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by Omzinesý
14 Jan 2020 20:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

I once again try to make an analytic lang. It seems to be the hardest possible type of lang. My Analytic langs are usually called Reeta, Ve'eta, Je'eta... , so let this lang be Leeta ['ɭe:ʔetə]. It's very possible this lang will be like most of my E'eta langs, but we will be. Ta is the people speak...
by Omzinesý
14 Jan 2020 13:43
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 78
Views: 21863

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - A Speedlang

Somebody once posted this consonant inventory in Random Phonemic Inventory Thread. I like it though it's quite SAE. p t t͡s k <p t c k> s x <s x> z ɣ <z g> m n <m n> l ɾ <l r> j w <j w> Let vowels be 5 + central. i ɨ u <i y u> e o <e o> ä <a> Nouns: Stem - possessor - definiteness/gender - case Nom...
by Omzinesý
10 Jan 2020 11:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 78
Views: 21863

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - A Random Note

I've been thinking about Saami consonant gradations. This is an idea of consonant gradations based on them. Single consonants are geminated: p - pp, z - zz, ll - ll The fist component of geminated plosives is lengthened and voiced: tt - ddt <dt>, kk - ggk <gk>. There may be a short vowel element bet...
by Omzinesý
09 Jan 2020 21:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 78
Views: 21863

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - A Speedlang

Somebody once posted this consonant inventory in Random Phonemic Inventory Thread. I like it though it's quite SAE. p t t͡s k <p t c k> s x <s x> z ɣ <z g> m n <m n> l ɾ <l r> j w <j w> Let vowels be 5 + central. i ɨ u <i y u> e o <e o> ä <a> Nouns: Stem - possessor - definiteness/gender - case Nomi...
by Omzinesý
08 Jan 2020 18:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Syntax stuff Verbs do not have lexical tones. Verbs of main clauses always have the high tone. Complement clauses The verb of complement clause always has the low tone. The word order changes so that, if there is a different subject (not that of the main clause), it appears after the verb (1) and i...
by Omzinesý
08 Jan 2020 17:17
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Copular clauses Primary copulae Leeta has no copular verb. Pronouns are used instead. Three pronouns are usually used y 'he/she/they' for animates' eṅ 'it' for inanimates lan 'it' for clauses and abstract characteristics (1) Sut y ḍḍak. NAME she/he woman 'Sut is a woman.' Pronouns are, of course, no...
by Omzinesý
08 Jan 2020 16:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Propositions Like most East-Asian languages, some Le'eta verbs can be used as prepositions. All verbs can be used as converbs, so the border is even more blurred. As far as I know, there is no typological term for such polysemy. So in this Le'eta grammar, I speak about prepositions. The most common ...
by Omzinesý
04 Jan 2020 12:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ȧbhannı
Replies: 19
Views: 5626

Re: Ȧbhannı

I'm sorry. I'm again fucking with terms. I think that what you call "perfective" is actually "perfect". In linguistics they are two different things, although in Romance languages they are expressed with the same form. Perfect can also be called "retrospectative" if you want to emphasize that it is ...
by Omzinesý
02 Jan 2020 12:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 78
Views: 21863

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - Second Random Note

A lang is VOS TOPIC is explicitly marked. V Y X-top 'X verbs Y.' V Y-top X 'Y is verbed by Y.' That is, information structure is marked by morphologically while semantic roles are marked by word order. Verb however agrees the agent, not the topic. There can also be clauses without an explicit topic ...
by Omzinesý
31 Dec 2019 12:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Like with all my similar langs I start the list of verbs and their uses. -- possession, location There is one positive "active" verb zo for 'to have' and 'to include', but there are two positive "passive" verbs zạ and zi for 'to include' and 'to belong to', respectively. There are only one negative ...
by Omzinesý
31 Dec 2019 11:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

I'm changing the language already, but this is a development thread. Now, all nouns have either the high tone or the low tone. They can be made adverbs - it's not wrong to analyse it a kind of case either, I think - by removing the tone. The word without tone expresses: - Manner Leeta has very few v...
by Omzinesý
31 Dec 2019 11:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Lack of copula also brings interesting syntactic complexity, because it cannot be compounded with an auxiliary. One cannot say 'I want [to] be Y.', but there has to be a distinct verb 'to wannabe' or a subordinate clause 'I want that I [am] Y.'. Using the verb ‘to become’ to form the desiderative i...
by Omzinesý
30 Dec 2019 23:42
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

I'm thinking about the copula. It actually doesn't have to be a verb. There is no need to have "voices". The topic is always the subject not the predicative. There is no need for a negative verb either, because you can say 'X is no Y.' instead of 'X isn't a Y.'. The copula could be a pronoun, like i...
by Omzinesý
30 Dec 2019 23:25
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5938
Views: 1402972

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Is /θ/ > /ts/ possible? Finnish had this, apparently, e.g. *meθän > metsän . I found that on the Diachronica, but it looks like proto-Finnish *θ derives from earlier *ts (e.g. * meθän is from proto-Finic * meccä ). There might be a good reason for having /θ/ in the middle, but it looks a bit suspic...
by Omzinesý
29 Dec 2019 23:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Once again I start translating Ossicone's "Cat and Fish". I think I have never accomplished it. Nẹṅ zạ di khin. cat exist be.small be.white 'There was a cat. She was small and white.' Y nạ tsék, mhẹ̀ṅ ṭṣù. Y nạ tsék, `,mhẹṅ phọṇ ṭṣù sg3 become awake, CONDITION.dislike hunger much When she woke up, s...
by Omzinesý
29 Dec 2019 22:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

Lexicon Verbs di 'be small' khi 'lack' negative of zo khin 'be white' la 'do, maintain, practice' ḷọ 'know, be able to' *ḷọzo 'find' mhẹṅ 'dislike', NEG: ṣy nạ 'become' ṅe 'perceive' pe 'go' pi 'make, produce, create' >-< pa pa 'get to be, be born' >-< pi phut 'not eat', NEG: ṭṣy ṣa 'be good' >-< ṣ...
by Omzinesý
29 Dec 2019 21:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Re: Leeta language

All verbs but 'to be' have a pair in which the pairing of topic and a semantic role is changed. They are formed by irregularly changing the vowel of the verb. (1a) Phạ́ pi xu. sg1 make porridge. 'I am cooking porridge.' (1b) Xu pa (phạ́). porridge make (sg1) 'Porridge is being cooked (by me).' Somet...
by Omzinesý
29 Dec 2019 21:31
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Leeta language
Replies: 12
Views: 293

Leeta language

I once again try to make an analytic lang. It seems to be the hardest possible type of lang. My Analytic langs are usually called Reeta, Ve'eta, Je'eta... , so let this lang be Leeta ['ɭe:ʔetə]. It's very possible this lang will be like most of my E'eta langs, but we will be. Ta is the people speaki...
by Omzinesý
27 Dec 2019 22:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qaalr language
Replies: 1
Views: 150

Re: Qaalr language

Nouns: Nominative -Ø Accusative -Ø (stem changes) Ergative -pe Plural affixes and case affixes appear in the same slot. There are some rules on which of them appears. Plural -zi/-si Partitive Plural -an Most bivalent verbs take a Nominative subject and an Accusative object. Causatives though take th...
by Omzinesý
27 Dec 2019 05:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Development thread: A Romlang in Hungary
Replies: 16
Views: 430

Re: Development thread: A Romlang in Hungary

One question is how to derive Imperfective of the verbs fromed with a prefix. Usre 'to use' Esusre 'to use all' Abusre 'to abuse' ?? 'to abuse PERFVE' One idea is that Perfective preverbs don't have stress [ɛ'ʃuʃre] esusre but ['abuʃre] abusre Then Perfective of "abusre" could be [a'buʃre].