Volapük-inspired language (JFF)

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Xing
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Volapük-inspired language (JFF)

Post by Xing » Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14

Just for fun...

/p t t͡ʃ k/ <p t c k>
/b d d͡ʒ g/ <b d j g>
/f s ʃ h/ <f s x h>
/v~ʋ ʝ~j/ <v y>
/l/ <l>

/i e ɑ o u æ ø y/ <i e a o u ä ö ü>

Each root has the form CVC. /v j h/ cannot occur in coda; this gives us 15*8*12 = 1440 possible roots, which stands for basic concepts. More complex words may be formed through compounding or derivation.

Stress always falls on the last syllable.

Prefixes have the form CV- or just V-.
Suffixes have the form -VC or possibly just -V.

Some roots:

gon – to go
bin – to be
tek - to take
gib – to give
pik – to speak
sed – to say
lid – to read
lät – to write
sün – to see
höl – to hear
köp – to buy
söm – to sleep

fol - flower
don – house
göl – girl
pok – boy
buk – book
xop – shop
näm – name
kat – cat
tab – table

dan – and

Verb endings indicate the subject:

-em – 1s
-ed – 2s
-ek – 3s
-om - 1p
-od - 2p
-ok - 3p

The independent personal pronouns are:

nem – "I"
ned - "yoy" (sg)
nek – "he, she, it"
nom – "we"
nod – "you" (pl)
nok – "they"

Verbs also take prefixes, indicating tense/aspect and voice:

na- non-past active
sa- non-past passive
no- past active
so- past passive
nä- non-past perfect active
sä- non-past perfect passive
nö- past perfect active
sö- past perfect passive

Nouns take case prefixes:

u- to, towards
o- at, on
a- from
ü- into
ö- inside
ä- out of

Note that the "umlauted" forms indicate "inner" local cases, while the non-unlauted ones indicare "outer" cases, similar to what's found in Finnic languages. There's also:

i- accusative
e- genitive

The plural -le- goes between the case and the noun stem.

The predix ka- forms causative forms of verbs. It goes between the tense/voice marker and the verb root.

bön – to burn (intr.)
kabön – to burn (something; tr.)
döl – to die
kadöl – to kill

Some examples:

Dom nabönek. – "The house is burning."
dom n-a-bön-ek
house ACT-NPST-burn-3s

Pok näkabönek idom. – "The boy has burnt down the house."
pok n-ä-ka-bön-ek i-dom
boy ACT-NPST.PRF-CAUS-burn-3p ACC-house

Näm enem nabinek ... – "My name is ..."
näm e-nem n-a-bin-ek
name GEN-1p ACT-NPST-be-3s

Pok noköpek ifol ugöl axopfol. – "The boy bought the girl a flower from the florist."
pok n-o-köp-ek i-fol u-göl a-xop-fol
boy ACT-PST-buy-3p ACC-flower DAT-girl ABL-shop-flower

Lekat nasömok ödom. – "The cats are sleeping in the house."
le-kat n-a-söm-ok ö-dom
PL-cat ACT-NPST-sleep-3p INE-house

Näkadöled lekat. – "You have killed the cats."
n-ä-ka-döl-ed le-kat
ACT-NPST.PRF-CAUS-die-3p PL-cat

Lekat säkadölok. – "The cats have been killed."
le-kat s-ä-ka-döl-ok
PL-cat PASS-NPST.PRF-CAUS-die-3p
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Re: Volapük-inspired language (JFF)

Post by Creyeditor » Sun 22 Jul 2018, 21:25

I have to say, I really like this. A bit more Uralic (IMHO) than Volapük, but definitely in the spirit.
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Re: Volapük-inspired language (JFF)

Post by shimobaatar » Mon 06 Aug 2018, 04:28

Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
/p t t͡ʃ k/ <p t c k>
/b d d͡ʒ g/ <b d j g>
/f s ʃ h/ <f s x h>
/v~ʋ ʝ~j/ <v y>
/l/ <l>

/i e ɑ o u æ ø y/ <i e a o u ä ö ü>
This does look like a fun project! Are /v~ʋ ʝ~j/ in free variation?

Based on the examples below, it seems like /m n/ <m n> may have been left out here?
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
Each root has the form CVC. /v j h/ cannot occur in coda; this gives us 15*8*12 = 1440 possible roots, which stands for basic concepts. More complex words may be formed through compounding or derivation.
Are clusters allowed to arise through compounding, for example?
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
Nouns take case prefixes:
Can pronouns also take these prefixes?

Never mind, the answer is below in the examples!
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
Note that the "umlauted" forms indicate "inner" local cases, while the non-unlauted ones indicare "outer" cases, similar to what's found in Finnic languages.
Interesting!
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
The predix ka- forms causative forms of verbs. It goes between the tense/voice marker and the verb root.
I assume that there are some verbs that cannot take this prefix?
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
Pok näkabönek idom. – "The boy has burnt down the house."
pok n-ä-ka-bön-ek i-dom
boy ACT-NPST.PRF-CAUS-burn-3p ACC-house

Näm enem nabinek ... – "My name is ..."
näm e-nem n-a-bin-ek
name GEN-1p ACT-NPST-be-3s

Pok noköpek ifol ugöl axopfol. – "The boy bought the girl a flower from the florist."
pok n-o-köp-ek i-fol u-göl a-xop-fol
boy ACT-PST-buy-3p ACC-flower DAT-girl ABL-shop-flower
Xing wrote:
Sat 21 Jul 2018, 12:14
Näkadöled lekat. – "You have killed the cats."
n-ä-ka-döl-ed le-kat
ACT-NPST.PRF-CAUS-die-3p PL-cat
(Emphasis mine.)

Based on the morphemes used and the English translations, shouldn't these glosses be 3s, 1s, 3s, and 2s?
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