Porphyrogenitos' scratchpad and intermittent glossolalia

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DesEsseintes
mongolian
mongolian
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Joined: 31 Mar 2013 13:16

Re: Porphyrogenitos' scratchpad and intermittent glossolalia

Post by DesEsseintes » 01 Nov 2018 06:01

Porphyrogenitos wrote:
31 Oct 2018 22:17
ajidá lavyéki ‘the old city’
ajidá e savyéki ‘the city is old’
anachidá ‘to some cities’

mbáza mvyéki ‘an old sparrow’
anopáza novyéki ‘to some old sparrows’
opáza so novyéki ‘the sparrows are old’

evyéki ‘the old one’
dumvyéki ‘of an old one’
anovyéki ‘to some old ones’

etené savyéki ‘she becomes old’
sémbya sevyéki 'he seems old’
Nice. Latin meets Bantu. [:D]

Porphyrogenitos
sinic
sinic
Posts: 253
Joined: 21 Jul 2012 08:01
Location: Buffalo, NY

Re: Porphyrogenitos' scratchpad and intermittent glossolalia

Post by Porphyrogenitos » 12 Jul 2019 16:23

A cross between an artlang and an "oligosynthetic" engelang.

Phonology

/m n ŋ/ <m n ng>
/p t ts tʃ k/ <p t ts ch k>
/b d dz dʒ g/ <b d dz j g>
/f θ s ʃ x/ <f th s sh kh>
/v ð z ʒ ɣ/ <v dh z zh gh>
/l ɾ w j/ <l r w y>

/a e i o u ə/ <a e i o u ë>
/ai̯ au̯ eu̯ oi̯/ <ai au eu oi>

Stress is phrase-final. On all but the stressed syllable, vowels undergo the following reduction chain:

a > ə
e o > i u
oi̯ eu̯ > i u
ai̯ au̯ > e o

This is not shown in the orthography, however.

The "fun" thing about this language is that all roots are strictly (C)V, meaning there are only 270 possible phonemically-distinct roots. The goal isn't necessarily to have an oligosynthetic language, as there will be homophony, but I will be trying to get by with relatively few roots.

There is one possible coda, an archiphonemic nasal /N/ that assimilates in place to following consonant and is realized as [ŋ] before a pause. It is spelled <n>. Its role will be discussed below.

Pronouns

There are only three basic personal pronouns, one for each person.

1: la
2: mo
3: si

Each can be optionally reduplicated to specify plural number, but ordinarily number is left to context.

Morphosyntax

Phonologically speaking, there are only two real morphological operations: reduplication and suffixation of /N/. However, these each instantiate different morphological operations depending on word class.

Reduplication marks a causative on verbs. Thus, to 'die', when reduplicated, becomes toto [tuˈto] 'kill'. On nouns, as in pronouns, reduplication serves to optionally specify plural number, though it may often be more interpretable as 'a group of X' rather than a simple grammaticalized plural.

On transitive verbs, -n marks both a passive and a reflexive, semantically similar to the Spanish se reflexive. In many cases, such as with animates, its interpretation is ambiguous between the two. E.g. mo toton [mutuˈtoŋ] could mean 'you kill yourself' or 'you are killed', somewhat similar in ambiguity to the English you got yourself killed. Inanimate subjects generally preclude a reflexive interpretation, e.g. tse raran 'the rock was broken' , while imperatives generally preclude a passive interpretation e.g. toton! 'kill yourself!'

On pronouns and nouns, -n marks a genitive, possessive, or associative, e.g. lan va 'my/our tongue', which is also the name of the language, with va also being 'language'.

Porphyrogenitos
sinic
sinic
Posts: 253
Joined: 21 Jul 2012 08:01
Location: Buffalo, NY

Re: Porphyrogenitos' scratchpad and intermittent glossolalia

Post by Porphyrogenitos » 28 Oct 2019 03:32

An amusing system of initial mutations. Ultimately, in the modern variety, only non-nasal obstruents show mutations, though /m/ and /n/ historically had mutations, so their development is shown, too.

There is the unmutated grade, a mutated grade that originated as a geminated grade (triggered by complete assimilation of some preceding segment), and a nasal grade. The modern mutation system:

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

ɸ	p	ɸ
θ	t	θ
x	k	x
p	ɸ	m
t	θ	n
k	x	ŋ
The historical development:

Stage 1

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

p	pp	mp
t	tt	nt
k	kk	ŋk
b	bb	mb
d	dd	nd
g	gg	ŋg
m	mm	mm
n	nn	nn

Stage 2

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

ɸ	pp	mb
θ	tt	nd
x	kk	ŋg
p	bb	mm
t	dd	nn
k	gg	ŋŋ
m	mm	mm
n	nn	nn

Stage 3

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

ɸ	p	b
θ	t	d
x	k	g
p	b	m
t	d	n
k	g	ŋ
m	m	m
n	n	n

Stage 4

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

ɸ	p	β
θ	t	ð
x	k	ɣ
p	β	m
t	ð	n
k	ɣ	ŋ
m	m	m
n	n	n

Stage 5 (modern)

Unmutated / Mutated / Nasal

Code: Select all

ɸ	p	ɸ
θ	t	θ
x	k	x
p	ɸ	m
t	θ	n
k	x	ŋ
m	m	m
n	n	n
Some varieties show distinct reflexes for the mutated grade of historic /b d g/ and for the nasal grade of historic /p t k/.

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