Corphishy wrote:I think that making a thread will help to make more constructive progress on the language.
Consonants can also be labialized, which is written as <Cu> (e.g. vuase)
Can all consonants be labialized? Can consonants be labialized before any of the vowels?
- The nominative and accusative cases are pretty self explanatory. They are just the direct subject and direct object respectively.
- The oblique case is used for both the indirect object of the noun (i.e. the dative case), and in some cases as an instrumental or a benefactive, or for possession of non-subject nouns. When a noun has an adposition attached, it usually takes this case.
- The locative case is used for, well, the locative case, but sometimes used when taking other locational adpositions, such as the ablative on.
- The genitive case is used to mark possession on the subject (i.e., only on nominative nouns).
So the language is nominative-accusative in terms of alignment, it seems. I really like how possession is marked differently depending on whether or not the noun is nominative. What do you mean by "the ablative on"?
This is the general declension paradigm which nouns in Vuase use. There are other irregularities out there, but that's what I like to classify as "interesting," so it isn't going to be discussed today.
I look forward to hearing more about them in the future.
- The simple aspect is pretty much the most complicated one. It covers a lot of ground in Vuase. Specifically, it acts as a habitual and a gnomic, and is used for what have been previously coined in another thread of mine, "copular clauses" (e.g. a sentence like "I am a man" or "I am hungry": statements wherein the subject is being described in some way using a copula to link the subject with the descriptor). It is also, in conjunction with the temporal adverb nau used to form the future tense.
- The progressive aspect is basically the present tense.
- The perfect aspect is basically the past tense.
- The past implies a more distant past, and is also used as a "narrative" tense.
Could you perhaps show us some example sentences to demonstrate the distinctions between the different tense-aspect combinations? Also, I audibly laughed at the first sentence here. I don't know if that was intentional or not, but I found it pretty funny.
I would love to hear some feedback from the folks at home. Hopefully I explained everything well enough.
You explain things very well!
In Vuase, there are two word orders. For sentences with a verb that is in the simple aspect, the order is generally VISO (verb-indirect object-subject-object, to clarify what "I" stands for). Otherwise, the order is SVIO or ISVO (the only difference being that ISVO makes you sound a little on the "simple peasant" side of things). So one can easily tell the case of a noun by its position in the sentence.
Also, I believe I've seen "X" used to represent an indirect object, or at least an oblique argument. I could be wrong, though.