Lexember 2018

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spanick
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by spanick » 13 Dec 2018 23:16

Day 10

Túrnnu

les Älpes /ləs ˈɛlpəs/
proper name, feminine, plurale tantum: “the Alps” from Latin Alpēs

Nortsääenglisch

böicht /bœɪçt/
neuter noun: “bight, bay” as in dät Döötsch Böicht “the German Bight” and dät Helgolann Böicht “the Heligoland Bight” from Old English byht.

Day 11

Túrnnu

välli /vɛʎɨ/
feminine noun: “valley” from Latin vallis

Nortsääenglisch

strann /stɾanː/
neuter noun: “coast, beach, shore” from Old English strand

Day 12


Túrnnu

indruter /indɾʌtr̩/
verb: “to interrupt” from Latin interruptere. Related to indrusion /indɾʌsɨən/ “interruption"

Nortsääenglisch

underbrekinng /undɐbɾekɪŋː/
neuter noun: “interruption” calque of Dutch onderbreking. From Old English under and brecan.

Day 13

Túrnnu

crider /kɾidr̩/
verb: to annoy from Vulgar Latin *critare cognate to Portuguese gritar.

Nortsääenglisch

stööre /støːɐə /
weak verb: “to annoy” borrowed from either Low German stören or Dutch steuren.

KaiTheHomoSapien
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 14 Dec 2018 00:45

10th

gāgan - mouth

from Proto-Mantic *gogyom, so probably not from baby-talk as one Tsuyek grammarian hypothesized. [:P]

11th

rédmi - I try, attempt

aorist stem: rd-

So the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd singular present of this verb would be rédmi, red-si --> rézi, red-ti --> rétti. Lihmelinyan does assimilate consonants with consonant stem nouns and verbs.

12th

kánkas-ā-an - them. adj. - hard, firm, tough

13th

šaúlis - seed

Šaúlins dénwi kánkei šáwezai érdan. - I tried to sow the seeds in the hard soil.


This is fun! This actually motivates me to get something done [:)]

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 14 Dec 2018 05:23

Y²KS (Day 10):

sāfuyyat /ˈsaːfujjat/ (n.) wind
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
sāfḥōbyat /ˈsaːfħoːbjat/ (n.) air, breeze
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-ḫawub- "DIM" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
sābbikyat /ˈsaːbbikjat/ (n.) storm winds
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-bik- "AUG" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
sāfsulī /ˈsaːfsuliː/ (adj.) windy
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
sāfūwa /ˈsaːfuːwa/ (v.) to blow, to be blown
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
sāfyaswa /ˈsaːfjaswa/ (v.) to fan, to blow, to instigate
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śaˤṗu- "wind" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"

Y²KS (Day 11):

liššiyat /ˈliʃʃijat/ (n.) ocean, sea
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
liššī /ˈliʃʃiː/ (adj.) oceanic, southern, south
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • The ocean is directly to the south of the area where the language is spoken
Liššikuyyin /ˈliʃʃikujjin/ (n.) the South, the Seaside
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *-iku- "place" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG" + *ən "DEF"
  • The name for the broad region in which the language is natively spoken
Liššikījī /ˈliʃʃikiːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) Southerner
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *-iku- "place" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • An inhabitant of the broad cultural and political region where the language is natively spoken
liššijī /ˈliʃʃid͡ʒiː/ (n.) sailor, mariner
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Specifically refers to someone who sails on the ocean, but does not imply any particular occupation
liššəčadī /ˈliʃʃət͡ʃadiː/ (n.) coast
  • From Proto-Yaunite *lilθ- "ocean" + *čāś- "side" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Only refers to the coast of an ocean, and cannot be used in reference to a smaller body of water

Y²KS (Day 12):

dūlayyat /ˈduːlajjat/ (n.) lagoon, lake
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
dūlayyi /ˈduːlajji/ (adj.) lacustrine, northern, north
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • There is a large lagoon or lake directly to the north of the area where the language is spoken
Dūlēkuyyin /ˈduːleːkujjin/ (n.) the North, the Lakeside
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iku- "place" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG" + *ən "DEF"
  • The name for the broad region where the descendants of Old Abil are spoken
Dūlēkījī /ˈduːleːkiːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) Northerner
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iku- "place" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • An inhabitant of the broad region where the descendants of Old Abil are spoken
dūlaḥōbyat /duːlaˈħoːbjat/ (n.) bay, harbor
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-ḫawub- "DIM" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
badūlayyat /baˈduːlajjat/ (n.) river
  • From Proto-Yaunite *biˤ- "snake" + *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
dūlējī /ˈduːleːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) sailor, mariner
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Specifically refers to someone who sails on a lake or lagoon, but does not imply any particular occupation
dūlčadī /ˈduːlt͡ʃadiː/ (n.) coast
  • From Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *čāś- "side" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Only refers to the coast of a lake or lagoon, and cannot be used in reference to another body of water
jēwwafirgēlə /ˈd͡ʒeːwwafirgeːlə/ (n.) lake serpent, lake monster
  • From Old Abil geûwaβiřelə (1) "aquatic snake, lake monster", from Proto-Yaunite *gʷiwla- "lake" + *biˤ- "snake" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"

Y²KS (Day 13):

urīsī /uˈriːsiː/ (n.) cloud
  • From Proto-Yaunite *war- "sun" + *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Technically refers only to a cloud seen in the daytime, but is coming to be the general term for "cloud", as that is when they are typically seen
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
urīssulī /uˈriːssuliː/ (adj.) cloudy
  • From Proto-Yaunite *war- "sun" + *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *-sul- "ADJZ" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
mikīsī /miˈkiːsiː/ (n.) cloud
  • From Proto-Yaunite *mayk- "moon" + *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Technically refers only to a cloud seen in the nighttime
īsī /ˈiːsiː/ (n.) sheep
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Refers to the domesticated animal kept for its wool and meat
ījjī /ˈiːdd͡ʒiː/ (n.) shepherd
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
īsfaduyyi /ˈiːsfadujji/ (n.) wool
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *paśu- "cloth" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
īstawī /ˈiːstawiː/ (n.) cotton, cotton plant
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ğʷuyis- "sheep" + *taw- "tree" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"

Example:

Fis-sāfsulan uršēdan, rus-Liššikwaman ījjan lib-jēwwafirgən yadēḥērī urīsī wilūk.
fiš=sāfsul-an uršēd-an rus=Liššiku-aman ījj-an lib=jēwwafirg-ən yadē-ḥēr-ī urīs-ī wil-ūk
in=windy-ERG.GOV.SG day-ERG.GOV.SG from=south-ERG.GOV.SG.DEF shepherd-ERG.GOV.SG like=lake_monster-ERG.GOV.SG stand-PST.IND.PART-ABS.GOV.SG cloud-ABS.GOV.SG see-PST.IND
On a windy day, a shepherd from the Seaside saw a cloud that looked like a lake monster.

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Shemtov
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Shemtov » 14 Dec 2018 07:04

Day 8:
Momčalsumai: Vazirau "Kindling"
Nurǔsarǔcē: Fàsürō "Id."

Day 9.
Nurǔsarǔcē: Su̠lōndīfàsürō "Incense

Day 10:
Momčalsumai:Thwajaksiki "Zodiac; 12 consorts/guardians"
Nurǔsarǔcē: Fākǔsiki "Zodiac; the 12 Night deities

Day 11.
Momčalsumai: Daiti "Molasses wine"
Nurǔsarǔcē: Tḕti "Id."

Day 12:
Momčalsumai: Čola "Herbal (mostly Lamiaceae) infused Molasses wine
Nurǔsarǔcē: Cora: "Id."

Day 13:
Momčalsumai: Paipair "Fruit-flavored Molasses wine"
Nurǔsarǔcē: Pēpērǔ "Wine"
Extra- Nurǔsarǔcē: Pēpērǔ Tḕti "Fruit-flavored Molasses wine"
Many children make up, or begin to make up, imaginary languages. I have been at it since I could write.
-JRR Tolkien

Iyionaku
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Iyionaku » 14 Dec 2018 09:04

Now that the board finally works properly again, I've got quite something to catch up!
No example sentences today obviously.

Lexember 7th

súparuʻat [ˈsuːpɐˈɾuʔɐt] - desk lamp

Etymology: supar (table) + ruʻat - lamp

Lexember 8th

párcavil [ˈpaɾkɐʋɨl] - sunburn

Etymology: parcas (sun) + avil (wound)

Lexember 9th

yamaia [ʃɐˈmaːɪ̯ɐ] - to rush (water, waves etc.)

Etymology: yamá (wave) + verbalizer -ia

Lexember 10th

fadyamer [ɸɐdˈʃaːməd̟] - breakwaver (a cliff or a flat space in water that stops huge waves from hitting the coast)

Etymology: fad- (terminative prefix) + yamá (wave) + objectivizer -er

Lexember 11th

balin [ˈbaːlɨn] - desert blossom (the phenomenon)

Etymology: new root

Lexember 12th

zemenúm [ˌceːməˈnuːm] - farm

Note: This word is mostly used in the Southern Standard.

Etymology: zemú (field) + house suffix -núm

Lexember 13th

zémestat [ˈceːməstɐt] - farm

Note: This word is mostly used in the Northern Standard.

Etymology: zemú (field) + place suffix -stat

Lexember 14th

iuvèsmæcer [ɪ̯ʉʋɛsˈmœkəd̟]; IVA [ˈiːʋaːʔaː] - a road type in the Kingdom of Shelliania, comparable to American interstate roads or German Autobahns

Etymology: iu- (through; over) + vèsme (field) + acer (street)
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

shimobaatar
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 14 Dec 2018 14:29

Y²KS (Day 14):

juryubī /ˈd͡ʒurjubiː/ (n.) volcano
  • From Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-yub- "house" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Refers primarily to relatively active volcanoes
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
gōčfilə /ˈgoːt͡ʃfilə/ (n.) paradise, heaven, church, temple
  • From Old Abil qóvžuβilə (6) "volcano", from Proto-Yaunite *ḳʷuwʒ́- "fire" + *-yub- "house" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
  • Originally in reference to the religion of the Abil, but increasingly used in a secular, academic sense: "school, college, university"
Example:

Ḥan ruj-juryubaman šu-gōčfən marwa.
ḥan rus=juryub-aman šu=gōčf-ən mar-wa
3s.ABS from=volcano-ERG.GOV.SG.DEF to=church-ERG.GOV.SG.DEF go-NPST.IND
She's walking from the volcano to the church.

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spanick
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by spanick » 14 Dec 2018 18:53

Day 14

Túrnnu
lägu /lɛgʌ/
masculine noun: “lake” from Latin lacus.

Nortsääenglisch

lach /lax/
neuter noun: “lake” conflation of native Old English lacu and borrowed Scottish Gaelic loch. Synonyms include native mer and Ducth influenced määr.

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ixals
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by ixals » 14 Dec 2018 22:09

:con: some romlang

Lexember 14th

economia /i.ku.nuˈmi.ə/ n., f. - economy
  • From Latin oeconomia "economy", from Ancient Greek oikonomía "management of a household".
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

felipesnark
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by felipesnark » 14 Dec 2018 23:55

Lexember 3-11 Denkurian:

3.gebo /’gebo/ (pl. geboc) nn. ‘tooth’
4.zverra /’zvera/ (pl. zverrar) nf. ‘neck’
5.chopru /’t͡ʃopɾu/ (pl. choprun) nm. ‘knee’
6.pomi /’pomi/ (pl. pomin) nm. ‘back’
7.psellya /’pselʎa/ (pl. psellyar) nf. ‘hail, sleet’
7.psellyaloth /psel'ʎaloθ/ (1sg pst. ind. apsellyot) v. ‘hail, sleet’
8.koifu /’kojfu/ (pl. koifun) nm. ‘ice’
9.fenyoloth /fe'ɲoloθ/ (1sg pst. ind. fefenyut) v. ‘send’
10. hlonte /’hlonte/ (pl. hlontec) nn. ‘road’
11. gest /’gest/ (pl. gester) nf. ‘city, town’

Lexember 12 Denkurian:
12. jaloth /’d͡ʒaloθ/ (1sg pst. ind. jajot) v. be located, there is, there are

Jale skobec sko nav trekav
be.LOC-3PL dog-NOM.PL in DEF.FEM-DAT house-DAT
“There are dogs in the house”

Lexember 13-14 Denkurian
13. hegru /’hegɾu/ (pl .hegrun) nm. ‘mountain’
14. dhua /'ðu.a/ (pl. dhuar) nf. ‘valley’
Visit my website for my blogs and information on my conlangs including Shonkasika: http://felipesnark.weebly.com/ It's a work in progress!

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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Jackk » 15 Dec 2018 15:21

14th-15th December

Boral:
  • innavigabr /ˌɪn.naviˈgabʁ/
    adjective unnavigable, of a watercourse it not being possible for ships or other vessels to pass through.
    From in- + navigabr, a borrowing from Latin nāvigābilis.
  • marvars d'aug/de graf /maʁˈvaʁs ˌdoj, de ˌgʁaf/ ~ Ðamvað [mɑːˈvɑːs‿toʝ, t ˌgʁaf]
    noun high/low tide, the time when the sea makes its closed approach/furthest retreat.
    From mar + vars "sea turning" and either aug "water" or graf "shore".
PZ:
  • seisat /ˈseisat/ ~ [ˈsɛjzɑt]
    noun beach, bay, area of coastline
    From Modern English "seaside".
  • maenglam /ˈma.enklam/ ~ [ˈmɑʔɪ̃ŋglɑ̃m]
    verb hike, ramble, hill-walk
    From Modern English "mountain climb", itself a back-formation.
Eresse anga paris cur neduc, a san teonga.
The only thing more dangerous than doubt is certainty.

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ixals
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by ixals » 15 Dec 2018 16:23

:con: some romlang

Lexember 15th

fug /fuk/ n., m. - fire
  • From older fòg /fwog/, from Latin focus "fireplace, hearth".
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

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spanick
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by spanick » 15 Dec 2018 19:40

Day 15

Túrnnu
pradu /pɾadʌ/
masculine noun: "meadow, pasture, field" from Latin prātus.

Nortsääenglisch
hälfei /hɛlfɛɪ/
Neuter noun: "peninsula" calque of Low German halfinsel

shimobaatar
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 15 Dec 2018 20:24

Y²KS (Day 15):

wīskiwayyi /ˈwiːskiwajji/ (n.) bridge
  • From Proto-Yaunite *wīyšu- "bow" + *kiwa- "path" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
wīsuyyi /ˈwiːsujji/ (n.) bow, arch
  • From Proto-Yaunite *wīyšu- "bow" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
ibwīsuyyi /ibˈwiːsujji/ (n.) door, doorway
  • From Proto-Yaunite *yub- "house" + *wīyšu- "bow" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
wīsījī /ˈwiːsiːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) archer
  • From Proto-Yaunite *wīyšu- "bow" + *-iḳ- "person, demonym" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
wīščadī /ˈwiːʃt͡ʃadiː/ (n.) arrow
  • From Proto-Yaunite *wīyšu- "bow" + *č̣aṭ- "arm" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
wīswajī /ˈwiːswad͡ʒiː/ (n.) quiver
  • From Proto-Yaunite *wīyšu- "bow" + *-mač̣- "collective" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
Example:

Lōw-wīskiwāman, yaˤis usōnwēn fij-badūlāwin kēs jafudurun marūk.
lōˀ=wīskiwa-aman yaˤis usōn-wēn fiš=badūla-awin kēs jafud-urun mar-ūk
with=bridge-ERG.GOV.SG.DEF 1p.GEN cat-ABS.CONSTR.SG.DEF in=river-ERG.GOV.PL.DEF 3p.GEN head-ERG.CONSTR.SG.DEF go-PST.IND
Our cat crossed the bridged over the river.

KaiTheHomoSapien
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 15 Dec 2018 23:20

14th

tahsánzēr - magistrate, official, mayor (of a city or town)

This is a general word referring to various positions of political power, which differ depending on the context, but specifically it is the title of leaders of towns or councils. They are usually appointed positions by lords or higher-ranking nobility.

15th

nákas - smith, craftsman

This word does not specifically refer to a metal worker, but any craftsman.

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Tuyono
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Tuyono » 15 Dec 2018 23:29

Źilaa Ruńu

Days 12-15

adek [ɑˈdek] (v.) divide, separate
--> aadekti [ɑːˈdek.ti] (n. inan.) part, section - from adek + e-...-di (result nominalizer)

caś [cɑʃ] (v.) go up, ascend, climb
ńiab [ɲi̯ɑb] (v.) do down, descend

vaame [ˈvɑːme] (adj.) shallow (water)

reeh [reːx] (adj.) flat; smooth

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Dormouse559
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by Dormouse559 » 16 Dec 2018 04:32

Jackk wrote:
13 Dec 2018 21:59
  • croisfir /krojsˈfɪr̩/ ~ [kχɔjzˈvɪɐ̯]
    verb triangulate, locate by triangulation
    From crois "cross, point of intersection" and fir "put down, fasten, fix in place".
Crucify him! [}:(] With GPS satellites. :wat:



I was going to finally do Lexember, but then I got distracted. So I'm catching up at the halfway point. Recently, I added a sound change that resulted in a lot more /u/s; still not sure how I feel about that, but it's good to test it on a few words (noù < niger; lujoù < lucere; froù < frigidus; peyoù < pagensis)

1. goulé noù [guˈle ˈnu] mc - black hole (goulé "hole" < gueula "mouth" < Lt. gula; noù "black" < Lt. niger)

2. lumyeya [lyˈmje.jə] fc - light (< VL luminaria)
3. lujoù [lyˈʑu] mc - light of houses at night (< Lt. lucere)
4. allumatlampa [ɑl.ly.məˈtlɑ̃m.pə] m/f n - lamplighter (< (illy/ell') alluma lampa "(he/she) lights lamps")
5. zerou assolu [ˈze.ʁu ʔɑs.səˈly] mc - absolute zero
6. hâdyeya [hɑˈdje.jə] fc - furnace (< Lt. caldaria)
7. froù [ˈfʁu] adj - cold (< Lt. frigidus)
8. hâfé [hɑˈfe] v - to heat (< VL *calefare)

9. lorja [ˈlɔʁ.ʑə] fc - cliff (< *labrica < Lt. labrum)
10. jometré [ʑo.məˈtʁe] v - to survey, measure the locations of points (< jometrou "surveyor" < Lt. geometra)
11. peyoù [pəˈju] mc - country (< Lt. pagensis)
12. eya lingwistica [ˈʔe.jə lɛ̃ŋ.gwiˈsti.kə] fc - sprachbund (calque < Fr. aire linguistique)
13. Mouttyoû [muˈtjuː] mc proper noun - Moûtiers, likely capital of Silvia (< Lt. Monasterium)
14. peyouzalya [pe.juˈza.ʎˑə] fc - landscape (< peyoù "country" + -alya nominalizing suffix)

n = "noble" or human-associated gender
c = "common" or non-human-associated gender


Decided to do a complementary pair for today:

15. adré / ubaccou [əˈdʁe | yˈbɑk.ku] mc - side of a mountain or valley facing toward / away from the sun; (ergo, in Northern Hemisphere) south- / north-facing side of a mountain or valley (< Oc. adrech and ubac)

Byé de ferma ella sse sont ettabliya a ll' adrê insolelyê d' la val.
[ˈbje dəˈfɛʁ.mə ʔɛl.lɑs.se.sɔ̃n.tɛt.təˈbli.ja ʔɑl.ləˈdʁɛː ɛ̃n.so.ləˈʎˑɛː dləˈvɑl]
Many farms started on the sunny south-facing slope of the valley.

L' ubaccou mournou l' etté recouver d' in boûs rezin-eû.
[lyˈbɑk.ku ˈmuʁ.nu lɛˈte ʁe.kuˈvɛʁ dɛ̃ˈbuːs re.zŋ̩ˈœː]
The dark north-facing slope was covered in a coniferous forest.

shimobaatar
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Re: Lexember 2018

Post by shimobaatar » 16 Dec 2018 06:59

Y²KS (Day 16):

sammēyat /ˈsammeːjat/ (n.) rain
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śanmay- "rain" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
sammaywa /ˈsammajwa/ (v.) to rain
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śanmay- "rain" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
sammayyaswa /ˈsammajjaswa/ (v.) to cause, to precipitate, to instigate, to initiate, to incite
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śanmay- "rain" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-uwa "3s.PRES.IND"
sammayyasfanī /ˈsammajjasfaniː/ (n.) cause, inciting incident
  • From Proto-Yaunite *śanmay- "rain" + *-yaš- "CAUS" + *-ṗan- "PST.IND.GER" + *-iźi "INTR.GOV.SG"
minsammēyat /ˈminsammeːjat/ (n.) snow, sleet
  • From Proto-Yaunite *mayn- "ice" + *śanmay- "rain" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
šitsammēyat /ˈʃitsammeːjat/ (n.) hail
  • From Proto-Yaunite *hicu- "stone" + *śanmay- "rain" + *-iźiad "INTR.GOV.PL"
  • Plurale tantum
Example:

Ḥaš šuḥayyin uršēdīn sammaywa?
ḥaš šuḥa-yyin uršēd-īn sammay-wa
INT DEM-ABS.GOV.SG.DEF day-ABS.GOV.SG.DEF rain-NPST.IND
Is it going to rain today?



Week 4's theme, Weather, Climate, and the Seasons, has been added to the OP. Best wishes for the Winter Solstice later this week!

brblues
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Posts: 44
Joined: 03 Aug 2018 14:34

Re: Lexember 2018

Post by brblues » 16 Dec 2018 20:40

Warning, this is gonna be a huge post!

Lexember 10:

kvomom noun
heartland

Etymology: From kvomum "stomach" with the vowel pattern o-o for man-made locations


Example:

Tvasú-qe sūfug vada pnało, kvomom sao estoló
COP.light-NEG DEM CLF night heartland LOC COP.problem

♬Lights out tonight, trouble in the heartland ♫

Lexember 11:

gru(·a) noun mountain

Related vocabulary:
qagru noun valley
grugru noun mountain range

Lexember 12:

ógúd / ágúd verb tr 1. to do 2. verb used with body parts related to senses to express the corresponding sense 3. verb frequently used with arguments where the verb is derived from the noun argument itself (see example)

1. Bes agúd?
Q TR.INDEF.IRR-do

"What are you doing?"

2.
Húlod şuan ágúd-eq
ERG.snake ear/hearing TR.INDEF.do-NEG
"Snakes can't hear/are deaf."

3.
Sóga fukos ogúd!
ERG.2sg door TR.DEF.IMP.do!
"Shut the door!"

"ógúd" (in the imperative form) is used here instead of the verb "ò-fúkós", which is patently related to "fukos" and means "to close, shut".

Lexember 13:

pasłont noun right hand side
[
i]Etymology:
[/i]From peh āsłont = my east; asłont in turn from as=day/sun + łont=direction

Example:
Peh ì-lishó pasłont gū kuła şáꞥ, rumag à-tadóst!
1sg INTR.DEF-hurt right CLF arm LOC water TR.DEF-IMP.give
I've hurt my right arm, give me water!

Lexember 14:
supnałont noun left hand side

Etymology:
From su(ga) pnałont = hand-west; pnałont in turn from pnało=night + łont=direction


Example:
Supnałont sao, dūnga ay qagrú
Left LOC POSS.green CLF COP.valley

To the/your left, there is a green valley!

"sao" is a locative marker frequently used when referring to the deictic centre, while "şáꞥ" is more neutral.

Lexember 15:
gra noun top

Cf. gru mountain; on top of [noun] = [noun] grā; above/over [noun] = [noun] grā şáꞥ; for things that fly / hover / move above or across something = grā gù


Example:
çułsugro ù-gúró qagru grā gù
Bird of prey INTR.INDEF-fly valley POSS.top ADV

"Birds of prey (or: a bird of prey) are (or: is) circling over the valley."

Lexember 16:

pnangvaş noun winter

Etymology:
From pnangva=cold + aş=season

Example:

Pnangvaş şáꞥ, gómas bag à-fádó-qe
winter LOC ERG.bear food TR.INDEF-hunt-NEG

"In winter, bears do not hunt for food"

Since the verbal prefix marks definiteness of the absolutive argument only, ergative nouns are by default "neutral" in that regard, that is, definiteness must be deduced from context. In order to clarify this, the direct object can be incorporated into the verb, with the object merging with the verb after the verbal prefix (as they are now part of the verb, the vowels in the noun are all fronted).

If we, in the above case, now want to clarify that we are actually speaking about a specific bear, the direct object "bag" ("food") would be incorporated (fronting the back vowel "a" to "á"), thereby changing the verb from a transitive to an intransitive one, and the bear - now the absolutive argument - can be specified as being definite or indefinite!

Pnangvaş şáꞥ, gomas ì-bág-fádó-qe
winter LOC ABS.bear INTR.DEF-food-hunt-NEG

"This bear does not hunt in winter."

KaiTheHomoSapien
greek
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Posts: 640
Joined: 15 Feb 2016 06:10

Re: Lexember 2018

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 16 Dec 2018 20:43

16th

zízāti /'zi.zaː.ti/ - (impersonal) it is raining, it rains

aorist stem: zā-

Lihmelīnyāi mánkur te zízāti.

"It does not rain in Lihmelinya very often".

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eldin raigmore
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Location: SouthEast Michigan

Re: Lexember 2018

Post by eldin raigmore » 16 Dec 2018 23:22

Dormouse559 wrote:
16 Dec 2018 04:32
Jackk wrote:
13 Dec 2018 21:59
  • croisfir /krojsˈfɪr̩/ ~ [kχɔjzˈvɪɐ̯]
    verb triangulate, locate by triangulation
    From crois "cross, point of intersection" and fir "put down, fasten, fix in place".
Crucify him! [}:(] With GPS satellites. :wat:
Do you think maybe Jackk was born in a croisfir hurricane?

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