Lexember 2019

A forum for all topics related to constructed languages
User avatar
Tuyono
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 154
Joined: 06 Aug 2017 15:09

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Tuyono » 02 Dec 2019 09:29

2.12

Źilaa Ruńu:

enandi /ɛˈnɑ.ⁿdi/ (n. inan) gift, present
From nand 'give' + circumfix e-...-di 'physical object resaulting from the action'

Akʼaleniw:

tsʼalis /ˈt͡sʼa.lis/ gift, present
Last edited by Tuyono on 02 Dec 2019 18:08, edited 1 time in total.

User avatar
VaptuantaDoi
sinic
sinic
Posts: 246
Joined: 18 Nov 2019 07:35

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by VaptuantaDoi » 02 Dec 2019 09:43

Movard

açudorçiof /asidoːˈsi̯oː/, [ɐzɪðoˑˈɕ(j)ʊː] mn. A small item of assistance, a favour. A recent compounding from açudorç “help (n.)” (Latin adiūtōrium, Old Movard agiudórgie, Middle Movard adiudordie) + -iof diminuitive suffix (Latin -ellum, Old Movard -ieue, Middle Movard -iove).



Cartaguinhisi

guemmati /gɛmˈma.ti/ a. Beloved; describing an object of love. The regular participle of guemmae ‘hold dear’ (Latin gemma ‘gem’ + –āre, post-Renaissance Cartaginese guemmare, ghemmare ‘to evaluate, consider’). Eastern dialect ghemmatû, gmmatû (/g(ɛ)mˈmatuw/).

Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1725
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 02 Dec 2019 10:14

One day late, I'll join with Yélian, as usual.

Lexember 1st

baldpralet [bɐldˈɾaːlət] - charity event, fundraiser
Etymology: balda "to help" + pralet "party"

Aquis mucal o'resvenal, sai o'palantaman yiyacʻi baldpralet can fadnumoran.
[ˈaːkɨs ˈmuːkɐl ɔ̈ɾəsˈveːnɐl, saɪ̯ ɔ̈ˈpaːlɐnˌtaːmɐn ɕɨˈʃaːkʔi bɐldˈɾaːlət‿ɐn ɸɐdˈnuːmɔ̈ɾɐn]
after disaster DEF.GEN=flood, some DEF.GEN=people.PL-committed-PL PST-organize-3PL charity_event for homeless-PL
After the flood disaster, some dedicated people organized a fundraiser for the homeless.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lexember 2nd

beren [ˈbeːɾən] - interest (on money)
Etymology: New root, could be related to abar "wood"
Usage note: Unlike in English, beren is countable (plural beran). Like all nouns related to money, it's in the inanimate class, not the conceptual one.

Yinas ciceniet nat cretei sao ero pun érobak, liyd ciselei u'beran èpa vio diròianefálpervei.
[ˈʃiːnɐʃ kɨˈkenɪ̯et nɐt‿ɾeːtɛɪ̯ saʊ̯ ˈeːɾɔ̈ pʉn ˈeːɾɔ̈bɐk, la̯iːd‿ɨˈseːlɛɪ̯ ʉˈbeːɾɐn ˈɛpɐ vɪ̯o dɨɾɔʊ̯ɐnəˌɸaːlˈpervɛɪ̯]
currenty PST-pay_off-3SG when save-2SG 2SG.POSS money in bank, because NEG-receive-2SG DEF.INAN=interest.PL and soon COND-FUT-NEC-even-pay-COND.2SG
Currently it's not worth it to save your money at the bank as you don't get interest, and soon you might even have to pay.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

User avatar
Corphishy
greek
greek
Posts: 775
Joined: 18 May 2013 18:28
Location: Route 102, Route 117, Petalburg City

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 02 Dec 2019 12:44

2nd December

pʰoš
/pʰos̻/ [pʰoʃ]
num.
half
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
Project Garnet
(used to be Bulbichu22)

User avatar
qwed117
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4612
Joined: 20 Nov 2014 02:27

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 02 Dec 2019 13:11

I always feel like I don't have a good language for Lexember, since I'm largely an a posteriori conlanger, or a diachroniclanger, but since I do need to get started on that massive world project, I figure I best start making some proto-words. Since I have not yet fallen asleep, even though it's December 2nd, technically, I'll call it Day 1 of Lexember. By the end of this I may have added 465 496 words total over all my lexicons, not necessarily just *s₁ŋ̩ʲːd-o. I'll also count grammatical elements as Lexember quantities, just to make it easier.

On the first day of Lexember, my true love gave to me...

*beːn̥- n. wood, beam, support, aid, structure

I also feel like I should do more learning Sardinian, so I guess I'll give one word a day on that too

:it-sa" oru nm hem, border, from Latin *ōrula, or ōra
Last edited by qwed117 on 06 Dec 2019 09:59, edited 2 times in total.
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

User avatar
Jackk
roman
roman
Posts: 1180
Joined: 04 Aug 2012 13:08
Location: Damborn, Isr Boral

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 02 Dec 2019 13:15

2nd December:

Boral (phonetic transcription in Damvað Boral)

porçon /poʀˈʦɔn/ [pʊːˈʣɔn] portion, share, allotment
< Old Boral porton, porcon “part, share” < Latin portiō, portiōnem “share, portion”.

porçonnar /ˌpoʀʦoˈnaʀ/ [ˌpɔːʣʊˈnɑː] to share, to allocate, to hand out
Verb derivation from porçon, ca. 1400. Displaced former partir in this sense.

porçonment /ˌpoʀʦɔnˈmɛnt/ [ˌpɔːʣʊmˈmɛnt] assignment, categorisation, sorting, (mathematics) partition
Nominalisation of porçonnar, attested from 1650. In mathematics from 1830, originally in translation from German Austeilung “distributing”.

Y graðleur porçonaurn y mansc seyon coglt pall'eç joun orphan.
The volunteers shared the food they had collected with the orphans here.
/i gʀaðˈlawʀ ˌpɔʁʦoˈnoʀn̩ i ˈmaŋx sijɔn ˈkɔjlt palɛʦ ˈʒun ɔʀˈfan/
[i gʁɐðˈlawɐ ˌpɔːʣʊˈnoːn i ˈmaŋk sʊn ˈkɔwt pɐˈlɛs ˈʒʊn ʊːˈfan]

Ayent dou cogl W e X, un porçonment dy som W + X nommau nos un mission m ant font W e bers X si casc porçon toc X cos unic.
Given two sets W and X, a partition of the sum W + X is called a function m with source W and target X if each part intersects W exactly once.
Last edited by Jackk on 02 Dec 2019 16:29, edited 1 time in total.
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

Ælfwine
roman
roman
Posts: 977
Joined: 21 Sep 2015 01:28
Location: New Jersey

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Ælfwine » 02 Dec 2019 14:19

:con: :got: Gotesch Razde

башъ [ˈpaː.ʃə] from Ottoman Turkish paşa
noun
1.) a governor
2.) a military leader; a commander
My Blog
Current Projects:
Crimean Gothic — A Gothic language spoken in Crimea (duh)
Pelsodian — A Romance language spoken around Lake Balaton
Jezik Panoski — A Slavic language spoken in the same area
An unnamed Semitic language spoken in the Caucus.

shimobaatar
korean
korean
Posts: 11829
Joined: 12 Jul 2013 23:09
Location: PA → IN

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 02 Dec 2019 15:06

Y²KS (Day 2):

rōsī /ˈroːsiː/ (adj.) kind, nice, pleasant
  • From Proto-AY *rʸā̀wsʸ- "to encourage, to cheer up"
  • Originally referred primarily to people, but now often used more generally
  • Frequently used in greetings, roughly equivalent to "good" or "happy" in phrases like "good day" or "happy holidays"
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
təbildayyi /təˈbildajji/ (adj.) unkind, mean, unpleasant, rude, cruel
  • From Proto-AY *təbilʸdá- "to discourage, to reprimand, to upset"
  • Originally referred primarily to people, but now often used more generally
Example:

Rōs uršēt!
/ˈroːs urˈʃeːt/
[ˈroː‿sʊrˈʃeːt̚]
rōs-Ø uršēd-Ø
nice-ABS.A.SG.INDEF daytime-ABS.A.SG.INDEF
Have a nice day!



Theodish (Day 2):

gest /ˈjɛst/ (n.) guest
  • From Proto-Germanic *gastiz
  • Homophonous with jest /ˈjɛst/ "yeast", from Proto-Germanic *jestuz
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
gesthous /ˈjɛstˌhuːs/ (n.) guesthouse, guest room
  • From Proto-Germanic *gastiz + *hūsą
  • Usually refers to somewhere in or nearby a family's house set aside for guests
  • hotel /hoˈtɛl/ is used for a more public establishment
Example:

"Ig em mien gesthous renovetend…" "Bide, cwerfor hefs du een heel hous for jest alleen?
/ɪj ɛm miːn ˈjɛstˌhuːs rɛnoˈveːtənd || biːd | ˈkwɛrfɔr ˈhɛfs duː eːn heːl huːs fɔr jɛst aˈleːn/
[ɛ‿jəm mɪ ˈjɛstˌʉːs rənəˈveːtən || ˈbiːd | ˈkwɛrfɔr ˈhɛvz‿dʉ ə ˈheːl ˈhʉːs fər ˈjɛst əˈleːn]
ij em mien gest-hous renovet-end || bid-e | cwerfor hef-s du een heel hous for jest alleen
1s.NOM be.1s.PRES.IND 1s.POSS guest-house renovate-PRES.PART || wait-IMP | why have-2s.PRES.IND 2s.NOM INDEF whole house for yeast alone
"I'm in the process of renovating my guesthouse…" "Hold on, why do you have a whole house just for yeast?"


DesEsseintes wrote:
02 Dec 2019 03:05
shimobaatar wrote:
01 Dec 2019 21:57
Y²KS ...

mafsantī
mafḫērī
mabnēyyi
maffanī
mēbuyyi
mēburaˤˤī
Yay! Nice to see Y2 in action again. It’s got such a pleasant aesthetic. I know it’s mere coincidence due to the root, but the Arabic influence is coming through especially strongly thanks to all those initial ma- me- syllables. [:D]

Oh wait. Should I participate in Lexember? I always fail...
Thank you so much! I've been working on it all year in what little free time I've had, and I plan to at least give a small update in the thread soon. I definitely see what you mean about the influence from Arabic here. mafḫērī "given; recipient" especially has that kind of feel to it, at least for me, maybe because of the part in the middle that sounds like "خير". If it were mafḫarī, I might be tempted to interpret it as a noun of place derived from some root ف-خ-ر and with a 1s possessive suffix. [:P]

I'd encourage you to give it a try! It could still be fun/useful even if you don't have time to make it a daily routine.

User avatar
ixals
sinic
sinic
Posts: 432
Joined: 28 Jul 2015 18:43

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 02 Dec 2019 20:57

2nd December

:con: Elá

ʔuhé /ʔuˈhə/ - onomatopoeia
1.) to cough, single instance of coughing
2.) throat
Last edited by ixals on 03 Dec 2019 13:34, edited 1 time in total.
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

Yrusia
hieroglyphic
hieroglyphic
Posts: 73
Joined: 10 Nov 2013 18:58

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Yrusia » 02 Dec 2019 23:52

Somehow it's been a full year since last Lexember, huh? I'm still working on the same lang's but they've been through some changes - I think for the first few days I'm going to reuse the same derivations as last year, but with my updated sound changes:
Lexember 1 2018: ce3nao3pu1 'king, absolute monarch, emperor'
from Proto-Takur *déene 'one', + *opódd(é) 'man'
Borrowed into Gízker as tsenaapó 'emperor'

Lexember 1 2019: Old Tuoken (Estuôźí Gé'ne)
diêneofdí /tie˥˩no˨fti˦/ 'king, (male) monarch'
from Proto-Takur *déene 'one', + *opódd(é) 'man'
Borrowed into Gétkerna as téinofté 'emperor'

> Tuoken
tièneǒt /tie˨neo˩˥θ/ 'king, chief, patriarch'

Lexember 2 2018: ikábtishé 'to dry up'
From Proto-Takur *es, nominalizing prefix + *kóbtes 'dry'

Lexember 2 2019: Gétkerna
kattesh-/kattezh- 'to dry (trans and intrans)'
From Proto-Takur *kóbtes 'dry'. See also Gétkerna káttesh 'dry', Tuoken kótǎt 'oven'

User avatar
gach
MVP
MVP
Posts: 725
Joined: 07 Aug 2013 01:26
Location: displaced from Helsinki

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by gach » 03 Dec 2019 03:27

Well, why not. I've never participated in these before, but I could use an excuse to fill in proto forms for my various families.


1.

Inaki

særnə, help n
sæŋki, help v tr.

The verb stem sæŋki involves the deletion of the root final /ə/ before the causative suffix -ki and the subsequent simplification of the consonant cluster through the deletion of the liquid /r/ and the POA assimilation of the nasal. All of these are active morphophonological processes in Proto Inaki.

Sei

c'aał, help v tr.

Inland family

baqe, help v tr.
besaqe, help n
bawqe, helped, helping etc. (generic participle)
dVbawqe, helper, servant n

The morphological elements added to the root baqe include the verbal noun infix -es- in besaqe, the generic participle infix -w(V)- in bawqe, and the quasiclassificatory human prefix dV- in the action nominal bVdawqe, differentiating it from the base participle form. I haven't specified the quality of the vowel in this prefix since that won't be preserved in any later branch of the family. The concept of the generic participle is a bit vague, the basic idea being that its base meaning will evolve in different directions in the different decendants.


2.

Sei

sɨɨn, give v tr.

Inland family

fei, give v tr.
feseim, gift n

The noun derivation feseim is based on the verbal noun, using the infix -es-, and adding the resultative suffix -m to this.
Last edited by gach on 04 Dec 2019 03:19, edited 1 time in total.
ImageKištaLkal sikSeic

Clio
sinic
sinic
Posts: 241
Joined: 27 Dec 2012 23:45

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 03 Dec 2019 04:36

2nd Lexember

'immuha /ʔimːuha/ n gratitude, thankfulness; willingness to give praise; sexual passivity
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

User avatar
KaiTheHomoSapien
greek
greek
Posts: 715
Joined: 15 Feb 2016 06:10
Location: Northern California

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 03 Dec 2019 07:23

2nd

Arculese

Arculese shares many lexemes with Lihmelinyan, but is more traditionally IE in its phonology and some function words. It's very much an experiment.

fēnumi - "I help" /'feː.nu.mi/

afēnumi tágon sáyetum vorépon mínon. /a.'feː.nu.mi 'ta.xɔn 'sa.je.tum 'vɛ.kʷan 'mi.nɔn/

help-1SG.IMPERF man-ACC find-PRES.INF house-ACC new-ACC.SG.MASC.

"I was helping the man find a new house"
Last edited by KaiTheHomoSapien on 10 Dec 2019 04:48, edited 1 time in total.

User avatar
qwed117
mongolian
mongolian
Posts: 4612
Joined: 20 Nov 2014 02:27

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 03 Dec 2019 09:03

Day 2 of Lexember

*s₃áŋʲ-iː v to tie, to bind
*wī́n- n peoples, community



Ironically, I suppose, I'm only going to put one word per day in Sardinian

:it-sa: fàbbricu nm building, edifice (apparently related noun fraigu only refers to buildings in construction)
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

GoshDiggityDangit
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 180
Joined: 18 Dec 2018 21:27
Location: Misawa AFB, Aomori, Japan

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by GoshDiggityDangit » 03 Dec 2019 10:33

December 3rd:

Proto-Serran

*pa:ʃetaχ͜r- [pa:ʃetaχ͜r] itr. v. Understand, Comprehend, Make Sense Of X

•Declines for person and tense:
*pa:ʃetaχ͜ra (I Understand), *pa:ʃetaχ͜run (You Understand), *pa:ʃetaχ͜rm̩ (He/She/It Understands), *pa:ʃetaχ͜ra:n (Understood)

•”Zi: pa:ʃetaχ͜runm̩” > “The bee understood”

User avatar
VaptuantaDoi
sinic
sinic
Posts: 246
Joined: 18 Nov 2019 07:35

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by VaptuantaDoi » 03 Dec 2019 10:47

Movard

veif ag eseinvl /vai̯ aː ɛsai̯mv/ [vɐe̯ ˈaː əˈzai̯mb] vb. To share water together; to become intimate with or close to. The Middle Movard beive aâ eseimle is attested. From veif “to drink” (L bibere → OM bébe → MM beive) + ag ‘water’ (L aqua → OM agua → MM ) + eseinvl “together” (Latin insimul → OM ésémle → MM eseimle)



Cartaguinhisi

acqueptaçoni /akkɛptaˈsɔni/ neuter noun used as interjection. Thank-you, a more formal way of thanking someone. From acqueptáe (Latin acceptāre “to accept”) and nominalising suffix -açoni (Latin -atiōnem). Post-Renaissance Cartaginese acqueptacioni, accheptacioni. Eastern dialect acchettaçonû, 'cchett'çonû /(a)kkɛtt(a)ˈʃɔnuw/

Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1725
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 03 Dec 2019 11:00

Lexember 3rd - Yélian

púlagazo [ˈpuːlaˌxaɟɔ̈] [Kingdom standard]
púlagàco [ˈpuːlɐˌgɐko] [Provinces standard]

- start-up company, dynamic new company

Etymology: pula "drill" + gazo/gàco "company", literally "drill company", as they tend to drill into a preset field of companies

Ropanʻi tyilafi o'$i 15p bar érobak can cenim púlagazo, cut letarai pi biyli verdezuveisan.
[ɾɔ̈ˈpanʔi t͡ʃɨˈlaːɸi ɔ̈ˈdoːlɐɾi ˈmiŋkɐˌɸʉɾɪ̯ɐ ˈpaːlɨn bɐd̟ ˈeːɾɔ̈bɐk kɐn ˈkenɨm ˈpuːlɐxɐɟɔ̈, kʉt ləˈtaːɾaɪ̯ pi ˈba̯iːli ˈveɾdəˌɟuːʋɛɪ̯sɐn]
FUT-need-3PL loan DEF.GEN=dollar-ENUM 15 hundred_thousand from bank for 3PL.POSS start_up, but believe-1SG that have-3PL chance-excellent-PL
They will need a loan of 1.5m dollars from the bank for their start-up, but I think their chances are excellent.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

User avatar
ixals
sinic
sinic
Posts: 432
Joined: 28 Jul 2015 18:43

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 03 Dec 2019 13:45

3rd December

:con: Elá

qútʼe-híwi /ˌqu.tʼəˈhi.wi/ - from qútʼe "long" and híwi "nose"
1.) proboscis, trunk
>> 2.) elephant
3.) (rarely) beak
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

User avatar
Jackk
roman
roman
Posts: 1180
Joined: 04 Aug 2012 13:08
Location: Damborn, Isr Boral

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 03 Dec 2019 16:15

3rd Lexember

Boral

absouvr /abˈsuvʀ̩/ [ɐbˈzuvɐ] to acquit, to redeem, to absolve
[r-conjugation, -oy variant]
< Old Boral absovre, absolvre “to absolve”, a semi-learned descendant/borrowing from Latin absolvō “I loosen, untie”.

tort dell’ivan /ˌtɔʀt deliˈvan/ [ˌtɔːdɪlɪˈvaŋ] Christmas pie*
*literally “infant’s pie”, in reference to the Christ child. Refers either to a specific savoury pie or to any of the pastry dishes traditionally prepared for the Christmas Eve feast (y Fest Reveglon), a celebration held in churches across Borland (Isr Boral). The practice of scoring a Catholic cross into the lid and hiding a small wooden object inside (traditionally also a cross) is a later innovation, but compare the French galette des rois.
< Old Boral torte del ifan “child’s pie” (first attested 10C), from Latin torta panis “twisted bread” and īnfāns, īnfāntem “child, infant”.

Y justiçour absoloirn my grandmaðr poll’ig delit a blastmant.
The judges found my grandmother innocent of blasphemy.
/i ˌʒɪstiˈʣuʀ ˌabsoˈlojʀn̩ mi gʀandˈmaðʀ̩ poˌlaj deˈlɪt a blastˈmant /
[i ˌʒɪstɪˈʣʊː‿ˌʀabzʊˈlɔjɐŋ mi gʀɐmˈmaðɐ pʊˌlaj dɪˈlɪt a blɐzˈmant]

Nos eu l’oc annað dou tort dell’ivan apportað ; falen torrir ag casc aldr !
We’ve brought two Christmas pies this year - both my parents wanted to bake!
/no‿ˈzaw lɔk aˈnaθ du ˌtɔʀt deliˈvan apɔʀˈtaθ | faˈlɛn toˈʀɪʀ ɛj kax aldʀ̩/
[nʊ‿ˈzaw lɔgɐˈnaː du ˌtɔːdɪlɪˈvaŋ apʊːˈtaː | fɐˌlɛn tʊˈʀɪː‿ʀɛj kɐx ˈawdɐ]
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

User avatar
Tuyono
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 154
Joined: 06 Aug 2017 15:09

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Tuyono » 03 Dec 2019 20:44

3.13

Źilaa Ruńu

kiariz /kjɑˈriz/ (v.) forgive

Post Reply