Like almost everything in this world, it's very much a WIP and whatever I post here can change later if it doesn't work anymore.
That said, I'd love to get questions and feedback, even if I don't have ready answers, because it helps me think in new ways!
Źilaa Ruńu is not based on diachronics. I originally just planned to make it the mother language and work from there, but decided to first build it into something I really like. It's meant to look and feel naturalistic, but I don't want to go crazy trying to find a fake historical justification for every little piece.
In the same spirit, I don't attempt to create the most special language possible (this might be obvious to you, but being inconsistent about it made my first conlang into a kitchen-sinky mess). Instead I want it feel right to me and for the different parts to work together.
The language is somewhat fusional , strongly head-initial, and has animate and inanimate gender.
In-universe, it was the language of an ancient kingdom that would later become the empire of Dmir. It was also one of the first written languages (or at least of those with records that survived). For these reasons it had a great cultural influence for many years, and by the time of my planned stories people will still be learning it in order to read their history and mythology in the original form.
Źilaa means "language", and Ruńu is the genitive/oblique form of the name Ruń, the original capital city of the kingdom. This form (ending in -u) is normally found only in pronouns and people's names, so the city was probably named after someone, but
EDIT: This part has changed only a little, but making a new post is easier than updating this one.
/m n ɲ/ <m n ńj>
/p t c k/ <p t c k>
/b d ɟ g/ <b d j g>
/ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑɡ/ <mb nd ńj ng>
/s ʃ x h/ <s ś x h> *
/β~v z ʒ/ <v z ź>
/l ʎ/ <l ĺ>
* I think I'll turn /x/ and /h/ into allophones, since x is not in many words right now and feels a little out of place, but I don't want to get rid of it or add /ɣ/.
/i u e a/ <i u e a>
/iː uː eː aː/ <ii uu ee aa>
/ai ei ui/ <ai ei ui>
/ia ie iu/ <ia ie iu>
Syllable structure is (C)(C2)V(C), where:
- V can be a vowel (short or long) or a dipthong. Hiatus is not allowed - whenever adding affixes would create sequences of vowels, they get simplified.
- C is any consonant, including the prenasalized stops.
- C2 can be /l/, /ʎ/ or /r/, and less often /β~v/.
-The first C in onset clusters has to be a plosive or one of the fricatives /s z ʃ ʒ/.
I'm still working on a table of all the possible clusters, but generally there aren't so many of them.
EDIT: stress rules didn't change at all!
Stress is weight-based and completely regular, so I'm not going to mark it.
The ultimate syllable is stressed unless it is both open and has a short vowel, in which case stress moves to the penultimate:
Stress doesn't distinguish roots from affixes:
deśin (follow) - [deˈʃin]
deśin-a (they follow) - [deˈʃi.nɑ]
deśinan (we follow) - [ˌde.ʃiˈnɑn]
cesu (bird) - [ˈce.su]
cesu-ta (birds) - [ceˈsu.tɑ]
Thank you to anyone who read