The Landau Core Vocabulary

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Khemehekis
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 08 Mar 2015 05:49

Lao Kou wrote:half-siblings? widower?
I should probably add "widower". Widowers will become nearly as common as widows as technology goes on.

Come to think of it, I should probably add "orphan" too.

Half-siblings, I'm less sure about.
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eldin raigmore
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by eldin raigmore » 08 Mar 2015 21:33

(The previous three posts by Khemehekis and Lao Kou are relevant to this one, but I'm not quoting them -- don't know which parts to quote.)

I think you may be confusing the English terms "step-sibling" and "half-sibling".

EGO's stepsister or stepbrother has no biological parents in common with EGO.

When EGO's parent marries ALTER's parent, that makes EGO's parent become ALTER's step-parent, and makes ALTER's parent become EGO's step-parent. It also makes each of EGO and ALTER become the other's step-sibling.

If their parents' then have another child, that child will be a half-sibling to both EGO and ALTER.

So at maximum specificity, I think you might (or might not) need terms for the following siblings, half-siblings, and step-siblings (I'm omitting siblings-in-law):
older full brother (both parents same)
older full sister (both parents same)
younger full brother (both parents same)
younger full sister (both parents same)

half-brother (same father different mother)
half-sister (same father different mother)
half-brother (same mother different father)
half-sister (same mother different father)

*stepbrother (father's wife's son)
*stepbrother (mother's husband's son)
*stepsister (father's wife's sondaughter)
*stepsister (mother's husband's sondaughter)

*I'm not sure you'd need to distinguish between father's wife's child and mother's husband's child, unless you had combined polyandry (a woman can have more than one husband) and polygyny (a man can have more than one wife). It could be serial; that is, perhaps a woman can't have two husbands at the same time, but she can divorce one and marry another while her ex-husband is still alive, and/or same for a man mutatis mutandis ceteris parabus.
Divorce and remarriage is the phenomenon generating most family relationships in modern America. It doesn't sound like you'd want that for your conculture, at least not until the most recent times.

In a society where a parent of either sex might well become a widow or widower while young, and it might happen twice not infrequently, it could be that a middle child could have one half-sibling with the same mother but a different father, and simultaneously another half-sibling with the same father but a different mother, even if everyone was monogamous and faithful. That was common in the American West for over a century, from before 1800 until after 1900; but it isn't now.

Notice it's "half-brother (different mother)", not "step-brother (different mother)".
And it's "step-brother (father's wife's son)", not "step-brother (different mother)".

Anyway, thank you very much for re-posting those two sections. (I thought I remembered that you had two sections, but I couldn't remember the name of one of the sections and couldn't remember where to find it.) You cleared up my questions about your questions (if that makes sense).

And, to answer your original question:
I still don't know. They both look equally good to me. I suspect you'll have all the concepts in both of those People sub-lists, eventually, somewhere in your language's(s') vocabulary(ies); the question will be which of them belong as Core vocabulary.

If a palaeoperson meets a stranger, the first question one subconsciously asks-and-answers about them might be; Are they too old to reproduce, or too young to reproduce, or of reproductive age? The second might be; Are they my sex or the opposite sex?
But odds are they'll answer both at the same time. They'll put the person into one of four classes just about on sight:
* Opposite sex and right age to mate with.
* Same sex and right age to compete with for mates.
* Too old to mate with and too old to compete.
* Too young to mate with and too young to compete.

Other near-instantaneous immediate categorizations would probably depend on culture, and not be constant across the whole species.

OTOH when a palaeoperson meets a relative, s/he is likely to have a different priority of categories.
They'd care about "this is my parent", "this is my offspring", "this is my mate", "this is my sibling", before they'd care about "this person is male" or "this person is female".
And they might care more (or sooner) about "this relative is male" vs "this relative is female", than about "this relative is my sex" vs "this relative is the opposite sex".
So your "People" section and your "Family" section might not look much alike after all.

Just my opinions; maybe they'll inspire you and maybe they won't. I don't have evidence for any of it.
Last edited by eldin raigmore on 15 Feb 2016 06:13, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 10 Feb 2016 08:44

Some important news. The "Basic 150" list in Part I of the LCV has been expanded into 200 words.

left (opposite of right)
right (opposite of left)
good (in quality)
bad (in quality)
white
black
short (opposite of long)
long
wide
thin
thick
small
big
round
heavy
cold (water)
warm (water)
hot (water)
low (in altitude)
high (in altitude)
deep
dry
wet
soft
hard
slow
fast
new
old (opposite of new)
straight
top (of mountain, hill)
bottom (of mountain, hill)
front (of house)
back (of house)
to play (a game)
to meet (for the first time)
to think (cogitate)
to know (information)
to know (a person)
to love (agape)
to love (romantically, eros)
to speak, to talk
to say
to ask (a question)
to thank
to sing
to build
to take (pick up and carry)
to give
to pull
to push
to touch
to blow (breathe out)
to throw
to break (glass, plate)
to cut (with knife)
to dig
to sit, to be sitting
to stand, to be standing
to lie (on back)
to fall
to cry
to laugh
to close one’s eyes
to open one’s eyes
to breathe
to eat (of people)
to drink
to sleep
to see (with the eyes)
to hear
to feel (with the sense of touch)
smooth (of surface)
rough (of surface)
to wash (body parts)
to go
to come (towards third party)
to turn (change direction)
to climb (a tree)
to climb (a mountain, hill)
to dance
to fly
to run
to swim
to walk
to bite (of mammal)
to hurt (injure)
to kick
to kill (person)
to scratch (skin)
to fight (physically, intransitive)
world
sun
star
moon
sky
wind
rain
cloud
water
ice
air
light (natural)
fire
earth (ground, dirt)
wood
dust
rock, stone
salt
sand
soil, dirt
mountain
sea (ocean)
river
lake
to flow (move in a stream)
morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)
day, daytime
evening
night
spring
summer
autumn, fall
winter
iron
silver
gold
to freeze (transitive)
to burn (transitive)
food
to cook
meat
fruit (for eating)
home, house
music
wall (of a building)
clothes
leaf
seed
stick
wing
body
hair (mass)
head
face
eye
nose
mouth
tooth
tongue
ear
neck
arm
hand
finger
nail
knee
foot
skin
heart
blood
tear
egg (as reproductive device)
life (experience of living)
to live (be alive)
mind (center of thoughts and emotions)
to grow (intransitive)
to die
happy
sad
afraid
angry
plant
flower
tree
mother
father
older sister (of a sister)
older sister (of a brother)
younger sister (of a sister)
younger sister (of a brother)
older brother (of a sister)
older brother (of a brother)
younger brother (of a sister)
younger brother (of a brother)
child (reciprocal of parent)
daughter (of a mother)
daughter (of a father)
son (of a mother)
son (of a father)
person/people
baby
child
girl (female child)
boy (male child)
girl (young woman)
boy (young man)
woman
man (as distinguished from woman)
friend

Now it's comparable to some Swadesh lists.
Last edited by Khemehekis on 27 Feb 2016 06:36, edited 2 times in total.
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Tanni
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Tanni » 10 Feb 2016 09:56

Khemehekis wrote:The "Basic 150" list in Part I of the LCV has been expanded into 200 words.
left (opposite of right) -- at the same side where the heart of a human is located
right (opposite of left) -- at the other side of where the heart of a human is located

cold (water)
warm (water)
hot (water)

Why constraining that to water? There is cold, warm, hot weather, dishes, etc., too

top (of mountain, hill)
bottom (of mountain, hill)
front (of house)
back (of house)

In a list of basic 150 or 200 words, I wouldn't expect that much of constrainted meanings.

to play (a game)

Where is ''to play (an instrument)''?

to meet (for the first time)
to cut (with knife)
to wash (body parts)

Is that just for explanation of the words or do you think there should be other words for ''to meet for the second, thrid, etc. times''? To cut with some other instrument or to wash your car?

morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.) -- Time roughly between the end of the night and noon.

The time range of what people consider morning can differ amongst world population and also depends on personal view.

older sister (of a sister)
older sister (of a brother)
younger sister (of a sister)
younger sister (of a brother)
older brother (of a sister)
older brother (of a brother)
younger brother (of a sister)
younger brother (of a brother)

daughter (of a mother)
daughter (of a father)
son (of a mother)
son (of a father)

There are surely languages which make such distinctions, so it is disputable if all this words belong into a list of basic words.
My neurochemistry has fucked my impulse control, now I'm diagnosed OOD = oppositional opinion disorder, one of the most deadly diseases in totalitarian states, but can be cured in the free world.

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 17 Feb 2016 07:05

A clarification on the Landau Core Vocabulary: The LCV, in its full form, splits, rather than lumps: it includes the distinctions that real languages make. The alternatives would be (a) to be very lumped (similar to Qatama); (b) to copy the semantic divisions of English; or (c) to have its own peculiar scheme of dividing semantic space (similar to Rick's ULD). I like the splitting method the best. If someone relexed the LCV item for item while creating a conlang, he or she would have an extreme splitlang. Of course, I'm not encouraging people to do that, but I want to make people aware of common possibilities for distinguishing their words. While imagination, common sense, and knowledge of natlangs can allow conlangers to figure out what entries to lump together in their conlang, it might not be obvious to a conlanger that many languages distinguish cold weather, cold water, a cold day, cold food and/or being cold.

The Basic 200 list is a subset of the LCV -- words from Part IV. Specific, splitty entries are copied from Part IV into Part I, which is where the distinctions come from. A language might very well have only 170 words after starting with the Basic 200.

I also tried to confine the Basic 200 list to concepts that would be expected to be found in all anthropic cultures. Hence why there's to entry for "to wash (a car)" in the Basic 200, because your conpeople might not have invented cars yet. Words for modern and Earth-specific concepts go in Parts IV and V.

A note on "morning": my section Time in Part IV reads:

dawn
morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)*
morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)
day, daytime*
noontime (about 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.)
afternoon
evening*
night*
midnight (12:00 midnight)
a.m., morning (midnight to noon)
noon (12:00 noon)
p.m. (noon to midnight)

I have both "morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)" and "morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)" here. Such languages as Chinese make this distinction.
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Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

Tanni
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Tanni » 17 Feb 2016 10:40

Khemehekis wrote: A note on "morning": my section Time in Part IV reads:

dawn
morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)*
morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)
day, daytime*
noontime (about 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.)
afternoon
evening*
night*
midnight (12:00 midnight)
a.m., morning (midnight to noon)
noon (12:00 noon)
p.m. (noon to midnight)

I have both "morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)" and "morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)" here. Such languages as Chinese make this distinction.
early morning = morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)*
morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)

Or, for more symmetry:

early morning = morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)*
late morning = morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)

Dawn (and dusk) do not really belong in a clock-scale driven sceme of daytimes: Dawn can be within night, if night is considered to be the time between midnight to morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.) or within morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.) depending on the time of the year. Similar with dusk.

So a possible split would be ''clock-scale-driven'' (or ''absolute'') and ''natural-phenomena-driven'' (or ''relative'') scemes of daytime, depending on the culture and/or the purpose of the time measurement.
My neurochemistry has fucked my impulse control, now I'm diagnosed OOD = oppositional opinion disorder, one of the most deadly diseases in totalitarian states, but can be cured in the free world.

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 21 Feb 2016 08:31

I'd say that only the last four are clock-driven:

midnight (12:00 midnight)
a.m., morning (midnight to noon)
noon (12:00 noon)
p.m. (noon to midnight)

I do mention clock-times in distinguishing the two words for "morning", but that's only because that was the best way to define them. Maybe I could change
morning (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m.)*
morning (10:00 a.m. to noon)
to
morning (early morning)*
morning (late morning)
?
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Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 26 Nov 2016 08:09

New category in the LCV: Genetics and Biochemistry.

These words go in Part IV:

gene
DNA
chromosome

These words go in Part V:

to inherit (genetically)
dominant
recessive
mutation
mutant
gene pool
genome
genotype
phenotype
RNA
amino acid
nucleotide base
adenine
guanine
cytosine
thymine
uracil
X chromosome
Y chromosome
genetic engineering
GMO

If I ever create a Landau Extended Vocabulary, it will include these words:

biochemical
codon
allele
mRNA
double helix
autosome
heterosome, sex chromosome
W chromosome
Z chromosome
chromatid
telomere
preprophase
prophase
prometaphase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
mitosis
meiosis
the names of the different amino acids
Last edited by Khemehekis on 24 Apr 2019 05:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 09 Feb 2019 06:50

Last edited by Khemehekis on 23 Apr 2019 07:31, edited 1 time in total.
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Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 11 Mar 2019 06:00

On February 15, I got this book in the post from Barnes & Noble:

Compact Oxford Russian Dictionary

I started work on the LCV with it the next day. I learned that Russian has different words for "to adopt", depending on whether you're adopting a son or a daughter. I also learned that Russian has a general/specific semantic distinction in many of its words. For instance, it uses one word for "people" when you just mean . . . people, and another word when you're modifying people with a specific demographic group, like "Asian people" or "young people" or "rich people". It has a word for "author/writer" that means someone who writes as a profession ("Ursula K. LeGuin was a Californian author"), and another word for "author" that you'd use when saying someone is the author of a specific book ("Ursula K. LeGuin is the author of Always Coming Home). It has one word for "pain" referring to pain in general, and another word for "pain" referring to pain in a specific body part ("a pain in my left knee").

I completed my alphabetical romp throigh my Russian dictionary today, and a new updated LCV is complete. However, when I went to sign into the att.net account at Yahoo I use to back up the LCV after each language I compare with, none of the passwords I tried work. I then decided to click on the "I forgot my password" link, which just produced a swirling button and a message that read "Please give us a moment. We're almost there!" each time I tried. My last attempt lasted 45 minutes before I gave up. Rrrrrrrrrrr.
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Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 24 Mar 2019 06:17

The LCV has been expanded. I've compared words in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese, and the following entries have been added to the LCV:
Spoiler:
to abandon (a child)
to abandon (leave behind)
to abandon (a car)
to abandon (an attempt)
to abandon (a search)
absence (of thing)
absent (from school)
absent (from work)
absent (from meeting)
to absorb (information, knowledge)
to absorb (water)
to absorb (light)
to absorb (sound)
to be absorbed in
academy
academy (for military, police, etc.)
to accompany, to come with
to acquire (material things)
to acquire (skill, habit)
to acquire (knowledge)
to acquire (a reputation)
to acquire (popularity)
adjective
to adjust (glasses, sunglasses)
to adjust (clothing)
adverb
to advertise
to advertise (in a newspaper)
to advertise (an event)
to advertise (an event, in a newspaper)
to advertise (a job)
to advertise (a job, in a newspaper)
to advise, to counsel [someone to do something]
to advise, to counsel [someone not to do somethinng]
to advise, to counsel [someone to do something, of a specialist]
to advise, to counsel [someone not to do something, of a specialist]
to advise (~ the Obama Administration)
advocate
to aim (try to achieve)
to be aimed at (a demographic)
alleged
to alter (clothing)
anniversary
anniversary (of death)
anniversary (of a wedding)
anxiety
app
to appeal to (this appeals to the teen crowd)
to appeal (make a formal protest)
appeal (formal protest)
appropriate (clothing)
appropriate (action)
appropriate (moment, time)
appropriate (corresponding: draw a line to the ~ box)
appropriate (apt)
to approve (permit)
to approve (consent to)
to approve of, to favor (something)
to approve of, to favor (someone)
article (POS)
to assign (homework)
to assign (a task)
assistance
assistant
assistant (in store)
association
to assure (Joan ~ed Greg that everything would be fine)
atmosphere
to attract (a girlfriend/boyfriend)
to attract (ants, a crowd)
audio
awesome
awkward (moment, time)
awkward (silence, situation)
awkward (movement)
awkward (person)
bang (sound of gun)
bang (sound of explosion)
bare (with my ~ hands)
bare (feet, arms, legs, chest)
bare (head)
bath
beast (wild, violent animal)
explosion, blast
blast (good time)
bond (emotional)
boom (in sales)
boom (in the economy)
boom (in birth rates)
to boost (lift)
to boost (~ the economy)
to boost (~ ratings)
to breed (plants: Tom ~s peppers)
to breed (animals: Mary ~s horses)
brilliant
brilliant (plan)
brilliant (idea)
broad (wide-ranging)
broad (interests)
buck
buddy, pal
bug
bully
bully (at school)
to be/get busted
to buzz (bee)
to buzz (fly)
to buzz (device)
cable
capable
capacity (available space)
capacity (maximum)
cast (actors)
cast (list of actors)
to cast (a vote, ballot)
CEO
ceremony (religious)
ceremony (secular)
chamber
championship (title)
chaos
charm (Julie has plenty of ~)
to cheer
chill
to chill (relax)
cholesterol
to chuckle
to cite
civilian
classic (book, film)
classic (Tom's ~ white T-shirt)
classic (~ example)
clinic
clip (of movie)
clip (of TV show)
clip (of speech)
closely (exactly)
closely (listen, watch, examine)
closely (resemble)
closely (~ related)
closely (in space or time: to follow ~)
to collapse (of building)
to collapse (of roof)
to collapse (of tunnel)
to collapse (of bed, table)
to collapse (of people)
colonel
combat, battle
commander
commission (investigative body)
commitment (dedication)
commonly
to communicate (give information)
to communicate (be in touch)
to compete (in a race)
to compete (~ with Tony)
complaint
complaint (in store)
complex (issue)
complex (plot)
complex (personality)
component, element
component (of substance)
compound
to concentrate
to conclude (end)
to conclude (deduce)
conclusion (end)
conclusion (deduction)
to conduct (a study or survey)
confidence
to confirm (theory, statement, report, story)
to confirm (fears)
to confirm (appointment, date)
conjunction
consent
consequence
constant (repeated: ~ demands)
constant (ever-present: ~ noise, ~ threat, ~ pain)
to consume (consumer products)
container
contraction
contrast
convention (assembly)
convention (on human rights)
core (adj.)
correspondent
costume, outfit (pirate ~)
costume (historical)
coverage (press ~)
to craft
creation (making)
creation (founding)
creation (of the universe)
creation (something created)
crop
to curl
custom, tradition
custom, convention
cycle
cycle (~ of life)
deadly (weapon)
deadly (poison)
deadly (plant, mushroom)
deadly (disease)
debut
to devote, to dedicate (life, career)
to devote, to dedicate (to God)
to dedicate (book, song)
deeply (care ~, feel ~)
deeply (~ concerned)
to defend
to defend (in law)
definition
dental (pertaining to the teeth)
dental (pertaining to dentistry)
deputy
description
description (give a ~ of the suspect)
to detect (discover presence of)
to detect (medically)
to detect (a smell)
to detect (a sound)
to detect (the source of a problem)
to detect (by machine)
determiner
to diagnose
diagnosis
difficulty
digital
dime
dip
to disapprove of (something)
to disapprove of (someone)
to dismiss (the class)
to dismiss (a thought, a theory)
to dismiss (a proposal, a suggestion)
to dismiss (a threat, a danger)
to dismiss (an appeal, case, charge)
dispute (between people)
dispute (between organizations)
dispute (between countries)
to distract (a person)
to distract (attention)
dose
dot
draft (for sports)
dramatic (theatrical)
dramatic (a ~ increase)
to drill (for oil)
duchess
dude
duke
to dump (offload)
to dump (~ed the garbage)
edition
to elect
electronic
electronic (~ voting)
to eliminate (a candidate, a competitor)
to eliminate (a suspect)
to employ (worker)
to employ (staff)
to enable [X to do Y]
encounter
to encounter, to come across
to encounter (~ difficulty)
enforcement (of law)
enforcement (of regulation)
to enhance (value)
to enhance (beauty)
to enhance (chances)
to enhance (performance)
to enhance (quality)
to enhance (intensify)
to enhance (~ his memory)
to ensure, to assure
entry (in dictionary, phone directory, etc.)
entry (in diary)
entry (in contest)
episode
equator
to estimate
evolution
evolution (biological)
to evolve
to evolve (of animals, plants)
exception
to exclaim
exhausted, bushed
existence
expectation (hope)
expectation (belief)
to expose (a crime)
to expose (a criminal)
to expose X to Y
exposure (of crime, criminal)
exposure (being unprotected)
exposure (to new ideas)
external, exterior
external (from the outside)
external (on the surface)
external (foreign)
to fail (John ~ed)
to fail (John's plan ~ed)
to fail (crops, harvest)
to fail (Mark and Jessica's marriage ~ed)
to faint
fancy (pattern)
fancy (clothes)
fancy (hair)
fancy (car)
fancy (restaurant, hotel)
fancy (cake)
fate (what happened to something/someone)
favor (do me a ~)
fee (for entrance)
fee (for doctor, lawyer)
fee (for membership)
fee (for school)
festival (art or music event)
festival (on holy day)
fiber
fiction
fighter (for cause)
finance (campaign ~)
to flash (of a light)
to flee, to run away
to flee (seek safety)
to flip, to toss (a coin)
to flip (pancake, hamburger)
fluid
formula
fortune (money)
fossil
foster child
foster parent
foundation
founder
freak
freaking, bloody
gallery (for displaying art for exhibition)
gallery (for displaying art for sale)
gap (age ~)
gap (between the rich and the poor)
gap (empty space)
to gasp
gaze
to generate (interest, excitement)
to generate (ideas)
to generate (energy)
to generate (heat)
to generate (electricity)
to generate (income, profits)
to generate (jobs)
genius
gentleman
gently, lightly
gesture
to gesture (make a single gesture)
to gesture (repeatedly)
to giggle
to glance
to glare
to glow (the fire ~ed)
to glow (the light ~ed)
to glow (shed light)
grace (of appearance)
grace (of behavior)
grace (of movement)
gradual
to grant (a wish)
to grant (a request)
to grant (permission)
to grant (visa)
gratitude / grateful (for) / ingratiating / - / to ingratiate
to grill
grip
to grip
to groan (in pain)
to groan (with disapproval)
to growl (of animals)
to growl (of people)
to grunt (of animals)
to grunt (of people)
happily (with a happy mood)
happily (cheerfully)
harm
harm (to reputation)
heavily (strongly, to great degree)
helpful (person)
helpful (tool, idea)
highlight
hint (allusion)
hint (protip)
honestly
household (noun)
ideal (adj.)
immediate (~ effect)
immediate (~ consequences)
immediate (concerns, problems, needs)
immigration
to impress
impression (make a good ~)
improvement (in skills)
improvement (in weather)
improvement (in work or school)
improvement (in health)
improvement (in life)
industrial
industrial (city, area)
to infect (a person)
to infect (a wound)
influence (power to influence)
influence (a good/bad ~ on Madison)
influence (the author's influences include . . .)
informed (~ citizen)
informed (~ choice, ~ opinion)
initial
initially, at first
ink (in pen)
ink (for books)
ink (for journals)
to install (machinery)
to install (computer)
to install (bathroom, kitchen)
to install (wires, pipes)
to install (phone)
to install (washing machine)
to install (software)
instant
instant (food)
instant (coffee)
instantly (with verb)
instantly (with adjective)
institute (research or teaching organization)
institute (professional body)
intense (forceful)
intense (~ odor)
intense (~ heat)
intense (~ pain)
intense (~ pleasure)
intense (~ pressure)
intense (~ desire)
intense (~ excitement)
intense (~ feeling)
intense (~ friendship)
intense (~ love)
intense (~ hate)
interaction (of groups, people)
interjection
internal, interior
internal (from the inside)
internal (within country)
to interrupt (a conversation)
to interrupt (a speaker)
introduction, launch (of a product)
introduction (preface)
to investigate (a crime)
investigator (of a crime)
investigator (into a phenomenon)
jerk
jet
joint (elbow, knee, knuckle, etc.)
joint (a ~ effort)
joint (~ responsibility)
joint (~ owner)
journal (academic)
judgment
jungle
killer
kit (set of tools)
kit (set of equipment)
kit (for a model)
lady
landscape (scenery)
landscape (the political ~)
lane (on road)
lap (sit in my ~)
largely
to launch (a missile)
to launch (an attack)
to launch (a business)
to launch (a product, magazine)
to launch (a campaign, show)
to launch (an investigation)
lifetime (time a person is alive)
loan (a stodent ~)
loser (in game/sport)
loser (in election)
loser (I'm a ~, baby, so why don't you kill me?)
to march, to stride
to march (of soldiers)
to march (of protestors)
marine
maximum (adj.)
maximum (noun)
meanwhile
medication
merry Christmas
mild (fever, infection, OCD)
minimum (adj.)
minimum (noun)
mode
mode (of transport)
mode (operating method: I'm in cleaning ~)
to monitor (keep under surveillance)
to monitor (listen in on)
to monitor (check)
Mount, Mt.
to munch on
to mutter (complain quietly)
mystery (puzzle)
narrow (in range)
narrow (interests)
narrow (majority, victory)
not necessarily
newly
newly (~ married)
newly (~ shaven)
newly (~ painted)
nickel
noun
numerous
observation (act of noticing)
odd
officer (in military)
officer (in local government)
opposition (party not in power)
order (opposite of chaos)
organ
organic
originally
ounce
outfit, suit
overall (best ~)
- / overwhelmed (by) / overwhelming / - / to overwhelm
pace (of walking)
pace (of change, life)
palace
pan, saucepan
panel
panel (of experts)
panic / panicky / - / to panic / -
particularly (not a ~ good actor)
particularly, specifically
to pat
patch (a ~ of grass)
payment (act of paying)
payment (of debt)
payment (sum)
peaceful
peaceful (person)
peaceful (nation)
peak (on graphs)
peak (in unemployment)
peak (of popularity, power)
penny
perfectly (it fits ~)
perfectly (Ariana already has a ~ good stove)
permit (for driving)
permit (for parking)
permit (for fishing)
permit (for work)
permit (for residence)
personality
personally (~, I don't see anything wrong with it)
phase (developmental)
photographer
pit (hole)
pitch (of a sound)
pitch (of voice)
plain (design)
plain (clothes)
plain (food)
platform (opportunity to speak)
platform (party or candidate's stances on the issues)
plot (of a story)
plot (scheme)
plural
pole (North ~)
popularity (of thing, activity)
popularity (of person)
portion (share)
portion (serving)
portrait
to pose (for a picture)
postposition
potentially
predator (bug)
predator (fish)
predator (amphibian, reptile)
predator (bird)
predator (mammal)
to predict
to predict, to prophesy
pregnancy
pregnancy (of animals)
preposition
present (at school)
present (at work)
present (at meeting)
to preserve (traditions)
to preserve (a building)
to preserve (an area, a forest)
to preserve (fruit and vegetables)
to preserve (an organ)
to preserve (wood, a painting)
presidential (of a president)
presidential (pertaining to the office of president)
pressure (under a lot of ~ to get an A)
prevention (of disaster)
prevention (of accident)
prevention (of crime)
previously, formerly
previously, beforehand
prey
prior (earlier)
privacy (inside room, house, etc.)
privacy (from public attention: that celebrity wants ~)
to proceed to (go on to do)
profile
profit
pronoun
properly (work, do)
properly (behave, treat)
properly (sleep, eat)
proper noun
proposal (plan)
proposal (offer)
to propose (non-marital sense)
to prosecute
prosecutor
protestor
pump
pump (for gasoline)
to pump (water)
to pump (air)
to pump (blood)
purchase (act of buying)
purchase (item bought)
to pursue (goals)
to pursue (dreams)
to pursue (a policy)
to pursue (peace)
to pursue (a career)
to pursue (an interest)
to pursue (an activity)
puzzle (mental game)
puzzle, jigsaw puzzle
quarter (coin)
quietly (at a low volume)
quietly, silently
quietly (unobtrusively)
rally (assembly)
to rally around/behind
to rank (hold a position)
to rank (he currently ~s third in the world)
to react
to react (to news)
to react (to a medication/treatment)
recipe
recovery
reference (found ~s to adzes in the old book)
reference (to book, article)
regarding
regime
regulation (rule)
regulation (~ of the economy)
relative
remote (distant in place)
remote (isolated)
remote (distant in time)
remote (~ past, ~ future)
remote (~ possibility)
representative (noun)
republic
requirement (need)
requirement (condition)
to reserve (room)
to reserve (seat)
to reserve (table)
to reserve (tickets)
resistance, opposition (to enemies)
resistance, opposition (to new laws)
resistance, opposition (to the regime in power)
resistance (to disease, heat, etc.)
resolution (of crisis)
resolution (firm decision, of individual)
resolution (firm decision, of committee)
to resolve (crisis)
to resolve (make a firm decision)
to restore (order)
to restore (power, former regime)
to restore (~ed Jennifer's faith in the legal system)
to restore (health, sight)
rocky (characterized by rocks)
romantic (of a person)
romantic (~ love, ~ relationship)
routine (procedure)
routine (autistic people need ~)
satellite (in astronomy)
satellite (artificial)
to scan (electronically)
scan (medical)
scan (brain ~)
scan (image obtained by scanning)
script (of film)
script (of play)
script (of broadcast)
sector (private/public)
secure (safely guarded)
secure (job, marriage, income)
secure (family, background, future)
selection (act of choosing)
selection, choice (thing chosen)
selection, choice (people chosen)
self-esteem
sequence (connected series)
severe (fever, infection, OCD)
severe (pain)
sexy
shelf (at store)
sheriff (in Wild West)
sheriff (modern)
shift (~ in the balance of power)
shift (in attitude, thinking)
to shift (move)
to shift (change position)
shortly
shortly (~ afterwards)
to shove
to shrug
singular
to slam (a door)
to slam (~ onto the brakes)
to slam (~med into Joey's car)
to slap
to slide (glide)
to slide (in and out)
to slide (up and down)
to slide (~ down a rope)
slight (chance, possibility)
slight (change)
slight (improvement)
slight (difference)
slight (accent)
slight (mistake)
slight (injury)
slight (cold, cough)
slight (pain)
to smirk
snack (in between meals)
snack (snack food)
to snap (break, transitive)
to snap (break cleanly)
to snap (break noisily)
to soak (make wet)
to soak (immerse)
softly (not hard)
solar
to spank
to spare (not kill)
to spare (~ her the embarrassment)
spare (~ time)
spare (~ change)
spark
specifically
specifically (ask, mention)
spice
spike
to sprinkle (~ chocolate on the turnovers)
to sprinkle (food with a solid)
to sprinkle (food with a liquid)
St.
to stir, to mix (ingredients)
to stir (soup)
to stir (tea)
storage (of food)
storage (of goods)
storage (of books)
to stun (make unconscious)
astonishment / stunned, astonished (by) / astonishing /- / to stun, to astonish
to submit to
to succeed (Kate ~ed)
to succeed (Kate's plan ~ed)
to succeed (Steve and Amy's marriage ~ed)
sudden
super
supreme (most superior)
survival
survivor (of illness, accident)
survivor (of abuse, eivorce)
to sweep (floor)
to sweep (chimney)
to sweep (dust, leaves)
sweetheart
syndrome
tablespoon
tag (on luggage)
tag (electronic device, for thing)
tag (electronic device, for person)
teaspoon
tender, affectionate
tense
terror, horror / terrified, horrified (by) / terrifying, horrifying / - / to terrify, to horrify
territory (a ~ of France)
terrorist
texture (feel)
texture (consistency)
therapy
thrill / thrilled (with) / thrilling / - / to thrill
trail, track (of snail, of footprints, etc.)
trail (of blood)
trail (of airplane)
to transform
to transport
to treat (medically)
trend (the ~ in teen pregnancy)
to trigger
truly
to turn out (work out: How did it ~?)
to turn out (be revealed to be)
to tweet
typically
ultimate (highest)
ultimate (~ honor, sacrifice)
ultimate (~ weapon)
ultimate (~ result)
ultimate (~ destination)
ultimate (~ decision)
ultimate (~ authority)
ultimately, in the end
unique
update
urge (I got the ~ to scream)
urge (sexual ~s)
vanilla
variation (~ on a theme)
variation (variability)
to vary (differ)
vast (great in area)
vast (great in degree)
vast (~ collection)
verb
vessel (ship or boat)
blood vessel
violent (death, explosion)
violent (person)
violent (crime)
violent (TV show, video game)
vision (what a visionary has)
to warn (caution)
to warn (alert, inform)
weird
to whip
to whip (a horse)
wide (majority, victory)
widely (extensively)
widely (~ believed, ~ known)
wildlife
winner (in game/sport)
winner (in election)
winner (in lottery)
winner, victor (military)
winner (of prize)
freshman (in high school)
sophomore (in high school)
junior (in high school)
senior (in high school)
freshman (in college)
sophomore (in college)
junior (in college)
senior (in college)
I've also added a new section to the LCV, Part VI. Part VI fits in between Part V and the Appendices, and covers slang.

This is how it reads:

PART VI

mm-hmm
mm-mm
yeah (I agree)
like (filler)
you know, y’know
you know what I’m saying?
to be all, to be like (I was all, “Really?”, and then he was all, “Yeah”)
majorly
and stuff
or something
freaking, bloody, damn (adjective)
freaking, bloody, damn (adverb)
man, dude (term of address)
super
cool, awesome
lame
to rock, to rule
to suck, to stink, to bite, to blow
hot (of woman/girl)
hot (of man/boy)
chick
dude
screw, forget about
blast (good time)
buck (dollar)
bucks, green (money)
booze
weed, grass
wasted, loaded (stoned)
to be/get busted
to chill (relax)
loaded (rich)
loser (I'm a ~, baby, so why don't you kill me?)
uh-huh, mm-hmm, I see (aizuchi)

Those who would like an updated LCV may PM me, and I'll try to send it to you on the CBB broken up into multiple PM's. If anyone knows how I can get my Yahoo account to work again so I can email people the list again, I'd like to know.
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

User avatar
HJH
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Posts: 39
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by HJH » 06 Apr 2019 13:42

How can I access this in full?
:con: Casia- Grammar- Thread

Khemehekis
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 06 Apr 2019 20:57

HJH wrote:
06 Apr 2019 13:42
How can I access this in full?
I'll send it to you as a series of PM's if you like. Still can't access my email account.
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

User avatar
HJH
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by HJH » 06 Apr 2019 21:57

Khemehekis wrote:
06 Apr 2019 20:57
HJH wrote:
06 Apr 2019 13:42
How can I access this in full?
I'll send it to you as a series of PM's if you like. Still can't access my email account.
That would be great. Thanks!
:con: Casia- Grammar- Thread

Khemehekis
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Posts: 2261
Joined: 14 Aug 2010 08:36
Location: California über alles

Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 07 Apr 2019 07:53

You're welcome! Hope you're enjoying it!
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

User avatar
HJH
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by HJH » 11 Apr 2019 21:10

Khemehekis wrote:
07 Apr 2019 07:53
You're welcome! Hope you're enjoying it!
It's really useful: very comprehensive.
:con: Casia- Grammar- Thread

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CarsonDaConlanger
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Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by CarsonDaConlanger » 12 Apr 2019 14:41

Khemehekis wrote:
08 Mar 2015 05:49
Lao Kou wrote:half-siblings? widower?
I should probably add "widower". Widowers will become nearly as common as widows as technology goes on.

Come to think of it, I should probably add "orphan" too.

Half-siblings, I'm less sure about.
I would guess that widowers would become less common as technology advanced, since less women would die in childbirth.

Khemehekis
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Joined: 14 Aug 2010 08:36
Location: California über alles

Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 15 Apr 2019 04:08

HJH wrote:
11 Apr 2019 21:10
Khemehekis wrote:
07 Apr 2019 07:53
You're welcome! Hope you're enjoying it!
It's really useful: very comprehensive.
[+1]
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

Khemehekis
mayan
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Posts: 2261
Joined: 14 Aug 2010 08:36
Location: California über alles

Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 15 Apr 2019 04:09

CarsonDaConlanger wrote:
12 Apr 2019 14:41
Khemehekis wrote:
08 Mar 2015 05:49
Lao Kou wrote:half-siblings? widower?
I should probably add "widower". Widowers will become nearly as common as widows as technology goes on.

Come to think of it, I should probably add "orphan" too.

Half-siblings, I'm less sure about.
I would guess that widowers would become less common as technology advanced, since less women would die in childbirth.
This is quite likely.

However, i would imagine the gap between male longevity and female longevity to narrow, especially after life extension technology gets invented for Earth's humans.
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

Khemehekis
mayan
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Posts: 2261
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Location: California über alles

Re: The Landau Core Vocabulary

Post by Khemehekis » 23 Apr 2019 07:27

Today I added 120 new entries to the LCV:
Spoiler:
after (in pursuit of)
alternative (politics, culture)
alternative (school, education)
alternative (film, literature)
alternative (energy)
alternative (medicine)
barge
base (army ~)
bizarre
to blow out (candles, flame)
branch (of a company)
branch (of a bank)
branch (of a library)
branch (of a union)
to break down (of a vehicle)
to break down (of an engine)
to break out (of protests, violence, war)
to break out (of a fire)
to bring up (introduce a topic of discussion)
bucket
to check in (at airport)
to check in (at hotel)
to check out (at hotel)
to clean up
to come over (to someone's home)
to come over (to another place)
commerce
to cut off, to sever (with scissors)
to cut off, to sever (with knife or other strong blade)
debit (amount)
debit (entry in an account)
debit card
diagonal (in pattern or design)
to donate (money)
to donate (clothes, toys, books)
to donate (blood, sperm, organs)
donation (amount donated)
donation (of money)
donation (of clothes, toys, books)
donation (of blood, sperm, organs)
donor (of money)
donor (of blood, sperm, organs)
down (the sun is ~)
duration
duration (of a film)
encyclopedia
euro
to extract, to pull (a tooth)
to feel like (I ~ a popsicle)
fictional
fictional (character)
to get back (I never got back the skateboard Nicole borrowed)
to go on, to be happening (What is going on here?)
to go on (continue speaking)
to grow (become larger in size)
to hang out (with one's friends)
to hang out (at the mall)
to hinder (a person)
to hinder (movements, negotiations)
to hinder [X from doing Y]
horizontal
identical
impressive
to judge (don't ~ me by my clothes)
kayak
kiss
to line up (one in front of another)
to line up (side by side)
to live on (a food)
to look up
to look up (a phone number)
mainstream (politics, culture)
mainstream (school, education)
mainstream (film, literature)
to make up, to come up with (invent)
to make up (fabricate)
nature (the way a thing is)
nature (human ~)
neglect (of child, pet)
neglect (of duty)
neglect (of work)
neglect (of house)
to neglect (a child, pet)
to neglect (one's duty)
to neglect (work)
to neglect (a house)
phobia; phobic
to point out (Emma pointed out that Natalie had worn the same dress yesterday)
to point out (an error)
to point out (a sign or tourist attraction)
publisher (company)
publisher (newspaper owner)
to put away (into storage)
to run over
to shrink
to shrink (of clothes)
to sign up for (work)
to sign up for (a class)
to sign up for (a club, a team)
to stand up for (a person)
to stand up for (one's rights)
to stay out
to stay up
to substitute X for Y
tack
tendency (inclination)
at a time (one ~)
trophy
to try on
to try out (Try it out!)
to turn down
to turn down (music)
to turn up
to turn up (music)
umpire, referee
unemployed
up (the sun is ~)
up to (What are you ~?)
vertical
waffle
While we're on the topic of LCV revisions and updates, I have a question for those of you who have a copy. Are there any important concepts that you've noticed missing from my list . . . that I don't have, but you think I should?
♂♥♂♀

Squirrels chase koi . . . chase squirrels

My Kankonian-English dictionary: 59,000 words and counting

31,416: The number of the conlanging beast!

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