and a lot of my etymologies are quite long.

However, its more challenging when it's derivation and compounding from words in the parent language than from words in the target language because of changes in meaning and sound that need to be accounted for, as well as worrying about colliding with other words along the way. So by derivation and compounding, did you mean to include diachronic derivation too, or just derivation from existing words in the target language? I do a lot of both, and in some cases there's no clear line between the two, since diachronic processes have become molded into the morphology of the language, but ...

With diachronic evolution I can add:

:con: Pabappa:

potibla "sword", from Bābākiam 'ŋup taep ūaa šaya ya, "handheld stick by which one presses into the heart".
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Wed 10 Jan 2018, 11:07

Nakarian - Jan 10

(n)sẹmạ - liquid

Pabappa wrote:
Wed 10 Jan 2018, 03:30
Im interested in posting when I can, but Im not sure I understand ... when you say that there should be no derivation and no compounding, by that you mean, not from existing words in the lexicon? I find the task of combining existing words to make new ones to be the most challenging form of word building, and a lot of my etymologies are quite long.
TBH, I ignore this rule as evidenced by my entry from yesterday. I find coining any word challenging enough.
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Thu 11 Jan 2018, 10:23

Nakarian - Jan 11

bahar - (male) god
-bar - a Class 8 suffix used for male deities
Spoiler:
I was just reading on the religion of Carthage and decided to add a little easter egg to Nakarian so I made it so that the proto-Nakarian word for god was "baal" and derived the forms above from that. BTW, since the inhabitants of this planet ultimately come from the Earth, it is not entirely unthinkable that this word ultimately stems from our "Baal". Some of them might have been Bible readers, after all.
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Fri 12 Jan 2018, 00:44

Day 11

Lortho
  1. dhab- [dʰɑb]
    adj.
    1. the left side of something or someone
  2. dhabar [dʰɑ.ˈbɑɾ]
    adv.
    1. on, to the left (i.e. movement towards)
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Fri 12 Jan 2018, 11:52

Nakarian 12

sorạ - folk, nation (core word of Class 4, frequently used as suffix for nationalities)
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Sat 13 Jan 2018, 04:59

Day 12

Lortho:

makashi [mɑ.ˈkɑ.ʃi]
n. masc (pl makasheni)
  1. a type of snake that closely resembles the look and movement of a sidewinder
  2. informal (of a person) one who tries to escape an awkward or embarrassing moment
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by gestaltist » Sat 13 Jan 2018, 21:15

Nakarian 13

χaɾa 1. "to die"; 2. used as an obligatory light verb with transitive verbs of motion (hailing to its original meaning of "to go")
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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Sun 14 Jan 2018, 05:54

Day 13

Lortho

shunet [ˈʃu.nɛt]
v.
  1. to swim, propel through water using bodily movement
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

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Re: Lextreme2018

Post by bbbourq » Sun 14 Jan 2018, 21:37

Day 14

Lortho
  1. maledhi [mɑ.ˈlɛ.dʰi]
    n. neut
    1. riverbank, shoreline
  2. mali [ˈmɑ.li]
    n. masc
    1. side, edge
https://linguifex.com/wiki/Lortho
http://conworkshop.info/view_language.php?l=LTH

"Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't." - Mark Twain
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