Search found 312 matches

by Xonen
03 Sep 2019 15:25
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Surprising cognates
Replies: 98
Views: 40077

Re: Surprising cognates

Dormouse559 wrote:
02 Sep 2019 04:43
eldin raigmore wrote:Are arugula and “rocket lettuce” cognates?
I don't know. Are they?
According to Wiktionary, yes.
by Xonen
29 Aug 2019 00:11
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I've probably asked this before I can't recall if you specifically have done so, but the question itself does appear to be a recurrent topic of discussion here. It even used to have its own thread; I can still find my own old post referring to it, but unfortunately, it appears the thread itself was...
by Xonen
08 Aug 2019 23:26
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What are you listening to/watching?
Replies: 1193
Views: 275494

Re: What are you listening to/watching?

Podcast spoken in consonants Txʷəlšucid.
by Xonen
07 Aug 2019 20:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5650
Views: 1320719

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Anyway, another doubt: would it be naturalistic to create a conlang whose phonetic inventory lacks any sort of phonemic voiced consonant, relying on allophony to produce them? I was going to answer "probably not", but now that I think about it... maybe ? The problem is that the default realization ...
by Xonen
03 Aug 2019 23:45
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Sir Arthur C. Clarke's _July 20, 2019_ and America's schools
Replies: 6
Views: 1148

Re: Sir Arthur C. Clarke's _July 20, 2019_ and America's schools

After discussing the issue among the administration, the decision has been made to give elemtilas an official warning. You've been given enough chances to tone down the rhetoric. One more unprovoked attack on other board members, "snowflakes", or whoever, or inflammatory post on a political, religio...
by Xonen
02 Aug 2019 09:30
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Sir Arthur C. Clarke's _July 20, 2019_ and America's schools
Replies: 6
Views: 1148

Re: Sir Arthur C. Clarke's _July 20, 2019_ and America's schools

Yeah, no.

Reminder: practices such as name-calling, insults, and aggressively pushing religious or political views are still banned under board rules.
by Xonen
20 Apr 2019 22:54
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: How would you romanize Kazakh?
Replies: 24
Views: 5741

Re: How would you romanize Kazakh?

I know bumping a year-old thread is annoying, but making a new thread seems unnecessary considering this one already exists. Hopefully it's fine Let's check the rules of the Internet: https://gal.patheticcockroach.com/galleries/humor/thread-necromancy/thread_necromancer_card_1.jpeg Note the bit "Po...
by Xonen
05 Apr 2019 00:37
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Loss of morphological complexity over time
Replies: 17
Views: 1270

Re: Loss of morphological complexity over time

As for the explanation part, I will point out that there is no rigid "internal-external" divide, and additionally it's difficult to say what changes would have occurred without the contact scenario. Right. But the erosion of unstressed syllables is an extremely common development cross-linguistical...
by Xonen
03 Apr 2019 19:08
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Loss of morphological complexity over time
Replies: 17
Views: 1270

Re: Loss of morphological complexity over time

Final unstressed vowels were dropped completely by around the 12th or 13th Century So soon? I'd always heard that the final -e was still pronounced in Chaucer? I might have got "12th and 13th" wrong, could have been "13th and 14th", but apparently it was "around the time of Chaucer" and then predom...
by Xonen
28 Mar 2019 20:49
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: The rise of agriculture and labiodentals
Replies: 5
Views: 788

Re: The rise of agriculture and labiodentals

Sounds a little bit like the mountains = ejectives argument. Right, there've been a lot of attempts to explain sound changes with biological, geographical, climate-related or other similar factors, and mostly they haven't really stood up to scrutiny. This one would seem at least sort of plausible, ...
by Xonen
04 Jan 2019 00:23
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: English Dialects
Replies: 63
Views: 23620

Re: English Dialects

Strange to see so many americans here with [ɚ] over a hard [ɻ] I suspect this is a question of notation more than pronunciation; people just prefer to use the symbol /ɚ/ for the syllabic version (since that seems to be pretty much the standard for American accents) rather than try to figure out exa...
by Xonen
31 Dec 2018 13:25
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Is /a/ much more similar to /ə/ than /e/ is? From what I can tell: not really, no. But it depends. Pure [ə] should be somewhere between [ɤ], [ʌ] and [œ] on this chart: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f2/Average_vowel_formants_F1_F2.png So about equally distant from [a] and [e]... b...
by Xonen
31 Dec 2018 01:13
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: English Orthography Reform
Replies: 345
Views: 145413

Re: English Orthography Reform

Well, most people immediately affected by spelling reform either can already spell, or are babies who will learn as natives... ...or non-natives! According to Wikipedia : Estimates that include second language speakers vary greatly, from 470 million to more than 1 billion. David Crystal calculates ...
by Xonen
27 Dec 2018 23:17
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: English Orthography Reform
Replies: 345
Views: 145413

Re: English Orthography Reform

So, just as today most of us have to learn by heart whether to spell a word 'hoarse' or 'horse' (or for people around here maybe 'hauce' or 'hawce'), so under diaphonemic spelling huge numbers would have to learn by heart whether to spell a word 'marry', 'Mary' or 'merry', whether to spell it 'caut...
by Xonen
22 Dec 2018 20:54
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Pabappa wrote:
21 Dec 2018 04:52
Basque maybe? Basque for lightning is tximista. Unless the Basque is itself a loan from romance .
Looking at the geography, at least, the latter would seem more likely. Although I can't say I can tell what the Romance original would be.
by Xonen
05 Dec 2018 01:07
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does anyone know of any vowel length alternation systems that have developed recently? Or that otherwise have a well-understood origin? And would anyone happen to have links or info about such a system? Well, I did just hold a presentation on the development of certain vowel-length alternations in ...
by Xonen
03 Dec 2018 17:10
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Today I learned ...
Replies: 39
Views: 46878

Re: Today I learned ...

If you denasalize [n], as one might do with a cold, you get [d]. But if you denasalize a voiceless [ n̥] , I'm not sure what you'd get, if anything. Maybe some [x]-like sound? That's the asymmetry and probably a big reason why voiceless nasals aren't very common. Hmm, I've never read anything about...
by Xonen
21 Oct 2018 01:10
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

IDK if this goes here but is there a difference between a diphthong /aṷ/ and a vowel + semivowel in the coda /aw/? I seem to recall discussing this a couple of times on the board in the past; possibly the first one would be this post from five years ago: Hi. This is something I've been wondering ab...
by Xonen
21 Oct 2018 01:00
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 677
Views: 172072

Re: False cognates

Another naive one from me, I'm afraid: I always used to assume that English quoth had something to do with quote . Given that, you know, they differ in only one letter, and they both refer to spoken words, and 'quoth' is only ever used when quoting, and only differs in connotation from 'to quote'. ...
by Xonen
28 Sep 2018 00:12
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4365
Views: 878436

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Does anyone know anything about phenomena similar to consonant gradation in non-Uralic languages? Google Werner's law in Germanic. Yeah, Verner's law is often mentioned in connection with Finnic gradation, because Lauri Posti once proposed a connection , and challenging the Great Finno-Ugricists of...