Search found 1815 matches

by sangi39
19 Feb 2020 12:44
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Sound Changes Game v2
Replies: 166
Views: 19976

Re: Sound Changes Game v2

<wõellingiechi>

[ˈbbɔŋdzeŋˌdʑai̯s] > [ˈbɔgdzegˌdʑa:ɕ]
by sangi39
18 Feb 2020 22:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

My explanations for those: Adjacent to original palatals, *a > æ and *o > *ə > a if unstressed. In proto-45, short *æ > e, while short *a > *æ after *i. Original /ng/ cluster broke into /nVg/ in word 3, while assimilating to /ŋg/ elsewhere. In some of these, /ŋg/ reduced to /ŋ/, while stressed vowe...
by sangi39
18 Feb 2020 22:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

opipik wrote:
18 Feb 2020 14:03
Spoiler:
...
Spoiler:
Since I gave Shimobaatar a similar hint, your reconstruction for the vowels in the ultimate proto-language are spot-on, but you've gotten two consonants wrong (sort of... look at word 3 and see whether a loss or a gain is more likely).
by sangi39
18 Feb 2020 22:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

Proto-ABCD *[ˈpʼatʼisæ] - *[ɲæˈtukːa] - *[hilaˈmæŋgo] This is the closest anyone has been so far, and it's actually remarkably close (there's literally only two mistakes). Despite your lack of comfort about your reconstruction here, they're actually spot on [:D] As with Proto-B, the reconstructions...
by sangi39
18 Feb 2020 19:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

ɶʙ ɞʛ wrote:
16 Feb 2020 22:19
If the original vowel system was just /i u e o æ a/, then:

*pat'isæ
*aɲɟa'tuka
*hila'mangjo, but *o was more like /ɒ/ in the protolang
I'd say this is closer that the guess before, but probably about as close as your first guess, overall.
by sangi39
18 Feb 2020 19:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

1 [ˈpatʃʼːe] [aɲˈtʃika] [ʃejˈɲago] 2 [ˈpatsʼiʃ] [ɲaˈtsik] [ʎeˈmaŋ] protoforms: something like *pats’iʃe *ɲaˈtʃika *ʎeˈmaŋgo - 3 (groups with 1 & 2) [ˈpaɟise] [ɲæˈcikːa] [leˈmeŋgo] protoforms: *pac’iʃe *ɲæˈcika *leˈmæŋgo While the three languages do form a valid grouping together (as mentioned above...
by sangi39
14 Feb 2020 23:46
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 937689

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Sanskrit question: What sound, exactly, does the letter "ḥ" represent? How come I see it in noun declension tables in word-final position where I would expect to see "s" (and often do see "s")? Was final "s" not pronounced /s/ in Sanskrit? I'm just a little confused. IIRC, it's called "visarga", an...
by sangi39
14 Feb 2020 19:48
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 937689

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Sanskrit question: What sound, exactly, does the letter "ḥ" represent? How come I see it in noun declension tables in word-final position where I would expect to see "s" (and often do see "s")? Was final "s" not pronounced /s/ in Sanskrit? I'm just a little confused. IIRC, it's called "visarga", an...
by sangi39
14 Feb 2020 11:52
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Creating pronouns and grammatical words/affixes
Replies: 5
Views: 179

Re: Creating pronouns and grammatical words/affixes

There's Inuktitut uvanga, "I" (as a stand alone pronoun), which etymologically derives from a demonstrative meaning "here" followed by the fist person singular suffix -nga. I don't know if igvit has a similar etymology, but it does appear to end in the second person singular suffix -it.
by sangi39
13 Feb 2020 22:33
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 385
Views: 253741

Re: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I've never heard of Babymetal. How?! Probably because I'm not exposed to much metal. I don't know many metalheads in person (although one of my friends, Andreas whom I mentioned before, is into metal). I don't hear it very often, except for Evanescence or when The Bone (a hard-rock radio station in...
by sangi39
12 Feb 2020 22:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick Diachronics Challenge
Replies: 711
Views: 162712

Re: Quick Diachronics Challenge

My new guess: (maybe a 9-vowel system, /i ɨ u e ə o æ a ɒ/, to start with?) *'pat'isæ *aɲɟa'tɨk'a *hila'mangjɒ So, to start, unfortunately, the reconstructed vowel system isn't correct. Overally, in some parts you've gotten closer, but in others you've gotten further away. I can't really say much b...
by sangi39
11 Feb 2020 23:55
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Creating pronouns and grammatical words/affixes
Replies: 5
Views: 179

Re: Creating pronouns and grammatical words/affixes

For pronouns, it might be worth looking into the origins of words that act as pronouns in languages that have them as an open class (like Japanese), or languages where pronouns are a closed class, but have different roots depending on social register. You might find languages here where first person...
by sangi39
10 Feb 2020 19:53
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Personal Naming conventions (How people are named in the world)
Replies: 9
Views: 200

Re: Personal Naming conventions (How people are named in the world)

In many countries, many or most people also inherit their mother's (first) family name, which is placed after the father's. Then when these people have children, they typically pass on their first family name (the father's), unless there is a cultural or political interest in retaining the mother's...
by sangi39
10 Feb 2020 14:44
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The Sixth Conversation Thread
Replies: 79
Views: 13545

Re: The Sixth Conversation Thread

My sympathies. I honestly think this may be the hardest thing a lot of people will go through. I've had beloved relatives die, and I've had pets put down, and the latter is, for me, far, far more painful. I cared more about the relatives, of course - but that was just what happened, and I couldn't ...
by sangi39
09 Feb 2020 17:53
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Surprising cognates
Replies: 112
Views: 49166

Re: Surprising cognates

Are Quebecois “poutine” and Acadian “boudin” cognates? (They certainly don’t have the same meaning!) ————— Somebody thinks they’re also cognate with English “pudding”. Are they? Apparently, on all counts, possibly yes. The origin of poutine is unclear, but it looks like most sources agree it probab...
by sangi39
09 Feb 2020 17:39
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 385
Views: 253741

Re: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

For me, "show around" means something along the lines of to lead someone, showing them various things at a location, while "show round" means something along the lines of leading someone so that they're being shown to other people , e.g. to be introduced. As for "in a boat" vs. "on a boat", I'd say ...
by sangi39
09 Feb 2020 17:17
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Jotun:Aesir::Titans:Olympians?
Replies: 8
Views: 118

Re: Jotun:Aesir::Titans:Olympians?

IIRC, because of the relative lateness of more in-depth sources on Old Norse mythology (predominantly relying on the Prose and Poetic Eddas which were written in the 13th Century, representing collections of myths and legends transmitted orally, dating back to around the 10th Century, but showing si...
by sangi39
08 Feb 2020 02:20
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The Sixth Conversation Thread
Replies: 79
Views: 13545

Re: The Sixth Conversation Thread

I'm sorry [:'(] [:'(] [:'(] Thank you. I really do think he had a great run. He's seemingly struggled the last couple of years, but it's the last few months that have made me think that he's reached the point of "too much". I've reached the point of no return, though, and I have to hope that the po...
by sangi39
08 Feb 2020 01:48
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The Sixth Conversation Thread
Replies: 79
Views: 13545

Re: The Sixth Conversation Thread

Unlike when Kyu (the far-too-young leopard gecko) died, I know, deep down, I did the best for His Holiness that I could. 12 years is, as far as I've been able to gather, a pretty long time for a Bearded Dragon. And, as morbid as this might seem to some, hopefully he won't spend a year in the bottom ...
by sangi39
08 Feb 2020 01:08
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 937689

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

What's going on with Latin fruor and fructus?