Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

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ɶʙ ɞʛ
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by ɶʙ ɞʛ » 12 Sep 2019 23:34

DesEsseintes wrote:
02 Sep 2019 17:00
Zekoslav wrote:
02 Sep 2019 11:48
I'm not sure about this, but I seem to remember that no languages distinguishing a front and a central /a/ is precisely the reason why no separate symbols for the two exist in IPA. However, a language that does distinguish them may have been discovered since the invention of the IPA.
The Hamont dialect of Limburgish has previously been cited on this forum as a language that distinguishes front, central and back low vowels.
Even if it does, you can just use /æ a ɑ/.

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Vlürch
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Vlürch » 29 Sep 2019 18:35

Just a random phonology I came up with and thought I'd post since I doubt I'll do anything with it:

/m n ŋ/
/p t k/
/pˀ tˀ kˀ/
/t͡s/
/s z/
/ʪ ʫ/
/ɸ β j x ɣ/
/h̪͆ ɦ̪͆/
/r/

/ə ɨ/
/á é í ó ú/
/à è ì ò ù/
/áː éː íː óː úː/
/àː èː ìː òː ùː/

With short vowels, tone is only contrastive on the penultimate syllable in polysyllabic words, the final syllable in bisyllabic words, and in monosyllabic words; elsewhere, pitch is allophonic. Long vowels can only occur in the first syllable of a word, but with them tone is always contrastive. /ə ɨ/ can only occur in the initial syllabe of a word (or the second syllable if the initial syllable has a long vowel) and their pitch is always purely allophonic.

/p t k/ are [pʰ tʰ kʰ] word-initially and when geminated; only homorganic stop clusters are allowed intervocalically.

/pˀ tˀ kˀ/ are [pʼ tʼ kʼ] word-initially and after voiceless consonants, [ɓ ɗ ɠ] after voiced consonants and [ʔ̚ɓ ʔ̚ɗ ʔ̚ɠ] intervocalically.

/ɸ β/, /x ɣ/ and /h̪͆ ɦ̪͆/ are only contrastive word-initially; only /β ɣ ɦ̪͆/ occur intervocalically and after voiced consonants while only /ɸ x h̪͆/ occur after voiceless consonants.

/r/ is [ɾ] intervocalically.

Intervocalically, in addition to homorganic nasal-plosive clusters, /mt ŋp ŋt/ occur and are pronounced [n͡mtʰ~mp̚tʰ ŋ͡mpʰ~ŋk̚pʰ ŋ͡ntʰ~ŋk̚tʰ]. Also, /mt͡s ŋt͡s/ occur and are [n͡mt͡sʰ~mp̚t͡sʰ ŋ͡nt͡sʰ~ŋk̚t͡sʰ].

The intervocalic clusters /rp rt rk/ are [rb~r̝̊p̚pʰ rd~r̝̊t̚tʰ rg~r̝̊k̚kʰ].

Only /m n ŋ p t k r/ are allowed in coda, but the clusters /mp nt ŋk rp rt rk/ do occur word-finally; they tend to be [mbᵊ ndᵊ ŋgᵊ rbᵊ rdᵊ rgᵊ], the very short vocalic release's pitch being variably whatever creates the smoothest transition to the next word.

A few random meaningless words:
/sóːʪì/ [só̞ːʪ̠ʲì]
/tˀənáŋ/ [tʼə̀ná̠ŋ]
/ɸúːŋzúmi/ [ɸúːŋzúmʲí]
/kˀakˀú/ [kʼà̠ʔ̚ɠú]
/kɨpˀarèɦ̪͆e/ [kʰɯ̽ʔ̚ɓá̠ɾè̞ɦ̪͆è̞]
/áːsərámp/ [á̠ːsə̀ɾámbᵊ]
/h̪͆imízi/ [h̪͆ìmʲíʑí]
/ɨmt͡sòrko/ [ɨ̀mp̚t͡sʰór̝̊k̚kʰó]
/ùːppˀəɣupˀùʫuŋ/ [ùːp̚pʼə̀ɣùʔ̚ɓùʫùŋ]
/ìːməβéna/ [ìːmə̀βé̞ná̠]
/tùːɦ̪͆ú/ [tʰùːɦ̪͆ú]

...so yeah, yet another kitchen sink phonology. Obviously it's not naturalistic, since bidental fricatives and lateral sibilants are very rare sounds and implosives aren't all that common either so all three existing in the same language would be insanely unlikely, but I could imagine it coming about naturally if /h̪͆ ɦ̪͆/ developed from /*f *v/ to make them more distinct from /ɸ β/ and /ʪ ʫ/ developed from /*sl *zl/ clusters or something while /*l/ otherwise merged into /r/ or whatever. More natural sound changes from that situation would probably be /*ɸ *β/ -> /p b/ and /*sl *zl/ -> /ɬ ɮ/, but eh.

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