Lexember 2019

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Yrusia
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Yrusia » 08 Dec 2019 04:50

December 7:
Old Tuoken garní and Ottóxsh Gétker gerné 'hand'

From Proto-Takur *gorné 'hand'
Probably more cognates and related terms to come, but none tonight.

shimobaatar
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 08 Dec 2019 05:58

Y²KS (Day 7):

suwiyyi /suˈwijji/ (n.) root, source, origin
  • From Proto-AY *θų̀ˀį- "to be twisting"
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
suwyu /ˈsuwju/ (v.) to originate, to come
  • From Proto-AY *θų̀ˀį- "to be twisting"
Example:

Sē rus-Īsikwaman nīlōrin suwyuḥič.
/seː rusˈiːsikwaman ˈniːloːrin ˈsuwjuħit͡ʃ/
[sː rʊsˈiːsɪkwɐˌmæ̃n ˈniːloˌrɪ̃n ˈsuwjʊˌħɪt͡ʃ]
sē rus=Īsiku-aman nīla-urin suwi-uḥič
1s from=pasture-ERG.G.SG.DEF city-ERG.C.SG.DEF come-DPs.NPST.IND
I come from the city of Iskuyyand.



Theodish (Day 7):

rede /ˈreːd/ (n.) advice, counsel
  • From Proto-Germanic *rēdaz
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
reden /ˈreːdən/ (v.) to advise
  • From Proto-Germanic *rēdaną
redsel /ˈrɛdzəl/ (n.) riddle, mystery, enigma
  • From Proto-Germanic *rēdisliją
orreden /ɔˈreːdən/ (v.) to guess, to conjecture, to suppose
  • From Proto-Germanic *uzrēdaną
resow /ˈreːzəw/ (n.) decision, judgement, reason, plan
  • From Proto-Germanic *rēswō
reswen /ˈrɛzwən/ (v.) to deliberate, to consider, to think, to solve
  • From Proto-Germanic *rēswaną
Example:

Cont du mig fet rede gefen? Ig onginne dis redsel reswen.
/kɔnt duː mɪj fɛt ˈreːd ˈjeːvən | ɪj ɔnˈjɪnə dɪs ˈrɛdzəl ˈrɛzwən/
[ˈkɔn‿dʉ mɛj vət̚ ˈreːd ˈjeːvə | ɛ‿jənˈjɪn dəz ˈrɛdzəl ˈrɛzwə]
con-t du mig fet rede gef-en? ig onginn-e dis redsel resw-en
can.SG.PRES.IND-2s.PRES.IND 2s.NOM 1s.OBL what advice give-INF? 1.NOM try-1s.PRES.IND PROX riddle consider-INF
Can you give me some advice? I'm trying to solve this riddle.



Week 2's theme, Food, Eating, Cooking, and Agriculture, has been added to the OP.

Khemehekis
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Khemehekis » 08 Dec 2019 06:07

Food, eating, cooking, and agriculture, eh?

The relevant lists from the LCV:

FOOD AND DRINK (from Part IV)
Spoiler:
food (I need ~ and water)*
food (specific type)
lunch (prepared lunch to bring/take along)
to cook*
to cook, to make, to prepare (meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner)
to bake
to bake (potatoes)
to roast (meat)
to roast (beans or nuts)
to fry (lightly)
to deep-fry
to stir-fry
to boil (water, soup)
to boil (rice, meat)
to grill
to freeze (food)
to sprinkle (~ chocolate on the turnovers)
to sprinkle (food with a solid)
to sprinkle (food with a liquid)
to mix, to blend
to stir, to mix (ingredients)
to stir (soup)
to stir (tea)
to mix (a drink)
to rise (of bread)
recipe
to substitute X for Y
to try (a food)
to waste (food)
instant (food)
instant (coffee)
heat (in cooking)
to live on (a food)
organic
cheese
cream
cream (fresh)
meat*
fish
chicken
beef
pork
ham
chop
lamb
sausage
egg (as food)
nut
bread
cereal
cracker
rice (cooked, in Eastern-style meal)
rice (cooked, in Western/non-Asian-style meal)
rice (uncooked)
flour
dough
fruit (as food)*
vegetable
salt (table salt)
spice
sugar
chocolate (substance)
chocolate (piece of chocolate candy)
candy
cake (sponge ~)
cake (with cream)
pie
cookie, biscuit
gum
salad
sandwich
soup
soup (clear)
soup (thick)
sauce
honey
butter
jam
jelly
fat, grease (on meat)
oil (in cooking)
olive oil
drink, beverage
water (as drink or for cooking, cold)*
water (as drink or for cooking, hot)*
milk (from a cow)
milk (from another mammal)
juice (of fruit)
soda
coffee
tea
beer
wine
groceries
gas (for cooking)
breakfast
lunch
dinner, supper (evening meal)
dinner, supper (main meal)
dessert
snack (in between meals)
cold (food)
cool (food)
warm (food)
hot (food)
tough
tender
raw
cooked
stale
fresh
stale (of bread)
fresh (of bread)
stale (of cake)
stale (of beer)
ripe
rotten (of food)
HUSBANDRY AND FARMING (from Part IV)
Spoiler:
to gather
to hunt
to fish
to fish (with fishing pole)
to catch (with net)
to catch (with fishing pole)
to trap
to plant (put in the ground: a tree, a flower)
to plant (seeds: a tree, a flower)
to plant (seeds: crops)
to sow
to reap
to grow, to raise (plants)
to raise (animals)
to grow (flowers)
to breed (plants: Tom ~s peppers)
to breed (animals: Mary ~s horses)
to herd
to milk
crop
to fail (crops, harvest)
net
hook (for fishing)
arrow (for hunting)
MORE FOOD AND DRINK (from Part V)
Spoiler:
soy
dairy
yogurt
smoothie
cottage cheese
whey
tapioca
seafood
fish stick
filet
shellfish (invertebrate seafood, collectively)
shellfish (a mollusc)
shellfish (a crustacean)
poultry
nugget
breast
thigh
drumstick
wing
turkey
duck
steak
roast beef
meatloaf
jerky
tripe
bacon (smoked)
bacon (salted)
rib
meatball
bologna
liver
omelette
carbohydrate
granola
graham cracker
toast
gingerbread
pita
bran
pancake
waffle
roll
scone
muffin
crouton
cornbread
oatmeal
crust (of pastry, quiche)
raisin
fruit salad
rind (of fruit)
pickle
sweets
ice
popsicle
shaved ice
frozen yogurt
soft serve
brittle
butterscotch
candy bar
caramel (candy)
cotton candy
licorice/liquorice
marshmallow
peppermint
spice drop
taffy
mint (chocolate)
mint (pastel)
spearmint
pastry (dough)
pastry (tart)
doughnut (with hole)
doughnut (without hole)
wafer
cupcake
cheesecake
turnover
pop tart, toaster pastry
brownie
custard
pudding
gelatin
fast food
French fries
hash browns
hamburger (ground beef patty)
hamburger (as sandwich)
cheeseburger
hot dog
bun
onion ring
snack (snack food)
chip (potato or corn)
pretzel
popcorn
trail mix
submarine sandwich
casserole
dumpling
stew
broth
coleslaw
potato salad
egg salad
tortilla
burrito
enchilada
fajita
quesadilla
taco
tamale
chili
nachos
quiche
biscotti
pizza
pasta
fettuccine
lasagna
macaroni
penne
ravioli
spaghetti
tortellini
baklava
kebab
cous-cous
bagel
curry
chow mein
egg roll, spring roll
pot sticker
ramen
sushi
teriyaki
tofu
condiment
apple sauce
cinnamon
creamer
dip
dressing
frosting, icing
gravy
hummus
ketchup
liverwurst
margarine
mayonnaise
peanut butter
relish
sour cream
syrup
vinegar
vanilla
starch
mineral water
coconut milk
cappuccino
espresso
latte
mocha
iced coffee
decaf
iced tea
herbal (chamomile, etc.)
herbal (blackcurrant, etc.)
hot chocolate
lemonade (still)
lemonade (fizzy)
punch
cider (non-alcoholic)
cooler
root beer
ginger ale
ale
mead
brandy
cider (alcoholic)
liquor
sake
vodka
whiskey
gin
rum
cocktail
tequila
energy drink
cat food
dog food
birdseed
shopping cart
shelf (at store)
check-out
check-out lane
TV dinner
bar (with bins of food)
appetizer (solid food)
appetizer (drink)
MORE HUSBANDRY AND FARMING (from Part V)
Spoiler:
tractor
windmill
plough
furrow
sickle
wheelbarrow
fishing pole
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 62,500 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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qwed117
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 08 Dec 2019 06:35

Lexember Day 7;

*dn̩s₃-o v to bring, to leave (sth), to return (sth)
*ŋ̥ʲeːrs₁-e v to lay out, to splay, to display, to show,
*oːh₂m adj grand, superior, above-all
*l̥ajs-i v to view, to see, to perform, to execute
*gˀeːh₁l̩m- n pride
*s₂arw- n temple
*s₁uːdˀ- n happiness

:it-sa: tzaca nf anger, a fit of sickness, disgust. Likely from Latin plaga sore

I think that for each topic I'll start at one word and build up rather than going by the number of days total, which would be frighteningly much
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

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Tuyono
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Tuyono » 08 Dec 2019 15:43

8.12

Źilaa Ruńu really needs more agriculture words:

mbak /mbɑk/ (v.) plow (field)
tihaś /tiˈhɑʃ/ (v.) harvest
sieje /ˈsɪ̯ɛ.jɛ/ (n. inan.) irrigation channel (as opposed to just a ditch)

Akʼaleniw:

alpo /ˈʔal.po/ (v.) cook

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ixals
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 08 Dec 2019 16:19

8th December

:con: Elá

tʼá /ˈtʼa/ - root word
1.) meat, flesh
>> 2.) food
>> 3.) animal
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

brblues
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by brblues » 08 Dec 2019 17:06

Lexember 8:

/'bo.ki/ n hunter-gatherer

Derived from the lative case particle /bo/ and /ki/, a derivational suffix for "person"; basically a person who is "after something". To further differentiate between hunter and gatherer, the object the /boki/ is after must be stated:

/ʔa.bom.hiz-'bo.ki/ n hadrosaurid hunter
/ʔiʔaguhiz-'bo.ki/ n plant gatherer (a fairly general term)

To verbally express the act of hunting or gathering something (for food), the verb /boma/ is used - this is actually one of a series of so-called "locative verbs" which are combinations of a locative particle and the verb ending /ma/ to express movement in relation to the object.

Examples might make this clearer (or confuse more...):

dɛx.dɛx ʔo.su boma
2PL where go.to
“Where are you going?”

sig abomhiz boma-sa sa-mu-mɛ
1PL.EXC hadrosaurid hunt-CVB.QUOTATIVE say-1SG.JUSS PFV
“I wanted to say we hunted hadrosaurids.”* =
“We (unsuccessfully) tried to hunt hadrosaurids…”

ʔelumɛ sig podez boma-bolu
now 1PL.EXC fruit gather-FUT
“...so now we will gather fruit.”
* This is a grammaticalised construction using “sama” (an archaism for “to say”) in the first person jussive mood for saying that somebody wants or needs somebody (in this case, themselves) to do something; the use of the perfective past indicates that it was an unsuccessful attempt.

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Corphishy
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 08 Dec 2019 18:35

8th Decenber

aʔoji
/aˈʔoji/ [aˈʔojɪ]
n.
horn; bull
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
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Clio
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 08 Dec 2019 19:46

8th Lexember

mōriyā /moːrijaː/ n roughly thumb-sized leaves, burned in sacrifices and consumed (either chewed or steeped in hot water) as a powerful stimulant
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

Iyionaku
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 08 Dec 2019 19:52

Lexember 8th - Yélian

òibak/òubac [ˈɔʊ̯bɐk] - barley

Etymology: new root, actually derived from one of my favorite beer brands

No example sentence today, as I closed the browser window shortly before I would have been finished and now I'm frustrated.
Last edited by Iyionaku on 10 Dec 2019 18:35, edited 1 time in total.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

Allekanger
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Allekanger » 08 Dec 2019 22:34

Ivook, Lexember 8th:

Q'KUHMS [jakuamiʃ] jakuamis 'planet'

QGOMS [hisanimiʃ] hisanimis 'Mercury'
EMMS [emamiʃ] emamis 'Venus'
UMS [umiʃ] umis 'Earth'
GKMS [jikamiʃ] jikamis 'Mars'
HMUSQKUHE [himuʃijakuve] himusijakuve 'Jupiter'
QHQKUHE [ivijakuve] ivijakuve 'Saturn'
QRUGMS [aruŋimiʃ] arungimis 'Uranus'
QREKMS [arekamiʃ] arekamis 'Neptune'

Pluto... is NOT a planet!

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Jackk
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 08 Dec 2019 23:21

8th Lexember

Boral

bakilau /ˌbakiˈlo/ [ˌbakɪˈlo] cod, marine fish of the family Gadidae

< Origin contested. Extant from 9C as cabeilau, bacalaw (among other variants), from Middle Dutch (Mi-Loðarian), cf. French cabillaud “cod”. Entered Middle Dutch either from some derivation of baculum “stick, rod”, or else from Basque kabailao “cod”. Formerly assumed to be a direct loan from Basque into Boral – see also other naval/fishing terminology like hagr "mast" – but this is now considered phonetically untenable.

J’oyeu ne Horða il pascn for bakilau.
I heard that in Horthland they only eat cod.
/ʒoˈjaw ne hɔʀˈða ɪl ˈpaxn̩ fɔʀ ˌbakiˈlo/
[ʒʊˈjaw nɪ hʊːˈða ɪw ˈpaxn̩ fɔː ˌbakɪˈlo]
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 09 Dec 2019 05:58

Y²KS (Day 8):

jadu /ˈd͡ʒadu/ (v.) to eat
  • From Proto-AY *ðʸàś- "to eat"
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
jadī /d͡ʒaˈdiː/ (n.) food
  • From Proto-AY *ðʸàś- "to eat"
jədyubī /ˈd͡ʒədjubiː/ (n.) restaurant, cafeteria, cafe, eatery
  • From Proto-AY *ðʸàś- "to eat" + *yúb- "house"
  • Refers to a public establishment where people can come and pay to sit and eat
jadikuyyi /d͡ʒadiˈkujji/ (n.) kitchen, dining room
  • From Proto-AY *ðʸàś- "to eat" + *iku- "place"
  • Refers to an area of a home where food is prepared and consumed
jasmajī /ˈd͡ʒasmad͡ʒiː/ (n.) meal
  • From Proto-AY *ðʸàś- "to eat" + *mač̣- "group"
  • Can refer both to something more substantial than a snack and to the event of several people sitting down and eating together
Example:

Sē jasnēyyi fiš-šuḫēnd šēdind jinōḥičmi, rur-din sē ruj-jədyuban suwinēywēn jirušaḥičmi.
/seː d͡ʒasˈneːjji fiʃʃuˈxeːnd ʃeːˈdind d͡ʒiˈnoːħit͡ʃmi rurdin seː rudˈd͡ʒədjuban suwiˈneːjweːn d͡ʒiruʃaˈħit͡ʃmi/
[se d͡ʒɐsˈneːjjɪ fɪʃʃʊˈxẽːnd ʃeˈdĩnd d͡ʒɪˈnoːħɪt͡ʃmɪ rʊrdɪ̃n se rʊdˈd͡ʒədjʊˌbæ̃n sʊwɪˈneːjwẽn ˌd͡ʒɪrʊʃɐˈħit͡ʃmɪ]
sē jad-nē-iyi fiš=šuḫa-ind šēd-ind jina-uḥič-mi, rur=din sē rur=jədyub-an suwi-nē-iwēn jir-ušaḥič-mi
1s eat-NPST.GER-ABS.G.SG.INDEF in=PROX-ERG.A.SG.DEF time-ERG.A.SG.DEF not-DPs.NPST.IND-SG.OBJ, from=what 1s from=restaurant-ERG.G.SG.INDEF come-NPST.GER-ABS.C.SG.DEF finish-DPs.PST.IND-SG.OBJ
I can't eat anything right now; I just came from a restaurant.



Theodish (Day 8):

eten /ˈeːtən/ (v.) to eat
  • From Proto-Germanic *etaną
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
euten /ˈjuːtən/ (n.) ettin, jötunn, giant, bogle, boggart, bogeyman
  • From Proto-Germanic *etunaz
  • A type of giant from Germanic mythology
  • Can be used more generally for any kind of malevolent creature or spirit
etten /ˈɛtən/ (v.) to pasture, to graze
  • From Proto-Germanic *atjaną
ees /ˈeːs/ (n.) carrion, bait, prey
  • From Proto-Germanic *ēsą
ete /ˈeːt/ (n.) eating, food, meal; eater, diner, glutton
  • From Proto-Germanic *ētą and *ētijô
  • Originally two words, similar in meaning, which became homophonous and converged, so to speak
  • Somewhat archaic, with the second sense in particular surviving mostly in compounds like selfete /ˈsɛlˌveːt/ cannibal
freten /ˈfreːtən/ (v.) to devour, to consume
  • From Proto-Germanic *fraetaną
euttel /ˈjʊtəl/ (adj.) gluttonous
  • From Proto-Germanic *etulaz
ofett /ˈoːvət/ (n.) fruit, nut
  • From Proto-Germanic *ubatją
Example:

De euttel euten wille fet ofett eten.
/deː ˈjʊtəl ˈjuːtən wɪl fɛt ˈoːvət ˈeːtən/
[də ˈjʊtəl ˈjʉːtən wəl fə‿ˈtoːvə‿ˈteːtə]
de euttel euten will-e fet ofett et-en
DEF gluttonous giant want-3s.PRES.IND what fruit eat-INF
The gluttonous giant wants to eat some fruit.

Ælfwine
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Ælfwine » 09 Dec 2019 06:44

Catchup day whatever

Gotische schnos ['Sno:s]
Etym: PGmc *snuzō feminine sg.
1. bride
2. daughter-in-law

Originally meaning "daughter-in-law," the conversion of meaning to "bride" underlines the practice of child marriage in Islamic societies, including that of the Ottoman Empire to which the Crimean Goths belonged.
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gach
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by gach » 09 Dec 2019 06:55

7.

Inaki

jani - offer v tr.


8.

Inaki

čavri - barley n
pælsə - wheat n

Pælsə is an early loan from the inland family, most likely from an early barely diverged variety and not the proto language itself.

Inland family

pelse - wheat n
kun - long adj
pekun - barley n

Pekun is derived from pelse and kun, literally as "long wheat", and it shows a contraction of the initial lexical element into a more or less determinative prefix. The family will never develop a fully functional noun classification system, but there are plenty of these determinative prefixes that have survived into the descendants.
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qwed117
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 09 Dec 2019 07:43

Lexember 8

*h₂el̥- n water

:it-sa: erbamedica nf alfalfa
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

Iyionaku
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 09 Dec 2019 08:26

Lexember 9th - Yélian

vindap [ˈvindɐp] - cream, coffee cream, milk foam

ETYMOLOGY: from vin "milk" + resdap "foam on water". The etymology of the word part -dap is unknown.

Otéi ivapurei sao garesif? - Fecun vindap èn espegérasce on'asól, anas.
[ɔ̈ˈtɛɪ̯ ɨʋɐˈpuːɾɛɪ̯ saʊ̯ gɐˈɾeːsi↗︎ | ˈɸeːkʉn ˈvindɐp ɛn espəˈxeːɾɐskə ɔ̈nɐˈsoːl, ˈaːnɐʃ]
how VOL-drink-2SG 2SG.POSS coffee | with cream and one_teaspoon_full DEF.GEN=sugar, thanks
How do you want your coffee? - With coffee cream and one teaspoon of sugar, please.

_______________________________________________________________________________

One a side note, Shimo can I ask you to release the topic for the final week (29th-31st) on the 27th latest? I will not be available over new year's and would like to do the last days beforehand.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

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KaiTheHomoSapien
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 09 Dec 2019 09:09

:con: Arculese

5th

vorépon /vɔ.'rɛ.pɔn/ - house, home, building, structure

from vóremi - I build + -pon, noun-forming suffix

6th

kéknā /'cɛx.naː/ - face

cf. Lihmelinyan kéknas, with same meaning.

7th

gállā /'xal.laː/ - field, farm

The first noun that I introduce in my Arculese guide. :)

8th

sélkami /'sɛl.ka.mi/ - "I gather, reap"

We were gathering wheat in the fields and bringing it to the granary.

gállāsi kómōs asélkamospe komínyā agumé.

/'xal.laː.si 'kɔ.moːs a.'sɛl.ka.mos.pe kɔ.'min.ja a.xu.'me/

field-LOC.PL wheat-ACC.PL gather-1.PL.IMPERF and-CLITIC barn-ALL bring-1.PL.INJUNC*

kómos - wheat (often used in the plural but translated singular)
*Like in Lihmelinyan, Arculese often uses the unmarked "injunctive" form of the verb if it is the same tense/mood/number as the previous verb and is in the same sentence.
Last edited by KaiTheHomoSapien on 10 Dec 2019 04:46, edited 1 time in total.

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Jackk
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Location: Damborn, Isr Boral

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 09 Dec 2019 17:47

9th Lexember

Boral

banfoy /banˈfɔj/ [bɐɱˈfɔj] campfire, open-air fire
< partial calque of Old English bānfȳr “bonfire”, literally “bone fire”, meaning a fire in which to dispose of rubbish (such as bones). Generalisation to any temporary fire built outdoors attested from 15C.

banfoy quïr /kwaˈjɪʀ/ [kwɐˈjɪː] to pack up camp, to prepare for a trip
< Literally “to extinguish (the) campfire”, refers by metonymy to the entire disassembly of a campsite, or more generally to any preparation made for a journey.

Nos voum partir je Maucr, donc toð je Mart faldra banfoy quïr.
We’ll leave on Wednesday, so we need all Tuesday to pack.
/no ˈvum paʀˈtɪʀ ʒe ˈmokʀ | dɔnk tɔθ ʒe maʀt falˈdʀa banˈfɔj kwaˈjɪʀ/
[nʊ vʊm pɐːˈtɪː ʒɪ mokɐ | dɔŋk tɔː ʒɪ mɑːt fɐwˈdʀa bɐɱˈfɔj kwɐˈjɪː]
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

brblues
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Posts: 170
Joined: 03 Aug 2018 15:34

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by brblues » 09 Dec 2019 20:10

tagtag n 1. seed 2. egg

A rare example of a full-word reduplication, plus one that does not convey a plural sense - the "thing-thing" rather is a thing from which something else grows, that is either a seed or an egg.

It is possible to clarify whether a seed or an egg is meant:

dastagtag n egg

And then there are the food terms:

dastagtagla n egg(s) (as food)
tagtagla n a porridge-like food made from seeds

And there is also a verb:

tagtagma v 1. to plant (seeds), to sow 2. to incubate/ brood over an egg/eggs

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