I am officially on Winter Break! To commemorate the yuletide recess, I've been working on a conlang that gives me somewhat strange results based on the sound changes I have in place. For making it easier to show the differences in how related langs handle the changes shown, I will put them in bold and divide them with this bar: |
- > *nʷúnə
- > mína
- "to rise, to be tall, elevated, prominent" (stressed /u/ loses its labialization while giving it to the preceding /n/, but retains its height, changing both consonant and vowel).
This kind of process is very abundant in this conlang to the point that it's a regular system, but isn't 100% consistent. There are, of course, a few hiccups afoot.
Using the same root:
*menúnu > *mənʷúnɯ > mamúna "sun" | mamína "moon; star" (nature class)+("rise")
Here, the classifier prefix reinforces a labial shape for the vowel in one result, and the other disregards the preceding consonant.
*únunu "rose" (past) > *únɯnu > *únənu > únenu | únanu "rose"
*unúnu "to make rise" (causative) > *ɯnúnɯ > *ənúnə > enúne | anúna "to make rise, to raise, to lift"
And a second root to drive the idea home:
*pidi- "to stick out" > *pʲidɨ > *pʲuɾɨ > pura-
*gapída > *gapʲída > *gapʲíɾi > gatúra | giʃúri | gipúri | gábdi "head, neck; limb in general" (part of group)+("project")
*kapídi > *kapʲídɨ > kaʃúra | katúra "hand, finger, toe, digit" ; kapúra | kábdi "nose, ear"
ka- (tool/dimin.)+ -ʃura/-pura ("project")
/moʃˈʃaja ˈtwita iˈsagijasgalana/ "The Sun makes them all bend to him/it." "The Sun subjugates them all."
m-oʃʃaja t-wita isagi-jas-gal-ana
(nature class)+("rise") (people class)+("many") (CAUS "bend")+(3rd ps. sg.)+(3rs ps. pl OBJ)+(ALLATIVE SUB)
Sometimes, the present forms can look nothing like their roots, but it's been mostly a process on having regular sound changes in place. One of my favorites roots is currently:
- "to fill" > *lʷəgo
Tell me what'cha think!
I like my languages how I like my women: grammatically complex with various moods and tenses, a thin line between nouns and verbs, and dozens upon dozens of possible conjugations for every single verb.