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by Davush
20 Nov 2018 13:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm skeptical of a language with low tone on stressed syllabbles but the OP seemed to want the 1st setup anyway. I think that it should be easy to research if need be and may be I'm wrong. Any word-level binary tone contrast is functionally equivalent to any other .... MLM/MHM can surface as MML/MH...
by Davush
19 Nov 2018 14:07
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The second idea, though, sounds very unnatural. I think when linguists speak of accented syllables having a low tone , they either mean a downstep or a tone that isn't as high as expected but is still at least mid in terms of absolute pitch. Why do you think this? My dialect of English consistently...
by Davush
06 Nov 2018 14:45
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: CBB Conlang Relay X
Replies: 131
Views: 64101

Re: CBB Conlang Relay X

Torch passed to Corphishy!
by Davush
30 Oct 2018 14:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)
Replies: 3
Views: 979

Re: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)

Now that we have covered all the individual letters, we can begin the fun part: making words with them! Writing the Vowels The mode described here is the common mode, i.e. most vowels are represented fully. All consonants contain an inherent /a/, unless otherwise indicated. Word-finally, letters do ...
by Davush
30 Oct 2018 11:21
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Can /zb zd zg/ not just come from older instances of /Vsb Vsd Vsg/, dropping unstressed initial vowels (or even just have some prefix /s-/)? Similarly, if /qz/ is realised as [ɢ(d)z], then it could come from older /qs/ (/q/ could be [ɢ] syllable-finally, causing the following /s/ to voice, then dro...
by Davush
29 Oct 2018 20:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Do they contrast as at all with /sb sd sg/, is there a voiced uvular plosive, and does /z/ appear anywhere else outside of these clusters? No they don't. /z/ does appear, although usually as /dz/, developing from fortification of */jj/. It may also be realised as [dz] in these clusters./q/ varies b...
by Davush
29 Oct 2018 19:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)
Replies: 3
Views: 979

Re: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)

The Alphabet – Qutrussān Ġērāci The following shows the alphabet arranged in the traditional order. Note that it does not include variants or ligatures. Many sounds present in Qutrussan are indicated via diacritical points and other modifications to these letters – modified letters not in the table...
by Davush
29 Oct 2018 14:11
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I want to allow initial /zb zd zg/ and /qz/ in Qutrussan, but I'm trying to explain how this arose as Proto-Q did not have /z/. Is the following reasonable or too far-fetched? Unstressed initial *i- was a common prefix. Post-tonic voicing is a regular sound change. *i-par > *i-bar This *i- fortifies...
by Davush
27 Oct 2018 11:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)
Replies: 3
Views: 979

Re: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)

The Letters The alphabet (or alpha-syllabary), also known as the Ġērāci after the first and third letters, contains 30 distinct letters according to the traditional alphabetical order. These letters are built from 14 base consonant shapes, and 5 base vowel shapes. Early forms of the script which ar...
by Davush
26 Oct 2018 16:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)
Replies: 3
Views: 979

An Introduction to Qutrussan Script(s)

This is very much still a work in progress, so things may change, but I think it's at a state where it's presentable at least. There are still some details I need to work on. I also hope to make several scripts used for different purposes. For now, I'll concentrate on the script which is most common...
by Davush
20 Oct 2018 11:39
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish
Replies: 15
Views: 6018

Re: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish

I should clarify I’m not a native speaker, just an enthusiastic learner who has used Munster Irish as a base. I’ve actually spent more time in Donegal gaeltachts though. I’ve mostly used resources on West Muskerry Irish - two good books are West Muskerry Irish and Gaeilge Chorca Dhuibhne. The /a:/ f...
by Davush
17 Oct 2018 14:23
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish
Replies: 15
Views: 6018

Re: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish

I am using the Our Father as an example for Isfendil with notes. This is the text in the 'standard' spelling, but note that it doesn't quite match up to the Munster pronunciation which I am describing, so I've noted discrepancies. Text: Ár n-Athair atá ar neamh, Go naofar d'ainim, Go dtagfadh do río...
by Davush
16 Oct 2018 12:52
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish
Replies: 15
Views: 6018

Re: I'd Like to See Phonetic Irish

Yes Irish is quite transparent overall, although there are a few ambiguous cases like <oi> which Salmoneus mentioned. I would be willing to IPA-ise an Irish text, although I am only familiar with Munster Irish. The three main dialect groups (Ulster, Connemara, Munster) do have quite a few difference...
by Davush
16 Oct 2018 12:47
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Arabic Dialects Thread
Replies: 13
Views: 72174

Re: Arabic Dialects Thread

There is a typically an epenthetic schwa inserted in most dialects in such instances (apart from North African dialects which seem to tolerate more clusters). I'm not sure of the specifics of Qudsi Arabic but I know most Levantine varieties tend to have: l-kbīr as/ləkbiːr/ so it might be: wəl-əkbīr ...
by Davush
16 Oct 2018 12:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing Qutrussan
Replies: 99
Views: 18788

Re: Introducing Qutrussan

The Verbal Noun The verbal noun, or the gerund, is much more frequently used in Qutrussan than English, appearing in many constructions. It is characterised by the reduplication and lengthening of the initial syllable, with reduction of the first stem vowel. Example: cur- go cūcŭr to go, going sup-...
by Davush
09 Oct 2018 14:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing Qutrussan
Replies: 99
Views: 18788

Re: Introducing Qutrussan

The Past Tenses There are two past tenses in Qutrussan: The simple past and the remote past. Both are formed from the augmented verb stem which is characterised by the prefixing of a long vowel. The simple past also undergoes syncope or reduction of the initial stem vowel. Similar to the non-past, ...
by Davush
07 Oct 2018 15:00
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing Qutrussan
Replies: 99
Views: 18788

Re: Introducing Qutrussan

Qutrussan Verbs Update II Slowly working towards a verbal system which I'm happy with. I realised I had far too many competing forms which I wasn't keeping track of well, so here is an overview of the main morphological tense/aspect forms of verbs in Qutrussan. The basic dictionary form of the verb...
by Davush
07 Oct 2018 14:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 14307
Views: 1074370

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

In a language which does not mark definiteness via morphology / articles, is there any correlation between word order and definiteness? I.e. is a definite object more likely to appear before or after the verb than an indefinite one?
by Davush
04 Oct 2018 17:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: CBB Conlang Relay X
Replies: 131
Views: 64101

Re: CBB Conlang Relay X

Would it be too late for me to join with Qutrussan?
by Davush
30 Aug 2018 21:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Introducing Qutrussan
Replies: 99
Views: 18788

Re: Introducing Qutrussan

Qutrussan Naming Practices Qutrussan names are essentially derived from "root names" - these names are largely words relating to nature, personal characteristics and hopes or ambitions. There are also several names of which the etymology is uncertain. Some are likely loanwords which entered the lan...