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by Omzinesý
25 Apr 2019 15:45
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Interesting, especially the weird stuff like contrasting /ɹ/ and /ɻ/, having only one retroflex consonant, having creaky and breathy voice in a language set in Iraq, etc. I have no idea which is the standard transliteration for /ŋ/ in languages written in Arabic orthography. I used غ just because i...
by Omzinesý
25 Apr 2019 15:36
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 6918
Views: 817688

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

What languages other than Celtic have word-initial consonant mutations expressing grammatical meanings? Celtic langs cannot be that unique it only appears in them.
by Omzinesý
18 Apr 2019 15:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Action nominal constructions (ANCs) ANCs of intransitive verbs have their argument as a genitive modifier (1). Transitive verbs have their objects in as a genitive modifier (2) and their subjects as a by-agent in Ablative (3). (1) gep-ha nip-aa man-DEF swim-AN 'man's swimming' (2) kiteeb-ha keteb-ee...
by Omzinesý
16 Apr 2019 17:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Spiú - A monosyllabic descendant of Spanish
Replies: 7
Views: 292

Re: Spiú - A monosyllabic descendant of Spanish

Nice, a Romlang that has something new!

Paradigms of all verb forms could be listed for every conjugation to make the grammar easier to read and understand.
by Omzinesý
16 Apr 2019 16:36
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language
Replies: 4
Views: 175

Re: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language

Copular constructions There is a copular verb béd 'is SENSORY'. bád 'is EGO' bíd 'is REPORTATIVE' There is also a fourth epistemic category for general facts that don't need any epistemic conformance, i.e. 'everybody knows'. búd 'is FACT' The past stem of the copula is kós 'was SENSORY' kás 'was EGO...
by Omzinesý
15 Apr 2019 14:01
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language
Replies: 4
Views: 175

Re: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language

Nice. An egophoric evidential seems new to me, though maybe it's already a thing in a natlang. It certainly makes sense. That evidential distinction will disappear as soon as speakers merge those unstressed vowels, though. Not to say that ever has to happen. Also, what is that noun that's being dec...
by Omzinesý
13 Apr 2019 09:55
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language
Replies: 4
Views: 175

Re: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language

Consonant inventory

p t c k <p t c k>
b d ɟ <b d j> (d and sometimes b two are flapped between vowels)
m n ŋ (coda only) <m n ng>
v ɹ j ɣ~ʁ <v r y g>
l <l>
s ɕ <s x>
by Omzinesý
13 Apr 2019 09:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language
Replies: 4
Views: 175

Omzinesý's quick triconsonantal language

So this is a quick project, not a real speed lang with time limits though. Stressed syllables have five vowels: i, e, ä, o, u Unstressed syllables have three vowels: ɪ̈, ə, ɐ (some allophony of frontness/backness may appear) Verbs Verbs have their stress on the first syllable. In a "normal" CVCVC wo...
by Omzinesý
12 Apr 2019 16:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14614
Views: 1216835

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I thank Zekoslav, Creyeditor, Ná'oolkiłí & Frislander for answering my question on consonant clusters.
I still didn't find illumination but thinking about what you said may bring it closer.
by Omzinesý
12 Apr 2019 16:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14614
Views: 1216835

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

holbuzvala wrote:
11 Apr 2019 18:00
Also, what’s a way that an applicative might arise?
Serial verbs/converbs is one option.

I [write letter][use pen]
=> I [write-use letter pen]

Then morpho-phonological erosion just takes place and u have an applicative affix.
by Omzinesý
07 Apr 2019 14:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14614
Views: 1216835

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm currently working on some a priori languages (yes, I've faced my fears!) and I'm dealing with the same issue. Looking at Algonquian and Iroquoian languages was an eye-opener, they have simple to moderately complex syllables with a well defined structure quite different from SAE! An interesting ...
by Omzinesý
07 Apr 2019 12:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14614
Views: 1216835

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm bored with simple phonotactics CVC but also "unstructured" allowing of all consonant clusters like in Georgian is boring. I wouldn't like to be SAE either.
How would be phonotaxis /consonant clusters that aren't like those?
I know this is a badly formed question.
by Omzinesý
03 Apr 2019 11:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Goþesch Razde
Replies: 25
Views: 786

Re: Gotesche Razde

I'm going to be frank, syntax is my weakest area, so any ideas you guys can through at me are welcome. How is the possession construction formed if the genitive case disappears? Most likely by the accusative case in addition to a preposition or pronoun that denotes possession. "for" might work well...
by Omzinesý
01 Apr 2019 14:16
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Goþesch Razde
Replies: 25
Views: 786

Re: Gotesche Razde

How is the possession construction formed if the genitive case disappears? Turkic languages (I guess Tatar as well) need a posssed marker in the end of the possessed word. How is Accusative used, that's though a marked-nominative language, so Accusative could have some extrafunctions, like vocative,...
by Omzinesý
26 Mar 2019 15:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Huu ised to be an accusative definite article in one of the first post, but I decided that Mis.hero does not have an accusative case. Now I decided that huu will be a reflecsive possessive suffix. (1) Ibrahiim yun-haa nun usal. Ibrahim he-DEF bread ate 'Ibrahim ate his [Abdallah's] bread.' (2) Ibrah...
by Omzinesý
24 Mar 2019 12:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

The Mishero are a typical conquered people of the area. They have come from somewhere in the north and later adopted farming as their way of living. Their number is such small that they have never had remarkable impact on the macro history of the area, though. They live in periphery so they have sti...
by Omzinesý
24 Mar 2019 12:21
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Phonology and orthography Consonant phonemes p t tˠ k b d dˠ g ɢ m n ŋ ɹ ɻ j (w) (f) s ʃ h* z ʒ l r < ک ط ت پ ق ج ض د ب غ ن م ي ظ ذ (ف loanwords only) ه~ح ش س* و ژ ز ر ل > * /h/ is a voiceless glottal fricative syllable initially and a laryngeal voiceless fricative syllable-finally. That is also ref...
by Omzinesý
23 Mar 2019 11:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Pronominal prefixes revisited Verbs can have a subject prefix, an object prefix or some deictic prefix. Only one of them can appear per word. It is "optional", that is it does not appear in all constructions. Subject prefixes š- '1st person' b- '2nd person (indicative)' biš- '1st and second person ...
by Omzinesý
22 Mar 2019 18:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Mishero مِسْهَرو
Replies: 29
Views: 4306

Re: Mishero مِسْهَرو

Nominalizations Mishero has three nominalizations. -ii 'Actor Nominalization' -uu 'Undergoer Nominalization' -aa/ee 'Action/everything-else Nominalization' Action Nominalization and Undergoer Nominalization are thus oriented to the semantic roles or actor (generalized agent, the most agentlike parti...
by Omzinesý
21 Mar 2019 12:15
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Goþesch Razde
Replies: 25
Views: 786

Re: Gotesche Razde

As you can see, the dative case is missing: it had been subsumed by the genitive case. This is quite similar to Modern Greek, which similarly lacks a dative case (although to be honest, I am not quite sure if Mariupol Greek shares the same state of affairs as Modern Greek, I can only assume it does...