Search found 1247 matches

by Omzinesý
17 Nov 2019 18:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ptila
Replies: 5
Views: 139

Re: Ptila

The system of nouns is still in progress. What I call cases in this thread are actually not cases in the morphosyntactic sense. Case is a word-level phenomenon. So, adding, say, a specifier should not affect the case of the noun. That does not happen in Ptila (or in Celtic languages with mutations)....
by Omzinesý
17 Nov 2019 13:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ptila
Replies: 5
Views: 139

Re: Ptila

I like several things going on here, especially the auxiliaries and the lenitions. Two questions: 1. I believe all your clusters agree in MoA rather than PoA, as you have clusters such as kt mn , but not nt pm . Is that correct? I like limiting clusters to same MoA in languages like Korean. 2. Give...
by Omzinesý
16 Nov 2019 09:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ptila
Replies: 5
Views: 139

Re: Ptila

Definiteness of objects and corresponding NPs is coded by word order. Indefinite NPs follow the AN, while definite ones precede it. (1) Future Perfective G-e we nepta tuga. FG1-EGO before writing book 'I will write a book.' (2) Future Perfective G-e tuga we nepta. FG1-EGO book before writing 'I will...
by Omzinesý
16 Nov 2019 07:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ptila
Replies: 5
Views: 139

Re: Ptila

Phonology Vowel inventory: i u <i u> e o <e o > ä <a> Consonant inventory: pʰ tʰ cʰ kʰ <p t c k> b d ɟ g <b d j g> m̥ʰ n̥ʰ ɲ̥ʰ ŋ̥ʰ <mh nh njh ngh> m n ɲ ŋ <m n nj ng> s ɕ h <s x h> l j w <l y w> Phonotactics Only open syllables are allowed. (C)(C)(y/w)V Allowed consonant clusters are: "Harmonic clus...
by Omzinesý
16 Nov 2019 06:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ptila
Replies: 5
Views: 139

Ptila

Ptila is an a-priori lang. It draws its inspiration from Swahili (some phonotactics and maybe a noun class system), Hausa (some syntax containing an auxiliary), Georgian (harmonic clusters), and Welsh (initial consonant mutations and some syntax containing an auxiliary). I start with morpho-syntax i...
by Omzinesý
28 Oct 2019 14:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you both! If you had /h/, you could probably add: pʰ tʰ cʰ kʰ > h s ɕ h to the aspirate mutation. That's a nice idea! The voiced stops could become approximants in the same mutation, which Creyeditor suggests. Though /h/ would also be a quite natural "lenited" version of no onset. I'm also thi...
by Omzinesý
26 Oct 2019 16:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I once again made the phoneme inventory first and started thinking about morphological processes later. So I have the consonant inventory below, and would like to have a Welsh-style system of word-initial consonant mutations. Ideas on how they could form a complete system? pʰ tʰ cʰ kʰ b d ɟ g m̥ʰ n̥...
by Omzinesý
22 Oct 2019 12:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 62
Views: 20626

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread: inspired by Swahili & Welsh

Nouns 10ish noun classes Two degrees of definiteness Two numbers Pattern: mutation - root - article The morphological process called mutation expresses genitive or is governed by particles preceding the noun, e.g. plural particle "mo". The morpheme called article expresses the categories of definite...
by Omzinesý
16 Oct 2019 18:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 62
Views: 20626

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread: inspired by Swahili & Welsh

A new idea The language will combine Swahili-style noun classes with Welsh initial consonant mutations and auxiliary + action nominal systems. Consonamt phonemes pʰ tʰ cʰ kʰ <p t c k> b d ɟ g <b d j g> m̥ʰ n̥ʰ ɲ̥ʰ ŋ̥ʰ <mh nh njh ngh> m n ɲ ŋ <m n nj ng> s ɕ h <s x h> l j w <l j w> Mutations: plain -...
by Omzinesý
07 Oct 2019 19:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I've got syntax questions... Imagine an agglutinative language where only subjects can be made heads of relative clauses*. Making arguments other than subjects heads of relative clauses is done by a combination of applicatives (oblique argument > direct object) and passive (direct object > subject)...
by Omzinesý
03 Oct 2019 15:36
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

If both Dative and Ablative cases develop a genitive function (either beside a possessive suffix, his-genitive or not), in what kinds of genitive functions could each be used?
Rather an innovative than typological question, I think
by Omzinesý
23 Sep 2019 18:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

this may not be a helpful reply but it might be interesting to see *why* and how each case develops into an ergative. e.g. i can see 2 paths for the genitive... 1) " boy-GEN (his) knife" starts out meaning "the boy's knife", but somehow the speakers start generalizing the GEN as the form you use wh...
by Omzinesý
23 Sep 2019 17:44
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4405
Views: 914521

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

It seems that word order encodes which participant is the topic in all languages (?), while there must be some morphological marker for semantic roles (voice or case). Do languages that have morphological marker for topic but code semantic roles with word order exist? X-top V Y. 'X is Ving Y.' X V ...
by Omzinesý
23 Sep 2019 17:42
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 62
Views: 20626

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread: a triconsonantal idea

Phonology p t k ʔ* f s x h m n l r** j w */ʔ/ is a real phoneme so that it contrasts with zero also in onsets. ** the real phonetic appearance of /r/ is still unclear. i u e o ä In ustressed syllables i => ɪ, u => ʊ (not in absolute word end) e => ə o => ʊ/u Stress falls on the ultimate syllable if ...
by Omzinesý
20 Sep 2019 19:24
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4405
Views: 914521

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

It seems that word order encodes which participant is the topic in all languages (?), while there must be some morphological marker for semantic roles (voice or case). Do languages that have morphological marker for topic but code semantic roles with word order exist? X-top V Y. 'X is Ving Y.' X V Y...
by Omzinesý
12 Sep 2019 22:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 2793
Views: 700188

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

I'm still playing with the same-ish phonology. pʰ tʰ t͡ɕ kʰ <p t cx k> p~b t~d c~ɟ k~g <b d c g> m̥ʰ n̥ʰ ɲ̥ʰ ŋ̥ʰ <mh nh nch ngh> m n ɲ ŋ <m n nc ng> s ɕ <s x> l j ɰ w <l j q w> i ɯ u <i y u> e̞ ɘ̞ o̞ <e a o> a ɑ ɒ <e̩ a̩ o̩> Stress is fixed on the penultimate syllable. Stressed syllables have either...
by Omzinesý
10 Sep 2019 20:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Reconstruction Relay
Replies: 20
Views: 574

Re: Reconstruction Relay

Sounds interesting.
The forum has been lacking collaborative projects with limited number of participants.
I though think I don't have time just now.
But good luck guys!
by Omzinesý
10 Sep 2019 16:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Interested in a conlanging challenge?
Replies: 3
Views: 225

Interested in a conlanging challenge?

There haven't been a conlanging challenge for a while.
Would anybody be interested to make one?

I'm personally running a bit out of ideas, so I would be happy if somebody else made in.
by Omzinesý
03 Sep 2019 17:36
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 2793
Views: 700188

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k ʔ
f θ x h
s
m n ŋ
l j w
by Omzinesý
03 Sep 2019 17:29
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5798
Views: 1374629

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm wondering subject properties of chain verb constructions. In (1), come and give share the subject and subject marking is straightforward, but in (2), the subject of die is the object of hit . How do languages with serial verbs mark it or should it just be understood from the context? I understa...