So as was indicated by my last Yay or Nay? thread post I have completely overhauled the third Kanan language, now called ‘Aciká [ʔat͡ʃika̤]. Here's a three-way comparison of this language, O Kanã and their sister language, Angwakan. All these sentences translate approximately as I saw the man standing at the big post by the river.
rexopiko patu kyrúká so roka póku‘a waky á.
[ɾɛxɔpikɔ patu kɨrṳka̤ sɔ ɾɔka pɔ̤kuʔa wakɨ a̤]
ra-ex-o-piko patu kyrú-ká so roka póku-‘a waky á
1-PRF-AFF-see man stand-ANI LOC post big-LONG be.near river
‘aisokede ‘a kea ‘aporõ te ‘a saki ‘awẽko kã‘ẽ‘ã o ngãga.
[ʔaɪ̯so↓keⁿde ʔa ke̯a ʔapo↓ɽõ te ʔa sa↓ki ʔawẽ↓ko kã↓ʔẽʔã o ŋã↓ⁿga]
‘a-<is>oke-de ‘a kea ‘a-porõ te ‘a saki ‘a-wẽko kã‘ẽ-‘a o ngãga
M-<PRF>see-1.ERG M.SPE person M-stand LOC M.SPE straight M-big be.near-M.ERG N.SPE river
dawsika bibor bikor ta asik amok ak‘a angay.
[daʊ̯sika biboɾ bikoɾ ta asik amok akʔa aŋaɪ̯]
da-<s>wika bi-bor bi-kor ta a-sik a-mok a-k‘a a-ngay
1-<PRF>see ANI-man ANI-stand LOC INA-post INA-big INA-be.near INA-river
The main differences between the languages to note:
- The perfective is realised as an infix in O Kanã and Angwakan but as a prefix in ‘Aciká
- The gender system is masculine/non-masculine in OK, animate/inanimate in Ang and ‘A lacks a gender system, instead having a shape-classification system found on adjectives, numerals and some verbs
- Similarly, OK has a determiner system consisting of particles, Ang has noun-class prefixes and ‘A lacks any such word-class