Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

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ɶʙ ɞʛ
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by ɶʙ ɞʛ » 02 Aug 2019 18:53

Initial:
/m n ŋ/
/p t ts k/
/b d dz g/
/f s z x h/
/w l r j/

/i e a o u/

pp tt kk > p’ t’ k’
pt pts pk > t’ ts’ k’
tp tts tk > ɓ ts’ k’ > w ts’ k’
ts > s _C
kp kt kts > ʘ ! ǀ̠ > ɓ ɗ ɗz > w l z
p’ > ɓ > w, but before consonants epenthetic ǝ is inserted.


mn mŋ > wn wŋ
nŋ nm > ɹŋ ɹm > ǝŋ ǝm
ŋm ŋn > jm wn

nC > ǝC if C is not coronal

p > pf in onset, h in coda

pf > f > h _C, also eliminating pre-existing f there

aǝ eǝ iǝ oǝ uǝ > ai e: i: o: u:

s z > ʃ ʒ next to i e

ih eh ah oh uh > ɪh ǝh ǝh ɔh ʊh

a ɔ > ɒ, ʊ > o

Short e i > ǝ ɪ, short u > ʊ > o

ɪ > ǝ, ǝ > a

Remaining f > h, but pf word initially

g > h in coda, x in onset

/m n ŋ/
/t’ ts’ tʃ’ k’/
/pf t ts tʃ k/
/b d dz dʒ/
/s z ʃ ʒ x h/
/w l r j/

/ǝ i: a e: ɒ o: o u: ai/

Tin > ti: > tʃi:
Ti > tʃǝ
p:na > p’ǝna > wǝna > wanɒ

ɶʙ ɞʛ
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by ɶʙ ɞʛ » 09 Aug 2019 06:03

Fortis stops: /p t ʈ~k/ [p'~p t'~t ʈ'~ʈ~k'~k]
Lenis stops: /b d ɖ g ɢ ʔ/ [pʰ~b tʰ~d ʈʰ~ɖ kʰ~ɣ qʰ~ʁ ʔ~0]
Fortis continuants: /f f: s s: ʂ ʂ: χ χ:/ [f~v pf~f s~z ts~s ʂ~ʐ tʂ~ʂ χ~ʁ qχ~χ]
Lenis continuants: /ɸ ɸ: θ θ: x x: h h:/ [h~w hʷ h~ɹ h~θ h~ɣ h~ʂ~x~kx h~0 h~ʔh]

/ɪ ɵ ɛ ə ɑ/
/i: ʉ: e: ɯ: a:/

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Linguifex
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Linguifex » 15 Aug 2019 02:57

Something I'm working on for a triconsonantal language:

p t tʷ tʲ tʲʷ k kʷ ʔ ʔʷ
s sʷ ʃ ʃʷ
w l lʷ j ɥ

a aː ã ə əː ə̃

a ə → ɒ u / Cʷ_ (/p/ is treated as rounded for purposes of this rule)
a ə → æ i / else
S → N / _V[+ nasal]
Cʷ → C[- round] / _# (/p w/ are exempt; I'm not sure if I should have /p/ debuccalize to [h], here or elsewhere; thoughts?)

Cannot have three plosives in a root
Cannot have three rounded obstruents in a root
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LinguoFranco
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by LinguoFranco » 16 Aug 2019 16:42

/m n ɲ ŋ/
/p t t͡s c k/
/ᵐb ⁿd ⁿd͡ʒ ᶮɟ ᵑɡ/
/s ʃ ɬ h/
/z ɮ/
/l ʎ j w/

/a e i o u/

I don't know how naturalistic this is, and I'm uncertain about the fricatives as I may add /f v/. The language is syllable-timed and has an unfixed stress. The maximum syllable allowed is CGVC.

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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by ɶʙ ɞʛ » 18 Aug 2019 22:08

/m n ŋ/
/p t ts tɬ k/
/s ɬ h/
/l/

/ɑ ɛ ə ɪ ɞ/
/ɑ: e: ɯ: i: ʉ:/

/p/ is realized as /p/ normally. However, next to /ɪ/ or /i:/, it is realized as /p̪f/, /t̼/, or /t̪θ/. It is lenited to a fricative /ɸ/, /f/, /θ̼/, or /θ/ intervocalically. Thus, /ɑpɛ/ [ɑɸə], /ɑpɪ/ [æf~æθ̼~æθ].
/pə tə kə/ are realized as [p~h t~tʰ k~kʰ~x] if before a vowel or end of word. Similarly, /pɞ tɞ kɞ/ are realized as [p~ɸ tʷ~tʷʰ kʷ~kʷʰ~xʷ] in the same environments.
/ɪpə/ [ɪh] /ɪkɞ/ [ɪçʷ]
[t s ɬ ts tɬ kɬ l k x m n ŋ] become [c ʃ ƛ tʃ cƛ cƛ λ c ç ɱ~n̼~n̪ ɲ ɲ] next to /ɪ i:/. /ɪ ə ɞ/ are deleted before a vowel or end of word, and /ɑ ɛ/ are realized as [a i] in those environments.

/ɑ ɞ ɛ ə/ are [æ œ e ɪ] next to palatal(ized) or coronal consonants, and [ʌ ʊ ə ω] next to velars, and [ɑ ɞ ɛ ə] if next to both.

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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Shemtov » 20 Aug 2019 22:06

The Phonology of Ṛemese, (From the Endonym of the largest island, Ṛem, /ɻem/ whose language acts as a lingua franca for the The Crowned Republic of Ṛem and The United Islands), an altlang which is an Austronesian language spoken in the IRL South Ryukyu Islands:
/t k/ <t k>
/t͡ʃ d͡ʒ/ <ch j>
/m n ɲ/ <m n ny>
/ɾ/ <rr>
/ɸ s ʃ h ɦ/ <f s sh h ȟ>
/ɹ ɻ j w/ < r ṛ y w>

/i y u e o ə a/ <i ü u e o ǎ a>
Many children make up, or begin to make up, imaginary languages. I have been at it since I could write.
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by holbuzvala » 21 Aug 2019 22:56

A question on diachronics

So I have /tʰ/ which changes to /r̥/ when bounded by vowels or a word boundary. e.g.: /tʰatʰ/-> /r̥ar̥/, /atʰa/ -> /ar̥a/.

However, I am having trouble deciding what /tʰ/ should become when adjacent to other consonants, particularly stops and voiced sonorants. The current consonant inventory is as follows:

/p t k pʰ tʰ kʰ pʲ tʲ kʲ pʷ tʷ kʷ/
/s t͡s/
/m n ŋ/
/r l ɣ/

Any ideas? /pʰ/ becomes /f/ everywhere, so maybe /tʰ/ could become /s/ in clusters?

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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Birdlang » 23 Aug 2019 00:45

Some conlangs. My main ones all redone.
Birdish
/p b t d k g ʔ/ p b t d k g ʼ
/ɸ β s z ɕ~ʃ ʑ~ʒ x~h ɣ/ f v s z x j ħ ģ
/ʦ ʣ ʨ~ʧ ʥ~ʤ/ ç ʒ c ĵ
/m n ɲ ŋ/ m n ñ ŋ
/l ʎ j ɰ~ʋ/ l ɫ y w
/ɾ r/ r ŗ
/ɮ/ ḷ

/Ø~Vː/ h

/i e ɛ a/ i ė e a
/ɯ u ʊ ɤ o ʌ ɔ ɒ/ ü u ù õ ȯ ö o ȧ
/ɨ ʉ ə ɜ/ î û ë ä
/Vː/ VV or V̄ or Vh
/Vʔ/ V’
Breve is used when vowels are pronounced shorter.

Pheasanti
/m n ɲ ŋ/ m n ñ/ny ng
/p b t d k g ʔ/ p b t d k g ʼ
/f v s z ʃ ʒ h/ f v s z š/sh ž/zh h
/ʧ ʤ/ č/ky/ty j/dy/gy
/l ʎ j w/ l ĺ/ly y w
/ɾ r/ r (medial and final) r (initial)/rr (other)

/i y u e ø ɤ o a/ i ü u e ʌ ə o a
Vowels can be long, written with macron.
Diphthongs are present, with glide in diphthong written as i/e/u/o/ü with a breve above.
Modern Standard Birdish
/m n ɲ ŋ/ m n ñ ŋ
/p b t d k g ʔ/ p b t d k g '
/ɸ β s z ʃ ʒ x~h ɣ/ f v s z x j ḥ ģ
/ʦ ʣ ʧ ʤ/ ç ʒ c ĵ
/l ʎ j ɰ~ɣ/ l ɫ y w
/ɾ r/ r ŕ
/ɮ/ ĺ

/i ɨ ʉ u ʊ e ɤ~ø ə o ɛ ʌ~œ ɔ a/ i ï ü u ŏ é ŭ ë ó e ö o a
Long vowels = VV/Vh/V̄
Ꭓꭓ Ʝʝ Ɬɬ Ɦɦ Ɡɡ Ɥɥ Ɫɫ Ɽɽ Ɑɑ Ɱɱ Ɐɐ Ɒɒ Ɓɓ Ɔɔ Ɖɖ Ɗɗ Əə Ɛɛ Ɠɠ Ɣɣ Ɯɯ Ɲɲ Ɵɵ Ʀʀ Ʃʃ Ʈʈ Ʊʊ Ʋʋ Ʒʒ Ꞵꞵ Ʉʉ Ʌʌ Ŋŋ Ɂɂ Ɪɪ Ææ Øø Ð𠌜 Ɜɜ Ǝɘ

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