Search found 333 matches

by Zekoslav
18 Jan 2020 10:39
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4453
Views: 931407

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Yes, Oceania is a hotspot for elaborate number marking, most languages have singular, dual and plural, often also trial or paucal or both. This is so widespread it is no wonder it was included in the local English-based creoles! There are also interesting comitative constructions made from a noun an...
by Zekoslav
17 Jan 2020 09:18
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4453
Views: 931407

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Loanwords influencing the recipient language's phonology, especially phonotactics, isn't that rare. English word-initial voiced fricatives are almost entirely due to loanwords, while Štokavian (the basis for standard Serbo-Croatian and its 'descendants') /f/ and /d͡ʒ/ wouldn't be phonemic without lo...
by Zekoslav
16 Jan 2020 21:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Proto-(Indo)-Mesopotamian (IE diachronic lang)
Replies: 7
Views: 227

Re: Proto-(Indo)-Mesopotamian (IE diachronic lang)

If this consoles you, the conditions for preservation/loss of initial laryngeals are uncertain and this is just one of the possible explanations. As for why *e and *o trigger different developments, this depends on how you reconstruct the difference between *e and *o which is yet another can of worm...
by Zekoslav
16 Jan 2020 21:22
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Today I learned ...
Replies: 52
Views: 51332

Re: Today I learned ...

I got the same hunch about French, and the -ir pattern is actually a regular, productive (although not very productive) pattern which eventually drew all irregular verbs to itself. The result is that 1sg = 2sg syncretism became regular for -ir, -oir and -re verbs. Another interesting case, which mig...
by Zekoslav
16 Jan 2020 18:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Proto-(Indo)-Mesopotamian (IE diachronic lang)
Replies: 7
Views: 227

Re: Proto-(Indo)-Mesopotamian (IE diachronic lang)

From what I've read Akkadian's development from Proto-Semitic seems to mirror that of Indo-European languages from PIE. in that most "gutturals" are lost but leave traces in coloring a neighboring vowel. It only has a velar/uvular series (voiceless is inherited, voiced possibly from *r), no pharynge...
by Zekoslav
16 Jan 2020 17:51
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Today I learned ...
Replies: 52
Views: 51332

Re: Today I learned ...

Even though I have a master's degree in French, I shamefully transmit what I read on another forum rather than what I learned in my studies here: apparently increased, although not obligatory use of subject pronouns in Old French precedes the erosion of personal endings. So there might have been Ger...
by Zekoslav
11 Jan 2020 18:44
Forum: Translations
Topic: The Public's Eyes, Ears and Mouths
Replies: 11
Views: 246

Re: The Public's Eyes, Ears and Mouths

Re: Wackerangelisation I'll speak from my own experience of standard Croatian and my own substandard variant thereof. The same should apply to other standard languages which broke of from the Former Yugoslav Language of Serbo-Croatian (as one linguistics blog's commenter nicely calls it) and probabl...
by Zekoslav
11 Jan 2020 18:13
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 343
Views: 251905

Re: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Youtube comments seem to attract maliciousness and stupidity like rotten meat attracts flies (I tried to stop reading them but my unhealthy curiosity still draws me to them...). I wouldn't assume any relation between the political views of those who make videos and those who comment them, it's just ...
by Zekoslav
08 Jan 2020 16:24
Forum: Translations
Topic: The Public's Eyes, Ears and Mouths
Replies: 11
Views: 246

Re: The Public's Eyes, Ears and Mouths

Ha, clitics splitting up phrases due to strong Wackerangel behavior reminds me of my native language (although it's more characteristic of the written language than the spoken one).
by Zekoslav
04 Jan 2020 10:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Sumro-Letaeric language family
Replies: 10
Views: 357

Re: Sumro-Letaeric language family

This feels like reading an introduction to Indo-European linguistics for the first time once again! Being immersed in a completely unknown world for the first time and confronted with snippets of unknown languages, I can't comment much but you seem to have done a good work with lots of detail. I see...
by Zekoslav
01 Jan 2020 09:48
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 743
Views: 165280

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

A nasty one from two closely related varieties:

Štokavian što "what", eastern Kajkavian što "who"

They are completely unrelated! Eastern Kajkavian što is cognate to Štokavian (t)ko which also means "who". /kto/ > /tko/ > /ko/ vs. /kto/ > /xto/ > /ʃto/.
by Zekoslav
31 Dec 2019 09:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5937
Views: 1402733

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

If only we had more inscriptions of Gaulish (especially from a late period)... the problem with Celtic substrate theories is that they usually compare Romance with Welsh. Brittonic was supposedly very similar to Gaulish so its used as a proxy, and it does share many sound changes with Gallo-Romance ...
by Zekoslav
30 Dec 2019 18:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5937
Views: 1402733

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Yea, Irish has had a Germanic-like initial stress (complete with reduction and loss of unstressed vowels) before, during and after the period it developed initial mutations. All you need for initial mutations is for word-medial sound changes to apply to phrases instead of individual words. This pro...
by Zekoslav
28 Dec 2019 17:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5937
Views: 1402733

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Yea, Irish has had a Germanic-like initial stress (complete with reduction and loss of unstressed vowels) before, during and after the period it developed initial mutations. All you need for initial mutations is for word-medial sound changes to apply to phrases instead of individual words. This prob...
by Zekoslav
26 Dec 2019 12:18
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Damta: A collaborative world
Replies: 244
Views: 35583

Re: Damta: A collaborative world

I like it. So you decided that the western mountains will be the highest. That will make for a very, very extensive desert and steppe zone east of them! Plenty of space for many pastoralists and their languages, conveniently separated from agriculturalists by mountains. I wonder what influence that ...
by Zekoslav
24 Dec 2019 13:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Zeko-Romance development thread
Replies: 21
Views: 4080

Re: Zeko-Romance development thread

1st declension nominative plural: -Æ or -AS ? Old French and Old Occitan, which distinguish Latin nominative and accusative plural for masculines, don't distinguish it for feminines. While 2nd declension masculines have -I in the nominative and -OS in the accusative, 1st declension feminines have -...
by Zekoslav
23 Dec 2019 12:30
Forum: Translations
Topic: Guess the Word in Romlangs
Replies: 1997
Views: 346475

Re: Guess the Word in Romlangs

Jackk wrote:
23 Dec 2019 10:40
VaptuantaDoi wrote:
23 Dec 2019 04:44
Does it derive from L (ad-) castīgāre?
[cross] It does not.

You guys mught ve better served by looking for cognates for caçar in other romance languages, maybe. [:D]
French cacher?
by Zekoslav
23 Dec 2019 11:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: The Nomadic Language Family
Replies: 24
Views: 464

Re: The Nomadic Language Family

This is awesome! I like the aesthetics and the sound changes. Crazy on a first look but actually quite sensible. I'd never dare invent something like that (I'm probably constrained too much by the desire to remain realistic, which means depending on sound changes I know happened in languages I know....
by Zekoslav
16 Dec 2019 11:02
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A Beginner's guide to Slavic accentuation
Replies: 20
Views: 24835

Re: A Beginner's guide to Slavic accentuation

But it's hard to see how a post-accenting affix could be produced by similar means! I'm nowhere close to an expert but being a native speaker of a Slavic language, my intuition is that this might be due to (some? all?) post-accenting morphemes losing their vowel when not final. I wonder what Zekosl...
by Zekoslav
16 Dec 2019 10:49
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Other Creativity
Replies: 553
Views: 202184

Re: Other Creativity

There's actually tons of tutorials on how to make your own guitar on the Internet, so it's really mostly the lack of proper tools which is preventing me to do it (tinkering with an existing guitar as you proposed is possible but I'd rather not break it any further than I already have while playing w...