Lexember 2019

A forum for all topics related to constructed languages
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qwed117
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 23 Dec 2019 00:36

Lexember 22nd

*gˀlm̩s-e v to steal

this is very inspired by Greek btw.

:it-sa: giogare v to play
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 23 Dec 2019 02:40

Y²KS (Day 22):

mītuyyi /ˈmiːtujji/ (n.) spirit, sprite, demon, daemon, angel, familiar, genius, jinn, nymph, fey, fairy
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A type of minor entity in the traditional Abil-Yaunite religion
  • Not usually seen as inherently good or evil, but often depicted as mischievous and behaving in ways that can seem quite alien to human beings
  • Countless such entities are thought to exist throughout the world, but none are thought to be very powerful on their own
  • Typically associated with particular places or specific objects, individual spirits rarely attract widespread cults, if they are worshipped at all
  • Groups of spirits working together are thought to be more capable of influencing our world, however
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
rusmītuyyi /ˈrusmiːtujji/ (n.) angel, guardian angel, guardian spirit
  • From Proto-AY *rʸā̀wsʸ- "to encourage, to cheer up" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • An explicitly benevolent spirit, thought to be inclined to help people
tulmītuyyi /ˈtulmiːtujji/ (n.) demon
  • From Proto-AY *tàwlʸ- "to be angry, to be cruel" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • An explicitly malevolent spirit, thought to be inclined to hurt people
ibmītuyyi /ˈibmiːtujji/ (n.) household god, family god
  • From Proto-AY *yúb- "house" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A spirit inhabiting the living space of a particular family
  • Sometimes thought of as guardians, although some such spirits are seen more as tricksters
  • Spirits of this kind are the most likely to be prayed to or worshipped individually
tumītuyyi /tuˈmiːtujji/ (n.) forest spirit, tree nymph, dryad
  • From Proto-AY *táw- "tree" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A spirit inhabiting a particular plant, usually a tall, old tree
hidmītuyyi /ˈhidmiːtujji/ (n.) stone spirit
  • From Proto-AY *hìć̣u- "hard, stone" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A spirit inhabiting a particular stone, boulder, or rock formation
fumītuyyi /fuˈmiːtujji/ (n.) water spirit, water nymph, naiad
  • From Proto-AY *ṗíw- "water" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A spirit inhabiting a particular body of fresh water, typically a lake or river
əjmītuyyi /ˈəd͡ʒmiːtujji/ (n.) animal spirit
  • From Proto-AY *ˀáǯ- "animal" + *mùytu- "spirit"
  • A spirit associated with a particular animal, or one resembling an animal with unusual intelligence
mītīkuyyi /ˈmiːtiːkujji/ (n.) liminal space, holy ground, heaven, utopia, shrine
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *iku- "place"
  • Any place in our world believed to be the abode of a spirit
  • Can also refer to a type of peaceful otherworld or pocket dimension, so to speak, accessible by spirits and occasionally by people who wander into their earthly homes
mītumajī /ˈmiːtumad͡ʒiː/ (n.) group of spirits, fairy court
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *mač̣- "group"
  • A group of spirits, either from nearby locations or with similar domains
  • Larger groups are believed to have some power to influence the affairs of humans, and thus are sometimes the focus of cults
mītəšēdī /ˈmiːtəʃeːdiː/ (n.) spirits, fey, spirit world
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *θʸàğid- "day, era"
  • Can refer either to spirits as a whole or to their otherworldly realm or realms
  • The spirit and human worlds are often thought of as overlapping, to some extent, but spirits are usually believed to be invisible to most people, despite existing in more or less the same space
  • It is thought that more powerful spirits and groups of spirits can make themselves visible to humans, and some people are believed to be more sensitive to the presence of spirits than others
  • On the other hand, however, it is believed that some weaker spirits are generally as unaware of humans as humans are of them
mītījī /ˈmiːtiːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) disguised spirit, changeling, doppelgänger, lucky person, fortunate person, chosen one, hero, demigod, saint
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *íḳ- "person"
  • Usually refers to a spirit disguising itself as a human
  • Sometimes, spirits are thought to disguise themselves as actual people in order to play small tricks on the friends and family members of those people
  • Other times, spirits make themselves look human, although not like any particular real person, in order to observe or spend time among people
  • This term can also refer to an actual human who is extraordinary in some way, as such people are often thought of as having been blessed by spirits
mītranu /ˈmiːtranu/ (v.) to act righteously, to act well, to favor, to gain favor, to bless, to be blessed, to be chosen, to choose, to be lucky
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *rán- "to choose"
  • Refers to actions thought to attract the attention of spirits
  • Spirits are thought to grant good fortune to people who impress them
  • Can have a passive meaning when the subject is human, but is always active in meaning when the subject is a spirit
mītrantantī /ˈmiːtrantːantiː/ (adj.) favoring, blessing, choosing, bestowing, guarding
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *rán- "to choose" + *-śamt- "NPST.PART"
  • Can also be a noun referring to a spirit that choses to bless people with its supernatural energy: "guardian angel, familiar spirit, patron deity"
mītranḫērī /ˈmiːtranxeːriː/ (adj.) favored, blessed, chosen, guarded, lucky, fortunate
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *rán- "to choose" + *-ḫayiz- "PST.PART"
  • Can also be used as a noun referring to someone blessed by a spirit: "lucky person, fortunate person, chosen one, hero, demigod, saint"
mītrannēyyi /ˈmiːtranneːjji/ (n.) favoring, blessing, choosing, bestowing, guarding
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *rán- "to choose" + *-naya- "NPST.GER"
  • Refers to the action of a spirit choosing a person or an instance of such a blessing
mītranfanī /ˈmiːtranfaniː/ (n.) luck, fate, chance, fortune, energy, divine will
  • From Proto-AY *mùytu- "spirit" + *rán- "to choose" + *-ṗan- "PST.GER"
  • Often refers to good luck in particular, but can also be used to refer to a fundamental supernatural force
Example:

Tumītumajam Wīsukurrīn mītranušamin.
/tuˈmiːtumad͡ʒam wiːsukurˈriːn ˈmiːtranuʃamin/
[tʊˈmiːtʊmɐˌd͡ʒæ̃m ˌwiːsʊkʊrˈrĩːm ˈmiːtrɐnʊʃɐˌmĩn]
tumītumaj-am Wīsukurr-īn mītran-uša-min
forest_spirit_group-ERG.G.SG.INDEF NAME-ABS.G.SG.DEF favor-3s.PST.IND-SG.DEF.OBJ
A group of dryads chose to bless Wisukurri.



Theodish (Day 22):

belefen /bɛˈleːvən/ (v.) to believe, to believe in, to think, to trust
  • From Proto-Germanic *bilaubijaną
  • Also found as gelefen /jɛˈleːvən/, from Proto-Germanic *galaubijaną, with approximately the same meaning
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
belofe /bɛˈloːv/ (n.) belief, faith, conviction, religion
  • From Proto-Germanic *bilaubô
  • Also found as gelofe, from Proto-Germanic *galaubô, with approximately the same meaning
lefen /ˈleːvən/ (v.) to allow, to grant, to consent
  • From Proto-Germanic *laubijaną
loef /ˈloːf/ (n.) leaf
  • From Proto-Germanic *laubą
lefe /ˈleːv/ (n.) foliage, shade, shelter, cabin
  • From Proto-Germanic *laubijǭ
lufen /ˈluːvən/ (v.) to love, to praise
  • From Proto-Germanic *lubōną
luf /ˈlʊf/ (n.) praise, glory, hymn
  • From Proto-Germanic *lubą
lufe /ˈluːv/ (n.) love, affection
  • From Proto-Germanic *lubō
louf /ˈluːf/ (adj.) dear, beloved, sweet, nice, kind, friendly
  • From Proto-Germanic *leubaz
lufleg /ˈlʊvləj/ (adj.) lovely, dear, lovable, beautiful, pleasant
  • From Proto-Germanic *leubalīkaz
lebb /ˈlɛb/ (n.) poison, potion, herb, wort
  • From Proto-Germanic *lubją
lught /ˈlʊft/ (n.) air, sky, atmosphere
  • From Proto-Germanic *luftuz
leghten /ˈlɛʃtən/ (v.) to air, to air out, to stand, to suffer, to suffer through, to put up with, to tolerate
  • From Proto-Germanic *luftijaną
Example:

Belefes du in God?
/bɛˈleːvəs duː ɪn ɣɔd/
[bəˈleːvz dw‿ɪŋ ˈgɔd]
belef-es du in God
believe-2s.PRES.IND 2s.NOM in God
Do you believe in God?

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spanick
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by spanick » 23 Dec 2019 03:25

Weddisch

Day 21
odkyke of /odkɛɪkə of/ w.v. ‘to look forward to, anticipate’ (from kyke ‘to look,’ borrowed from Middle Low German kîkken)

Day 22
luk /lʊk/ n.n. ‘luck’ (borrowed from Old Frisian)

Túnnan

Day 21
spérer /speɪrəɾ/ de v1 ‘to anticipate, hope for’

Day 22
fortún /foɾtun/ f.n. ‘fortune, luck’

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 23 Dec 2019 03:51

22nd Lexember

'athūma /ʔatʰuːma/ n god, spirit
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

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KaiTheHomoSapien
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by KaiTheHomoSapien » 23 Dec 2019 04:21

:con: Arculese (Selbic dialect)

19th

gántomi - I touch - 3rd conj.

Ghē imé gántes!
PROHIB. PART. me-ACC touch-2.SG.INJUNC

/ɣeː i.'me 'gan.tes/

"Don't touch me!"

20th

tábnemi - I hate - 2nd conj.

wo- (prefix that intensifies emotional verbs)

Yom tágom atábnem.
that-ACC man-ACC hate-1.SG.AOR.

/jom 'ta.gom a.'tab.nɛm/

wotábnemi - I really hate, I loathe - 2nd conj.

mesa- (prefix that weakens emotional verbs)

mesatábnemi - I sort of hate, I dislike - 2nd conj.

21st

oridhéttami - to become bored

orídhos - bored

Stelgóntes wéquai ōridhéttam.
wait-NOM.S.MASC house-LOC become bored-1.SG.AOR

/'stɛl.gon.tes 'we.kʷai oː.ri.'ðɛt.tam/

We became bored waiting in the house.

22nd

sárpomi - I consecrate, dedicate - 3rd conj.

The verb that gives the Mantian religion its name, Sarpanism. (Lih. šárpami with same meaning).

Asárpom sústom syókai.
consecrate-1.SG.AOR the-ACC offering-ACC the-LOC temple-LOC


"I consecrated the offering in the temple".

To show some different suffixes, the same sentence with all words plural:

Asárpont sústons syókaisu.
Last edited by KaiTheHomoSapien on 23 Dec 2019 07:01, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 23 Dec 2019 05:15

22nd December

rubi
[ˈrʊbɪ]
n.
petal; wing (especially of arthropods)
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by VaptuantaDoi » 23 Dec 2019 09:18

Movard

dexscauçi /dɛsˈkoːs/ [dəsˈkʊˑs] adj. Pagan, non-Christian. VL *disculceus "not wearing shoes," from earlier *discalceus, CL discalceātus "I have pulled my shoes off;" OM descalcie (describing peasants), MM descautie "barbaric, uncultured"; -s- retained due to influence of other learnèd terms such as dexstrif "distribute," dexsturb "disturb."



Cartaguinhisi

o /ɔ/ Yes, an affirmative response. L hoc "that," PRC (h)o(c). Eastern Dialect /o/.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 23 Dec 2019 12:26

Lexember 23rd - Yélian

rapamuyor [ˈɾaːpɐˌmuːʃɔ̈d̟] - vegetarian
muyoralán [ˈmuːʃɔ̈ɾɐˌlaːn] - vegetarian
vegetarian [ˈveːxəˌtaːɾɪ̯ɐn] - vegetarian

ETYMOLOGY I: from rapar "forest" + muyor "eater", literally "forest eater".
ETYMOLOGY II: from muyor "eater" + alán "natural, sustainable"
ETYMOLOGY III: from vegetarian.

USAGE NOTES: The Yélians, as a desert-based people, thought that only people who live in the forest could have the luxury of a plant-based diet. The word rapamuyor is rejected by vegetarians for its pejorative sound: They prefer either the neologism muyoralán (literally "eater of sustainable food") or the loan word vegetarian. Of the three words, the second one is used most commonly.

Barcai ivabei iyt o'yatse fecun sao litaiesper? - Civabai, anaslocan. Re vutret, re bai muyoralán.
[ˈbaɾkaɪ̯ ɨʋɐˈbɛɪ̯ a̯iːt ɔ̈ˈʃatsə ˈɸeːkʉn saʊ̯ ˌliːtaɪ̯.ˈespəd̟↗︎ | kɨʋɐˈbaɪ̯, ˈaːnɐsˌloːkɐn | ɾe ˈvutɾət, re baɪ̯ ˈmuːʃɔɾɐˌlaːn]
ask-1SG VOL-have.2SG some DEF.GEN=ham with 2SG.POSS mirrored_egg | NEG-VOL-have.1SG, thanks_a_lot | 1SG.REC INT 1SG.REC vegetarian
Do you want some ham with your mirrored egg? - No, thank you. I'm vegetarian.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Corphishy » 23 Dec 2019 13:47

23rd December

wajin
[ˈwajɪn]
sub.
intended; on purpose, intentionally; confidence
Aszev wrote:A good conlang doesn't come from pursuing uniqueness. Uniqueness is usually an effect from creating a good conlang.
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by spanick » 23 Dec 2019 18:10

Not sure when I'll be able to post again, so I'm gonna post mine for Lexember 23-26. I really like the theme this week and it shows in some of the additional information I've included in the spoilers. This has inspired me to try to write some Weddisch folklore.

Weddisch

Schonny /ʒoniː/ proper name ‘the name of a folkloric sea-spirit.’
Spoiler:
Sailors, whalers, and fisherman often pour a cup of ale into the sea in hopes that Schonny will provide calm seas, a bountiful venture, and safe return home. Those who die at sea are said to be by Schonnieshaam ‘in Schonny’s home.’ Derived from Seonaidh, a similar sea-spirit from the Isle of Lewis, Scotland.
sólvouk /zœlvoʊkː/ c.n. ‘seal-people, folkloric creatures capable of turning into seals’
Spoiler:
There are various legends and stories surrounding sólvouk. Sólvyve ‘seal-wives, seal-women’ in particular are said to lure sailors towards their deaths. There is also a popular legend De Sólvyf ‘The Seal-Wyf’ of a fisherman who forces a sólvyf to marry him by stealing her seal-skin. He keeps it in his boat, knowing that she cannot return to sea without it. The following spring, he meets a stranger (a sólman seal-man’ in human form) in a tavern who encourages him to get drunk. The next morning, the fisherman sets sail and is ambushed by the sólvouk and killed.
bruny /bɾuːniː/ c.n. ‘elf, brownie, house-spirit, kobold’ (pl. bruny)
Spoiler:
Like the English/Scottish brownie, or German Kobold, a bruny is a household spirit which is said to come out at night and perform miscellaneous chores. They are generally viewed as benevolent creatures which bring luck to those whose house they dwell in.
Pukkel /pʊkl̩/ proper name ‘Puck, Robin Goodfellow’
Spoiler:
Pukkel is usually identified as a specific bruny although he is also sometimes called an elf. Like bruny, Pukkel is said to perform miscellaneous tasks for people. Unlike them, Pukkel is not viewed as so benevolent. It is said that if Pukkel does something for you, it will come at some cost, often a string of bad luck. Sometimes he is said to make high-risk deals with people wherein he performs some miraculous task at exorbitant cost to the other person (many stories have him asking for children, wives, or even people’s souls for payment). For this reason, he is sometimes identified as the devil.
Túrnnan

Crämpu /kɾɛmpʌ/ m.n. ‘Krampus’ (Essentially identical to Krampus of Austrian folklore.)

Domin Bert /domɨn beɾt/ f.n. ‘Lady Perchta’ (Essentially identical to Perchta/Berchta of Austrian folklore.)

Zibalu /zibɑlʌ/ m.n. ‘boogeyman’
Spoiler:
Ultimately derived from Latin diabolus ‘devil.’ However, this word is never used to refer to the Devil of Christian belief. Rather, Zibalu is a scary creature that comes out at night and kidnaps children. He’s also used as a generic bad-guy figure used to scare children, similar to the boogeyman.
tempar /tempɑr/ f.n. ‘Ember Day’

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by ixals » 23 Dec 2019 19:01

23rd December

:con: Elá

íl-íli /ˌiˈli.li/ - reduplication of íli "power, nature, deity"
1.) pantheon, gods
2.) the collection of natural events not being able to be influenced by humans
Native: :deu:
Learning: :gbr:, :chn:, :tur:, :fra:

Zhér·dûn a tonal Germanic conlang

old stuff: Цiски | Noattȯč | Tungōnis Vīdīnōs

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by gach » 23 Dec 2019 20:10

22.

Inaki

sũjalə, shaman n
maŋkilə, healer n
mańə, healthy adj

Both sũjalə and maŋkilə were religious specialists in the Proto Inaki society with somewhat complementary tasks. Sũjalə acted as the intermediary to the spirit world, while as a healer maŋkilə was responsible with the rituals surrounding matters of life and death. Sũjalə is derived from the verb sũja, "see" with the agent noun suffix -lə and maŋkilə from the adjective mańə, "healthy", with the causative and agent noun suffixes -ki and -lə.

Sei

šełwo, shaman n

Inland family

dVnewe, cult priest n

This is another inland word which contains the human prefix dV-.


23.

Inaki

ŋantə, a spell set in verse n

Sei

wawače, perform a shaman song, shamanise v itr.

This verb contains an onomatopoetic root wawa- combined with the iterative suffix -če.
Last edited by gach on 23 Dec 2019 22:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Jackk » 23 Dec 2019 21:52

23rd Lexember

Boral

viol cemtir /vjɔl ʦɛmˈtɪʀ/ [vɪˈjɔw ʦɪnˈtɪː] graveyard fiddles
< The first word from Mediæval Tuscan viola, probably from Old Aquitain viula, from Late Latin vitula (all with the same meaning). The second from Old Boral cemiteȝr, from Latin cœmētērium "burial ground", from Greek κοιμητήριον "sleeping chamber".

Refers to the mysterious sound of string instruments in the air, which in Borlish folklore is attributed to various spirits connected to death, and to cemeteries in particular. Usually said to be low, mournful melodies. Apparently a tradition peculiar to Borland, as no closely analogous figures are seen in stories abroad.
Featured in the opera Ali in Fiamme "Wings Afire" (a retelling of the story of Icarus which famously takes place entirely after the events of the myth), composed by Venetian Chiarina Bruno and first performed in 1824. Her first work, she is said to have heard the tale of the viol cemtir from her brother Giacomo, who had fought alongside Borlish soldiers in the Second German War.

Vos orreð viol cemtir moutessem, com dit, all'hour pre y lugnt.
They say you will most often hear the graveyard fiddles in the hour before dawn.
/vo‿zoˈʀɛθ vjɔl ʦɛmˈtɪʀ muˈtɛsɛm | kɔm ˈdɪt | aˈluʀ pʀe i ˈlajnt/
[vo‿zʊˈʀɛh vɪˈjɔq ʦɪnˈtɪː mʊˈtɛsɐm | kʊnˈdɪt | ɐˈlʊː pʀɛj ˈlajn(t)]
mundum impūrum incolāmus
hamteu n'un mont sug
let us live in a dirty world

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Ælfwine » 23 Dec 2019 21:56

Gotisch pomfrits/помфритс ['poːmˌfrits]
Etym: French pomme + frittes
1. French fries
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Crimean Gothic — A Gothic language spoken in Crimea (duh)
Pelsodian — A Romance language spoken around Lake Balaton
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An unnamed Semitic language spoken in the Caucus.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by qwed117 » 24 Dec 2019 02:19

Lexember 23
*gˀoːs₃n-e v to love
*sm̩ prep through, between, across

:it-sa: proba prep near
Meu cane est proba a su arriu
My dog is near (to) the river
Spoiler:
My minicity is Zyphrazia and Novland
What is made of man will crumble away.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Clio » 24 Dec 2019 03:09

23rd Lexember

mihakērā /mihakeːraː/ n forest spirit, demon, malevolent spirit
Niûro nCora
Getic: longum Getico murmur in ore fuit
scratchpad

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by VaptuantaDoi » 24 Dec 2019 04:10

Movard

çaveof /saˈvɛː/ [səˈʋeˑ] mn. Soul, spirit; the non-physical part of a person. A very early borrowing of L diabolus with stress assigned to the penult, i.e. *diabōlus "devil;" OM giauóue "(evil) spirit," MM diaveuve "supernatural being, non-corporeal entity."



Cartaguinhisi

ángueli /ˈangɛli/ mn. An angel. L angelus, PRC àngheli. An early (c. 12th century) attestation shows aang'eluix (note the intermediate stage of -us → -ui̯S → -y → -i. Eastern Dialect anglî /ˈaŋgliː/.

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Re: Lexember 2019

Post by shimobaatar » 24 Dec 2019 05:59

Y²KS (Day 23):

ḫāsayyi /ˈxaːsajji/ (n.) god, goddess, godhead, deity, divinity
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • Usually refers to an entity rather than a quality, but can also be used as an adjective meaning "godly, divine"
  • In the traditional Abil-Yaunite religion, there are approximately two dozen major gods, although the exact number can differ from place to place
  • The culturally dominant city of Iskuyyand recognizes a pantheon of twenty-five
  • Apart from one "odd god out", these deities can be divided first into two groups of twelve, then into four groups of six, and finally into twelve groups of two based on similarities between their spheres of influence
  • Gods are widely worshipped, each having their own temples and feast days, but few people worship all gods equally
  • Most people pay more attention, so to speak, to the gods they feel are most relevant to their lives
  • The gods are generally thought to live below the earth, among the souls of the dead, but are believed to frequently influence the world of the living, especially at particular times of year
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
sukōmutḫāsayyi /suˈkoːmutxaːsajji/ (n.) pantheon
  • From Proto-AY *sʸúkaw- "twenty" + *mùṭ- "five" + *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • Refers to the gods as a whole, particularly the "official" twenty-five gods of Iskuyyand
  • Some speakers tend to use the morphologically plural forms of the word by default
sukōkəḫāsayyi /suˈkoːkəxaːsajji/ (n.) paired god, near-complete pantheon
  • From Proto-AY *sʸúkaw- "twenty" + *kí- "four" + *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • Refers to the twenty-four gods of the pantheon who can be divided into smaller groups, either individually or as a whole
ḫāsamajī /ˈxaːsamad͡ʒiː/ (n.) group of gods
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *mač̣- "group"
  • Any of the subdivisions within the larger Abil-Yaunite pantheon
  • Individual gods all have their own temples and feast days, but there are also temples and holidays dedicated to these groups of gods
jūḥḥitḫāsayyi /ˈd͡ʒuːħħitxaːsajji/ (n.) twelve gods, dozen gods, type of god
  • From Proto-AY *č̣ū́ḥ- "ten" + *ˀídu- "two" + *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • The twenty-four gods can first be split into two main groups of twelve: the "inner" gods, concerned with aspects of human life, and the "outer" gods, concerned with the natural world
  • This term refers to either of these groups
mudwāḫāsayyi /ˈmudwaːxaːsajji/ (n.) six gods
  • From Proto-AY *mùṭ- "five" + *wàˤi- "one" + *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • The "inner" gods can be further subdivided into six "sensory" deities and six "emotional" deities
  • Likewise, the "outer" gods can be divided into six "elemental" deities and six "phenomenal" deities
  • This term refers to any of these four groups of six
yitḫāsayyi /ˈjitxaːsajji/ (n.) two gods, pair of gods
  • From Proto-AY *ˀídu- "two" + *ḫámśʸa- "god"
  • Each group of six gods consists of three pairs of deities
  • Most pairs of gods are seen as having similar yet opposite domains
  • This concept is occasionally referred to using the dual form of the word for "god", or some derivative thereof
ḫāsəšēdī /ˈxaːsəʃeːdiː/ (n.) feast, festival, holy day, holiday, domain, sphere of influence
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *θʸàğid- "day, era"
  • Can refer either to that which a particular god is believed to have influence over, or to the day or days dedicated to the worship of a particular god
ḫāsēkuyyi /ˈxaːseːkujji/ (n.) temple, shrine, church, sanctuary, altar
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *iku- "place"
  • A building or part of a building dedicated to the worship of a particular god or group of gods
  • In and around the city of Iskuyyand, there are official temples for each of the twenty-five gods, in addition to temples for each subgrouping, a number of minor temples, and countless shrines to local spirits
ḫāsyubī /ˈxaːsjubiː/ (n.) statue, idol
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yúb- "house"
  • Each temple houses a painted statue, usually made from clay and straw, of the god to which it is dedicated, in addition to a number of more permanent artistic depictions
  • Temples dedicated to groups of gods have multiple such statues
  • On a particular god's feast day or feast days, that god is believed to ascend to the world of the living and inhabit all of the statues depicted them for as long as the festivities last
  • During festivals, these statues are paraded around so that people can see them, give gifts to them, and make requests
  • After festivals are over, statues are disposed of in some way thought to be appropriate for a particular god, and a new statue is commissioned as a replacement
  • In a way, the gods are almost thought of as being dead, or at least more like the dead than the living, so these idols are thought to be the closest they can come to having physical, living bodies in our world, although they are also believed to be capable of appearing in our world in other, less-corporeal ways
ḫāsējī /ˈxaːseːd͡ʒiː/ (n.) priest, priestess, devotee, cultist, attendant
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *íḳ- "person"
  • Anyone whose job involves temple maintenance and/or leading worship
ḫāsasulī /ˈxaːsasuliː/ (n.) godhead, godliness, divinity
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *θùlʸ- "face, quality"
  • Explicitly refers to the quality possessed by gods
ḫāsaḫubī /ˈxaːsaxubiː/ (n.) demigod, minor god
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *ḫʷùb- "small"
  • Some gods are believed to have children, either with humans, spirits, or other gods
  • Within the main pantheon, a number of gods are believed to be the children of other gods
  • Beings born of two gods or of a god and a spirit can either be gods, spirits, or something in between
  • The children of gods and humans, however, are always somewhere in between spirits and gods, in terms of power
  • This term refers to these beings believed to be above spirits but below gods in the hierarchy of the supernatural
  • It can also be used to refer to any of the gods present in regional pantheons that are not recognized as main gods by Iskuyyand
ḫāsadandī /ˈxaːsadandiː/ (n.) theology, religious studies, scholasticism, philosophy
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *ṭànd- "to know" 
  • Refers to the academic study of religion, particularly studies focused on the main pantheon of the traditional Abil-Yaunite religion
ḫāsadandijī /ˈxaːsadandid͡ʒiː/ (n.) theologian, scholar of religion, scholastic, philosopher
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *ṭànd- "to know" + *íḳ- "person"
  • Someone who academically studies religion, especially the gods of the traditional Abil-Yaunite pantheon as found in Iskuyyand
ḫāsayasu /ˈxaːsajasu/ (v.) to apotheosize, to deify, to exalt, to glorify
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yásʸ- "to push, to cause"
  • Occasionally, it will be claimed that a particular person either had divine ancestry or somehow reached the level of a demigod by virtue of their accomplishments in life
  • Such claims are usually made after a person's death
  • Leaders of Iskuyyand are sometimes deified by their successors, but the most widespread cults of this kind are usually the results of popular movements honoring local heroes 
  • From time to time, someone will claim to be or have become divine themselves, although such people rarely gain much of a following
ḫāsayassantī /ˈxaːsajassantiː/ (adj.) apotheosizing, deifying, exalting, glorifying
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yásʸ- "to push, to cause" + *-śamt- "NPST.PART"
  • Can also be used as a noun referring to someone making or supporting a claim about a person's divinity
  • Officially-sanctioned deification takes place after the vote of a council of political, spiritual, and academic leaders, who take on this title while deliberating
  • Members, especially prominent ones, of "grassroots" cults of personality are also referred to this way
ḫāsayasḫērī /ˈxaːsajasxeːriː/ (adj.) apotheosized, deified, exalted, glorified
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yásʸ- "to push, to cause" + *-ḫayiz- "PST.PART"
  • Can also be used as a noun referring to a person about whom claims of divinity have been made
ḫāsayasnēyyi /xaːsajasˈneːjji/ (n.) apotheosis, deification, exaltation, glorification
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yásʸ- "to push, to cause" + *-naya- "NPST.GER"
  • Refers to the act of becoming a god or declaring someone to be one
  • Can also refer to specific instances of exaltation, particularly when an official decision is made by a prestigious council, or particular claims of divinity
ḫāsayasfanī /ˈxaːsajasfaniː/ (n.) cult of personality, imperial cult, apotheosis, deification, exaltation, glorification
  • From Proto-AY *ḫámśʸa- "god" + *yásʸ- "to push, to cause" + *-ṗan- "PST.GER"
  • Refers both to the concept of apotheosis itself as well as to the cult surrounding a particular deified person
Example:

Sē din šuḫērin mikwaririn ḫāsəšēt danduḥičmin, mān ya šu-dinam ḫāsām ḫāsēkūs mariwakīr?
/seː din ʃuˈxeːrin ˈmikwaririn xaːsəˈʃeːt ˈdanduħit͡ʃmin | maːn ja ʃudiˈnam xaːˈsaːm xaːseːˈkuːs mariwaˈkiːr/
[se dɪ̃n ʃʊˈxeːrɪ̃m ˈmikwɐrɪˌrĩŋ ˌxɑːsəˈʃeːd ˈdãndʊˌħit͡ʃmɪ̃n | mæ̃n jɐ ˌʃudɪˈnæ̃ŋ xɑˈsæ̃ːŋ ˌxɑːseˈkuːs ˌmærɪwɐˈkiːr]
sē din šuḫa-irin mikwar-irin ḫāsəšēd-Ø dand-uḥič-min, mān ya šu=din-am ḫāsa-am ḫāsēku-us mar-iwakīr
1s what PROX-ERG.A.SG.DEF full_day-ERG.A.SG.DEF holiday-ABS.A.SG.INDEF know-DPs.NPST.IND-SG.DEF.OBJ, but 1p to=what-ERG.G.SG.INDEF god-ERG.G.SG.INDEF temple-ERG.C.SG.INDEF go-DPp.NPST.SJV
I know that today's some feast day, but which god's temple are we going to?



Theodish (Day 23):

sewel /ˈseːwəl/ (n.) soul
  • From Proto-Germanic *saiwalō
Derivations and Related Terms:
Spoiler:
see /ˈseː/ (n.) sea, ocean
  • From Proto-Germanic *saiwiz
sien /ˈsiːn/ (v.) to filter
  • From Proto-Germanic *sīhwaną
sigen /ˈsiːjən/ (v.) to sink, to drop
  • From Proto-Germanic *sīganą
sighter /ˈsɪʃtər/ (n.) drain, sewer, gutter
  • From Proto-Germanic *sihtrǭ
sereg /ˈseːrəj/ (adj.) sore, painful
  • From Proto-Germanic *sairaz
mere /ˈmeːr/ (n.) lake, sea
  • From Proto-Germanic *mari
mersc /ˈmɛrʃ/ (n.) marsh
  • From Proto-Germanic *mariskaz
merswine /ˈmɛrˌswiːn/ (n.) dolphin, porpoise
  • From Proto-Germanic *mariswīną
swine /ˈswiːn/ (n.) pig, swine
  • From Proto-Germanic *swīną
Example:

Mien broder dencet det merswines seweles hebben and wellen cunnen moten.
/miːn ˈbroːdər ˈdɛnt͡ʃət dɛt ˈmɛrˌswiːnəs ˈseːwələs ˈhɛbən and ˈwɛlən ˈkʊnən ˈmoːtən/
[mɪ ˈbroːdər ˈdɛnt͡ʃt̚ dət̚ ˈmɛrˌswiːn‿ˈzeːwəl‿ˈzɛbə‿nən ˈwɛlə ˈkʊnə ˈmoːtə]
mien broder denc-et det merswine-s sewel-es hebb-en and well-en cunn-en mot-en
1s.POSS brother think-3s.PRES.IND REL dolphin-PL soul-PL have-3p.PRES.IND and vote-INF can-INF should-3p.PRES.IND
My brother thinks that dolphins have souls and should be able to vote.


spanick wrote:
23 Dec 2019 18:10
Not sure when I'll be able to post again, so I'm gonna post mine for Lexember 23-26.
I hope everything's alright!
spanick wrote:
23 Dec 2019 18:10
I really like the theme this week and it shows in some of the additional information I've included in the spoilers. This has inspired me to try to write some Weddisch folklore.
Oh good, I'm so glad to hear that! I love what you've come up with here!

Although this week's theme was primarily chosen because of Christmas and Hanukkah, folklore/mythology/religion is one of my favorite subjects to read about when it comes to conworlds or concultures, so I'm happy to see that this week's theme has inspired so many interesting entries!

In addition to spanick's, here are a few more entries related to this week's theme that caught my eye:
Spoiler:
Clio wrote:
23 Dec 2019 03:51
22nd Lexember

'athūma /ʔatʰuːma/ n god, spirit
Clio wrote:
24 Dec 2019 03:09
23rd Lexember

mihakērā /mihakeːraː/ n forest spirit, demon, malevolent spirit
KaiTheHomoSapien wrote:
23 Dec 2019 04:21
:con: Arculese (Selbic dialect)

[…]

22nd

sárpomi - I consecrate, dedicate - 3rd conj.

The verb that gives the Mantian religion its name, Sarpanism. (Lih. šárpami with same meaning).

Asárpom sústom syókai.
consecrate-1.SG.AOR the-ACC offering-ACC the-LOC temple-LOC


"I consecrated the offering in the temple".

To show some different suffixes, the same sentence with all words plural:

Asárpont sústons syókaisu.
VaptuantaDoi wrote:
23 Dec 2019 09:18
Movard

dexscauçi /dɛsˈkoːs/ [dəsˈkʊˑs] adj. Pagan, non-Christian. VL *disculceus "not wearing shoes," from earlier *discalceus, CL discalceātus "I have pulled my shoes off;" OM descalcie (describing peasants), MM descautie "barbaric, uncultured"; -s- retained due to influence of other learnèd terms such as dexstrif "distribute," dexsturb "disturb."



Cartaguinhisi

o /ɔ/ Yes, an affirmative response. L hoc "that," PRC (h)o(c). Eastern Dialect /o/.
VaptuantaDoi wrote:
24 Dec 2019 04:10
Movard

çaveof /saˈvɛː/ [səˈʋeˑ] mn. Soul, spirit; the non-physical part of a person. A very early borrowing of L diabolus with stress assigned to the penult, i.e. *diabōlus "devil;" OM giauóue "(evil) spirit," MM diaveuve "supernatural being, non-corporeal entity."



Cartaguinhisi

ángueli /ˈangɛli/ mn. An angel. L angelus, PRC àngheli. An early (c. 12th century) attestation shows aang'eluix (note the intermediate stage of -us → -ui̯S → -y → -i. Eastern Dialect anglî /ˈaŋgliː/.
ixals wrote:
23 Dec 2019 19:01
23rd December

:con: Elá

íl-íli /ˌiˈli.li/ - reduplication of íli "power, nature, deity"
1.) pantheon, gods
2.) the collection of natural events not being able to be influenced by humans
gach wrote:
23 Dec 2019 20:10
22.

Inaki

sũjalə, shaman n
maŋkilə, healer n
mańə, healthy adj

Both sũjalə and maŋkilə were religious specialists in the Proto Inaki society with somewhat complementary tasks. Sũjalə acted as the intermediary to the spirit world, while as a healer maŋkilə was responsible with the rituals surrounding matters of life and death. Sũjalə is derived from the verb sũja, "see" with the agent noun suffix -lə and maŋkilə from the adjective mańə, "healthy", with the causative and agent noun suffixes -ki and -lə.

Sei

šełwo, shaman n

Inland family

dVnewe, cult priest n

This is another inland word which contains the human prefix dV-.


23.

Inaki

ŋantə, a spell set in verse n

Sei

wawače, perform a shaman song, shamanise v itr.

This verb contains an onomatopoetic root wawa- combined with the iterative suffix -če.
Jackk wrote:
23 Dec 2019 21:52
23rd Lexember

Boral

viol cemtir /vjɔl ʦɛmˈtɪʀ/ [vɪˈjɔw ʦɪnˈtɪː] graveyard fiddles
< The first word from Mediæval Tuscan viola, probably from Old Aquitain viula, from Late Latin vitula (all with the same meaning). The second from Old Boral cemiteȝr, from Latin cœmētērium "burial ground", from Greek κοιμητήριον "sleeping chamber".

Refers to the mysterious sound of string instruments in the air, which in Borlish folklore is attributed to various spirits connected to death, and to cemeteries in particular. Usually said to be low, mournful melodies. Apparently a tradition peculiar to Borland, as no closely analogous figures are seen in stories abroad.
Featured in the opera Ali in Fiamme "Wings Afire" (a retelling of the story of Icarus which famously takes place entirely after the events of the myth), composed by Venetian Chiarina Bruno and first performed in 1824. Her first work, she is said to have heard the tale of the viol cemtir from her brother Giacomo, who had fought alongside Borlish soldiers in the Second German War.

Vos orreð viol cemtir moutessem, com dit, all'hour pre y lugnt.
They say you will most often hear the graveyard fiddles in the hour before dawn.
/vo‿zoˈʀɛθ vjɔl ʦɛmˈtɪʀ muˈtɛsɛm | kɔm ˈdɪt | aˈluʀ pʀe i ˈlajnt/
[vo‿zʊˈʀɛh vɪˈjɔq ʦɪnˈtɪː mʊˈtɛsɐm | kʊnˈdɪt | ɐˈlʊː pʀɛj ˈlajn(t)]

Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1725
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Iyionaku » 24 Dec 2019 10:08

Lexember 24th - Yélian

dasauvalar [ˈdaːsaʊ̯ˌvaːlɐd̟] - democracy

Etymology: Loan translation from Greek δημοκρατία; dasau "people" + valar "administration".

Baiùielov, æʻareyal o‘climar rælkunet yanim dasauvalan piytafean.
[ˌbaɪ̯.ʉ.ˈɪ̯eːlo, əʔɐˈɾeːʃɐl ɔ̈ˈkliːmɐd̟ ɾəlˈkuːnət ˈʃaːnɨm ˈdaːsaʊ̯ˌvaːlɐn ˌpa̯iːtɐˈɸeː.ɐn]
maybe DEF.CONC=change DEF.GEN=climate FUT-threaten-3SG 1PLIN.POSS democracy.PL in_the_long_term
Maybe climate change will threaten our democracies in the long term.
Wipe the glass. This is the usual way to start, even in the days, day and night, only a happy one.

Allekanger
cuneiform
cuneiform
Posts: 168
Joined: 01 Feb 2012 00:27
Location: Suecia

Re: Lexember 2019

Post by Allekanger » 24 Dec 2019 10:42

Ivook, Lexember 24th:

UNRK [unarak] Unarak - Unarak, the greatest of the forest spirits. It appears in the shape of a big boar with silver tusks and red bristle. It has moss and herbs growing on its back and lichen around it face. It is the guardian of the forest and plants new trees and herbs. It also gives color to the flowers by drooling on them.

IMUSN [aimuʃin] Aimusin - Aimusin, the greatest of the water spirits. Appearing as a bronze coloured whale with two pairs of pectoral fins and long whiskers, it roams the sea and causes storms that bring rain and snow to the land. The world is thought to be scattered inside one of its bubbles, protecting all beings in it from the cold outside.

KMOS' [kimoʃ] kimosj - Small, mischievous creatures who play pranks on people and cause accidents among them.

LH' [ɬaf] lahv - Lizard-like spirits who sleep deep in the ground. They lure people who've lost their way in the forests down in the underworld and eat them.

KELM [keɬim] kelim - Lost spirits or ghosts trying to find their way home. They commonly appear at moonlit nights as people-less shadows. Some pass through villages peacefully, while others cause misery to people along their way. They're thought to be the last breaths of people dying with broken hearts.

SMER [ʃimed] Simed - The most commonly known kelim, Simed, is thought to be the unresting spirit of a young girl waiting in vain for her loved one to come back from a sailing voyage. She carries a lantern with her that casts her shadow on the rocky beaches. She is a bad omen for seafarers when she's seen by the coast looking out to the sea.

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