So, as the title might suggest, this is actually my fifth attempt to develop a conlang with the same name (sort of loyalism (although this conlang has nothing to do with the previous ones. In this case, for first time I've created a proto-phonology, evolved it likely, and included split-ergativity in my conlang (at last!))).
Nevertheless, (again) for the first time the name Nlokian has an actual meaning. I first found appealing a name I had written years ago on a fantasy map I was designing: Nlok. Within that map it was, indeed, a river. So, taking that idea, I imagined a civilization living in a large land surrounded by high mountain ranges, from which rivers would flow into a sort of Holy Lake, Nlō, derived from lō, noun meaning "water" (nlō actually means "lake" as well). Therefore I named the previously mentioned land as Nloke (-ke suffix from kego "land"), and those inhabiting that land would be nlocjēin (Nlokians). Sort of quick diachronically explained etymology of Nlok(e), basically.
By the way, it has still some (mainly grammatically structural) influences from Finnish and Basque, so it keeps resembling my previous works (exclusively!) in terms of grammar.
So, here it goes:
•Classical (Written) Nlokian:
/m ˀm̥ n ˀn̥ ŋ ˀŋ̊/
/p b t̪ d̪ c ɟ k g/
/v θ ɬ s̠ z̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ç ɧ/
/m ˀm n ˀn ŋ ˀŋ/
/p b t̪ d̪ k g/
/v θ ɬ s z ɹ̠˔ x/
/r̥ l j/
-/b d̪ ɟ g/ - [β̞ ð̞ j ɰ] between vowels.
-/ɹ̠˔/ - [ɾ] between vowels and [ɾ̥] word finally and as a coda followed by another consonant.
-Coda /n/+/ɹ̠˔/ - [n̠.d̠͡ɹ̠˔].
-Prenasalized stops are allophones result of adding the n- distributive preffix to word-initial plosives.
-Final /e/ turns [ə] according to Standard Pronounciation, and [æ] in the Lorvaeian dialect (whose community's name (Lōrveke) is actually pronounced as /ˈlo̞ɾvəˌkæ/ and not /ˈlo̞ɾve̞ˌkə/ as the SP might suggest).
-In Classical Nlokian, [ u ] is a word final allophone for /ʏ/, and [e̞ o̞] are unstressed allophones for /e o/.
ꙮJehoeian (Nlokian’s ancestor).
/m ˀm̥ n ˀn̥ ɲ ˀɲ̊ ŋ ˀŋ̊/
/p b t̪ d̪ c ɟ k g/
/ɸ θ̼ ɬ s̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ç ɧ/
/i ʉ u/
/e ɵ o/
/m ˀm̥ n ˀn̥ ˀɲ̊ ŋ ŋ ˀŋ̊/
/p b t̪ d̪ c ɟ k g/
/f θ̼ ɬ s̠ z̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ç ɧ/
PHONOTACTIC SCHEME: CVi̯K.
Where C = any consonant, i̯ is a diphthongal /i/ sound (which may not appear following /i/ as syllable nucleus), and K (coda) = any consonant except: /p b d̪ c ɟ g/ (/t̪/ and /k/ can stand as codas) and glottalized nasals.
In animate nouns, the Distributive doesn't just prenasalize the previous consonant (if possible) but also changes the final vowel into an -e. This does not happen to inanimate nouns.
•Genitive: -V̄(i), -ī/-āi.
Code: Select all
SG PL DISTR ABS Thān Thāin Nðān Nyru Nyren Nenýre ERG Thanir Nðanir Nyryr Nenýrer GEN Thanī Thanāi Nðanī Nyrū Nyrýi Nenyrē POSS Thanēk Thanāik Nðanēk Nyrēk Nyrāik Nenyrēk DAT Thanis Thanēs Nðanis Nyrys Nyrýis Nenýres COMM Thamme Thanāime Nðamme Nyrýmme Nyrýime Nenyrēmme INSTR Kotýze Kotýize Ngotýze LOC Kotýnne Kotýine Ngotýnne ABL Kotýrre Kotýire Ngotýine ALL Kotýlle Kotýile Ngotýile
✓Also, I had to use <ý> instead of <ȳ> in the table, so "nyrýi" for example should be spelled "nyrȳi" ("the woman’s").
✓It may be noticed that there is no distinction between Singular and Plural in the Ergative. This happened as a result of evolution from Ancient Jehoeian to Classical Nlokian, since the Ergative number is already convided by means of a set of eight verb infixes which also express Perfective vs. Imperfective aspects and Telicity (this last regarding the Absolutive argument(s)).
✓The diphthong <ȳi> in closed syllables most times gets assimilated into [ i ] itself, not just in the spoken language; even while reading Classical Nlokian indeed.
¶Personal Pronouns (Absolutive):
1st Person: xī.
2nd Person: nī.
3rd Person Animate: kū.
3rd Person Inanimate: tā.
1st Person Inclusive: vēi (ve-).
2nc Person Exclusive: mēi (me-).
2nd Person: sī.
3rd Person Animate: xȳi.
3rd Person Inanimate: thēi (ne-). ¶Interrogative Pronominal Roots:
Verb Morphology: coming soon!