All4Ɇn wrote:With monarchs and popes it doesn't surprise me but this is the first time I've ever seen someone from the past 200 year that isn't a monarch/pope have their name's spelling changed between 2 languages written in the Roman alphabet which is what got me curious about this in the first place
200 years ago, everybody still had their names not only respelled but entirely reformatted to match the local culture - including by the name-holder themselves. Beethoven often spelled his name "Luigi", and sometimes "Louis", and his works were published under those names in the respective countries. Slightly more than 200 years ago, Mozart went by "Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus" (official name), "Joannes Chrisostomus, Wolfgang, Gottlieb" (name according to his father), "Wolfgango Amadeo" (in Italy before 1777), "Wolfgang Amadè" (in Italy after 1777), "Wolfgang Amade" (his signature on his marriage contract), "Wolfgang Adam" (parish register for his marriage), "Wolfgang Gottlieb" (benefit concert for his family), "Wolfgangus Amadeus Mozartus" (signed letters, probably jocular), and "Wolfgang Amadeus" (one government record from his lifetime, several from after his death). His wife called him "Wolfgang Amadeus" in one letter, but she also called herself Konstantia in that letter, even though she was born "Constanze", and used to be known in English as "Constance". Which is Mozart's "real" name? He probably most often called himself "Wolfgang Amadè", "Wolfgang Amadé", or "Wolfgang Amade", interchangeably. Yet he was a German-speaker by birth, and his father clearly thought of his name as being "Gottlieb". On the other hand, he was theoretically named after a man most often known as "Theophilus".
[obviously, 'Amadè', 'Gottlieb' and 'Theophilus' or 'Theophilé' are all 'versions' of the same name]
The idea of everybody having a "name" in the sense of a fixed sequence of phones is quite a new one, really.
For examples more connected to transcription issues, just look at people of Slavic origin, including those who settled in the West. Tchaikovsky has been known as Tchaikowsky, Tchaikowski, Tchaikowskij, Chaikowsky, etc etc. And often somebody who settled in one country, getting a latin-script 'name' there (or whose parents had) would move to another country and have their name respelled to meet local transcribing-from-slavic conventions...
EDIT: small concrete, more modern examples: the Polish pianist Artur Rubenstein is better known as Arthur Rubenstein. Likewise his teacher, Juliusz Wertheim, is often known as Julius Wertheim.