Conlang accents

A forum for translations, translation challenges etc. Good place to increase your conlang's vocabulary.
protondonor
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by protondonor » 08 Sep 2016 15:34

Isfendil wrote:Also, I usually don't have [ð] and/or [θ] in a conlang unless they're allophones or they're a big part of the family (my nascent semlangs come to mind). I was always led to believe they were weird, uncommon sounds that liked to dissapear. Was I wrong? And are they really that common, given that an individual conlanger's languages may be in their own conworld and not ours, and therefore not add to our world's census total of languages with those phonemes?
Judging by WALS and PHOIBLE, you're not wrong. I also like to avoid them where possible.

Anyway, here's two conlangs with interdental fricatives or approximants*:

:con: Kaimen Keling:
[o̞:l xju:man bi:jiŋs ar bo̞:rn fri: and i:kwal in digniti: and raits | θei ar e̞ndaud wiθ ri:san and kansje̞ns and sjud akt to̞:rds wan anaðe̞r in a spirit af braðe̞rxud]

:con: Yuka:
[äɬ hijumän̪̥ b̰ḭjḭŋks äɾ̥ b̰o̞̰ɾn̪̥ pri än̪d̪ ikβ̞äɬ in̪ t̪iɣ̞n̪it̪i än̪d̪ ɾäits | ð̞e̞ äɾ̥ e̞n̪d̪aut̪ β̞iθ ɾisän̪̥ än̪d̪ kän̪ʃe̞n̪s än̪d̪ ʃut̪ äkt̪ t̪o̞ɾts β̞än̪̥ än̪äð̞e̞ɾ̥ in̪̥ e̞ e̞spiɾit̪ äɸ b̰ɾä̰ð̞e̞̰ɾxṵt̪]

* - but there's a well-motivated a posteriori reason for them to be there! I promise!
Last edited by protondonor on 09 Sep 2016 20:23, edited 1 time in total.
Kaimen Keling: Uralic goes Germanic
Kolyma Ainu: Ainu language spoken in mainland Siberia
Wetokwa: a priori, spoken in a Death Valley-like environment, former speedlang
Mañi: a Ngerupic language inspired by Oto-Manguean, Cariban, and Mataco-Guaicuruan

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Isfendil
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Isfendil » 08 Sep 2016 20:54

Hey, it's okay. Spirantization happens...

My question though, what do umlauts mean in IPA? They confuse me something fierce. Also what is the patakh-like symbol beneath some of the vowels?

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Egerius
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Egerius » 08 Sep 2016 21:18

< ̈> = centralization, < ̰> = creaky voice
Languages of Rodentèrra: Buonavallese, Saselvan Argemontese; Wīlandisċ Taulkeisch; More on the road.
Conlang embryo of TELES: Proto-Avesto-Umbric ~> Proto-Umbric
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shimobaatar
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by shimobaatar » 08 Sep 2016 21:19

Isfendil wrote:My question though, what do umlauts mean in IPA? They confuse me something fierce. Also what is the patakh-like symbol beneath some of the vowels?
Two dots above a vowel in the IPA signify that that vowel is central/centralized. The symbol /a/ could technically represent either a front or central low unrounded vowel. If you want or need to specify that it's central, however, the symbol /ä/ is used.

I had to Google "patakh". It looks like there are two diacritics you could be referring to, unless I'm missing some others. The diacritic resembling a small <T> underneath a consonant or vowel is a lowering diacritic. /β ð/ can represent either fricatives or approximants, but /β̞ ð̞/ are specifically approximants. /e o/ can represent either high-mid or mid vowels, but /e̞ o̞/ are specifically mid. The tilde below a consonant or vowel represents creaky voice.

Hopefully this clears things up.
Edit: Looks like someone beat me to it.

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Isfendil
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Isfendil » 08 Sep 2016 23:14

Actually they only beat you to the umlaut. A patakh does not resemble a tilde very closely. Thank you both, though!

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k1234567890y
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by k1234567890y » 11 Feb 2019 19:40

Ame language

Due to the highly restrictive phonotactics, the Ame accent of English would be extremely distorted, more so than that of Japanese, maybe comparable to how Jennifer becomes Kinipela in Hawaiian.

In Ame, there are no distinction between /r/ and /l/; besides, words can't start with the liquid; moreover, there are only four vowels /a e i o/([o] and [ u ] are allophones of /o/) and around 13 consonants, and close syllables or consonant clusters are disallowed, and epenthetic vowels are used to break consonant clusters, coda consonants and initial liquids, and /i/ is the most common epenthetic consonant; also, coronals are palatalized before /i/.

Below is a possible Ame accent of English:

/oɺi çio:mani bi:ŋid͡ʑi a: bo:ni ɸuɺi: eni i:kowaɺi ini d͡ʑiŋinit͡ɕi eni aɺaitoɕi de: a: inidaodo oido iɺi:zani eni koniɕianiɕi eni ɕiodo akito too:d͡ʑi wani anada: ini a sebiɺito oɸu boroda:ɸudo/
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Reyzadren
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Reyzadren » 11 Feb 2019 22:53

:con: griuskant accent

/'ɔl 'hiumən 'biiŋs 'ar 'bɔrn 'fri 'end 'ikuəl 'in 'digniti 'end 'raits. 'θei 'ar 'endaud 'wiθ 'rizˤən 'end 'kɔnʃiəns 'end 'ʃud 'ek 'tuwərds 'wan 'enaθər 'in 'ə 'spirit 'ɔv 'braθərhud/
Image Soundcloud Profile | Image griuskant conlang

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Znex
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Znex » 17 Feb 2019 12:03

k1234567890y wrote:
11 Feb 2019 19:40
Due to the highly restrictive phonotactics, the Ame accent of English would be extremely distorted, more so than that of Japanese, maybe comparable to how Jennifer becomes Kinipela in Hawaiian.
Hawntow is the same, if not more so. But I have included two readings below: one more pidginesque, and one more conservative if not more fluent.

Hawntow

ɡa puwmn kiyn ɡ kawn huy ɡ hiyk ny tintih ɡ nay. cay ɡ ɡintaw kiy niɡsyn ɡ kahcy ɡ ciɡr ɡiht twaasy ɡan nnaatɡ ny n ciri ɡ kaarɡwuɡ.
[ŋˤɑ˥˩ ɸou̯˩˥məɴ kɨi̯˥ɴ(ə) ŋˤɑ kɔu̯˥˩ɴ(ə) çɨi̯˩˥ ŋˤɑ çɪi̯˥kʰo ɲi tɨ˥nəntʰɨː˥ ŋˤɑ næi̯˥˩ | tsæi̯˥˩ ŋˤɑ ŋˤən˥tɔu˥˩ kɨi̯˥ neː˥siɴ(ə) ŋˤɑ kʰɔː˥˩tɕʰi ŋˤɑ tsɨː˥ɾə ŋˤəː˥tʰə təwɔː˥˩si ŋˤɑn˥˩ nənɑːn˥˩da ɲi nə tɕi˥ɾɨ˥ ŋˤɑ kɔː˥˩ɾawoː˩˥]

guru piwmn kiyyingsy garu karun puriy gantw hiykr ny tintih gantw naysy. cay ɡaru ɡintawwr kiysy niɡsyn ɡantw kahnsynsy ɡantw ciɡr ɡiht twaarsy ɡan nnaatɡ ny n ɡcykirith ɡpw kraarɡwuɡr.
[ŋˤɔ˩˥ɾu ɸʉu̯˥məɴ kɨi̯˥je˥ŋˤ(ə)si ŋˤɑ˥˩ɾu kɔ˥˩ɾoɴ˩˥ ɸo˩ɾiː˥ ŋˤɑn˥˩do çɪi̯˥kʰəɾə ɲi tɨ˥nəntʰɨː˥ ŋˤɑn˥˩do næi̯˥˩si | tsæi̯˥˩ ŋˤɑ˥˩ɾu ŋˤən˥tɔu˥˩woɾə kɨi̯˥si neː˥siɴ(ə) ŋˤɑn˥˩do kʰɔː˥˩n(ə)sin(ə)si ŋˤɑn˥˩do tsɨː˥ɾə ŋˤəː˥tʰə təwɔː˥˩ɾəsi ŋˤɑn˥˩ nənɑːn˥˩da ɲi nə ŋˤantɕi˥ɾɨ˥tʰə ŋˤɑɸo koɾɐː˥˩ɾawoː˩˥ɾə]
:eng: : [tick] | :grc: :wls: : [:|] | :chn: :isr: : [:S] | :nor: :deu: :rom: :ind: :con: : [:x]
Conlangs: Pofp'ash, Ikwawese, Old Quelgic, Nisukil Pʰakwi, Apsiska

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k1234567890y
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by k1234567890y » 17 Feb 2019 13:02

Znex wrote:
17 Feb 2019 12:03
k1234567890y wrote:
11 Feb 2019 19:40
Due to the highly restrictive phonotactics, the Ame accent of English would be extremely distorted, more so than that of Japanese, maybe comparable to how Jennifer becomes Kinipela in Hawaiian.
Hawntow is the same, if not more so. But I have included two readings below: one more pidginesque, and one more conservative if not more fluent.

Hawntow

ɡa puwmn kiyn ɡ kawn huy ɡ hiyk ny tintih ɡ nay. cay ɡ ɡintaw kiy niɡsyn ɡ kahcy ɡ ciɡr ɡiht twaasy ɡan nnaatɡ ny n ciri ɡ kaarɡwuɡ.
[ŋˤɑ˥˩ ɸou̯˩˥məɴ kɨi̯˥ɴ(ə) ŋˤɑ kɔu̯˥˩ɴ(ə) çɨi̯˩˥ ŋˤɑ çɪi̯˥kʰo ɲi tɨ˥nəntʰɨː˥ ŋˤɑ næi̯˥˩ | tsæi̯˥˩ ŋˤɑ ŋˤən˥tɔu˥˩ kɨi̯˥ neː˥siɴ(ə) ŋˤɑ kʰɔː˥˩tɕʰi ŋˤɑ tsɨː˥ɾə ŋˤəː˥tʰə təwɔː˥˩si ŋˤɑn˥˩ nənɑːn˥˩da ɲi nə tɕi˥ɾɨ˥ ŋˤɑ kɔː˥˩ɾawoː˩˥]

guru piwmn kiyyingsy garu karun puriy gantw hiykr ny tintih gantw naysy. cay ɡaru ɡintawwr kiysy niɡsyn ɡantw kahnsynsy ɡantw ciɡr ɡiht twaarsy ɡan nnaatɡ ny n ɡcykirith ɡpw kraarɡwuɡr.
[ŋˤɔ˩˥ɾu ɸʉu̯˥məɴ kɨi̯˥je˥ŋˤ(ə)si ŋˤɑ˥˩ɾu kɔ˥˩ɾoɴ˩˥ ɸo˩ɾiː˥ ŋˤɑn˥˩do çɪi̯˥kʰəɾə ɲi tɨ˥nəntʰɨː˥ ŋˤɑn˥˩do næi̯˥˩si | tsæi̯˥˩ ŋˤɑ˥˩ɾu ŋˤən˥tɔu˥˩woɾə kɨi̯˥si neː˥siɴ(ə) ŋˤɑn˥˩do kʰɔː˥˩n(ə)sin(ə)si ŋˤɑn˥˩do tsɨː˥ɾə ŋˤəː˥tʰə təwɔː˥˩ɾəsi ŋˤɑn˥˩ nənɑːn˥˩da ɲi nə ŋˤantɕi˥ɾɨ˥tʰə ŋˤɑɸo koɾɐː˥˩ɾawoː˩˥ɾə]
not bad, although Hawntow seems to have at least like 7 phonemic vowels(not counting length distinctions), while Ame has 4 phonemic vowels, and Hawntow seems to have more consonants, too and Hawntow seems to have phonemic tones.

But seems that Hawntow has no syllables starting with a vowel, and Hawntow does not seem to have /ʔ/ either.
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Znex
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Znex » 17 Feb 2019 15:31

k1234567890y wrote:
17 Feb 2019 13:02
not bad, although Hawntow seems to have at least like 7 phonemic vowels(not counting length distinctions), while Ame has 4 phonemic vowels, and Hawntow seems to have more consonants, too and Hawntow seems to have phonemic tones.

But seems that Hawntow has no syllables starting with a vowel, and Hawntow does not seem to have /ʔ/ either.
I've yet to have a more accurate look at the Hawntow phonemes, but half of the visible variation is just due to their surrounding environment; there's several harmonic systems all working together. For instance, /n/, /m/ and /ɲ/ are to some extent in complementary distribution: /m/ prefers labial or velar environments, /ɲ/ prefers palatal environments, while /n/ is more neutral. Two consonants never appear as sonorants in word-initial position: /w j/. And aspirate consonants prefer long vowels and aspirate environments. [ɾ] like in the above passage can only appear word-medially and disprefers adjacent aspirates. Not to mention that vowels themselves assimilate to onset consonants.

And yes, the role of /ʔ/ is split between /ʕ/ > [ŋˤ] and /h/; both consonants are in free variation with [ʔˤ] and ∅ in initial position, respectively, though certain Hawntow dialects may prefer one allophone over the other.
:eng: : [tick] | :grc: :wls: : [:|] | :chn: :isr: : [:S] | :nor: :deu: :rom: :ind: :con: : [:x]
Conlangs: Pofp'ash, Ikwawese, Old Quelgic, Nisukil Pʰakwi, Apsiska

Nortaneous
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Nortaneous » 18 Feb 2019 12:41

Starting in the west and going east. The westernmost notable language is Zzyxwqnp, which is tonal. I'm not sure how the tones should work, so I'll ignore them.

[wɒ jumõ bijĩzz̩ wɒ bõ fv̩ʎi jẽ jiko jĩ dʑiȵĩtɕi jẽ ɺəjitsz̩ || dʑe wɒ jĩda wi ʎisə̃ jẽ kɒ̃ɕẽ jẽ ɕu ja to wɒnə̃nɒ̃də jĩ wɒ sz̩piʎi wɒ buɺədəfu]
Wq yumz biyinssy wq bon fvli yen yiko yin jinyichi yen lzyicy. Je wq yinda wi liszn yen kqnxzn yen xu ya to wqnznqdz yin wq sypili wq bulzdzfu.

Or, if you prefer the four-vowel orthography:
Wa ywume byiyin'i wa ben fulyi yen yikwe yin dyinyintyi yen leyici. Dye wa yinda wyi lyisen yen kwansyen yen sywu ya twe wanennanda yin wa sipyilyi wa bwuledehwu.

The only notable thing about Gejaehl Hlu, other than its large vowel inventory, is that onset r > j. A speaker of Gejaehl Hlu would probably be aware of the correspondence of Bor Hlu r- -r to j- -0.

[ɔl çumɤn ɓijiŋ ɔ ɓon ʍi ɤn ikwɤl in ɗikniti ɤn jɤc || ɗej ɔ ɤnɗæt wit jisɤn æn kʰɔncʰɤn æn cʰɯt æk tʰwot wɤn ɤnɤɗɯ in ɤ pʰijit ɤ pjɤɗɤhɯt]
Al xumoen bbiying a bbon hwi oen ikwoel in ddikniti oen yoec. Ddey a oenddaet wit yisoen aen khanchoen aen chuet aek thwot woen oenoeddue in oe phiyit oe pyoeddoehuet.

You might expect Amqoli to be a little better, since it allows a lot of clusters, but the word-level phonotactics are fairly restrictive, and unstressed elements end up reinterpreted as prefixes. The contrast between mid and high vowels is also marginal.

[al ˈʃomabiⁿdz rβor xri ˈⁿdekal eˈⁿdeɣaⁿdi ⁿdrats || der ⁿdad beˈdreza ˈⁿgaⁿdzis ⁿdʒud ak tordz baˈlaða laˈsperit aˈβraðaxud]
Al shomabindz rbor xri ndekal endegandi ndrats. Der ndad bedreza mgandzis njud ak tordz balada lasperit abradaxud.

As you go east, it gets better. Enzielu:

[aːl ʃuːmɛn biːɛs aː buan bði ɛn iːkual in diknidi ɛn vaits || ðei aː ɛndɛut við viːsɛn ɛn kaːnʃenʃ ɛn ʃut ɛk tuats van anaða in a sɛbiːvit av bðaðaxut]
Aal zuumen biies aa buan bri en iikual in diknidi en vaits. Rei aa endeut vir viisen en kaanzenz en zut ek tuats van anara in a sebiivit av brarahut.

Arve comes close to the English vowel system, but doesn't allow clusters in words (except for jC wC ə̯C) and has Frenchoid phrasal prosody combined with a strong stress accent and reduction of unstressed vowels, which I'll write with superscripts.

[hɔl çʏwmᵃn ˈpɪjᵊŋ | hᵃ puə̯m bᵃrɪj ᵃn ˈɪjkᵊl | ᵊn dɪkᵊnᵊtɪj ᵃn ˈrʌjts || tɛ hᵃ nᵊˈtʰɛwt vᵊt | rɪjsᵃn ᵃn kʰanᵃˈʂɛs | ᵃn ʂᵃt ak tʰuə̯ts vʌn ᵃˈnʌtᵃ | hᵊn ᵃ sᵃpʰɪrᵊt ᵃ pᵃrʌtᵃˈhʊt]
Arve orthography is difficult, and there are several possible renderings of this, but here's one:
All sjüman biljagn ar born bari an ikvel in dekeneti en rirlt. Dig ar netivt vit risan an känastrils an strat ak torlt venn anedder in a saperit a barettachut.

Curlyjimsam
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Re: Conlang accents

Post by Curlyjimsam » 18 Feb 2019 14:27

Viksen:

[ɔ hiumæn bijiɳʐ ɑ bɔn fri æn ikwɔ in diɡniti æn rajts. dɛj ɑ indawd wid rizæn æn kɔɳʂænz æn ʂæd ak tæwɔdz wæn ænædæ in æ sæpirit æv brædæhæd]

Greater Atlian:

[aːl hiuːmen bijin aːɾ baːɾn fɾi en i ikwel in diɡniti en ɾaitse. dej aːɾ endaud wid ɾiːsen en konʃense en ʃed akte towaːd wan enadeɾ in e sebiɾit o bɾadeɾhad]
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