Lexember 2019

A forum for all topics related to constructed languages
shimobaatar
korean
korean
Posts: 11816
Joined: 12 Jul 2013 23:09
Location: PA → IN

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 13 Dec 2019 02:55

Y²KS (Day 12):

banī /baˈniː/ (n.) cow, cattle, bovine
  • From Proto-AY *bàŋ- "cow"
  • Technically a unisex term referring to a domesticated bovine of any age, especially in cities
  • In rural areas, the default meaning assigned to this word can vary greatly from place to place and even among people of different occupations in the same region
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
banḫubī /ˈbanxubiː/ (n.) calf
  • From Proto-AY *bàŋ- "cow" + *ḫʷùb- "small" 
  • Unisex
  • Young animals are generally not eaten
  • For people involved in breeding cattle, this is often the default meaning of the generic term banī
  • Other regional or occupational synonyms may exist
sanibanī /sanibaˈniː/ (n.) cow
  • From Proto-AY *śʸą̀lay- "milk" + *bàŋ- "cow" 
  • Specifically refers to an adult female animal
  • For people who work with dairy products, this is often the default meaning of the generic term banī
  • Other regional or occupational synonyms may exist
tulbanī /ˈtulbaniː/ (n.) bull
  • From Proto-AY *tàwlʸ- "to be angry, to be cruel" + *bàŋ- "cow" 
  • Specifically refers to an adult male animal
  • For people who organize or participate in bull fights, this is often the default meaning of the generic term banī
  • Other regional or occupational synonyms may exist
ˤūribanī /ˈʕuːribaniː/ (n.) ox, steer
  • From Proto-AY *ˤíwra- "to pull" + *bàŋ- "cow" 
  • Typically refers to an adult male animal, often castrated
  • For people involved in meat production or transportation, this is often the default meaning of the generic term banī
  • Other regional or occupational synonyms may exist
Example:

Fallanḫ tulbinand lōˤ-ˤāššund fiš-šuḫēnd šēdind.
/falˈlanx tulbiˈnand loːʕˈʕaːʃʃund fiʃʃuˈxeːnd ʃeːˈdind/
[fɐlˈlɒ̃ŋx ˌtulbɪˈnæ̃nd loʕˈʕæːʃʃʊ̃nt ˌfiʃʃʊˈxẽːnt ʃeˈdĩnd]
fallanḫ tulban-and lōˀ=āšš-und fiš=šuḫa-ind šēd-ind
20² bull-ABS.A.PL.DEF with=older_sister-ERG.C.SG.DEF in=PROX-ERG.A.SG.DEF time-ERG.A.SG.DEF
My older sister owns about 400 bulls right now.



Theodish (Day 12):

mede /ˈmeːd/ (n.) mead
  • From Proto-Germanic *meduz
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
wine /ˈwiːn/ (n.) wine
  • From Proto-Germanic *wīną
ole /ˈoːl/ (n.) ale
  • From Proto-Germanic *alu
bure /ˈbuːr/ (n.) beer
  • From Proto-Germanic *beuzą
Example:

Ig drinke not bure.
/ɪj ˈdrɪŋkə nɔt buːr/
[ɛj ˈdrɪŋk nət̚ ˈbʉːr]
ig drink-e not bure
1s.NOM drink-1s.PRES.IND NEG beer
I don't drink beer.
Last edited by shimobaatar on 14 Dec 2019 23:20, edited 2 times in total.

User avatar
qwed117
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4572
Joined: 20 Nov 2014 02:27

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 13 Dec 2019 08:47

Lexember 12th
r̥us₂-i n sun
bn̩ːs₁g-o v to dry
jm̩tah₁- n moon
m̩k-i n cow
bˀn̩l-e adj sweet

:it-sa: nogia nf knuckle, joint, likely from Lombardic *knohha, see here Italian nocca
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

User avatar
ixals
sinic
sinic
Posts: 432
Joined: 28 Jul 2015 18:43

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 13 Dec 2019 17:50

13th December

:con: Elá

ŋá /ˈŋa/ - root word
1.) flower
2.) blossom
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

User avatar
Jackk
roman
roman
Posts: 1141
Joined: 04 Aug 2012 13:08
Location: Damborn, Isr Boral

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 13 Dec 2019 18:00

13th Lexember

Boral

scurvog /xɪʀˈvɔj/ [çɪːˈvɔj] scurvy, pathological lack of sandrine*
< Old Boral skurvuȝ et al., presumably from Old Norse skyrbjúgr "sour-milk tumour". Discovered in the late 15C to be caused by diet, following the famed voyage to Mendeva** of Princess Alexandra of Vascony (the first time a European royal set foot in the Novamund), after whom sandrine is indirectly named.

Rey Ambrosc commandau casc vascel port frugt sandrin, pu faloy moneð demay.
King Ambrose required each ship to carry citrus fruits, but the cost was too high.
/ʀi amˈbʀox komanˈdo kax vaˈxɛl pɔʀt ˈfʀajt sanˈdʀɪn | pi faˈlɔj moˈnɛθ deˈme/
[ʀi‿jɐmˈbʀɔx komɐnˈdo kax vɐˈxɛw pɔːt ˈfʀajt sɐnˈðʀɪn | pi fɐˈlɔj mʊˈnɛː dɪˈme]

*Vitamin C
**North America
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

brblues
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 170
Joined: 03 Aug 2018 15:34

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by brblues » 13 Dec 2019 19:21

Lexember 13:

hihin ʔiʔaguhɛ v 1. to be ripe (of fruit/vegetables); to be ready for harvest (fields) 2. to be good (in quality)
Roughly: to be all-grown

From:

ʔiʔaguhɛ v 1. to be adult 2. To be mature 3. To be big 4. To be full

and

hihin adv all (also implying “all that is needed”)
Derived from the reduplicated plural of "finger", to mean both "all (fingers of one hand)" and the number five, though it will be replaced in the latter meaning by the number from the Txabao number system in use at the same time.
Example sentences:

pim-sig ɛg.pɛs.sot huma-kusmɛ-ʔe hihin ʔiʔaguhɛ
chieftain-PL fortress build-CVB.at.first-DS all to.be.grown
“It is good that the chieftains built a fortress.”

The converb that normally expresses a temporal sequence (first the action of the converb happened, then that of the finite verb) is also used when a whole clause is relativized and the action in the relative clause took place in the past as compared to the finite verb; if it is to be understood as taking place at the same time, the quotative converb is used:

pim-sig ɛg.pɛs.sot huma-sa-ʔe hihin ʔiʔaguhɛ
chieftain-PL fortress build-CVB.QUOT-DS all to.be.grown
“It is good that the chieftains are building a fortress.”

Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1725
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 13 Dec 2019 20:48

Lexember 13th - Yélian

niysól [na̯iːˈsol] - dessert

Etymology: Portmanteau word from niyp "small" + mesól "cake"; literally "small cake"

An'anlu yaidésyivabit, cut u'niysól afiratbut vit aridemuyai.
[ɐnˈanlu ʃaɪ̯ˌdesˈʃiːʋɐbɨt, kʉt ʉna̯iːˈsol ɐˈɸiːɾɐbʉt vɨt ɐˌɾiːdəˈmuːʃaɪ̯]
DEF.ANIM=salmon PST=already-amazing-COP.3SG.ANIM, but DEF.INAN=dessert good.SUP-COP.3SG.INAN REL ever_till_now-eat-1SG
The salmon was already amazing, but the dessert was the best I've ever tasted.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

Clio
sinic
sinic
Posts: 241
Joined: 27 Dec 2012 23:45

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 14 Dec 2019 03:52

12th Lexember

ḟāmmī /fˤaːmːiː/ n fish

13th Lexember

fuppatari /fupːatari/ v nosh; eat berries or shoots in small quantities over the course of several hours
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

User avatar
qwed117
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4572
Joined: 20 Nov 2014 02:27

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 14 Dec 2019 04:33

Lexember 13
tm̩s₂-e v to grow (intr)
h₂eːŋ̩ʲ-i v to stretch
umtm̩- n fish
tarh₁-o n lake
s₁m̩ːg- n ocean
ur̥p-iː v to pull

tzerotu nm band-aid, plaster, from cērōtum, compare Italian cerotto.
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

User avatar
Corphishy
greek
greek
Posts: 772
Joined: 18 May 2013 18:28
Location: Route 102, Route 117, Petalburg City

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 14 Dec 2019 05:29

13th December

šek
/s̺ek/ [ʃeg̊]
n.
wax
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
Project Garnet
(used to be Bulbichu22)

User avatar
gach
MVP
MVP
Posts: 725
Joined: 07 Aug 2013 01:26
Location: displaced from Helsinki

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by gach » 14 Dec 2019 07:23

12.

Inaki

vićaśə, cook v tr.

This verb is derived from the noun vića ("pot") with the same verbaliser -sə/śə as used in the verb tilkasə ("plough", day 10). It shows sibilant harmony which in proto Inaki allowed either only palatal (ś ć) or non-palatal (s š č) sibilants and affricates within a single word. This harmony rule lost its productivity soon after the proto language stage and especially inflectional morphology quickly discarded the palatal variants, which can even in proto Inaki be seen as the secondary allomorphs. Nevertheless, the remnants of this harmony can still be seen in the old inherited roots and derivations in the later Inaki languages.


13

Inaki

ulpə, cooked adj

Sei

wen, cooked adj

Inland family

ganu, cooked adj
ImageKištaLkal sikSeic

Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1725
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 14 Dec 2019 11:55

Lexember 14th - Yélian

paʻem [ˈpaːʔəm] - marmalade

Etymology: New root; propably inspired by Latin panem "bread" even though it's not logically derived from it

Cianpasidæbéi u'lècan ùpa vænet pas sao tecam. Miats værabéi u'salir, u'ùmus ùpan u'paʻem.
[kɪ̯ɐnpɐˌsɨdəˈbɛɪ̯ ʉˈlɛkɐn ˈʉpɐ ˈvœnə‿pɐʃ saʊ̯ ˈteːkɐm. ˈmi.ɐt͡s vəɾɐˈbɛɪ̯ ʉˈsaːlɨd̟, ʉˈʔʉmʉʃ ˈʉpɐn ʉˈpaʔəm]
NEG-NEC-always-put_flat-2SG DEF.INAN=sausage or cheese on 2SG.POSS bread | for_once try-put_flat-2SG DEF.INAN=honey, DEF.INAN=hummus or DEF.INAN=marmalade
You don't have to put sausage or cheese on your bread all the time. Try honey, hummus or marmalade for once.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

Allekanger
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 168
Joined: 01 Feb 2012 00:27
Location: Suecia

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Allekanger » 14 Dec 2019 12:44

Ivook, Lexember 13th:

QREK [arek] arek 'roof'
UNUHT [unuwit] unuwit 'chimney'
KMH [kimax] kimah 'door'
QQS [ajas] ajas 'room'
OHRK [ovarak] ovarak 'window'


Lexember 14th:

QEH' [jef] jehv 'today'
QMEH' [imef] imehv 'tomorrow'
GHX [ŋavɛ] ngavê 'yesterday'
NSMEH' [niʃimef] nisimehv 'day after tomorrow'
HSGH [haʃiŋax] hasingah 'day before yesterday'

brblues
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 170
Joined: 03 Aug 2018 15:34

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by brblues » 14 Dec 2019 16:10

Lexember 14:

dasom v 1. to collect, gather 2. to reap, to harvest
From hand-VERB
dasomku n harvest (time of ~, the act of harvesting)
dasomkuku n harvest (the actual produce that has been harvested)
dasomhu n 1. scythe 2. sickle


Compare:

sa ʔiʔaguhɛ-mɛʔu dasomkuku dodohɛ-mɛ
DEM.DIST year-ABL harvest big.be-PFV
"From that year on, the harvest was always big"

Vs.

ʔe ʔiʔaguhɛ-mɛ dasomku mazsothe-bolu
DEM.PROX year-LOC harvest late.be-FUT
“The harvest will take place later than usual this year.”

User avatar
Tuyono
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 154
Joined: 06 Aug 2017 15:09

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Tuyono » 14 Dec 2019 18:28

13-14.12

Akʼaleniw:

nulkʼo (n.) fruit
yewi (n.) cub, young animal
ihay (n.) salt
qemta (v.) collect, gather

User avatar
Jackk
roman
roman
Posts: 1141
Joined: 04 Aug 2012 13:08
Location: Damborn, Isr Boral

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 14 Dec 2019 21:37

14th Lexember

Boral

boleð /boˈlɛθ/ [bʊˈlɛh] mushroom, porcini
< Latin bōlētus "mushroom". Can refer by extension to other objects with a similar shape.

Infeliç, my sour poð noc boleð pascr, dec i lou support noc.
Unfortunately, my sister cannot eat mushrooms as she is intolerant.
/ˌɪnfeˈlɪʦ | mi ˈsuʀ pɔθ ˌnɔk boˈlɛθ paxʀ̩ | dɛk ˈi lu siˈpɔʀt nɔk/
[ˌɪɱfɪˈlɪʦ | mi ˈsʊː pɔh ˈnɔg bʊˈlɛh paxɐ | dɛk ˈi lu sɪˈpɔːt nɔk]
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

User avatar
ixals
sinic
sinic
Posts: 432
Joined: 28 Jul 2015 18:43

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 14 Dec 2019 22:30

14th December

:con: Elá

ʔeʔáji /ʔəˈʔa.ji/ - onomatopoeia
1.) fennec, sand fox
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

shimobaatar
korean
korean
Posts: 11816
Joined: 12 Jul 2013 23:09
Location: PA → IN

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 14 Dec 2019 23:18

Y²KS (Day 13):

mittī /ˈmittiː/ (n.) pig, hog, swine
  • From Proto-AY *mìˀṭ- "pig"
  • Technically a unisex term referring to a domesticated pig of any age, especially in cities
  • Increasingly associated with uncleanliness
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
mittəḫubī /ˈmittəxubiː/ (n.) piglet
  • From Proto-AY *mìˀṭ- "pig" + *ḫʷùb- "small"
  • Unisex
  • Young animals are typically not eaten
lētī /ˈleːtiː/ (n.) boar, wild pig
  • From Proto-AY *láytə- "boar"
  • Refers to a wild animal
  • Not generally associated with uncleanliness
Example:

Muttinučyaman rur-lētamyand suwinēywēn jinaywa.
/ˈmuttinut͡ʃjaman rurleːtamˈjand suwiˈneːjweːn d͡ʒiˈnajwa/
[ˈmuttɪˌnut͡ʃjɐˌmæ̃n rʊrˌleːtɐ̃mˈjæ̃nt sʊwɪˈneːjwẽn d͡ʒɪˈnæjwɐ]
muttinuči-aman rur=lēt-amyand suwi-nē-ywēn jina-ywa
pork-ERG.G.SG.DEF from=wild_pig-ERG.G.PL.DEF come-NPST.GER-ABS.C.SG.DEF not-3s.NPST.SVJ
Pork doesn't come from wild pigs.



Theodish (Day 13):

drinken /ˈdrɪŋkən/ (v.) to drink
  • From Proto-Germanic *drinkaną
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
drenk /ˈdrɛŋk/ (n.) drink, beverage
  • From Proto-Germanic *drunkiz
drencen /ˈdrɛnt͡ʃən/ (v.) to drench, to soak
  • From Proto-Germanic *drankijaną
bruwen /ˈbruːwən/ (v.) to brew
  • From Proto-Germanic *brewwaną
  • An ergative verb
brut /ˈbrʊt/ (n.) broth
  • From Proto-Germanic *bruþą
mulk /ˈmʊlk/ (n.) milk
  • From Proto-Germanic *meluks
mulken /ˈmʊlkən/ (v.) to milk
  • From Proto-Germanic *melukōną
  • Also appears as melken /ˈmɛlkən/, from Proto-Germanic *melkaną
melk /ˈmɛlk/ (adj.) giving milk
  • From Proto-Germanic *melkaz
  • Rather archaic
weter /ˈweːtər/ (n.) water
  • From Proto-Germanic *watōr
wetereg /ˈwɛtərəj/ (adj.) watery
  • From Proto-Germanic *watrīgaz
Example:

Wilt du mulk es weter drinken?
/wɪlt duː mʊlk ɛs ˈweːtər ˈdrɪŋkən/
[ˈwɪl‿dʉ ˈmʊl‿kəs ˈweːtər ˈdrɪŋkə]
wil-t du mulk es weter drink-en
want-2s.PRES.IND 2s.NOM milk or water drink-INF
Do you want to drink milk or water?




Y²KS (Day 14):

jaˤu /ˈd͡ʒaʕu/ (v.) to taste, to lick
  • From Proto-AY *ǯʸàˀ- "to taste (tr.)"
  • Strictly a transitive verb, according to prescriptive standards, although it is increasingly being used as either transitive or intransitive
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
jannu /ˈd͡ʒannu/ (v.) to taste, to taste like
  • From Proto-AY *ǯʸàˀŋ- "to taste (intr.)"
  • Somewhat obsolescent
ōnī /ˈoːniː/ (n.) mouth, tongue
  • From Proto-AY ˤáğʷun- "tongue"
  • Originally referred specifically to the tongue, but now is mostly used to refer to the mouth as a whole
ḫušu /ˈxuʃu/ (v.) to smell
  • From Proto-AY *ḫʷùšʸ- "to smell (tr.)"
  • Strictly a transitive verb, according to prescriptive standards, although it is increasingly being used as either transitive or intransitive
ḫūšu /ˈxuːʃu/ (v.) to smell, to smell like
  • From Proto-AY *ḫʷùŋšʸ "to smell (intr.)"
  • Somewhat obsolescent
habī /haˈbiː/ (n.) nose
  • From Proto-AY *háb- "nose"
hōnī /ˈhoːniː/ (n.) nostril
  • From Proto-AY *háwn- "nostril"
  • Somewhat obsolescent
  • Retains dual forms
Example:

Šuḫa lib-din janniwa?
/ˈʃuxa libˈdin ˈd͡ʒanniwa/
[ˈʃuxɐ lɪbˈdĩn ˈd͡ʒæ̃nnɪwɐ]
šuḫa lib=din jann-iwa
PROX like=what taste_like-3s.NPST.SVJ
What does this taste like?



Theodish (Day 14):

ceuwen /ˈt͡ʃuːwən/ (v.) to chew
  • From Proto-Germanic *kewwaną
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
biten /ˈbiːtən/ (v.) to bite
  • From Proto-Germanic *bītaną
fisc /ˈfɪʃ/ (n.) fish
  • From Proto-Germanic *fiskaz
fiscer /ˈfɪʃər/ (n.) fisher, fisherman
  • From Proto-Germanic *fiskārijaz
fiscen /ˈfɪʃən/ (v.) to fish
  • From Proto-Germanic *fiskōną
salt /ˈsalt/ (n.) salt
  • From Proto-Germanic *saltą
salten /ˈsaltən/ (v.) to salt
  • From Proto-Germanic *saltaną
selt /ˈsɛlt/ (n.) saltwater, brine
  • From Proto-Germanic *sultijō
mete /ˈmeːt/ (n.) meat
  • From Proto-Germanic *matiz
werst /ˈwɛrst/ (n.) sausage
  • From Proto-Germanic *wurstiz
livver /ˈlɪvər/ (n.) liver
  • From Proto-Germanic *librō
  • Refers to both the internal organ and the food
flesce /ˈfleːʃ/ (n.) flesh, meat
  • From Proto-Germanic *flaiską
  • Usually does not refer to food
cese /ˈt͡ʃeːz/ (n.) cheese
  • From Proto-Germanic *kāsijaz
Example:

Ferfor yst dis cese swa hard to ceuwen?
/ˈfɛrvɔr ɪst dɪs t͡ʃeːz swaː hard toː ˈt͡ʃuːwən/
[ˈfɛrvə‿rɪz‿dəʃ t͡ʃeːs‿wə ˈhɒr‿tə ˈt͡ʃuːwə]
ferfor yst dis cese swa hard to ceuw-en
why be.3s.PRES.IND PROX cheese so hard to chew-INF
Why is this cheese so hard to chew?



Week 3's theme, Feeling, Sensation, Emotion, Cognition, and Awareness, has been added to the OP.

User avatar
qwed117
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4572
Joined: 20 Nov 2014 02:27

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 15 Dec 2019 02:06

Lexember 14
noːbˀ-i n cloud
r̥ul- n hole, ditch, canal
pn̩ːd-o n herd, group
liːŋʲ- n sheep, wooly animal
lar̥h₁-e n wool
traws₂- n bleat, animal cry, moo
gm̩ːd-e v to feed

:it-sa: dàbbile adv possible, probable
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

User avatar
Corphishy
greek
greek
Posts: 772
Joined: 18 May 2013 18:28
Location: Route 102, Route 117, Petalburg City

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 15 Dec 2019 03:11

14th December

mamfō
/ˈmamfoː/
v.
measure, weigh; count
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
Project Garnet
(used to be Bulbichu22)

Clio
sinic
sinic
Posts: 241
Joined: 27 Dec 2012 23:45

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 15 Dec 2019 03:43

14th Lexember

fissatō /fisːatoː/ v chew
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

Post Reply