All4Ɇn wrote:What are some ways a Romance conlang descended from Vulgar Latin could go about forming comparatives and superlatives while still being single words (so not plūs + adjective)?
2 possibilities (at least)
A) Just fastforward the regular endings <COMPAR> /ior/ and <SUPER> /issimus/
Now, whether you keep or level interesting /r, l/ oddballs like celerrimus, pulcherriumus, pauperrimus, simíllimus, facillimus, difficillimus, etc is up to you.
This is the solution i took for my
B) Fastforward the <COMPAR> /ior/ and use the DEF with the COMPAR to make the SUPER.
Cf. Old haut
This exists exactly so in most Romlangs. You'd just have to make sure every ADJ has a COMPAR in /ior/.
Depending on which ADJs you keep from
, recall that, even in Classical Golden Age Old High
were two or three handfuls of ADJs that already were using co-comparatives magis
<COMPAR> and maxime
<SUPER>. Cf. idoneus, aureus, and other ADJs of 1st and 2nd declensions that end in /eus/ or /ius/
C) (¿?) You might do a kind of prefixed comparative &/or superlative using prefixes like /præ/ and/or
I can think of præclarus
'very bright' 'very clear', præpotens
'extremely powerful', and perbene
'really well' 'excellent' which existed in
. I am sure other examples of this kind of formation exist. The were used in a kind of absolute superlative way, but they might be jiggered to suit your dastardly plans.
I just perused my mini VOX diccionario
. It has about 2 dozen with /per/ ***NB: that aren't PTCPs from verbs with a /per/ prefix à la pervenire
. It has maybe one more for /præ/.
Another option for sure!
Looking back over my answer, seems like A & C are pretty much Classical Latin solutions to your question.
I would not doubt that some speakers of Vulgar
would have tacked on a /per/ or maybe a /præ/ to give more quasicomparative/quasisuperlative umph to a given ADJ.
Using the comparative to double-duty for the superlative, that sounds closer to a Vulgar solution.