Search found 2472 matches

by Shemtov
20 Feb 2020 05:25
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Surprising cognates
Replies: 112
Views: 49254

Re: Surprising cognates

:eng: "Yak" :zho: 羊 yáng "sheep"
The :zho: is from PST*g-ya(k/ŋ), which meant "domestic animals whose hair can be used for cloth", which also gave rise to old :tib: གཡག /gjak/ "Bull Yak", which in some modern Tibetan languages is pronounced /jak/, which was borrowed into European languages.
by Shemtov
19 Feb 2020 00:00
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 704
Views: 188073

Re: False cognates

Don't blame me, I got the story from a respectable YouTube channel on early Christianity from a secular perspective. It may be that they meant that trāditor became narrowed because of use by early Christians and commentaries on them, but the transfer of the data from linguistics to religious studies...
by Shemtov
18 Feb 2020 00:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 704
Views: 188073

Re: False cognates

Salmoneus wrote:
26 Jan 2020 18:41



Latin: tradere (to transmit, deliver, surrender or hand over)




Which is the source of :eng: "traitor", as Christians who handed over sacred texts to Roman persecutors were derisively called by the nominal form of the Latin by other Christians
by Shemtov
16 Feb 2020 21:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Nad̰yethab
Replies: 0
Views: 55

Nad̰yethab

Nad̰yethab is a language spoken in the kingdom of Nad̰e, northeast of The Empire of The Bard-Emperors Phonology: /b ⁿb t d ⁿd k g ⁿg/ <b b̰ t d d̰ k g g̃> /m n ŋ/ <m n ng> /ɸ θ s h/ <f th s h> /l/ <l> /ɹ/ <r> /j w/ <y w> /i e u o a/ <i e u o a> Phonotactics: (C)(l/r/y/w)V(C) Nouns have two genders: ...
by Shemtov
16 Feb 2020 20:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad
Replies: 2
Views: 151

Re: Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad

Verbs have two stems: Non-Past and Past There are four ways to form a past tense stem from a non-past: Aspirating an unaspirate stop; this also changes /ɽ/ to /ɬ/: Dikǒn "to come" Tikǒn "to have come" Pogir "to laugh" Pokir "to have laughed" Midü̠r "To eat" Mitü̠r "to have ate" Resran "to love" Lesr...
by Shemtov
11 Feb 2020 20:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: 2020 Conlang Magazine Collab
Replies: 8
Views: 209

Re: 2020 Conlang Magazine Collab

Actually, I have a conlang (Fuheko) that's pretty developed- I just hit a brick wall, and so have been filling its world with conlang sketches, but my intention has always been to return to it. But, this has got me thinking- maybe translating something into Fuheko would be a good way to return! Sign...
by Shemtov
11 Feb 2020 20:31
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: 2020 Conlang Magazine Collab
Replies: 8
Views: 209

Re: 2020 Conlang Magazine Collab

So, the article needs to be in the conlang? No :eng: allowed? No Meta stuff allowed? If someone wants to show a short poem in a conlang, can they not give Meta commentary on cultural and/or Linguistic context in :eng:?
by Shemtov
30 Jan 2020 18:28
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Guess The Language!!!
Replies: 3210
Views: 407094

Re: Guess The Language!!!

Is it a Songhay language?
by Shemtov
29 Jan 2020 04:42
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Notes on Ü-tsang Spoken Tibetan
Replies: 1
Views: 106

Notes on Ü-tsang Spoken Tibetan

I've been reading about Modern Spoken Central Tibetan (Ü-tsang) and am teaching myself a little, so I am posting some things I find interesting. As I learn more, this may be an AMA. PHONETICS: Tone is only distinguised on monosyllabic words and the first syllable of polysyllabics. There are two tone...
by Shemtov
27 Jan 2020 04:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 747
Views: 166869

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:jpn: 王様 /o:sama/ "King; also name of popular singer" :eng: Osama
by Shemtov
26 Jan 2020 01:50
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 747
Views: 166869

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:tib: /làʔ/ "yes" vs. Aramaic & :ara: /la:/ "no"
by Shemtov
23 Jan 2020 23:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad
Replies: 2
Views: 151

Re: Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad

Nouns are mostly monosyllabic Plurals: Only human nouns form plurals. They reduplicate, without the final, in a low tone, if the noun is high tone: Mǒ' /mʌˀ˦/"preist" Mǒ̠mǒ' /mʌ˨mʌˀ˦/ "preists" Case: The language is ergative: Declension of Mǒ' /mʌˀ˦/"preist Absolutive: Mǒ' Ergative Mǒ'da Genitive: M...
by Shemtov
21 Jan 2020 23:42
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Lesson/Guide Requests
Replies: 107
Views: 176246

Re: Lesson/Guide Requests

Would anyone be interested in an eventual AMA of Spoken Tibetan? Or Mongolian?
by Shemtov
20 Jan 2020 07:44
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Today I learned ...
Replies: 54
Views: 51744

Re: Today I learned ...

That non-official hiragana are called hentaigana, though the Kanji read tai is different from the one in Hentai "pervert"
by Shemtov
19 Jan 2020 03:43
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad
Replies: 2
Views: 151

Me'-rü'-ba̠n scratchpad

Me'-rü'-ba̠n [me˥˧ ɽyˀ˦ pã˨] is a language spoken in the city state of Mai'-rü', northwest of the Empire of The Bard-Emperors, which is part of the League of Mayk City States, consisting of a few dozen cities, which are united in common defense against the Empire of The Bard-Emperors, which is in a ...
by Shemtov
12 Jan 2020 01:42
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Zgblínthlà
Replies: 8
Views: 332

Re: Classical Zgblínthlà

Ditransitive I verbs mark for the dative arguement with the following markers: Honorific: Žgid Honorific Plural: Ždá Human: Flint Human Plural: Flì̃̀t Animate: Skaná Animate plural: Skàna Inanimate: Bu Inanimate Plural: Gbú Using Skhplušk "to promise": Skslúmbgàš špthúlàš násí́mazd ždicã̀ždáskhplušk...
by Shemtov
06 Jan 2020 19:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Zgblínthlà
Replies: 8
Views: 332

Re: Classical Zgblínthlà

Transitive I verbs use the intransitive TA marker and class-number marker for the ergative arguement. The following is used for the absolutive: Honorific: Žì̀̃̀ Honorific Plural: Zbál Human: Ktũ Human Plural: Tfad Animate: Mùlt Animate plural: Pudvá Inanimate: Čã̀ Inanimate Plural: Htáč Using "Hpáz"...
by Shemtov
03 Jan 2020 06:12
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Yonataoran Religions
Replies: 29
Views: 6901

Re: Yonataoran Religions

One Mikhonic festival that was looked forward to was Sofoparakheimonas, a winter festival that marked the day Mikhon learnt from "The Priest of the Nation of Yiseryel" about monotheism, while wintering in "The Land of Yiseryel". The day was marked by Dramatic Productions of stories from the Haigogha...
by Shemtov
30 Dec 2019 00:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Con-Script Development Centre
Replies: 888
Views: 162663

Re: Con-Script Development Centre

I'm thinking that since the original language had more vowels than the new one, that the syllables with vowels that don't exist in the new language, are used as abjad like signs, so SE-KE-LI is read /skli/.
by Shemtov
29 Dec 2019 21:53
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Con-Script Development Centre
Replies: 888
Views: 162663

Re: Con-Script Development Centre

Is the following system possible?: A language with highly complex clusters borrows a syllabary/logography from a (C)V(C) language. The original language had more vowels than the recipient, so a Consonant + vowel-that-is-irrelevant syllable is used for single consonants, though not all consonants ar...