Syllabic structure is roughly (C1(x/s))V(C2(ː))
is any consonant
V can be any of the long or short monophthongs and diphthongs listed in the vowels section above.
is any of /n b t k s ɬ h/. /s ɬ h/ can also occur geminate in this position except word-finally.
In coda position, /t k/ affricatise to [t͡sʰ t͡ʃʰ] ts ch
before another stop or affricate. They also become aspirated as will be further detailed in the section on allophony.
In coda position, /s sː/ are realised [ʃ ʃː] sh ssh
before /t͡ɬ t͡ʃ/.
In coda position after a high vowel, /h hː/ assimilate (partly) to the PoA of a following stop or affricate as follows
/h hː/ → [ɸ ɸː] f ff
/h hː/ → [θ θː] þ þþ
before /t t͡s/
/h hː/ → [x xː] x xx
before /t͡ɬ t͡ʃ k/
Word-finally, only the following codas are permissible: n b t k s ł h
Hííenununóóoþa phonotactics allows some pretty spectacular consonant clusters, but most are only found word-medially.
Word-initial clusters are restricted to the following:
• a stop followed by /s x/: bs bx tss tx ks kx
• /n ɸ θ s/ followed by /x/: nx fx þx sx
Here is a table of possible word-medial clusters.
Code: Select all
n b t ts tł ch k
n - nb nt nts ntł nch nk
b - - bt bts btł bch bk
t - tsb tst tsts tstł tsch tsk
k - chb cht chts chtł - chk
s sn sb st sts shtł shch sk
ss ssn ssb sst ssts sshtł sshch ssk
ł łn łb łt łts łtł łch łk
łł łłn łłb łłt łłts łłtł łłch łłk
h hn hb ht hts htł hch hk
Hh hn fb þt þts xtł xch xk
hh hhn hhb hht hhts hhtł hhch hhk
Hhh hhn ffb þþt þþts xxtł xxch xxk
Code: Select all
f þ s ł sh x h
n nf nþ ns - nsh nx nh
b - - bs - - bx -
t - - tss - - tx -
k - - ks - - kx -
s sf sþ ss - ssh sx (sh)
ss ssf ssþ - - - ssx (ssh)
ł łf łþ łs - łsh łx (łh)
łł łłf łłþ łłs - łłsh łłx (łłh)
h hf hþ hs hł hsh hx hh
Hh hf hþ hs hł hsh hx hh
hh - - - - - - -
Hhh - - - - - - -
Hh = /h/ preceded by a high vowel
Hhh = /hː/ preceded by a high vowel
In addition to the clusters in the table above, /x s/ can be added to form more complex clusters such as stsx
, etc. I'm as of yet unsure what restrictions will be placed on the occurrence of such clusters.
Note that a distinction is made between /t͡s/ ts
and /ts/ tss
like in Blackfoot.
For now, there are no permissible word-final clusters or geminate consonants.
Longer sequences are possible now that glides have been eliminated from the language. These are considered separate syllables.
As an example, cheííee
is a valid word. It contains three syllables [t͡ʃɛ˩.iː˥.ɛː˩].