Search found 365 matches

by gach
12 Sep 2017 18:03
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Need some help understanding classifiers
Replies: 20
Views: 4587

Re: Need some help understanding classifiers

Noun classes and classifiers seem to form more a spectrum of various classifying strategies than to have a clear cut distinction between them. Nevertheless, relevant differences between prototypical noun classes and classifiers are that noun classes are associated with agreement while classifiers no...
by gach
12 Sep 2017 17:14
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: What is vowel harmony?
Replies: 16
Views: 4234

Re: What is vowel harmony?

Putting it simply, it's a long-distance assimilatory process in which the vowels in a word should belong to the same "class" as each other. This is the simplest way to view it. Vowel harmony is long distance assimilation where the the quality of a vowel is affected by other vowels in the word to ma...
by gach
01 Sep 2017 17:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 6682
Views: 1084103

Re: What did you accomplish today?

I decided to write down some notes for adding a retroflex nasal into Proto Inaki since the previous consonant inventory was still uncomfortably close to the Proto Uralic one, just without the funky continuant series δ δʹ x . The new inventory is /p t tɕ tʃ k/ - p t ć č k /s ɕ ʃ/ - s ś š /m n ɲ ɳ ŋ/ ...
by gach
28 Jul 2017 14:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: A guide to small consonant inventories
Replies: 3
Views: 12717

Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

Also I'd imagine if a language with a small inventory developed dental fricatives it wouldn't want to get rid of it's allophonic dental fricatives because of the small amount of consonants and then additionally (over time) because of it became a phoneme ... I'm not sure if this argument holds up at...
by gach
23 Jul 2017 14:49
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Rí: My random ideas conlang
Replies: 10
Views: 2082

Re: Rí: My random ideas conlang

Interesting breakup of the word classes. How do you treat adverbs? These are easily a subclass or inflections of nouns but since you also say that nouns always need to occur with a classifier, do you mean that in sentences like Swallows fly fast. or The sun rises daily. the words for fast and daily ...
by gach
17 Jul 2017 13:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Nexürsin
Replies: 21
Views: 4109

Re: Nexursin

Good job having both noun classes and classifiers. I like when languages grammaticalise more than one type of nominal classification. I know very little of classifiers. Not even what they are really. If you want to say 'I saw an apple.' would you use a classifier, or do you have to specify 'I saw on...
by gach
13 Jul 2017 19:17
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 4494
Views: 940020

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Aside from Celtic and Semitic, are there additional languages or language families with regular series of inflected/conjugated adpositions? Having these seems natural to me whenever a language has possessive suffixes and its adpositions are structurally relational nouns. They are commonly found acr...
by gach
30 Jun 2017 19:12
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What are you listening to/watching?
Replies: 1215
Views: 301287

Re: What are you listening to/watching?

I caught up with the new album of TRAD.ATTACK! and it does have a strong sound.

:yout: Imepuu
:yout: Säde
:yout: Sõit
by gach
28 Jun 2017 19:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Vålkakil
Replies: 65
Views: 11090

Re: Vålkakil

Do Uralic langauges have other elements meaning 'from' than the tV-element that is the partitive in Finnic? Not that I know of, -tV seems to be the only ancient ablative element in Uralic. If you want some variation, it's best to get it by letting a new formation replace the old ablative. You could...
by gach
31 May 2017 14:16
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What are you listening to/watching?
Replies: 1215
Views: 301287

Re: What are you listening to/watching?

Oh look, they've also uploaded the full record of our conferment ceremony, :yout: Filosofisen tiedekunnan promootio 26.5.2017 For extra authenticity try watching the whole 3.5 hours standing up, like we did. Realistically though, it's better to sample through it for some nice music and ambience. Peo...
by gach
30 May 2017 00:25
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What are you listening to/watching?
Replies: 1215
Views: 301287

Re: What are you listening to/watching?

I just returned home from half a week of academic conferment in the lovely Helsinki and my toes are still partly numb from all the standing. So what better idea than to share some tunes from the ceremony till the ball and the speech to the rising sun. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VRw9N9OlPo http...
by gach
02 May 2017 18:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5971
Views: 1414918

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Masculine-feminine gender distinctions are a common sight in Papuan languages, either as the only gender opposition or as a part of a richer gender system. The Sepik and Skou families are two good places to look for languages with a simple MASC vs. FEM system. I'll leave it to you to judge how fusoi...
by gach
27 Apr 2017 11:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5971
Views: 1414918

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

How unnatural would it be for an analytic language to have vowel harmony? Many of them have tones, which you can argue that is a form of inflection. You can have vowel harmony as long as you have something where the harmony shows up. The typical case is that you have affixial morphology where the a...
by gach
17 Apr 2017 01:45
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Swahili's locative noun-classes ... not cases?
Replies: 10
Views: 2730

Re: Swahili's locative noun-classes ... not cases?

I'd still call them noun classes since that's how they function grammatically. If you start to describe the locative classes as cases, you'll end up making statements along the lines that these cases still look and function like the regular noun classes. Inventing such a terminological divides isn't...
by gach
12 Apr 2017 14:27
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: What are you listening to/watching?
Replies: 1215
Views: 301287

Re: What are you listening to/watching?

Rantala, Bałdych, Valcic – Freedom
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W2-3oWWIXs

I clearly need to pay more attention to the ACT label.
by gach
04 Apr 2017 23:05
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 340
Views: 254056

Re: (EE) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

You better read the Wikibooks entry on importing graphics in LaTeX . The graphicx package is the way to include graphics in LaTeX documents. I use it all the time to do larger figures, mostly from graphic files in the PS or EPS formats, but I see no reason why you couldn't use it to typeset short sn...
by gach
28 Mar 2017 16:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 5971
Views: 1414918

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The closest I've seen to a present/non-present dichtomy in a natlang is the Papuan syncretism of "yesderday" and "tomorrow", but in that case the verbal tense system still makes a definite distinction of past vs. non-past. For more of this check for example Tent (1998, Sect. 5.1) and Szeverényi (20...
by gach
23 Mar 2017 04:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 6682
Views: 1084103

Re: What did you accomplish today?

I'm still a little bit unsure of how this works; How are you to determine the flow velocity and the characteristic length? At least, what are those variables on Earth? The Wikipedia article gives some illustrative examples (from tornadoes to ordinary low-pressure systems). Different flow phenomena ...
by gach
22 Mar 2017 18:28
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 6682
Views: 1084103

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Just discovered the equation governing atmospheric/oceanic circulation. Apparently it's based off of Navier-Stokes equations. d=v0/(2ΩsinΘ) That looks not too different from a definition of the Rossby number Ro = v /( d ⋅2ΩsinΘ) as a function of latitude Θ on a rotating sphere (e.g. a planet). Here...
by gach
17 Mar 2017 15:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 2813
Views: 720724

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

The distinction is also found in most Ndu languages, where /β/ or /v/ is commonly also the only voiced fricative phoneme. I've always found this setup as somewhat surprising, but there you go.