North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

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hadad
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North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by hadad » 14 Feb 2014 09:34

I may or may not decide to keep PaleoCaspian, and have it influence this branch of IndoEuropean, but either way, doesn't matter. ProtoUralic has influenced this dialect, spoken along the Volga River by traders. It has 20 vowels and 20 consonants. Essentially, you take ProtoIndoEuropean just after it was spoken in 3500-3375 BCE, and you run these sound changes into it to make the North Volga Dialect (3375-3250 BCE):

All Roots become monosyllabic. Unless accented, all vowels except the initial syllable's get dropped in roots. When another syllable is accented, be it for length or tone, it is the one that remains. When there are two accented syllables, whichever one is in the first syllable is kept, the other one is lost, and the first syllable gets its accent. If you have a high and low tone (I don't think that occurs anyway) they'll just cancel eachother out.

Voiced aspirated plosives lose their aspiration, and that gets transferred to the vowel in that syllable, or vocalic consonant in the form of aspiration, or is transferred to the nearest vowel or vocalic consonant to the right in the Root. If one isn't present, then its dropped completely.

Other than that, the phonology is essentially the same as that of PIE.

The word order is Time + Subject + Direct and then Indirect Object + Verb
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hadad
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by hadad » 14 Feb 2014 09:39

~ will denote, for now, breathy vowels.

The Nouns have been heavily influenced by Uralic, as this is a trade language. Though most of these forms got lost in the later language when it developed from this dialect:

Singular / Dual / Plural

Nominative-Vocative - / -(a)k / -(a)t
Objective -(a)m / -(a)km /-(a)im
Genetive - (a)n / -(a)kn /-(a)in
Prepositional -ei /-(a)kei / -(a)tei
Instrumental -e' / i' / -(a)bi~'
Locative -i / -(a)su / -(a)'ou
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hadad
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by hadad » 14 Feb 2014 09:40

Reserved For more Grammar
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hadad
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by hadad » 14 Feb 2014 09:42

The man man, manam
The two men Manak, Manakm
The men Manat, Manaim
Of the man, the man's manan
Of the two men, the two men's manakn
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greatbuddha
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by greatbuddha » 17 Feb 2014 16:41

Do the k marker for dual and t marker for plural relate to eskimo-aleut at all?
तृष्णात्क्रोधदुःखमिति उद्धो बुद्धः

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Artaxes
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by Artaxes » 17 Feb 2014 23:29

When I will have a time for this, I'll do a better version.

hadad
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Re: North Volga Dialect of ProtoIndoEuropean

Post by hadad » 23 Feb 2014 04:07

Artaxes wrote:When I will have a time for this, I'll do a better version.
It's because I'm still fleshing out the details. In part, because I'm still debating the PAmerind elements idea.
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