Search found 1238 matches

by Omzinesý
23 Jul 2019 00:17
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

An etymological dictionary Bibel 'book', loan Bil 'car', loan from Swedish Cheff 'boss', through Swedish from French Jo 'to have, to be there' < *jau, native word Ejr 'to want', native word fi "complementizer: that, to', < *fi Furr 'to have to' < *furr, native word gi [ʝɪ] "indefinite article" 'a', ...
by Omzinesý
22 Jul 2019 13:49
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Grammatical Sketch for Classical Sitr
Replies: 11
Views: 872

Re: Grammatical Sketch for Classical Sitr

Progressive The aux verb yaa , which literally means "be", is used to form sentential negations. The main verb negated is in the adverbial form. For example: - maninchi panin thakna yaa - boy-ERG girl.ABS.SG look-ADV be-PRES.3.SG.NOM - the boy is looking at the girl It's apparently about progressiv...
by Omzinesý
21 Jul 2019 11:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

The first sentence. Ven törve bibel-zi. SG1 read.PRS book-PL.INDEF.NOM 'I read books.' "Ven" [ve:n] is the "long form" of the pronoun. After the verb it appears in the clitic form "vo". The present form of verbs has no marked inflection. Verbs ending in a vowel usually end in /e/. bibel 'book' of co...
by Omzinesý
21 Jul 2019 10:49
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What have you been reading lately? (non-linguistic ed.)
Replies: 51
Views: 17604

Re: What have you been reading lately? (non-linguistic ed.)

I read China Mieville's Embassy Town. The book basically handles how different the language of another conscious species can be. Would you recommend it? I have read two other books of his, "Perdido Street Station" and "The City & The City", and both were quite good. I also gave his short stories as...
by Omzinesý
20 Jul 2019 11:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Nouns - their morphology comes quite direcly from my earlier project: https://cbb.aveneca.com/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6988 The following example have the Swedish way to read vowel letters: <å> [o] <o> [u .] <ö> [ø] There are tree cases: Direct or simply Nominative -∅ Genitive-Dative -j (after vowels), -...
by Omzinesý
20 Jul 2019 11:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Pitch accents There are two word accents, which identical to those of Swedish. 1. The high pitch appears on one syllable only, that I call the stressed one. (Stress usually also realizes in syllable length so that stressed syllables either have a coda consonant or a long vowel, excluding the phoneme...
by Omzinesý
20 Jul 2019 10:41
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5739
Views: 1344727

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Currently, Sjialɱa [çi̥ˈɔ̥ᵝŋ̊.m̪̊ɔ̥ᵝ] fixes stress to a word's penult mora. Can a pitch accent system coexist with that? I don't see why it couldn't, and AFAIK it does in (at least some of) the Yugoslavic languages? Moraic languages can well have pitch accent. Take Japanese as an example. What does...
by Omzinesý
19 Jul 2019 23:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5739
Views: 1344727

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Currently, Sjialɱa [çi̥ˈɔ̥ᵝŋ̊.m̪̊ɔ̥ᵝ] fixes stress to a word's penult mora. Can a pitch accent system coexist with that? I don't see why it couldn't, and AFAIK it does in (at least some of) the Yugoslavic languages? Moraic languages can well have pitch accent. Take Japanese as an example. What does...
by Omzinesý
19 Jul 2019 20:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Verb morphology Nouns follow quite much my earlier project, so I describe verbs first. Basics: - 3 synthetic tensis (present, past, future), 2 periphrastic tenses (perfect, pluperfect) - morpholocally 1 mood - Indicative and Imperative are differentiated syntactically and past and pluperfect forms ...
by Omzinesý
18 Jul 2019 15:56
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4399
Views: 894506

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Are there other natlangs that have different forms of adjectives depending on whether they're used attributively or predicatively? I'm sure I know examples, I just can't think of any right now. Are they always a few irregular forms (like English my vs. mine and lone vs. alone) or are there any lang...
by Omzinesý
18 Jul 2019 01:14
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

There aren't really adjectives but genitives of abstract nouns. Varra-j zie property-GEN person 'rich person' The indefinite genitive is nearly exclusively devoted to the adjectival function. Ozza-zi Peter friend-PL.GEN Peter 'Peter who has friends ' One cannot either say "I am rich" but "I have pro...
by Omzinesý
17 Jul 2019 14:17
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Quick question about plausibility
Replies: 4
Views: 346

Re: Quick question about plausibility

Is it plausible if the base form of most 'action' verbs, such as see, hear, or do, only indicates the desire to perform a given action, so that, for example, a verb glossed as see-1SG means 'I want to see', but any tense suffix cancels this out? (Also, the present tense would be formed in some unus...
by Omzinesý
17 Jul 2019 03:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Verb morphology Nouns follow quite much my earlier project, so I describe verbs first. Basics: - 3 synthetic tensis (present, past, future), 2 periphrastic tenses (perfect, pluperfect) - morpholocally 1 mood - Indicative and Imperative are differentiated syntactically and past and pluperfect forms a...
by Omzinesý
16 Jul 2019 15:20
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4399
Views: 894506

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

You could say it's differential object marking and accusative is only marked on topicalized objects. Is the fronted-accusative used for anything else? Are in-situ objects unmarked? Could you give an example from your conlang? This is just a theoretical idea I'm thinking about. In Ido it seems to be...
by Omzinesý
16 Jul 2019 14:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Aww, aren’t you sticking with “Gadamål”? :-( I'm still considering the exact name. Gada is the root. I think the language could be Gadaish/Gadish or something alike in English. In Swedish, it would be Gadaiksa/Gadiska or Gadamål. The exact form of the name they use of themselves clarifies when the ...
by Omzinesý
15 Jul 2019 17:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Consonants p t t͡ɕ k <p t k/kj k> b d g <b d g> m n ŋ <m n ng> f s x h <f s ch h> v z ʝ <v z j> l r~ɹ ʀ~ʁ <l r rh> Voiceless plosives are aspirated word-initially and in the beginning of a stressed syllable. In those positions, the voiced plosives can be a bit less voiced. / t͡ɕ k/ are more clearly ...
by Omzinesý
15 Jul 2019 16:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0
Replies: 60
Views: 10684

Re: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0

Progressive is usually marked with particle "bestid".
The idea behind it is Estonian "praegu" or Finnish "par(asta )aikaa, 'best time'.
It is used only when the context demands specifying aspect.
by Omzinesý
15 Jul 2019 16:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4399
Views: 894506

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

People would probabky call it a topic marker or something, maybe object topic marker. Fronting object is often called topicalization independent of the actual information structure status. IIUC, you could call the marker a topic marker. If you are talking about something else, please let me know. T...
by Omzinesý
14 Jul 2019 23:44
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4399
Views: 894506

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Do it appear in natlangs that the accusative marker is used only in clause-initially, where it is necessary for telling the subject and the object apart?
That appears in Ido but it's not a natlang.
by Omzinesý
14 Jul 2019 19:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden
Replies: 21
Views: 1476

Re: Gadish - a isolate in Northern Sweden

Vowels y[ʏ], i:, u[ʊ] ɪ yø, ie, uo ø, e, o ä All vowels except /i:/ and /ɪ/ (and maybe the lowering diphthongs, I haven't decided how they behave) can appear both short and long, but it's usually considered allophonic. Syllable structures are very Swedish, as well. 1. (onset +) long vowel (+ short c...