Lexember 2018

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shimobaatar
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Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 01 Dec 2018 13:22

Happy December everyone!

Welcome to Lexember, a monthlong game that challenges players to create at least one new word in one of their conlangs daily from the 1st through the 31st of December, and to post it here in this thread. This is the 7th year of the Lexember tradition, and its 6th year on the CBB!

If you miss a day, you could always post two words the next day. Sometimes, players will go back and forth between using different conlangs of theirs, or use multiple throughout the entire month. Others might use a single conlang for all 31 days, but make multiple words each day. Some conlangers like to include etymologies for their words, and/or example sentences. Additionally, some people try to make words that fit in with weekly themes that they either decide on themselves or are suggested by the thread. Of course, you can play however you'd like!

Commenting on and taking inspiration from the words others have made is always encouraged! It's been mentioned in previous years that communities of conlangers on various social media platforms also participate in Lexember (in fact, I believe it was started on Twitter), so if you're active elsewhere, you might consider posting your words there, too.

A few years ago, there was an attempt to come up with suggested weekly themes for the entire thread. I'd like to try to do that again this year, although, as I said, these themes would only be suggestions, and no one would be required to follow them. You can interpret the themes however you'd like. I'll be updating this post every Sunday with a new theme.

Weekly Themes:
  • Week 1 (Dec. 1): Singularity
  • Week 2 (Dec. 2-8): Light and Heat
  • Week 3 (Dec. 9-15): Geography and Toponymy
  • Week 4 (Dec. 16-22): Weather, Climate, and the Seasons
  • Week 5 (Dec. 23-29): Body Parts, Kinship Terms, and Personal Names
  • Week 6 (Dec. 30-31): Beginnings, Endings, Changes, Processes, Opportunities, and Time
Last edited by shimobaatar on 30 Dec 2018 15:04, edited 6 times in total.

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by IEPH » 01 Dec 2018 13:44

Here's something for today (from Carpetanian, a conlang presented here)

Word: senheru
Variant forms: senherò (fem. sing.), senhiru (masc. plur.) , senhirò (fem. plur.)

Type: Adjective
Orthography: from O.S. sennero, ultimately from Lat. singulāris "alone, singular"

Definition:
1) unique
2) lone, solitary,

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Lambuzhao
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Lambuzhao » 01 Dec 2018 13:58

senheru

Reminds me of Gosp. Thomas Logion 23:
23. Iesous said, "I shall choose you, one from a thousand and two from ten thousand, and they will stand as a single one."
Any chance we could see this quote translated into Carpetanian?

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Lao Kou » 01 Dec 2018 14:02

Image Géarthnuns

1st - havnaurs [haˈvnɔɾs] n. cenotaph

Chí haibesíölsív, cha Öns lé, höi sí dhodelsít chau havnaursaub vasököi chau athíanalörsaut che alürhethses doichlatöithes dimtel.
DEF balcony-LOC, DEF queen-NOM AUX.PAST, PTCL INDEF wreath-ACC DEF cenotaph-POST at.the.foot.of(all.) DEF placing-ACC DEF president-GEN German-GEN watch
From the balcony, the Queen watched the German president place a wreath at the foot of the cenotaph.
Last edited by Lao Kou on 02 Dec 2018 08:59, edited 1 time in total.
道可道,非常道
名可名,非常名

IEPH
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by IEPH » 01 Dec 2018 15:43

Lambuzhao wrote:
01 Dec 2018 13:58
senheru

Reminds me of Gosp. Thomas Logion 23:
23. Iesous said, "I shall choose you, one from a thousand and two from ten thousand, and they will stand as a single one."
Any chance we could see this quote translated into Carpetanian?
Here it is:

Jesú a'dicju: Ia vô êcogeré, vun enter miv-e-dö enter zèç-miv, e ev êterán de pie comu vunò solò unidað.]

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by brblues » 01 Dec 2018 15:49

Lexember 1:

First of all, thanks for opening the thread and also suggesting this particular subject! My conlang, Ancient Vaal, does not formally distinguish between singular and plural, but still needs such words.

Word of the day: salta n the only one

This word is, however, more commonly used adjectivally, which is not too difficult in itself, since nouns in AV can almost always also be used as adjectives. Adjectives used attributively are connected to the head noun by way of the relevant classifier for the head noun; in the following example, this would be "sim" for humans:

Untạn peh salta sim màlan peh ò-şpávó

PST 1sg.ABS only CLF POSS.ERG.friend 1sg.ABS TR.DEF-help

While this could first be assumed to mean "My only friend(s) helped me", it actually does not, since there is a little twist: nouns used as attributive adjectives use an ever so slightly different form if the adjective is non-restrictively, so the above sentence is interpreted exclusively as the adjective "only" restrictively qualifying the head noun "friend". Since - as mentioned above - AV does not distinguish between singular and plural, the intended meaning here would be:

"Only those who helped me are my friends!"

Now on to the non-restrictive meaning of adjectives. This is expressed by using the so-called "possessed" form of a noun (I gloss these forms as "POSS"), formed by simply lengthening the vowel of the stressed syllable. The noun "friend" in the above sentence actually is in the possessed form as well, since the primary use of it is, as suggested by the name, to denote a relationship between possessor and possessed (marked only on the head noun, not the possessor!).

In the below example, "salta" is in the possessed state, i.e., it is used non-restrictively, and the sentence means:

"My only friend(s) helped me"

Untạn peh sālta sim màlan peh ò-şpávó

PST 1sg.ABS POSS.only CLF POSS.ERG.friend 1sg.ABS TR.DEF-help

I will get to how one would express the singularity of the friend being really the "one and only" friend in one of the next posts hopefully ;)

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J Reggie
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by J Reggie » 01 Dec 2018 16:51

Mýr:


Part of speech: xajá
(Determiner) the only

Mongóxỳna cojòrìdimóxíxó butuxýmababàru
Mo-ngóxỳn-a co-jòrìd-i-móxí-xó bu-tuxým-a-babàru
1SG-travel-GNO 3SG-point.the.way-EMPH-road-only 4SG-east.or.west.to-GNO-babàru.

"I travel along the only road to babàru [a city]."

Or more accurately: "The road I'm traveling on is the only road that leads to babàru."

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 01 Dec 2018 17:42

Y²KS (Day 1):

waˤin /waˈʕin/ (num.) one
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *ən "DEF"
  • Indeclinable
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
waˤinī /waʕiˈniː/ (n.) the written numeral one, the concept of the number one
  • From waˤin (see above) + -ī "ABS.GOV.SG", from Proto-Yaunite *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • A relatively recent coinage, used mostly in formal speech and writing
waˤiyyat /waˈʕijjat/ (adj.) some, a few
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Very irregular declension
wāddī /ˈwaːddiː/ (adj.) first, foremost, primary
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-śaṭ- "ordinal" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
wājdī /ˈwaːd͡ʒdiː/ (adj.) single, simple, clear, having one part
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-čiğʷ- "multiplier" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
wāslī /ˈwaːsliː/ (adj.) alone
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Does not necessarily carry any negative connotations
wāsulbikī /ˈwaːsulbikiː/ (adj.) lonely
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-bik- "AUG" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Carries a strongly negative connotation
wēswa /ˈweːswa/ (v.) to unite, to isolate
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
wēsḥērī /weːsˈħeːriː/ (adj.) united, isolated
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-ḫayiz- "PST.IND.PART" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Could be understood as either active or passive, depending on context
wēsfanī /ˈweːsfaniː/ (n.) union, army, guild
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-ṗan- "PST.IND.GER" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Within the army, the term typically refers to a group of at most 100 soldiers, but among politicians, it refers to the entire army
  • For ordinary civilians, especially tradespeople, the default meaning is "guild"
  • Can colloquially refer to a close group of people unrelated by blood
Wašēdīn /waʃeːˈdiːn/ (n.) the world, the universe
  • From Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *θağid- "era" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG" + *ən "DEF"
  • Refers more to an abstract concept than the known, physical world
fargēkkilə /farˈgeːkkilə/ (n.) (that) guy, (that) girl, (that) person, someone within sight whose name isn't known
  • From Old Abil vařeˀkilə "someone, an unknown person", from Proto-Yaunite *waˤ- "one" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Colloquially used to mean friend or colleague, especially with the addition of the definite suffix or when used in a possessive construction
Example:

Fargēkkin waˤin usōn lōḥ-ḥāwi, mān čēnna wādu usōndu lōč-čēnawi.
fargēkk-in waˤin usōn-Ø lōˀ=ḥāwi mān čēnna waˤ-du usōn-du lōˀ=čēnawi
that_person-ABS.ABSLT.SG.DEF one cat-ABS.ABSLT.SG with=3s.ERG but 1s.ABS some-ABS.ABSLT.PL cat-ABS.ABSLT.PL with=1s.ERG
This girl I know has one cat, but I have a few cats.

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Tuyono
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Tuyono » 01 Dec 2018 17:44

This was really nice last year!

Źilaa Ruńu

mure [ˈmure] adj. whole, undivided, unbroken

mbasuhe pańii tian źeer murei.
fall-PFV.3SG egg one-INAN.NOM but remain.IPF.3SG whole-INAN.NOM
The egg fell but remained whole.

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Iyionaku » 01 Dec 2018 20:22

I'm joining with - you guessed it - Yélian.

I'm trying to adhere to the weekly topics - it makes it easier after all. However, when I tried to create an example sentence for the word I originally coined, I found that I had to create two more words! Therefore, the topic word will be published on the 3rd of december. I hope that's okay.

So now for my first lexember entry - Lexember 1st, Yélian:

rédraser [ˈɾedɾasəd̘] - battery

Etymology: redar - electricity + urasa - to spend + machine suffix -er

Example sentence:

Gazaucanan pun manciebolvé vapiyta cîyvalfádakʻi rédrasan vit elisʻi árastag.
company-many-SUP in world-complete nowadays not_anymore-produce-3PL battery-PL REL contain-3PL lead
Most companies in the world nowadays don't produce batteries that contain lead anymore.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Yrusia » 01 Dec 2018 20:45

I'm going to be joining in, hopefully for the whole month this time. I'll be jumping around within the Takur family.

Lexember 1: Tuo4ken1
ce3nao3pu1 /t͡se˨na͡o˨pu˦/ 'king, absolute monarch, emperor'
from Proto-Takur *déene 'one', + *opódd(é) 'man'
Borrowed into Gízker as tsenaapó 'emperor'

EDIT: Now with example sentence!
Ye1jet3 ho4te3k moe3qo3leŋ1 ži3'e1pak4, heu1'jet3 heo3toe3lak4 hu1, no3 heu1jet3 qao3jar4 ti3nia4'o3pu1 hu1.
3pl.PFV.PST ride city-ALL.s raider-ABS.pl 3pl:3s.DUR.PST sack.CONT 3s.ERG and 3pl:3s.PFV.PST kill king-ERG.s 3s.ERG

The raiders rode into the city, sacked it, and killed its ruler.
Last edited by Yrusia on 01 Dec 2018 22:34, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by ixals » 01 Dec 2018 22:20

I try to join but let's see if I can make it.

:con: some romlang

Lexember 1st

enchú /ɛ̃ˈt͡ʃu/n. f. - anvil
  • From older enclú, from Latin incūs, incūdem "anvil".
Last edited by ixals on 06 Dec 2018 21:36, edited 1 time in total.
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

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Creyeditor
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Creyeditor » 01 Dec 2018 22:21

Er'u

Lexember first
Pföhne /pføːnə/ resumptive pronoun for object relative clauses (related to the theme because theses are considered the first grade pronouns because they are bound in the lowest containing noun phrase excluding their own noun phrase)

<Ü'upfien ahwäh erwe'ü wie pföhne fie'uh ahpfie.>
/yʔupfiːn aːveː ɐvəʔy viː pføːnə fiːʔuː aːpfiː/
food REL people eat RES.PRO COP rice
"The food people eat is rice. "
Spoiler:
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by spanick » 01 Dec 2018 23:48

Day 1

Túrnnu
inchtu - /ˈinʃtʌ/
N, masc. “beginning” from Latin inceptum

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Corphishy » 02 Dec 2018 01:04

Day 1
*δsab- n. frog
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
Vuase: A thinking man's conlang
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by felipesnark » 02 Dec 2018 01:33

#Lexember 1 - Denkurian:

cea /'t͡sea/ (pl. cear) nf. rain
cealoth /t͡se'aloθ/ (pst. 1sg. ceceot) v. to rain
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Reyzadren » 02 Dec 2018 03:16

:con: griuskant (without the conscript)

ugsaek /'ugsek/ (noun) "orchestra"

It is a music genre that includes anything related to what we refer as orchestra and/or instrumental tracks. Symphonies from classical music, background music, film scores and even hummable themes all count towards using this word in griuskant.
Examples of songs that would be labelled as ugsaek: Summer song - Edward MacDowell, Trouble in town - Assassin's Creed, Fairytale - Shrek, Wild battle - Pokemon ORAS.
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 02 Dec 2018 06:04

Y²KS (Day 2):

jūryat /ˈd͡ʒuːrjat/ (n.) heat, fire
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
jūrḥōbyat /d͡ʒuːrˈħoːbjat/ (n.) spark, ember, small fire
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-ḫawub- "DIM" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
jūrbikyat /ˈd͡ʒuːrbikjat/ (n.) wildfire, conflagration, inferno, large fire
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-bik- "AUG" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
jūssulī /ˈd͡ʒuːssuliː/ (adj.) fiery, having the qualities of fire, hot
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
jūssulḥōbī /d͡ʒuːssulˈħoːbiː/ (adj.) warm, smoldering
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-ḫawub- "DIM" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
jūssulbikī /ˈd͡ʒuːssulbikiː/ (adj.) extremely hot, scalding
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-bik- "AUG" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
jūrwa /ˈd͡ʒuːrwa/ (v.) to heat, to cook, to be hot, to be heated
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
jūrḥōbwa /d͡ʒuːrˈħoːbwa/ (v.) to spark, to smolder
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-ḫawub- "DIM" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
jūrbikwa /ˈd͡ʒuːrbikwa/ (v.) to burn, to be on fire
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-bik- "AUG" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
jūryaswa /ˈd͡ʒuːrjaswa/ (v.) to light, to set on fire
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
gōdwa /ˈgoːdwa/ (v.) to become enlightened
  • From Old Abil qovźuvə "to burn, to be on fire, to be lit", from Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
  • Originally in reference to the religion of the Abil, but increasingly used in a secular, academic sense: "to learn"
gōdikkilə /ˈgoːdikkilə/ (n.) enlightened one, initiate
  • From Old Abil qovźiˀkilə "fiery one", from Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Originally in reference to the religion of the Abil, but increasingly used in a secular, academic sense: "student"
gōjašwa /ˈgoːd͡ʒaʃwa/ (v.) to enlighten someone
  • From Old Abil qovžašuvə "to burn, to set on fire, to light", from Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
  • Originally in reference to the religion of the Abil, but increasingly used in a secular, academic sense: "to teach"
gōjašikkilə /ˈgoːd͡ʒaʃikkilə/ (n.) enlightener, prophet, philosopher, priest
  • From Old Abil qovžašiˀkilə "fiery one", from Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Originally in reference to the religion of the Abil, but increasingly used in a secular, academic sense: "teacher, professor"
Example:

Gōdikkān tawīn jūryasūk.
gōdikk-ān tō-īn jūryas-ūk
initiate-ERG.GOV.SG.DEF tree-ABS.GOV.SG.DEF light-PST.IND
The student set the tree on fire.



Week 2's theme, Light and Heat, has been added to the OP. An early Happy Hanukkah to everyone who celebrates!
Last edited by shimobaatar on 02 Dec 2018 16:01, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Lao Kou » 02 Dec 2018 08:58

Image Géarthnuns

2nd - dvüdaurhörs [ˌdvydɔˈXøɾs] n. metronome

Chau dvüdaurhörs lé chö dunabsöv, sau zhömauíörsaub sherböraub sfen cha ftalansas, haíömé mnözçethnala'u mal.
DEF metronome-NOM AUX.PAST DEF piano-LOC, INDEF friend-POST old-POST like DEF family-GEN, as.always-ADV reassuring-ADV be.located
The metronome, as always, sat reassuringly on the piano, like an old family friend.
Last edited by Lao Kou on 02 Dec 2018 09:45, edited 1 time in total.
道可道,非常道
名可名,非常名

Iyionaku
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Iyionaku » 02 Dec 2018 09:36

Lexember 2nd - Yélian

RVT [ˈɾaːʋeːˌteː] - rechargable battery

Etymology: Abbreviation from rédraservalitarneis - rechargable battery. The word itself derives as follows: rédraser (battery) + valit (again) + tarna (to charge) + -eis (adjectivizer, "able", "applicable")

Letarai pi reo télenit elicebut. Aquis edutsani ti, u'RVT adésnaparatbut.
believe-1SG that 1SG.POSS cellphone broken-COP.3SG.INAN | after hour-PL-ENUM three, DEF.INAN=rechargable_battery already-almost-little-COP.3SG.INAN
I think my phone's broken. After three hours, the battery is almost gone already.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

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