I'll change the mood system.Omzinesý wrote: ↑21 May 2019 19:55I'm still not happy with the verb agreement marking. Anyways, I go on with the verb.
The verb template is:
The idea for the mood system is borrowed from Greenlandic. So there are finite moods for subordinate clauses as well, where many other languages would use conjunctions or nonfinite clauses.
Moods of main clauses:
Moods of subordinate clauses:
[to be continued]
Tenses are simple:
Beside the unmarked "Present" tense that also appears the basic tense in narratives, there are two relative tenses: Perfect (or retrospectative) and Prospective.
There may also be Passive and Anti-Passive voices, idk. The cross-referencing system is still in progress.
The imperative marker is just -e, which appears in the epistemic slot. Interrogatives can be used to form those "epistemic directives".
The imperative agrees persons, like all, verbs but the unmarked form is sg2. The sg2 marker -xix of the indicative can also appear. It makes requests more polite.
ñepl-e-ya 'I shal sleep'
ñepl-e-yu 'We shall sleep'
ñepl-e-yuh 'Let's sleep'
ñepl-e-xih 'Sleep (sg)'
ñepl-e-xih 'You (sg)should sleep '
ñepl-ē 'Sleep (pl)'
ñepl-e-xī 'You (pl) should sleep '
ñepl-e-k 'Shall he/it sleeps'
ñepl-e-c 'Shall she/it sleeps'
ñepl-e-p 'Shall they sleep'
The indicative has no marker anymore.
ñepl-a-ya 'I seem to sleep'
ñepl-a-yu 'We (excl) sleep'
ñepl-a-yuh 'We (incl) sleep'
ñepl-a-xih 'You (sg) sleep'
ñepl-a-xī 'You (pl) sleep'
ñepl-a-k '(he/it) sleeps'
ñepl-a-c '(she/it) sleeps'
ñepl-a-p '(they) sleep'
The subjunctive (or whatever the mood of complement clauses and relative clauses should be called) has the same endings as the indicative, but the stem changes. The most typical change is that the last consonant of the stem is prestopped. In the verb ñepl-, l becomes dl.
ñepdl-a-ya 'that I sleep'
ñepdl-a-yu 'that we (excl) sleep'
ñepdl-a-yuh 'that we (incl) sleep'
ñepdl-a-xih 'that you (sg) sleep'
ñepdl-a-xī 'that you (pl) sleep'
ñepdl-a-k 'that (he/it) sleeps'
ñepdl-a-c 'that (she/it) sleeps'
ñepdl-a-p 'that (they) sleep'
The egophoric form of subjunctives is used to mark that the subjects of the matrix clause and the subordinate clause are same, that is logophoricity.