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by Sumelic
24 Oct 2017 04:00
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

[Lots of great information...] I think you're right. I think I was trying to just pick things willy-nilly and not really do much in the way of planning out what they will do pr how they will function together. As such, I took some ideas from the questions posed (however not all of them, as the list...
by Sumelic
20 Oct 2017 18:29
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

https://i.imgur.com/sbZ25jq.png The above is my current system of Aspects and their markers. However, I am wondering if maybe the progressive and imperfective are not distinct enough or perhaps just seem so due to English not having a distinct imperfective? I'm also wondering if the intensive might...
by Sumelic
20 Oct 2017 04:48
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I asked this question years ago , but I don't think I was able to express myself clearly then. To start, I'll explain what led me to my question. In English, speakers occasionally appear to make a verb agree with the final noun in the subject phrase (or maybe the final noun before the verb) rather ...
by Sumelic
15 Oct 2017 22:25
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I am wondering what might be some logical synchronic changes for the following? I kind of already do the first one without trying, but is it plausible? Might there be a better option? Anyone have ideas for the last two? For the record, this is for Vingdagese, which has phonology and other phonotact...
by Sumelic
15 Oct 2017 17:53
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

probability tends to defy human logic in some ways; it's extremely improbable for one hundred consecutive coin tosses to all turn up heads (at least assuming an evenly balanced coin, obviously), yet if you've just tossed 99 heads, the chances for the next one are still fifty-fifty (well, roughly; i...
by Sumelic
11 Oct 2017 21:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Originally the phonemes /w/ and /ʍ/ had their own letters, namely < w > and < ƕ >, or so I understand. I'm afraid not, no. The ƕair ligature was invented around 1900 to transliterate Gothic ƕair (which looks totally different). Neither form of ƕair had been recognised as a letter in English previou...
by Sumelic
05 Oct 2017 19:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

How did syllables like /we/, /wi/, /wu/, /je/, and /ji/ all disappear in Japanese. I know it has 'wa, and 'wo' as well as 'ya', 'yo', and 'yu.' Was it something completely random, or was there a reason for it? I'm not sure I understand the question entirely. Is it just based on your knowledge of th...
by Sumelic
20 Sep 2017 01:10
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Understanding noun class
Replies: 12
Views: 2219

Re: Understanding noun class

Typically, in a language analyzed as having noun classes, every specific instance of a noun is analyzed as belonging to some noun class. So one question I would have is, when you say "putko" = "extremity", do you mean it can be used as a stand-alone word to mean "extremity", or is that just the mean...
by Sumelic
30 Aug 2017 06:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

If a language conjugates its verbs for aspect and mood, will it also tend to conjugate for tense. Are there any known natural languages where that conjugate for the aspect and mood, but not the tense. I'm sure there's at least one out there, I'm just not familiar with it. Also, I want a language wi...
by Sumelic
26 Aug 2017 04:53
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Is there a language that lacks /k/? How about one that lacks [k] even as an allophone? I'm pretty sure the answer is "yes" to both, although I'm not familar with a lot of examples. Probably there is some database that could be searched. My understanding is that there are some particular speech comm...
by Sumelic
19 Aug 2017 04:13
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4489
Views: 938221

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I think Latin /ks/ regularly turned into Old Spanish /ʃ/, which is why it was written with <x>. There were probably other sources though.

A good source is https://www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/i.e.mackenzie/cons.htm
by Sumelic
18 Aug 2017 05:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: A Question of (Dis)Ambiguation
Replies: 4
Views: 1008

Re: A Question of (Dis)Ambiguation

In my conlang (working title Zvala), I am keen to do away with this sort of ambiguity, so I have co-opted the nominal demonstrative prefixes for the job, of which there are three: PROX (proximal), MED (medial), and DIST (distal). (N.B. there is free word order, but usually SOV) Of course, you can d...
by Sumelic
16 Aug 2017 03:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I was wondering, Is there a (case-heavy) natlang that uses the Dative for indirect objects of a positive verb, but some other case for the indirect object of a negative verb? If so, what case(s) are used in that situation? :wat: :?: Googling a little, I think what I am looking for is possible cases...
by Sumelic
14 Aug 2017 21:43
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

also, in the sentance "the car is blue" is the object of that sentance "blue"? or is the entire verb "to be blue" and there's only one argument? "The car is blue" is not considered to have an object, because the word "object" generally can only refer to a noun phrase. "Blue" is an adjective. The ve...
by Sumelic
14 Aug 2017 21:11
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

And I have another unrelated question. TLFKAT has the following plain nasal stops: /m n ŋ ŋʷ ɴ ɴʷ/. I'm considering a morphophonological process whereby the sequence /nw/ becomes m , but /ŋw ɴw/ would just become the labialised nasals. Is it unnatural that it's the alveolar/n/ that becomes m ? I fe...
by Sumelic
14 Aug 2017 06:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Hmm. Actually, maybe I shouldn't have said that "probably there are some" in my previous post. At least, "Determination" from 1969 (by Edith A. Moravcsik) doesn't seem to mention any: https://archive.org/stream/ERIC_ED10571 ... te+article
by Sumelic
14 Aug 2017 06:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

So I have a question about articles: In english, articles used with plural nouns are a little strange; the article "the" works fine, but not the article "a". Some examples are that saying "The Apples" works but saying "An Apples" doesn't. You have to say "Some Apples" instead. This is a silly quest...
by Sumelic
11 Aug 2017 10:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I need a good romanization for this inventory. I am stuck on how to distinguish the palatal stops with the post-alveolar affricates, and I also need a difference between the approximants /j/ /ɥ/ /ɰ/ /w/ and the vowels /i/ /y/ /ɯ/ /u/. The vowel inventory is /a/ /i/ /y/ /ɯ/ /u/, by the way, with con...
by Sumelic
11 Aug 2017 09:58
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: On Polypersonal Agreement
Replies: 4
Views: 2642

Re: On Polypersonal Agreement

I’ve been toying with the idea for a romance language for a while now — first I wanted to make it extremely agglutinative, but I toned down that idea as a surviving Latin language in Turkey became somewhat hard to believe. So, I moved the location to the northeast of Spain and southwest of France, ...
by Sumelic
01 Aug 2017 10:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5963
Views: 1412631

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Yeah, what doomie said. (Is the palatalization also conditioned by the preceding or following /i/, by the way?) Maybe if stress is generally positioned relative to the first syllable (either first or second seems like it might work), and assibilation is conditioned by stress, this could get this kin...