Old Apsiska was an East Germanic language spoken by some small communities in the Ukraine during the Rus Khaganate and early Kievan Rus' and preserved within a number of mostly extant poetic and proverbial texts, as well as an excerpt of an Apsiskan translation of the Gospel of Luke. Although not directly descended from Gothic, it would seem that Apsiska is the legacy of a little-known Gothic tribe recorded only by Pseudo-Strabo: the "Aquisones".
Old Apsiska is marked out from its Germanic relatives by a number of features, including purely vocalic suffixes, the general change from labiovelar consonants to labial (which while outside the Germanic family is occasionally common, is not really found inside), and a (conditional) merge between /s/ and /θ/.
/m n ɲ/
/p b~mb t d~nd k g~ŋg/
/v ð ɣ/
/f s z ɬ ʃ ʒ ɕ ʑ~ɲʑ x/
/w* r rʲ l lʲ/
Voiceless stops and affricates are unaspirated. Vowels, excluding /a a:/, are preceded by their front/back counterpart approximant.
/ai ɛi ei ɔi oi ui/
/au ɛu eu iu ɔu ou/
Old Apsiska is written in a variant of the Early Cyrillic alphabet, but can be written in two styles. One, as preserved in Apsiskan poetry, is written mostly phonetically but for a few digraphs, letter for sound. The other is preserved in the translation of the Gospel of Luke, and largely favours the Gothic spelling, although there are many changes that reflect the Apsiskan language itself.
The Apsiskan Cyrillic uses the below letters, among others:
Аа Бб Вв Гг Дд Єє Жж Зз Ии Іı Кк Лл Лıлı Мм Нн Нıнı Оо Пп Рр Сс Тт Оуоу Фф Хх Чч Шш Ꙉꙉ
Vowel length is unmarked, but can be indicated by the following consonants: a nasal-stop cluster or an aspirate-stop cluster. Incidentally, consonant qualities are indicated by the same device.
Vowel length is indicated by digraphs, while consonant qualities are indicated as above or with doubling. Where Apsiskan consonants are concerned, Apsiskan Biblical uses conservative spellings, but otherwise the word and syllable structure remains roughly the same as for Apsiskan Poetic. Nouns are indicated by capital letters as in Modern German.
AP Года кари са фрижє модр жєни.
AB Года Карлı ѱа фрıжє Модр жϛєнı.
gōða kari sa friźē mōðr źēni
good-WK.M.SG.DIR young.man-SG.DIR DEF.M.SG.NOM familial.love-PRS.SG mother.SG.DIR 3-M.SG.GEN
A good man loves his mother.
AP Лиоунда гоума са н сиви нєнда.
AB Лıгnнда Гnма ѱа нє сıѳı Нєнда.
liuda guma sa n sivi nēda
lie-PART.WK.M.SG.DIR man-SG.NOM DEF.M.SG.NOM NEG see-PRS.SG nothing
A man asleep sees nothing.
AP Фа саи ави осона доу ошє, авє жєна ошє.
AB Ѳа са ı хавı Аnсона дn хanшϛє, хавaı жϛєна хanшϛє.
fā sai avi wɔ̄sōna du wɔ̄šē | avɛ̄ źēna wɔ̄šē
who.M.SG REL.M.SG ear-PL.DIR for=hear-INF | have-IMP.2SG 3-M.SG.DAT hear-INF
Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.