Proto-Jichlashan substratum [related to Proto-Eurasian]

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Artaxes
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Proto-Jichlashan substratum [related to Proto-Eurasian]

Post by Artaxes » 16 Apr 2015 14:34

Related to this: Proto-Jichlashan. It is source for a loanwords into these stage of the protolanguage.

Zetan language:

p t k /p t k/
b d g /b d g/
f s h /f s h/
v z /v z/
m n /m n/
ɾ /r/
j w /j w/

i u /i u/
ə /e/
a /a/

i u /ī ū/
ə /ē/
a /ā/

CVC

Stress accent on first penultimate syllable.

Nominals

Structure of noun:

[(Class + Number) + Root + Root's extension + Definiteness + Case

Class and Number

I. Human Masculine Singular e-, h- ezan man
II. Human Masculine Plural de-, d- dezan men
III. Human Feminine Singular se-, s- sezan woman
IV. Human Feminine Plural as-, das- dazzan women
V. Animal Singular a-, an- ahwīt horse
VI. Animal Plural ga-, gan- gahwīt horses
VII. Vegetal Singular ma-, mah- madān tree
VIII. Vegetal Plural am- amdān trees
IX. Instrumental Singular er- ergīle needle
X. Instrumental Plural der- dergīle needles
XI. Inanimate - kanka stone

Definiteness

Definite -a- ezana the man
Indefinite -um- ezanum a man

Case

1. Nominative - kanka
2. Genitive -er, -r kankar
3. Dative -ave, -ve kankave
4. Instrumental -usu, -su kankasu
5. Locative -eni, -ni kankani

Personal pronouns

Singular

1. ma
2. sū
3. kī

Plural

1. mez
2. sez
3. kiz

Numbers

Cardinal

1. hak
2. nahī
3. lorja
4. kipuna
5. dēmah
6. tolok
7. tuzor
8. tikis
9. tigā
10. makat
100. makmak
1000. dīrja

Verbs

Structure of Zetan verb

[Aspect + Root + Root's extension + Causative + Mood + Subject]

Aspect

faska - to live
gav - to carry

Imperfective - faska- / gav-
Perfective de- defaska- / degav-

Causative

Causative is created with suffix -e-ra-

dūfu- - to breathe : dūfura- - to cause to breathe
vāhe- - to life : vāhera- - to cause to life

Moods

Indicative -
Conditional -e-dū-
Subjunctive -e-kī-

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