Several conceptual metaphors influence the lexicon and the meanings of words and phrases. The most common ones are listed here with some examples.
FRIENDS are RELATIVES
Kinship terms are often used for friends and acquaintance, but also for people that are in a different social relations with EGO. They encode distance as well as hierarchies. Because military and work is very important in Bólsks, such social relations are often coded the same way.
uln (n) can either mean cousin or friend or colleague.
kans (n) means brother as well as best friend or brother-in-arms. Note that the relation is closer than uln.
makt (n) - father, boss, immediate superior
ORDERLINESS is POSITIVE
The general terms for 'good' (adj) often also express a sense orderliness or harmony.
ims (adj) - friendly, harmonous, beloved, orderly
splurn (adj) - regular, orderly, good
khand (v) - to wash, to clean, to tidy up, to repair
szekhand to tidy up for an event, to prepare
INDIVIDUALITY is NEGATIVE
Individual, non-conforming behaviour is often used as a hyperonym for all unwanted or unusual behaviour. It always has a negative connotation.
rhupt (v) - to pursue one's dreams (pejorative)
ugrhupt (n) - someone who follows his dreams (pejorative)
zhabt (n) - lunatic, madman, outcast, inhabitant of a mental home
SOCIAL INTERACTION is VIOLENCE
This part might be NSFW.
Languages are thought of as containers, where you can take words out of to use them. Words might also be thought of as smaller containers that can be changed to fit into other containers/sentences.
am (adp) - out of a container, in a language
zhorfstrasp (f) - morphology, lit. word-bending