/m n nˤ ɲ ɲˤ ŋ/
/p b mb t d nd tˤ dˤ ndˤ tʲ dʲ ɲdʲ tʲˤ dʲˤ ɲdʲˤ k g ŋg q ʔ/
/ts dz ndz tsˤ dzˤ ndzˤ tʃ dʒ ɲdʒ tʃˤ dʒˤ ɲdʒˤ/
/ɸ s sˤ ɬ ɬˤ ʃ ʃˤ x χ~ʁ h/
/l lˤ j w/
/i a ə u/
The consonant inventory is fairly large. This is mostly due to the fact that the pre-protolanguage root structure could include a second, reduced vowel that liked to lenite consonants. Additionally, pharyngealization developed from a distinction on the vowels in the pre-protolanguage.
Being a (mostly) triconsonantal language, you obviously have roots of the form √C₁C₂C₃. Restrictions on radicals are as follows:
- C₁ can be any consonant. Prenasalized consonants are only allowed in this position.
- C₂ can be any non-prenasalized consonant.
- C₃ cannot be prenasalized, an affricate, or /h/.
- With two exceptions, C₁ and C₂ cannot both be fricatives. The exceptions are:
- If one of these radicals is one of /s sˤ ʃ ʃˤ/, or
- If C₁ = C₂ (this is usually due to assimilation with one of the radicals originally having been *ɾ.
In most situations the maximal syllable is CVC. There are two major exceptions:
- Codas of consonant + sibilant are permissible, and
- Initial onsets are permitted to violate the sonority hierarchy (e.g. nh-).
Your basic verbal forms are:
I. Base form
VI. Motion purpose/intent/ask/seek/attempt
(For this form, if the initial radical is a prenasalized consonant, it "decomposes"; otherwise the initial N becomes an echo of the first consonant)
VII. Change of state
This language, which is as yet unnamed, features two "theme" vowels that signify the affirmation or negation of the verb (this is what is denoted V above): i denotes the affirmative and a denotes the negative.
So this is still something I'm working out. However, I do know that, thanks to reduplicative processes in the pre-protolanguage, you end up with stuff like copies of C₁ or C₃ ending up somewhere completely different in the word. I have a few nominalizations, in the singular at least, nailed down for Form I; for illustrative purposes, I'll here use the roots √qtl 'stand, stay, establish, set up' and √txŋ 'read'.
- Your basic Form I nominalizer is C₁VC₃C₂VC₃ (qiltil 's.th. standing there', qaltal 'absentee'; tiŋxiŋ 'reader', taŋxaŋ 'person not of the nobility' < 'illiterate person').
- The Form I locative nominalizer is C₁C₂VC₃C₃ə (qtillə 'location, place where s.th. is').
- The Form I tool nominalizer is C₁VC₂əC₃C₃iC₃ (tixəŋŋiŋ 'written passage, writing').