Taurenzine wrote:I think it would make most sense if for my language I had a morphological system where the adjective and the verb "to be" became one verb. The sentence "the car is blue" would be stated in two words for my language, if that were the case. Two words that I haven't fully set up yet but whatever in due time
"Thecar blues"? or "Carthe blues"? (Or possibly "Blues thecar" or "Blues carthe".)
Perfectly naturalistic and realistic.
Many languages don't have "adjectives" as a separate word-class or part-of-speech.
For many such languages, what some other languages express with adjectives, that language expresses with a sub-class of "stative" verbs.
(For other such languages, what some other languages express with adjectives, that language expresses with a subtype of nouns.)
Also, there are four different broad purposes for copulas ("couplers"); and not every language uses the same strategy for all four.
(Let's see whether I can remember those four purposes!)
1. "Predicate nominatives"; to say that some proper noun in the subject can also be referred to by some common noun in the predicate. (Sometimes the other way around; or sometimes the subject is also a (definite, usually) common noun; or sometimes the predicate is a specific, or even definite, common noun, or is even another proper noun.)
2. "Predicate adjectives"; to say that the (usually definite, always specific) noun in the subject is describable by the adjective in the predicate.
3. Location; "there it is!" or "it is there!".
4. Existence marker; "there is ..." in English, "es gibt ..." ("it gives ...") in German, "il y a ..." ("it there has ...") in French, etc. Note of these three languages only English uses a form of "the" copular verb "to be" for this purpose.
Copulas don't have to be verbs.
In some languages, at least some of the four kinds of "copulative" clauses are expressed by mere juxtaposition. IIRC Russian is one of these? at least in present indicative?
In some languages, at least some of the four kinds of "copulative" clauses use a pronoun for the copula -- not a verb.
It's not hard to look all that stuff up. That's how I found it. (But I didn't do it again for purposes of this post.)
I encourage you to do that; it's more rewarding, more fun, and more informative (you'll find out other stuff besides what you were looking for), if you do it yourself.