What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

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Ehesh
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What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by Ehesh » Sun 17 Sep 2017, 22:30

I have ony ran into liquids into nasals an liquids as syllabic consonants /l r m n/ I believe there are other examples but I'm not sure
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Creyeditor
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Re: What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by Creyeditor » Sun 17 Sep 2017, 22:54

All consonants occur as syllabic, though it is not always clear if syllables in itself are universal. Stops and fricatives are syllabic in Nuxálk and some Berber dialects. Mandarin Chinese has syllabic fricatives. I think the likelyhood of being syllabic is dependent on sonority, so you could posit a scale like the following (decreasing likelyhood for syllabicity).
vowel > liquids & nasals > fricatives > stops
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Ahzoh
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Re: What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by Ahzoh » Mon 18 Sep 2017, 01:11

Generally sonorants (which include nasals and approximants) are syllabic (they also tend to be voiced). You could have fricative vowels too.
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KaiTheHomoSapien
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Re: What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » Mon 18 Sep 2017, 05:07

Sonorants are the most common, but a few languages do have syllabic fricatives:

PIE apparently had syllabic laryngeals (which were probably velar or some other kind of guttural fricative).

Mandarin is sometimes described as having syllabic fricatives with the so-called "buzzing" consonants.

I don't know much about the Salishan languages, but I believe they are fairly extreme examples of syllabification of just about any sound (even stops).
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Thrice Xandvii
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Re: What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by Thrice Xandvii » Mon 18 Sep 2017, 08:03

Syllabic stops seem super-weird to me. Does anyone have a good example language that uses them that might also have recordings in it? I'd love to hear/see what that would be like.
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DesEsseintes
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Re: What phonemes occur as syllabic consonants in natlangs

Post by DesEsseintes » Mon 18 Sep 2017, 11:21

Thrice Xandvii wrote:Syllabic stops seem super-weird to me. Does anyone have a good example language that uses them that might also have recordings in it? I'd love to hear/see what that would be like.
The Wikipedia page on Nuxalk has plenty of examples.
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